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1.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875635

RESUMO

As one of the conductive ink materials with high electric conductivity, elemental copper (Cu) based nanocrystals promise for printable electronics. Here, single crystalline Cu nanoplates were synthesized using a facile hydrothermal method. Size engineering of Cu nanoplates can be rationalized by using the LaMer model and the versatile Cu conductive ink materials are suitable for different printing technologies. The printed Cu traces show high electric conductivity of 6 MS/m, exhibiting electro-magnetic interference shielding efficiency value of 75 dB at an average thicknesses of 11 µm. Together with flexible alumina ceramic aerogel substrates, it kept 87% conductivity at the environmental temperature of 400 ℃, demonstrating the potential of Cu conductive ink for high-temperature printable electronics applications.

2.
Nano Lett ; 21(21): 9279-9284, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709842

RESUMO

Advanced high-temperature materials, metals and ceramics, have been widely sought after for printed flexible electronics under extreme conditions. However, the thermal stability and electronic performance of these materials generally diminish under extreme environments. Additionally, printable electronics typically utilize nanoscale materials, which further exacerbate the problems with oxidation and corrosion at those extreme conditions. Here we report superior thermal and electronic stability of printed copper-flexible ceramic electronics by means of integral hybridization and passivation strategies. High electric conductivity (5.6 MS/m) and thermal stability above 400 °C are achieved in the printed graphene-passivated copper platelet features, while thermal management and stability above 1000 °C of printed electronics can be achieved by using either ultrathin alumina or flexible alumina aerogel sheets. The findings shown here provide a pathway toward printed, extreme electronic applications for harsh service conditions.

4.
Nano Lett ; 20(5): 3828-3835, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267711

RESUMO

To exploit the high-temperature superinsulation potential of anisotropic thermal management materials, the incorporation of ceramic aerogel into the aligned structural networks is indispensable. However, the long-standing obstacle to exploring ultralight superinsulation ceramic aerogels is the inaccessibility of its mechanical elasticity, stability, and anisotropic thermal insulation. In this study, we report a recoverable, flexible ceramic fiber-aerogel composite with anisotropic lamellar structure, where the interfacial cross-linking between ceramic fiber and aerogel is important in its superinsulation performance. The resulting ultralight aerogel composite exhibits a density of 0.05 g/cm3, large strain recovery (over 50%), and low thermal conductivity (0.0224 W m-1 K-1), while its hydrophobicity is achieved by in situ trichlorosilane coating with the water contact angle of 135°. The hygroscopic tests of such aerogel composites demonstrate a reversible thermal insulation. The mechanical elasticity and stability of the anisotropic composites, with its soundproof performance, shed light on the low-cost superelastic aerogel manufacturing with scalability for energy saving building applications.

5.
Sci Adv ; 3(2): e1602668, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28246647

RESUMO

Volatile element and compound abundances vary widely in planets and were set during the earliest stages of solar system evolution. Experiments or natural analogs approximating these early conditions are limited. Using silicate glass formed from arkosic sands during the first nuclear detonation at the Trinity test site, New Mexico, we show that the isotopes of zinc were fractionated during evaporation. The green silicate glasses, termed "trinitite," show +0.5 ± 0.1‰/atomic mass unit isotopic fractionation from ~200 m to within 10 m of ground zero of the detonation, corresponding to an α fractionation factor between 0.999 and 0.9995. These results confirm that Zn isotopic fractionation occurs through evaporation processes at high temperatures. Evidence for similar fractionations in lunar samples consequently implies a volatile-depleted bulk Moon, with evaporation occurring during a giant impact or in a magma ocean.

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