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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360852

RESUMO

Fluoxetine is an antidepressant commonly prescribed not only to adults but also to children for the treatment of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and neurodevelopmental disorders. The adverse effects of the long-term treatment reported in some patients, especially in younger individuals, call for a detailed investigation of molecular alterations induced by fluoxetine treatment. Two-year fluoxetine administration to juvenile macaques revealed effects on impulsivity, sleep, social interaction, and peripheral metabolites. Here, we built upon this work by assessing residual effects of fluoxetine administration on the expression of genes and abundance of lipids and polar metabolites in the prelimbic cortex of 10 treated and 11 control macaques representing two monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) genotypes. Analysis of 8871 mRNA transcripts, 3608 lipids, and 1829 polar metabolites revealed substantial alterations of the brain lipid content, including significant abundance changes of 106 lipid features, accompanied by subtle changes in gene expression. Lipid alterations in the drug-treated animals were most evident for polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). A decrease in PUFAs levels was observed in all quantified lipid classes excluding sphingolipids, which do not usually contain PUFAs, suggesting systemic changes in fatty acid metabolism. Furthermore, the residual effect of the drug on lipid abundances was more pronounced in macaques carrying the MAOA-L genotype, mirroring reported behavioral effects of the treatment. We speculate that a decrease in PUFAs may be associated with adverse effects in depressive patients and could potentially account for the variation in individual response to fluoxetine in young people.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoxetina/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Macaca mulatta , Masculino
2.
Biomolecules ; 11(5)2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064997

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder requiring lifelong treatment. While medications are available that are effective in treating some patients, individual treatment responses can vary, with some patients exhibiting resistance to one or multiple drugs. Currently, little is known about the causes of the difference in treatment response observed among individuals with schizophrenia, and satisfactory markers of poor response are not available for clinical practice. Here, we studied the changes in the levels of 322 blood plasma lipids between two time points assessed in 92 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia during their inpatient treatment and their association with the extent of symptom improvement. We found 20 triglyceride species increased in individuals with the least improvement in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores, but not in those with the largest reduction in PANSS scores. These triglyceride species were distinct from the rest of the triglyceride species present in blood plasma. They contained a relatively low number of carbons in their fatty acid residues and were relatively low in abundance compared to the principal triglyceride species of blood plasma.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos , Sintomas Comportamentais/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lipidômica/métodos , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Sintomas Comportamentais/sangue , Sintomas Comportamentais/induzido quimicamente , Sintomas Comportamentais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Esquizofrenia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
ACS Omega ; 5(21): 11946-11954, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548373

RESUMO

Studies of the physicochemical characteristics, group, and fractional composition of low-viscosity base oils with various nature were carried out. The influence of the composition of these oils on their low- and high-temperature characteristics was studied. Studies of the influence of the nature and composition of the dispersion medium on the physicochemical properties of low-temperature greases (LTG) thickened with lithium soap of stearic acid have been carried out. The possibility of expanding the operating temperature range and improving the antiwear properties of low-temperature greases through the combined use of low pour point mineral oil and high-index hydroprocessing oil has been found out. For the first time, the ability to predict the viscosity-temperature and tribological characteristics of lithium LTG based on standard methods for analyzing base oils are established.

4.
Metallomics ; 11(12): 1999-2009, 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555793

RESUMO

In this work we have demonstrated that the ruthenium nitrosyl complex [RuNO(ß-Pic)2(NO2)2OH] is suitable for investigation of the inactivation of DNA repair enzymes in vitro. Photoinduced inhibition of DNA glycosylases such as E. coli Endo III, plant NtROS1, mammalian mNEIL1 and hNEIL2 occurs to an extent of ≥90% after irradiation with the ruthenium complex. The photophysical and photochemical processes of [RuNO(ß-Pic)2(NO2)2OH] were investigated using stationary and time-resolved spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. A possible mechanism of the photo-processes was proposed from the combined spectroscopic study and DTF calculations, which reveal that the photolysis is multistage. The primary and secondary photolysis stages are the photo-induced cleavage of the Ru-NO bond with the formation of a free nitric oxide and RuIII complex followed by ligand exchange with solvent. For E. coli Endo III, covalent interaction with the photolysis product was confirmed by UV-vis and mass spectrometric methods.


Assuntos
DNA Glicosilases/metabolismo , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/química , Rutênio/química , DNA Glicosilases/química , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/química , Desoxirribonuclease (Dímero de Pirimidina)/química , Desoxirribonuclease (Dímero de Pirimidina)/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Processos Fotoquímicos/efeitos da radiação , Fotólise/efeitos da radiação , Espectrofotometria/métodos
5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 120, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080361

RESUMO

Background: We have characterized the human cell line arised from the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive multiple myeloma aspirate subjected to the long-term cultivation. This cell line has acquired the ability to form free-floating spheres and to produce a xenograft upon transplantation into NOD/SCID mice. Methods: Cells from both in vitro culture and developed xenografts were investigated with a number of analytical approaches, including pathomorphological analysis, FISH analysis, and analysis of the surface antigens and of the VDJ locus rearrangement. Results: The obtained results, as well as the confirmed presence of EBV, testify that both biological systems are derived from B-cells, which, in turn, is a progeny of the EBV-transformed B-cellular clone that supplanted the primordial multiple myeloma cells. Next we assessed whether cells that (i) were constantly present in vitro in the investigated cell line, (ii) were among the sphere-forming cells, and (iii) were capable of internalizing a fluorescent TAMRA-labeled DNA probe (TAMRA+ cells) belonged to one of the three types of undifferentiated bone marrow cells of a multiple myeloma patient: CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells, CD90+ mesenchymal stem cells, and clonotypic multiple myeloma cell. Conclusion: TAMRA+ cells were shown to constitute the fourth independent subpopulation of undifferentiated bone marrow cells of the multiple myeloma patient. We have demonstrated the formation of ectopic contacts between TAMRA+ cells and cells of other types in culture, in particular with CD90+ mesenchymal stem cells, followed by the transfer of some TAMRA+ cell material into the contacted cell.

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(4): 1081-1086, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30735114

RESUMO

A psychrotolerant non-spore-forming sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain K3ST, was isolated from a Yamal Peninsula cryopeg within permafrost. Strain K3ST grew at subzero temperatures and required Na+ for growth. The new bacterium was able to use lactate, formate, pyruvate, fumarate, alanine, ethanol and molecular hydrogen as electron donors in the presence of sulfate, and used sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate and elemental sulfur as electron acceptors in the presence of lactate. Fe(III)-citrate and Fe(III)-EDTA were reduced without visible growth. Major polar lipids were рhosphatidylserine, рhosphatidylethanolamine, phospholipids, cardiolipin and aminolipid; major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 1ω7, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7; and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-6 (H2). The genomic DNA G+C content was found to be 42.33 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the closest relative of the new isolate was Desulfovibrio ferrireducens strain 61T with 97.1 % 16S rRNA gene similarity. In addition, the ANI value between strain K3ST and D. ferrireducens 61T was 82.1 %. On the basis of the genomic and polyphasic taxonomy data of strain K3ST, we conclude that the strain is a representative of a novel species Desulfovibrio gilichinskyi sp. nov. (=VKM B-2877T=DSM 100341T).


Assuntos
Desulfovibrio/classificação , Pergelissolo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Sulfatos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Temperatura Baixa , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrio/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oxirredução , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Chemphyschem ; 19(12): 1522-1530, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544031

RESUMO

Thermodynamic calculations of the optimal compositions of oxide catalysts with different natures are performed based on the theory of catalysis by polyhedra. The obtained compositions of the active catalysts agree with experimental data. The electrostatic potential generated by polyhedra of metal-oxide catalysts in a variety of directions is calculated. The dependence of the sign and magnitude of the potential on the distance from the central metal ion towards the vertex of the polyhedron, the middle of its edge or the centre of the face is estimated. It is assumed that the magnitude of the potential can serve as a reference point for determining active centres, which produce adsorption complexes and intermediate compounds.

8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 10(4)2018 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30966401

RESUMO

Three types of bi-layer hybrid nanocomposites on the base of perfluorinated cation-exchange membrane MF-4SC (Russian analogue of Nafion®-117) were synthesized and characterized. It was found that two membranes possess the noticeable asymmetry of the current⁻voltage curve (CVC) under changing their orientation towards the applied electric field, despite the absence of asymmetry of diffusion permeability. These phenomena were explained in the frame of the "fine-porous model" expanded for bi-layer membranes. A special procedure to calculate the real values of the diffusion layers thickness and the limiting current density was proposed. Due to asymmetry effects of the current voltage curves of bi-layer hybrid membranes on the base of MF-4SC, halloysite nanotubes and platinum nanoparticles, it is prospective to assemble membrane switches (membrane relays or diodes) with predictable transport properties, founded upon the theory developed here.

9.
Mutat Res ; 803-805: 35-41, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28910671

RESUMO

Fundamental research on the harmful effects of ionizing radiation on living cells continues to be of great interest. Recently, priority has been given to the study of high-charge and high-energy (HZE) ions that comprise a substantial part of the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) spectra that would be encountered during long-term space flights. Moreover, predictions of the delayed genetic effects of high linear energy transfer (LET) exposure is becoming more important as heavy ion therapy use is increasing. This work focuses mainly on the basic research on the delayed effects of HZE ions on V79 Chinese hamster cells, with emphasis on the induction of HPRT mutations after prolonged expression times (ET). The research was conducted under various irradiation conditions with accelerated ions 18O (E=35.2MeV/n), 20Ne (E=47.7MeV/n and 51.8MeV/n), and 11B (E=32.4MeV/n), with LET in the range from 49 to 149 keV/µm and with 60Co γ-rays. The HPRT mutant fractions (MF) were detected in irradiated cells in regular intervals during every cell culture recultivation (every 3days) up to approximately 40days (70-80 generations) after irradiation. The MF maximum was reached at different ET depending on ionizing radiation characteristics. The position of the maximum was shifting towards longer ET with increasing LET. We speculate that the delayed mutations are created de novo and that they are the manifestation of genomic instability. Although the exact mechanisms involved in genomic instability initiation are yet to be identified, we hypothesize that differences in induction of delayed mutations by radiations with various LET values are related to variations in energy deposition along the particle track. A dose dependence of mutation yield is discussed as well.


Assuntos
Raios gama , Íons Pesados/efeitos adversos , Hipoxantina Fosforribosiltransferase/genética , Mutação , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Fibroblastos/efeitos da radiação , Instabilidade Genômica/efeitos da radiação , Transferência Linear de Energia
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