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1.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 117: 103887, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses have been labelled "heroes" by politicians, the mass media, and the general public to describe their commitment to providing front-line care to people with COVID-19, despite the risks of exposure and lack of clinical resources. Few studies have examined the implications of the hero discourse to nurses' professional, social, and political identities. OBJECTIVE: To critically examine the effects of the hero discourse on nurses who are contending with the ongoing COVID-19 crisis and to consider the political, social, cultural, and professional impact of this discourse on nursing work. METHODS: A poststructural discourse analysis, employing the theoretical ideas of truth, power, knowledge, subjectivity, and normalization, was conducted to explore the mass media's constructions of nurse as hero in the contexts of COVID-19. Media electronic databases were searched between March 1, 2020 to August 1, 2020 to locate newspaper and magazine articles, corporate advertisements, videos, social media postings, and institutional/corporate websites. SETTING: Data sources included English language media accounts that originated from Canada, the USA, and the UK. RESULTS: Three main elements of the hero discourse include: 1. Nurses as a "necessary sacrifice" - portraying nurses as selfless, sacrificing, and outstanding moral subjects for practicing on the front-line without adequate protective gear and other clinical resources; 2. Nurses as "model citizens" - positioning nurses as compliant, hardworking, and obedient subjects in contrast to harmful individuals and groups that ignore or resist COVID-19 public health measures. 3. Heroism itself as the reward for nurses - characterizing hero worship as a fitting reward for nurses who were unappreciated pre-pandemic, as opposed to supporting long-term policy change, and highlighting how heroism reconfigures nursing work from the mundane and ordinary to the exciting and impactful. CONCLUSIONS: The hero discourse is not a neutral expression of appreciation and sentimentality, but rather a tool employed to accomplish multiple aims such as the normalization of nurses' exposure to risk, the enforcement of model citizenship, and the preservation of existing power relationships that limit the ability of front-line nurses to determine the conditions of their work. Our study has implications for approaching the collective political response of nursing in the ongoing COVID-19 crisis and formalizing the ongoing emotional, psychological, ethical, and practice supports of nurses as the pandemic continues.

2.
Nurse Educ Today ; 93: 104516, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review was to identify pedagogical practices that contribute to professional identity formation in undergraduate nursing education and to map the components of professional identity described within these practices. DESIGN: A scoping review using a six-stage methodological framework was used to capture a range of evidence describing how professional identity has been conceptualized and integrated into nursing curriculum. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched included: Ovid MEDLINE: Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE® Daily and Ovid MEDLINE® 1946-Present, EBSCO CINAHL (1981 to present), OVID PsycINFO (1806 to Present), ProQuest ERIC, ASSIA, and Sociological Abstracts. Additional studies were identified by scanning the reference lists of relevant articles. REVIEW METHODS: The study team collaboratively designed the data charting table and two coauthors independently screened the studies using Covidence software. Qualitative content analysis was used to categorize learning outcomes into five components of professional identity that were associated with pedagogical practices identified in the studies. RESULTS: A total of 114 peer-reviewed journal articles were initially charted. Articles were categorized as intervention studies (46, 40%), perspective studies (40, 35%), theoretical papers (17, 15%), or reviews (11, 10%). To ensure feasibility in collating and reporting the results, the review focused on the 46 empirical intervention studies that described associations between pedagogical practices and professional identity formation learning outcomes for students. CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review illustrates the range of contexts in which nursing students learn, the multidimensional nature of identity formation, as well as the breadth of pedagogical practices and learning outcomes that guide course design. The results can be used to inform future curriculum planning and to identify focused research questions to extend our understanding of evidence-based teaching practices supporting professional identity formation.

4.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3271, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify, from the nurse perspective, situations that interfere with the availability of beds in the intensive care unit in the context of hospitalization by court order. METHOD: qualitative exploratory, analytical research carried out with 42 nurses working in adult intensive care. The selection took place by non-probabilistic snowball sampling. Data collected by interview and analyzed using the Discursive Textual Analysis technique. RESULTS: three categories were analyzed, entitled deficiency of physical structure and human resources; Lack of clear policies and criteria for patient admission and inadequate discharge from the intensive care unit. In situations of hospitalization by court order, there is a change in the criteria for the allocation of intensive care beds, due to the credibility of professionals, threats of medico-legal processes by family members and judicial imposition on institutions and health professionals. CONCLUSION: nurses defend the needs of the patients, too, with actions that can positively impact the availability of intensive care beds and adequate care infrastructure.


Assuntos
Ocupação de Leitos/legislação & jurisprudência , Hospitalização/legislação & jurisprudência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/legislação & jurisprudência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Alocação de Recursos/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
5.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(7): 1501-1516, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family members and healthcare providers play an integral role in a person's assisted dying journey. Their own needs during the assisted dying journey are often, however, unrecognized and underrepresented in policies and guidelines. Circumstances under which people choose assisted dying, and relational contexts such as the sociopolitical environment, may influence the experiences of family members and healthcare providers. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Ethics approval was not required to conduct this review. AIM: This scoping review aims to identify the relational influences on the experiences of family members and healthcare providers of adults who underwent assisted dying and of those unable to access assisted dying due to the loss of capacity to consent. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in four databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PsycINFO. The search retrieved 12,074 articles, a number narrowed down to 172 articles for full-text screening. Thirty-six articles met the established inclusion criteria. A feminist relational framework guided the data analysis. RESULTS: Five key themes on the influences of family members' and healthcare providers' experiences throughout the assisted dying process were synthesized from the data. They include (1) relationships as central to beginning the process, (2) social and political influences on decision making, (3) complex roles and responsibilities of family members and healthcare providers, (4) a unique experience of death, and (5) varying experiences following death. CONCLUSION: The feminist relational lens, used to guide analysis, shed light on the effect of the sociopolitical influences and the relationships among patients, families, and healthcare providers on each other's experiences. Addressing the needs of the family members and healthcare providers is vital to improving the assisted dying process. Including families' and healthcare providers' needs within institutional policies and enhancing collaboration and communication among those involved could improve the overall experience.

6.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(3): e15548, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac and major vascular surgeries are common surgical procedures associated with high rates of postsurgical complications and related hospital readmission. In-hospital remote automated monitoring (RAM) and virtual hospital-to-home patient care systems have major potential to improve patient outcomes following cardiac and major vascular surgery. However, the science of deploying and evaluating these systems is complex and subject to risk of implementation failure. OBJECTIVE: As a precursor to a randomized controlled trial (RCT), this user testing study aimed to examine user performance and acceptance of a RAM and virtual hospital-to-home care intervention, using Philip's Guardian and Electronic Transition to Ambulatory Care (eTrAC) technologies, respectively. METHODS: Nurses and patients participated in systems training and individual case-based user testing at two participating sites in Canada and the United Kingdom. Participants were video recorded and asked to think aloud while completing required user tasks and while being rated on user performance. Feedback was also solicited about the user experience, including user satisfaction and acceptance, through use of the Net Promoter Scale (NPS) survey and debrief interviews. RESULTS: A total of 37 participants (26 nurses and 11 patients) completed user testing. The majority of nurse and patient participants were able to complete most required tasks independently, demonstrating comprehension and retention of required Guardian and eTrAC system workflows. Tasks which required additional prompting by the facilitator, for some, were related to the use of system features that enable continuous transmission of patient vital signs (eg, pairing wireless sensors to the patient) and assigning remote patient monitoring protocols. NPS scores by user group (nurses using Guardian: mean 8.8, SD 0.89; nurses using eTrAC: mean 7.7, SD 1.4; patients using eTrAC: mean 9.2, SD 0.75), overall NPS scores, and participant debrief interviews indicated nurse and patient satisfaction and acceptance of the Guardian and eTrAC systems. Both user groups stressed the need for additional opportunities to practice in order to become comfortable and proficient in the use of these systems. CONCLUSIONS: User testing indicated a high degree of user acceptance of Philips' Guardian and eTrAC systems among nurses and patients. Key insights were provided that informed refinement of clinical workflow training and systems implementation. These results were used to optimize workflows before the launch of an international RCT of in-hospital RAM and virtual hospital-to-home care for patients undergoing cardiac and major vascular surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/normas , Hospitais/normas , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Interface Usuário-Computador , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório
7.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(2): 333-347, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The decision whether to initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation may sometimes be ethically complex. While studies have addressed some of these issues, along with the role of nurses in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, most have not considered the importance of nurses acting as advocates for their patients with respect to cardiopulmonary resuscitation. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: To explore what the nurse's advocacy role is in cardiopulmonary resuscitation from the perspective of patients, relatives, and health professionals in the Basque Country (Spain). RESEARCH DESIGN: An exploratory critical qualitative study was conducted from October 2015 to March 2016. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. PARTICIPANTS: Four discussion groups were held: one with patients and relatives (n = 8), two with nurses (n = 7 and n = 6, respectively), and one with physicians (n = 5). ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Approval was obtained from the Basque Country Clinical Research Ethics Committee. FINDINGS: Three significant themes were identified: (a) accompanying patients during end of life in a context of medical dominance, (b) maintaining the pact of silence, and (c) yielding to legal uncertainty and concerns. DISCUSSION: The values and beliefs of the actors involved, as well as pre-established social and institutional rules reduced nurses' advocacy to that of intermediaries between the physician and the family within the hospital environment. On the contrary, in primary health care, nurses participated more actively within the interdisciplinary team. CONCLUSION: This study provides key information for the improvement and empowerment for ethical nursing practice in a cardiac arrest, and provides the perspective of patients and relatives, nurses and physicians.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/enfermagem , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Defesa do Paciente/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Ética em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Masculino , Defesa do Paciente/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha
8.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(2): 360-371, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122121

RESUMO

Advance care planning is a process that encourages people to identify their values, to reflect upon the meanings and consequences of serious illness, to define goals and preferences for future medical treatment and care, and to discuss these goals with family and health-care providers. Advance care planning is especially important for those who are chronically ill, as patients and their families face a variety of complex healthcare decisions. Participating in advance care planning has been associated with improved outcomes; yet, despite over 25 years of public awareness campaigns, research, and interventions developed to increase participation, advance care planning completion rates for people with chronic illnesses are no different than those in the general public (approximately 25%). Advance care planning has traditionally used an individualistic approach to autonomy, which puts forward an understanding of agents as independent, rational and self-interested persons. Because this individualistic approach has been largely unsuccessful in improving advance care planning uptake, a re-examination of the philosophical underpinnings of this practice and an exploration of alternative frameworks is warranted. In offering this exploration, we briefly outline two current perspectives on autonomy: the individualistic view and the relational view as articulated by feminist philosophers. Using a critical examination of the theoretical and empirical work on this topic, we argue that the individualistic view of autonomy does not sufficiently capture the relational and social complexities of the decision-making process of advance care planning. To offer a counterpoint, we examine the relational view of autonomy and suggest that this perspective is better aligned with the process of advance care planning. Specifically, we demonstrate that a relational model of autonomy is well suited to exploring advance care planning for four main reasons: (1) it recognizes the importance of relationships, (2) it reflects the fluctuating nature of autonomy in chronic illness, (3) it recognizes vulnerability, and (4) it is consonant with empirical work examining the advance care planning process.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados/tendências , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Autonomia Relacional , Humanos
9.
Nurs Inq ; 27(1): e12316, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398774

RESUMO

Although many studies have previously examined medicalisation, we add a new dimension to the concept as we explore how contemporary oncological medicine shapes the dying self as predominantly medical. Through an analysis of multiple case studies collected within a comprehensive cancer centre in Ontario, Canada, we examine how people with late-stage cancer and their healthcare providers enacted the process of medicalisation through engaging in the search for oncological treatments, such as experimental drug trials, despite the incurability of their disease. The seven cases included 20 interviews with patients, family, physicians and nurses, the analysis of 30 documents and 5 hr of field observation. A poststructural perspective informed our study. We propose that searching for life extension enacts medicalisation by shaping the dying person afflicted with terminal cancer into new medical subjectivities that are knowledgeable, active, entrepreneurial and curative. Participants initially took up medical thinking from the formal oncology system, but then began to apply and internalise medical rationalities to alter their personhood, thereby generating new curative possibilities for themselves. For people seeking life extension, the embodied and day-to-day experiences of suffering and being close to death became expressed and moderated in fundamentally medicalised terms.

10.
J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics ; 15(3): 143-152, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469349

RESUMO

Little is known about how research assistants (RAs) protect participants in vulnerable circumstances. Using a critical qualitative method informed by feminist ethics, we ran five focus groups with experienced RAs. We identified two themes: (a) expressing moral competencies (subthemes: recognizing power, privilege, and vulnerability; adapting processes and providing support; understanding the sources of moral competencies) and (b) negotiating and making transparent roles and responsibilities (subthemes: separating responsibilities as a clinician from those of an RA; critically reflecting on the shared responsibilities of principal investigators and RAs; and identifying the role of the Research Ethics Committee). Although RAs possess a variety of moral competencies and have an important role in protecting research participants in vulnerable circumstances, that role is largely unrecognized.

11.
Clin Nurs Res ; 29(7): 479-495, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30051734

RESUMO

The aim of this scoping review is to synthesize the academic and gray literature on the use of immediate staff debriefing following seclusion or restraint events in inpatient mental health settings. Multiple electronic databases were searched to identify literature on the topic of immediate staff debriefing. The analysis identified several core components of immediate staff debriefing: terminology, type, critical reflection, iterative process, training, documentation, and monitoring. While these components were regarded as vital to the implementation of debriefing, they remain inconsistently described in the literature. Immediate staff debriefing is an important intervention not only to prevent future episodes of seclusion and restraint use, but as a forum for staff to support each other emotionally and psychologically after a potentially distressing event. The core components identified in this review should be incorporated into the organization's policies, practice guidelines, and training modules to ensure consistent conceptualization and implementation of the debriefing process.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1101699

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: to identify, from the nurse perspective, situations that interfere with the availability of beds in the intensive care unit in the context of hospitalization by court order. Method: qualitative exploratory, analytical research carried out with 42 nurses working in adult intensive care. The selection took place by non-probabilistic snowball sampling. Data collected by interview and analyzed using the Discursive Textual Analysis technique. Results: three categories were analyzed, entitled deficiency of physical structure and human resources; Lack of clear policies and criteria for patient admission and inadequate discharge from the intensive care unit. In situations of hospitalization by court order, there is a change in the criteria for the allocation of intensive care beds, due to the credibility of professionals, threats of medico-legal processes by family members and judicial imposition on institutions and health professionals. Conclusion: nurses defend the needs of the patients, too, with actions that can positively impact the availability of intensive care beds and adequate care infrastructure.


Resumo Objetivo: identificar, a partir da perspectiva de enfermeiros, situações que interferem na disponibilidade de leitos em unidade de terapia intensiva no contexto de internação por ordem judicial. Método: pesquisa qualitativa exploratória, analítica, realizada com 42 enfermeiros atuantes em terapia intensiva adulto. A seleção aconteceu por amostragem não probabilística, do tipo bola de neve. Dados coletados por entrevista e analisados pela técnica de Análise Textual Discursiva. Resultados: analisaram-se três categorias, intituladas deficiência de estrutura física e de recursos humanos; falta de políticas e critérios claros para admissão de paciente e alta inadequada da unidade de terapia intensiva. Nas situações de internação por ordem judicial há alteração nos critérios de alocação de leito de terapia intensiva, mediante a credibilidade dos profissionais, ameaças de processos médico-legais por parte de familiares e imposição judicial às instituições e aos profissionais de saúde. Conclusão: enfermeiros defendem as necessidades dos pacientes, também, com ações que possam impactar positivamente na disponibilidade de leitos de terapia intensiva e de infraestrutura adequada de atendimento.


Resumo Objetivo: identificar, desde la perspectiva de los enfermeros, situaciones que interfieren en la disponibilidad de camas en unidad de terapia intensiva en contexto de internación por orden judicial. Método: investigación cualitativa exploratoria, analítica realizada con 42 enfermeros que prestan servicios en terapia intensiva de adultos. La selección se realizó por muestreo no probabilístico de bola de nieve. Recolección de datos por medio de entrevistas y análisis mediante la Técnica de Análisis de Texto Discursivo. Resultados: se analizaron 3 categorías a saber: deficiencia de infraestructura y de recursos humanos; falta de políticas y criterios claros para admisión de pacientes y alta inadecuada en unidades de terapia intensiva. En situaciones de internación por orden judicial, se advierten alteraciones respecto de los criterios de asignación de camas de terapia intensiva, mediante la credibilidad de los profesionales, amenazas de interposición de acciones médico-legales por parte de los familiares e imposiciones judiciales a instituciones y a profesionales de la salud. Conclusión: los enfermeros abogan por las necesidades de los pacientes mediante acciones que puedan impactar de manera positiva en la disponibilidad de lechos de terapia intensiva y de una infraestructura adecuada de atención.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Ocupação de Leitos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho , Alocação de Recursos , Hospitalização , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital
13.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 51(5): 269-277, mayo 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-180875

RESUMO

Objetivo: Explorar la percepción acerca de la presencia de familiares durante la reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) en pacientes adultos, de los propios pacientes y familiares, enfermeras y médicos. Diseño: Se desarrolló un estudio cualitativo exploratorio y un análisis temático. Emplazamiento: Atención Primaria, Atención Hospitalaria y Servicio de Emergencias del Servicio Vasco de Salud. Participantes: La selección de los participantes se realizó a través de muestreo intencional. Se desarrollaron 4 grupos de discusión: uno de pacientes y familiares, 2 de enfermeras y uno de médicos. Método: Se realizó un análisis temático. Se utilizaron técnicas de triangulación entre investigadores e investigador-informante. Se utilizó el programa informático Open Code 4.1. Resultados: Se identificaron 3 categorías significativas: impacto de la actuación en la familia; peso de la responsabilidad ética y legal; poder, lugar donde sucede la parada y supuestos culturales. Conclusiones: La RCP es un constructo social influido por los valores de los contextos socioculturales específicos. En este estudio, los pacientes y familiares describieron temor y resistencia a presenciar la RCP. Por su parte, los profesionales sanitarios consideran que su decisión reviste complejidad, siendo necesario valorar cada caso de forma independiente e integrando a pacientes y familiares en la toma de decisiones. Como líneas de investigación futuras sería recomendable profundizar sobre la experiencia subjetiva de familiares que hayan presenciado la RCP y el impacto de los elementos contextuales y socioculturales en sus percepciones


Objective: To determine the perception of nurses, doctors, patients and family or relatives being present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adult patients. Design: A qualitative exploratory study and thematic analysis were developed. Site: Primary Care, Hospital Care and Emergency Service of the Basque Health Service. Participants.The selection of the participants was made through intentional sampling. Four focus groups were developed: one of patients and family, 2 of nurses, and one of physicians. Method: Thematic analysis was performed. Triangulation techniques were used between investigators and investigator-participant member. The Open code 4.1 statistics software was used. Results: Three significant categories were identified: the impact on the family; the weight of ethical and legal responsibility; power, place of death, and cultural assumptions. Conclusions: CPR is a social construct influenced by values which are situated in specific socio-cultural contexts. In this study, patients and family members describe the fear and resistance to being present during CPR. Health professionals consider that their decision is complex, and each case must be assessed independently, and patients and relatives must be integrated into decision-making. Future research should explore in greater depth the subjective experience of relatives who have witnessed CPR and the impact of contextual and sociocultural elements from the perspectives of relatives


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acompanhantes Formais em Exames Físicos/normas , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Tratamento de Emergência/normas , Temas Bioéticos/normas , Percepção Social , Medo , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Grupos Focais/métodos
14.
Nurs Inq ; 26(1): e12269, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30412326

RESUMO

Many studies have examined clinical and institutional moral problems in the practice of nurses that have led to the experience of moral distress. The causes and implications of moral distress in nurses, however, have not been understood in terms of their implications from the perspective of virtue ethics. This paper analyzes how nurses reach for the telos of their practice, within a context of moral distress. A qualitative case study was carried out in a private hospital in Brazil. Observation and semi-semistructured interviews were conducted with 13 nurse participants. With the aid of ATLAS.ti software, the data were analyzed by using thematic content analysis using virtue ethics to theorize the findings. These nurses experienced a loss of their nursing identity as they encountered an ambiguous telos and the domination of institutional values. In their reach for the telos of their practice, nurses found an environment permeated by ethical challenges, which not only created moral distress but also created professional invisibility, a phenomenon referred to as 'invisibility of the self'.


Assuntos
Ética em Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
15.
Aten Primaria ; 51(5): 269-277, 2019 05.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29571750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of nurses, doctors, patients and family or relatives being present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adult patients. DESIGN: A qualitative exploratory study and thematic analysis were developed. SITE: Primary Care, Hospital Care and Emergency Service of the Basque Health Service. PARTICIPANTS: The selection of the participants was made through intentional sampling. Four focus groups were developed: one of patients and family, 2 of nurses, and one of physicians. METHOD: Thematic analysis was performed. Triangulation techniques were used between investigators and investigator-participant member. The Open code 4.1 statistics software was used. RESULTS: Three significant categories were identified: the impact on the family; the weight of ethical and legal responsibility; power, place of death, and cultural assumptions. CONCLUSIONS: CPR is a social construct influenced by values which are situated in specific socio-cultural contexts. In this study, patients and family members describe the fear and resistance to being present during CPR. Health professionals consider that their decision is complex, and each case must be assessed independently, and patients and relatives must be integrated into decision-making. Future research should explore in greater depth the subjective experience of relatives who have witnessed CPR and the impact of contextual and sociocultural elements from the perspectives of relatives.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Família , Adulto , Idoso , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha
16.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 28: e20180157, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1043485

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze how intensive care nurses practice patient advocacy in view of the need for hospitalization by court order to an intensive care due to bed unviability. Method: analytical exploratory qualitative research. Data were obtained through interviews with 42 nurses, selected via snowball sampling, between January and December 2016. The interviews were analyzed using elements of the Discursive Textual Analysis. Results: two categories emerged: 1) Between obedience to the law and the ethical-moral duty of the intensive care nurse; 2) The position of nurses in the practice of patient advocacy for patients requiring intensive care beds. Conclusions: intensive care nurses exercise sensitivity and moral duty of the care process when defending their patients by informing them of their rights, guiding, acting and talking to and on behalf of patients and their families, valuing care free of judgment and harm to the patient hospitalized by court order.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar cómo los enfermeros de cuidados intensivos practican la defensa del paciente en vista de la necesidad de hospitalización por orden judicial a cuidados intensivos debido a la inviabilidad de la cama. Método: investigación exploratoria, analítica cualitativa. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de entrevistas con 42 enfermeros, seleccionados mediante muestreo de bola de nieve, entre enero y diciembre de 2016. Las entrevistas se analizaron utilizando elementos del Análisis textual discursivo. Resultados: surgieron dos categorías: 1) Entre la obediencia a la ley y el deber ético-moral del enfermero de cuidados intensivos; 2) La posición de los enfermeros en la práctica de la defensa del paciente para pacientes que requieren camas de cuidados intensivos. Conclusiones: los enfermeros de cuidados intensivos ejercen la sensibilidad y el deber moral del proceso de atención cuando defienden a sus pacientes informándoles sobre sus derechos, guiándoles, actuando y hablando con y en nombre de los pacientes y sus familias, valorando la atención libre de juicio y daños al paciente hospitalizado por orden judicial.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar como enfermeiros intensivistas têm exercido a advocacia do paciente diante da necessidade de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva por ordem judicial, perante in/viabilidade de leito. Método: pesquisa qualitativa exploratória, analítica. Os dados foram obtidos através da realização de entrevistas com 42 enfermeiros, selecionados mediante amostragem por bola de neve, entre janeiro e dezembro de 2016. As entrevistas foram analisadas mediante elementos da Análise Textual Discursiva. Resultados: emergiram duas categorias: 1) Entre a obediência à lei e o dever ético-moral do enfermeiro intensivista e; 2) A posição dos enfermeiros no exercício da advocacia do paciente que necessita de leito na terapia intensiva. Conclusões: enfermeiros intensivistas exercem a sensibilidade e dever moral do processo de cuidar quando defendem seus pacientes informando-os sobre seus direitos, orientando, agindo e falando sobre e em nome dos pacientes e seus familiares, prezando por um cuidado livre de julgamentos e prejuízos ao paciente que interna através da ordem judicial.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Advocacia em Saúde , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos , Judicialização da Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
17.
Can J Cardiol ; 34(7): 850-862, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29960614

RESUMO

Worldwide, more than 230 million adults have major noncardiac surgery each year. Although surgery can improve quality and duration of life, it can also precipitate major complications. Moreover, a substantial proportion of deaths occur after discharge. Current systems for monitoring patients postoperatively, on surgical wards and after transition to home, are inadequate. On the surgical ward, vital signs evaluation usually occurs only every 4-8 hours. Reduced in-hospital ward monitoring, followed by no vital signs monitoring at home, leads to thousands of cases of undetected/delayed detection of hemodynamic compromise. In this article we review work to date on postoperative remote automated monitoring on surgical wards and strategy for advancing this field. Key considerations for overcoming current barriers to implementing remote automated monitoring in Canada are also presented.


Assuntos
Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Telemedicina/métodos , Sinais Vitais/fisiologia , Humanos
18.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 9(1): 31-35, abr. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1028340

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar a prática profissional de enfermeiros em um hospital privado acreditado, sob o prisma da ética da virtude. Metodologia: Estudo de caso qualitativo, realizado em um Hospital Privado “Acreditado com Excelência” em Minas Gerais. Os participantes foram 13 enfermeiros. A coleta de dados foi realizada mediante entrevista individual seguindo roteiro semiestruturado e observação e submetidos à Análise Temática de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram identificadas contradições entre os valores que norteiam a organização do trabalho na instituição, cujo enfoque é a acreditação e os valores dos enfermeiros, os quais são voltados para o cuidado. Conclusão: A contradição encontrada distancia o enfermeiro de sua prática, colocando-o em confronto com a sua profissão, provocando sofrimento moral.


Objective: To analyze the professional practice of nurses in an accredited private hospital, under the prism of virtue ethics. Methodology: Case study with a qualitative approach performed in a Private Hospital “Excelent in Accreditation” in Minas Gerais. The participants were 13 nurses. The data collection was performed through an individual interview following a semistructured script and observation and, submitted to the Thematic Content Analysis. Results: Contradictions were identified among the values that guide the organization of work in the institution, whose enforcement is the accreditation and values of nurses, which are focused on care. Conclusion: The contradiction found distances the nurses from their practice, putting them in confrontation with their profession, provoking the moral suffering.


Objetivo: Analizar la práctica profesional de enfermeros en un hospital privado acreditado, bajo el prisma de la ética de la virtud. Metodología: Estudio de caso cualitativo realizado en un Hospital Privado “Acreditado con Excelencia” en Minas Gerais. Participaron del estudio 13 enfermeros. La recolección de datos fue realizada mediante entrevista individual siguiendo itinerario semiestructurado y observación y sometidos al Análisis Temático de Contenido. Resultados: Se identificaron contradicciones entre los valores que orientan la organización del trabajo en la institución, cuyo ahorque es la acreditación y los valores de los enfermeros, los cuales se dirigen al cuidado. Conclusión: La contradicción encontró distancia al enfermero de su práctica, colocándolo en confrontación con su profesion, provocando el sufrimiento moral.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Acreditação Hospitalar , Enfermagem , Prática Privada de Enfermagem , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Ética em Enfermagem
19.
Nurs Ethics ; 25(3): 324-334, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27220717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Explicating nurses' moral identities is important given the powerful influence moral identity has on the capacity to exercise moral agency. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore how nurses narrate their moral identity through their understanding of their work. An additional purpose was to understand how these moral identities are held in the social space that nurses occupy. RESEARCH DESIGN: The Registered Nurse Journal, a bimonthly publication of the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario, Canada, features a regular column entitled, 'In the End … What Nursing Means to Me …' These short narratives generally include a story of an important moment in the careers of the authors that defined their identities as nurses. All 29 narratives published before June 2015 were analysed using a critical narrative approach, informed by the work of Margaret Urban Walker and Hilde Lindemann, to identify a typology of moral identity. Ethical considerations: Ethics approval was not required because the narratives are publicly available. FINDINGS: Two narrative types were identified that represent the moral identities of nurses as expressed through their work: (1) making a difference in the lives of individuals and communities and (2) holding the identities of vulnerable individuals. DISCUSSION: Nurses' moral identities became evident when they could see improvement in the health of patients or communities or when they could maintain the identity of their patients despite the disruptive forces of illness and hospitalization. In reciprocal fashion, the responses of their patients, including expressions of gratitude, served to hold the moral identities of these nurses. CONCLUSION: Ultimately, the sustainability of nurses' moral identities may be dependent on the recognition of their own needs for professional satisfaction and care in ways that go beyond the kind of acknowledgement that patients can offer.


Assuntos
Princípios Morais , Narração , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminismo , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Ontário , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Nurs Inq ; 25(1)2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28580614

RESUMO

Most current management systems of healthcare institutions correspond to a model of market ethics with its demands of competitiveness. This approach has been called managerialism and is couched in terms of much-needed efficiencies and effective management of budgetary constraints. The aim of this study was to analyse the decision-making of nurses through the impact of health institution management models on clinical practice. Based on Foucault's ethical theory, a qualitative study was conducted through a discourse analysis of the nursing records in a hospital unit. The results revealed that the health institution standardises health care practice, which has an impact on professional and patient autonomy as it pertains to decision-making. The results of this research indicate that resistance strategies in the internal structures of health organisations can replace the normalisation and instrumentalisation of professional practice aimed at promoting patient self-determination.


Assuntos
Documentação/métodos , Autonomia Pessoal , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha
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