Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 81
Filtrar
1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862246

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accurate response assessment during neoadjuvant systemic treatment (NST) poses a clinical challenge. Therefore, a minimally-invasive assessment of tumor response based on cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) may be beneficial to guide treatment decisions. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We profiled 93 genes in tissue from 193 early breast cancer patients. Patient-specific assays were designed for 145 patients to track ctDNA during NST in plasma. ctDNA presence and levels were correlated with complete pathological response (pCR), residual cancer burden (RCB) as well as clinicopathologic characteristics of the tumor to identify potential proxies for ctDNA release. RESULTS: At baseline, ctDNA could be detected in 63/145 (43.4%) patients and persisted in 25/63 (39.7%) patients at mid-therapy (MT) and 15/63 (23.8%) patients at the end of treatment. ctDNA detection at MT was significantly associated with higher RCB (OR 0.062, 95% CI 0.01-0.48, P=0.0077).Out of 31 patients with detectable ctDNA at MT, 30 patients (96.8%) were non-responders (RCB II, n=8; RCB III, n=22) and only one patient responded to the treatment (RCB I). Considering all 145 patients with baseline (BL) plasma, none of the patients with RCB 0 and only 6.7% of patients with RCB I had ctDNA detectable at MT, while 30.6% and 29.6% of patients with RCB II/III, respectively, had a positive ctDNA result. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results demonstrate that the detection and persistence of ctDNA at MT may have the potential to negatively predict response to neoadjuvant treatment and identify patients who will not achieve pCR or be classified with RCB II/III.

2.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 13: 17588359211042301, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691243

RESUMO

Background: Bendamustine, a medication approved for the treatment of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma, has already shown anticancer activity in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Here, we present the results of a phase II trial of bendamustine in combination with capecitabine in pre-treated patients with MBC. Patients and methods: AGMT MBC-6 is a multicentre, open-label, single-arm phase II study in HER2-negative MBC. All patients were pre-treated with anthracyclines and/or taxans and had measurable disease. Patients received per os 1000 mg/m2 capecitabine twice daily on days 1 to 14 in combination with 80 mg/m2 bendamustine intravenously on days 1 and 8 of a 3-week cycle for a maximum of eight cycles, followed by a capecitabine maintenance therapy. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR). Results: From September 2013 to May 2015, 40 patients were recruited in eight Austrian centres. The median age was 60 years (range 29-77). Twenty-five per cent of patients had triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and 93% showed visceral involvement. With 17 partial and one complete remission, ORR was 46%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.1-10.7]. The most common non-haematological adverse events (AEs) of grade 3 were hand-foot syndrome (13%), fatigue (10%), nausea (8%), and dyspnoea (8%). One grade 4 non-haematological AE (hepatic failure) and three grade 4 haematological AEs (neutropenia) were observed. One patient died of restrictive cardiomyopathy, in which a relationship to capecitabine cannot be excluded, but seems unlikely. Conclusion: The combination of capecitabine and bendamustine shows promising efficacy and moderate toxicity. Further evaluation of this drug combination is warranted.The clinical trial AGMT MBC-6 was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, (https://clinicaltrials.gov/; identifier: NCT01891227).

3.
Br J Cancer ; 124(11): 1795-1802, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemotherapy containing anthracyclines and taxanes is well established in early-stage breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested that the chemotherapy sequence may matter but definitive evidence is missing. ABCSG trial 34 evaluated the activity of the MUC1 vaccine tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant treatment; the study provided the opportunity for the second randomisation to compare two different anthracycline/taxane sequences. METHODS: HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer patients were recruited to this randomised multicentre Phase 2 study. Patients in the chemotherapy cohort (n = 311) were additionally randomised to a conventional or reversed sequence of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide and docetaxel. Residual cancer burden (RCB) with/without tecemotide was defined as primary study endpoint; RCB in the two chemotherapy groups was a key secondary endpoint. RESULTS: No significant differences in terms of RCB 0/I (40.1% vs. 37.2%; P = 0.61) or pathologic complete response (pCR) rates (24.3% vs. 25%, P = 0.89) were observed between conventional or reverse chemotherapy sequence. No new safety signals were reported, and upfront docetaxel did not result in decreased rates of treatment delay or discontinuation. CONCLUSION: Upfront docetaxel did not improve chemotherapy activity or tolerability; these results suggest that upfront neoadjuvant treatment with anthracyclines remains a valid option.

4.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(11): 1667-1671, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On March 16, 2020, the federal government of Austria declared a nationwide lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the lockdown, screening examinations and routine checkups have been restricted to prevent the spread of the virus and to increase the hospitals' bed capacity across the country. This resulted in a severe decline of patient referrals to the hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the rate of newly diagnosed gynecological and breast cancers in Austria. METHODS: Data of 2077 patients from 18 centers in Austria with newly diagnosed gynecological or breast cancer between January and May 2019 and January and May 2020 were collected. Clinical parameters, including symptoms, performance status, co-morbidities, and referral status, were compared between the time before and after the COVID-19 outbreak. RESULTS: Our results showed a slight increase of newly diagnosed cancers in January and February 2020 as compared with 2019 (+2 and +35%, respectively) and a strong decline in newly diagnosed tumors since the lockdown: -24% in March 2020 versus March 2019, -49% in April 2020 versus April 2019, -49% in May 2020 versus May 2019. Two-thirds of patients diagnosed during the pandemic presented with tumor-specific symptoms compared with less than 50% before the pandemic (p<0.001). Moreover, almost 50% of patients in 2020 had no co-morbidities compared with 35% in 2019 (p<0.001). Patients, who already had a malignant disease, were rarely diagnosed with a new cancer in 2020 as compared with 2019 (11% vs 6%; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The lockdown led to a decreased number of newly diagnosed gynecological and breast cancers. The decreased accessibility of the medical services and postponed diagnosis of potentially curable cancers during the COVID-19 pandemic may be a step backwards in our healthcare system and might impair cancer treatment outcomes. Therefore, new strategies to manage early cancer detection are needed to optimize cancer care in a time of pandemic in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Áustria/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , COVID-19 , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(12): 1997-2001, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improvement in clinical outcomes of patients with platinum-resistant disease is an unmet medical need and trials in this population are urgently needed. Checkpoint-inhibitors have already shown activity in multiple other tumor entities and ovarian cancer, especially in the combination with anti-angiogenic treatment. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To test if the activity of non-platinum-based chemotherapy and bevacizumab could be improved by the addition of atezolizumab. STUDY HYPOTHESIS: The addition of atezolizumab to standard non-platinum combination of chemotherapy and bevacizumab improves median overall survival from 15 to 20 months. TRIAL DESIGN: Patients are randomized to chemotherapy (paclitaxel weekly or pegylated liposomal doxorubicin) + bevacizumab + placebo vs chemotherapy + bevacizumab + atezolizumab. Stratification factors are: number of prior lines, planned type of chemotherapy, prior use of bevacizumab, and tumor programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) status. MAJOR INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer with up to three prior therapies and a treatment-free interval after platinum of less than 6 months. Patients with three prior lines of chemotherapy are eligible irrespective of the platinum free-interval. A de novo tumor tissue sample biopsy for determination of PD-L1 status prior to randomization for stratification is mandatory. Major exclusion criteria consider bevacizumab-specific and immunotherapy-specific criteria. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: Overall survival and progression-free survival are co-primary endpoints. SAMPLE SIZE: It is planned to randomize 664 patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03353831.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Eur J Cancer ; 134: 99-106, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NaCT) and neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) can reduce pre-operative tumour burden in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early-stage breast cancer. This prospective translational study assessed the ability of a 12-gene molecular score (MS; EndoPredict®) to predict response to NaCT or NET within the ABCSG-34 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative samples from patients in the ABCSG-34 randomized phase II trial were selected and EndoPredict testing was performed to generate a 12-gene MS. ABCSG-34 patients were assigned to receive either NaCT or NET based on menopausal status, HR expression, grade and Ki67. Response was measured by residual cancer burden (RCB). RESULTS: Patients selected for NaCT generally had high-risk disease by 12-gene MS (125/134), while slightly more patients treated with NET had low-risk disease (44/83). Low-risk NaCT-treated and high-risk NET-treated tumours responded poorly (NPV 100% [95% CI 66.4%-100%] and NPV 92.3% [95% CI 79.1%-98.4%], respectively]. The 12-gene MS significantly predicted treatment response for NaCT (AUC 0.736 [95% CI 0.63-0.84]) and NET (AUC 0.726 [95% CI 0.60-0.85]). CONCLUSIONS: The 12-gene MS predicted RCB after treatment with neoadjuvant therapies for patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer. Tumours with low MS were unlikely to benefit from NaCT, whereas a high MS predicted resistance to NET. This additional biologic information can aid personalized treatment selection in daily practice and builds a strong rationale to use EndoPredict in biomarker-driven studies in the neoadjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Eur J Cancer ; 132: 43-52, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-based strategies represent a promising approach in breast cancer (BC) treatment. The glycoprotein mucin-1 (MUC-1) is overexpressed in more than 90% of BC patients, and is targeted by the cancer vaccine tecemotide. We have investigated the efficacy and safety of tecemotide when added to neoadjuvant standard-of-care (SoC) treatment in early BC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients with HER2-early BC were recruited into this prospective, multicentre, randomised 2-arm academic phase II trial. Patients received preoperative SoC treatment (chemotherapy or endocrine therapy) with or without tecemotide. Postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor (ER)+++, or ER++ and Ki67 < 14%, and G1,2 tumours ('luminal A' tumours) received 6 months of letrozole. Postmenopausal patients with triple-negative, ER-/+/++ and Ki67 ≥ 14%, and with G3 tumours, as well as premenopausal patients, received four cycles of epirubicin/cyclophosphamide plus four cycles of docetaxel. Primary end-point was residual cancer burden (RCB; 0/I versus II/III) at surgery. Secondary end-points included pathological complete response (pCR), safety, and quality of life. FINDINGS: We observed no significant difference in RCB 0/I rates between patients with (36.4%) and without (31.9%) tecemotide in the overall study population (p = 0.40) nor in endocrine and chemotherapy-treated subgroups (25.0% versus 13.3%, p = 0.17; 39.6% versus 37.8%, p = 0.75, respectively). The addition of tecemotide did not affect overall pCR rates (22.5% versus 17.4%, p = 0.23), MUC-1 expression, or tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes content. Tecemotide did not increase toxicity when compared to SoC therapy alone. INTERPRETATION: Neoadjuvant tecemotide is safe, but does not improve RCB or pCR rates in patients receiving standard neoadjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
9.
Breast ; 50: 64-70, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STEPAUT, an Austrian non-interventional study, evaluated the safety and efficacy of everolimus plus exemestane in patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC) recurring/progressing on/after nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAIs) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Postmenopausal women with HR+, HER2- ABC progressing on/after NSAIs receiving everolimus plus exemestane in accordance with routine practice and the current version of Summary of Product Characteristics were eligible. Planned individual observation period corresponded to the duration of treatment until formal study end. RESULTS: Overall, 236 patients (median age: 65 years) were enrolled at 17 sites across Austria. The median progression-free survival (mPFS) in the overall population was 9.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.6-10.7 months). The mPFS (95% CI) in patients who received everolimus 10 and 5 mg was 9.9 months (7.3-11.5 months) and 8 months (4.7-10.7 months), respectively. The median time to progression was numerically longer in patients who had a therapy break (11.9 months, 95% CI: 10.0-14.6 months) versus those who did not have any therapy break (10.7 months, 95% CI: 8.9-12.6 months). Patients experienced grade 1 (53.7%), grade 2 (35.9%), grade 3 (9.9%), grade 4 (0.2%) adverse events (AEs). The most common AEs of any grade were stomatitis, mucositis (53.8%), rash, exanthema (29.7%), loss of appetite, nausea (28.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Real-world safety and efficacy data from STEPAUT were consistent with results from BOLERO-2, supporting everolimus plus exemestane as a suitable treatment option for HR+, HER2- ABC recurring/progressing on/after NSAIs.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Idoso , Áustria/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pós-Menopausa , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
10.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(3): 566-580, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615937

RESUMO

PURPOSE: neoMONARCH assessed the biological effects of abemaciclib in combination with anastrozole in the neoadjuvant setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Postmenopausal women with stage I-IIIB HR+/HER2- breast cancer were randomized to a 2-week lead-in of abemaciclib, anastrozole, or abemaciclib plus anastrozole followed by 14 weeks of the combination. The primary objective evaluated change in Ki67 from baseline to 2 weeks of treatment. Additional objectives included clinical, radiologic, and pathologic responses, safety, as well as gene expression changes related to cell proliferation and immune response. RESULTS: Abemaciclib, alone or in combination with anastrozole, achieved a significant decrease in Ki67 expression and led to potent cell-cycle arrest after 2 weeks of treatment compared with anastrozole alone. More patients in the abemaciclib-containing arms versus anastrozole alone achieved complete cell-cycle arrest (58%/68% vs. 14%, P < 0.001). At the end of treatment, following 2 weeks lead-in and 14 weeks of combination therapy, 46% of intent-to-treat patients achieved a radiologic response, with pathologic complete response observed in 4%. The most common all-grade adverse events were diarrhea (62%), constipation (44%), and nausea (42%). Abemaciclib, anastrozole, and the combination inhibited cell-cycle processes and estrogen signaling; however, combination therapy resulted in increased cytokine signaling and adaptive immune response indicative of enhanced antigen presentation and activated T-cell phenotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Abemaciclib plus anastrozole demonstrated biological and clinical activity with generally manageable toxicities in patients with HR+/HER2- early breast cancer. Abemaciclib led to potent cell-cycle arrest, and in combination with anastrozole, enhanced immune activation.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aminopiridinas/administração & dosagem , Anastrozol/administração & dosagem , Benzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segurança do Paciente , Pós-Menopausa/fisiologia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4666, 2019 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604930

RESUMO

Deregulation of transcription factors (TFs) is an important driver of tumorigenesis, but non-invasive assays for assessing transcription factor activity are lacking. Here we develop and validate a minimally invasive method for assessing TF activity based on cell-free DNA sequencing and nucleosome footprint analysis. We analyze whole genome sequencing data for >1,000 cell-free DNA samples from cancer patients and healthy controls using a bioinformatics pipeline developed by us that infers accessibility of TF binding sites from cell-free DNA fragmentation patterns. We observe patient-specific as well as tumor-specific patterns, including accurate prediction of tumor subtypes in prostate cancer, with important clinical implications for the management of patients. Furthermore, we show that cell-free DNA TF profiling is capable of detection of early-stage colorectal carcinomas. Our approach for mapping tumor-specific transcription factor binding in vivo based on blood samples makes a key part of the noncoding genome amenable to clinical analysis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/química , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Sítios de Ligação , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Biologia Computacional , Fragmentação do DNA , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nucleossomos/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico
12.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(10): 1043-1060, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656317

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline published and coordinated by the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG) and the Austrian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (OEGGG). Because of their rarity and heterogeneous histopathology, uterine sarcomas are challenging in terms of how they should be managed clinically, and treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach. To our knowledge, there are currently no binding evidence-based recommendations for the appropriate management of this heterogeneous group of tumors. Methods This S2k guideline was first published in 2015. The update published here is the result of the consensus of a representative interdisciplinary group of experts who carried out a systematic search of the literature on uterine sarcomas in the context of the guidelines program of the DGGG, OEGGG and SGGG. Members of the participating professional societies achieved a formal consensus after a moderated structured consensus process. Recommendations The consensus-based recommendations and statements include the epidemiology, classification, staging, symptoms, general diagnostic work-up and general pathology of uterine sarcomas as well as the genetic predisposition to develop uterine sarcomas. Also included are statements on the management of leiomyosarcomas, (low and high-grade) endometrial stromal sarcomas and undifferentiated uterine sarcomas and adenosarcomas. Finally, the guideline considers the follow-up and morcellation of uterine sarcomas and the information provided to patients.

13.
Wien Med Wochenschr ; 169(13-14): 350-353, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-to-cancer metastasis is very rare with less than 50 cases described in literature. This article reports a case of breast cancer with synchronous metastasis to clear cell renal cell cancer. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman was diagnosed with a bilateral breast carcinoma. Sonographic staging investigation of the abdomen revealed a 6 cm wide expansion of the right kidney. Bilateral mastectomy and nephrectomy of the right kidney was performed. The histology revealed a clear cell renal cell carcinoma and in the center of the tumor a 0.5 cm metastasis of the breast cancer. The patient's comorbidities and performance status precluded chemotherapy und she received palliative radiotherapy, targeted monoclonal antibody therapy and antihormonal treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Even if cancer-to-cancer metastasis is a very rare phenomenon, the simultaneous or consecutive finding of a renal tumor in women with breast cancer should be carefully evaluated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Nefrectomia
14.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 131(9-10): 233-236, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887224

RESUMO

The working group recommends against contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) in women with breast cancer without a family history or genetic predisposition with unilateral breast cancer. This is based on the low risk of developing contralateral breast cancer, the lack of a survival benefit, the increased risk of surgical complications, and the lack of benefit on quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ginecologia , Obstetrícia , Mastectomia Profilática , Qualidade de Vida , Áustria , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Carga Tumoral
15.
Adv Ther ; 36(2): 381-406, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565179

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Metronomic chemotherapy (mCHT) is a treatment regimen in which drugs are administered frequently or continuously and that maintains low, prolonged, and pharmacologically active plasma concentrations of drugs to avoid toxicity associated with traditional chemotherapy regimens, while achieving tumor response. Despite the increasing use of mCHT in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and the endorsement of mCHT in guidelines, no consensus exists about which patients may substantially benefit from mCHT, which agents can be recommended, and in which treatment setting mCHT is most appropriate. METHODS: In October 2017, ten international experts in the management of breast cancer convened to develop a report describing the current status of the use of mCHT for the treatment of advanced breast cancer, based not only on current literature but also on their opinion. The Delphi method was used to reach consensus. RESULTS: A full consensus was reached concerning the acknowledgement that mCHT is not simply a different way of administering chemotherapy but a truly new treatment option. The best-known effect of mCHT is on angiogenesis inhibition, but exciting new data are on the way regarding potential activity on immune system activation. The experts strongly suggest that the ideal patients for mCHT are those with hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors or those with triple-negative disease. Independently of HR status, mCHT could be an advantageous option for elderly patients, who are often under-treated simply because of their age. CONCLUSION: Current data support the use of mCHT in selected patients with MBC. FUNDING: Pierre Fabre.


Assuntos
Administração Metronômica , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oncologistas
16.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 1074, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) comprises a heterogeneous group of diseases which are generally associated with poor prognosis. Up to now, no targeted treatment beyond anti-VEGF therapy has been approved for TNBC and cytotoxic agents remain the mainstay of treatment. Ixazomib is a selective and reversible inhibitor of the proteasome, which has been mainly investigated in the treatment of multiple myeloma. In a preclinical study TNBC cells were treated with the first-generation proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in combination with cisplatin and synergistic efficacy was demonstrated. Clinical data are available for carboplatin plus bortezomib in metastatic ovarian and lung cancers showing remarkable antitumor activity and good tolerability (Mol Cancer 11:26 2012, J Thorac Oncol 4:87-92 2009, J Thorac Oncol 7:1032-1040, 2012). Based on this evidence, the phase I/II MBC-10 trial will evaluate the toxicity profile and efficacy of the second-generation proteasome inhibitor ixazomib in combination with carboplatin in patients with advanced TNBC. METHODS: Patients with metastatic TNBC pretreated with at least one prior line of chemotherapy for advanced disease with a confirmed disease progression and measurable disease according to RECIST criteria 1.1 are eligible for this study. Patients will receive ixazomib in combination with carboplatin on days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle. The phase I part of this study utilizes an alternate dose escalation accelerated titration design. After establishing the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the efficacy and safety of the combination will be further evaluated (phase II, including 41 evaluable patients). All patients will continue on study drugs until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or discontinuation for any other reason. Primary endpoint of the phase II is overall response rate, secondary endpoints include progression-free survival, safety, and quality of life. This trial is open for patient enrollment since November 2016 in six Austrian cancer centers. Accrual is planned to be completed within 2 years. DISCUSSION: Based on preclinical and clinical findings an ixazomib and carboplatin combination is thought to be effective in metastatic TNBC patients. The MBC-10 trial is accompanied by a broad biomarker program investigating predictive biomarkers for treatment response and potential resistance mechanisms to the investigational drug combination. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT Number: 2016-001421-13 received on March 31, 2016, ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02993094 first posted on December 15, 2016. This trial was registered prospectively.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Boro/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Áustria , Compostos de Boro/efeitos adversos , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Glicina/administração & dosagem , Glicina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
17.
Anticancer Res ; 38(11): 6507-6511, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two studies have found primary ovarian carcinomas in stage I disease to be larger than those in stage III. Thus, these stages may represent different tumor entities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data from 553 patients operated on between 1985 and 2012 for epithelial ovarian cancer were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Primary lesions including invasive, borderline and benign components were significantly larger in stage I compared to stage III disease (p<0.001). However, the maximum diameter of invasive components in those with stage III disease were significantly larger than in those with stage I disease (p=0.001). The size of the invasive component was not associated with the largest size of intraperitoneal metastasis. CONCLUSION: We were only, in part, able to reproduce the data from the two smaller published studies. The prognosis of patients with stage III disease strongly depends on the size of intraperitoneal metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Carga Tumoral
18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 14474, 2017 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29101329

RESUMO

Fibrinogen has an important pathophysiological role in tumor cell progression and development of metastases in different types of cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of pre-treatment fibrinogen plasma concentrations as a biomarker for tumor biology and prognosis in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS). Clinical data of patients with ULMS were assessed in this multi-center study Pre-therapeutic fibrinogen plasma concentrations were evaluated. We investigated the association between fibrinogen plasma levels and clinico-pathological parameters and performed univariate and multivariable survival analyses. In total, 70 women with ULMS were included into the analysis. Mean (SD) pre-treatment fibrinogen plasma levels were 480.2 (172.3) mg/dL. Patients with advanced tumor stage, increased tumor size and higher histological grading had higher fibrinogen levels (p = 0.02, p = 0.013, and p = 0.029, respectively). In ULMS patients with increased fibrinogen levels 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 25.0% compared to 52.9% in ULMS patients with normal fibrinogen, respectively. Univariate survival analyses revealed that elevated fibrinogen plasma levels (p = 0.030), advanced tumor stage (p < 0.001) and undifferentiated histology (p = 0.003) showed association with unfavorable OS. In multivariable analysis, histological grade (p = 0.03) and tumor stage (0.02) were independently associated with survival. Elevated fibrinogen plasma levels were associated with aggressive tumor biology and poor prognosis in women with ULMS. Fibrinogen might be useful as a novel biomarker in ULMS.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Leiomiossarcoma/sangue , Neoplasias Uterinas/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leiomiossarcoma/mortalidade , Leiomiossarcoma/patologia , Leiomiossarcoma/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias Uterinas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia
19.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 296(1): 123-127, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510097

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This manuscript reports the consensus recommendations on screening and diagnosis of Lynch syndrome (LS) in patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer as well as on possible preventive measures in effectively LS-diagnosed women. The recommendations are issued by the Austrian Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Gynäkologische Onkologie (AGO) of the Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe (OEGGG) after consultation of the most recent and relevant literature and following deliberation by the Genetic Task-Force convoked May, 2015 by the AGO Council. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The Austrian AGO recommends immunohistochemical tissue screening for type-I and type-II endometrial cancers in all patients below the age of 70 years, and for all endometrioid and clear-cell ovarian cancers independently of the patient's age. If needed immunohistochemistry should be complemented by tissue MLH1 promotor hypermethylation testing and/or microsatellite instability (MSI) analysis. The diagnosis LS requires confirmation through identification of a germline mutation by a molecular genetic examination in the mismatch repair genes using the patient's blood. This should be performed without preceding tissue screening when in LS-associated cancer patients the family history fulfills the Amsterdam II or the revised Bethesda criteria. In LS-diagnosed women, the age for prophylactic surgery should be set flexibly based on an informed consent. Regarding the monitoring of these women, chemo-preventive measures as well as screening procedures either to avoid or to early detect LS-related tumors are discussed with a special light on their specific limitations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/diagnóstico , Adulto , Áustria , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/genética , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 23(14): 3676-3683, 2017 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28143867

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate whether pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant trastuzumab is dependent on the level of HER2 amplification.Experimental Design: 114 HER2-overexpressing early breast cancer patients who had received neoadjuvant trastuzumab were included in this study. Absolute HER2 and chromosome 17 centromere (CEP17) were measured by in situ hybridization analysis, and associations were examined between HER2/CEP17 ratio and tumor pCR status (commonly defined by ypT0 ypN0, ypT0/is ypN0, and ypT0/is).Results: In trastuzumab-treated patients, ypT0 ypN0 was achieved in 69.0% of patients with high-level amplification (HER2/CEP17 ratio > 6), but only in 30.4% of tumors with low-level amplification (ratio ≤ 6; P = 0.001). When pCR was defined by ypT0/is ypN0 or ypTis, 75.9% and 82.8% of tumors with high-level amplification had a complete response, whereas only 39.1%, and 38.3% with low-level amplification achieved pCR (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001, respectively). Logistic regression revealed that tumors with high-level amplification had a significantly higher probability achieving ypT0 ypN0 (OR, 5.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.86-13.90; P = 0.002) than tumors with low-level amplification, whereas no other clinicopathologic parameters were predictive of pCR. The association between high-level HER2 amplification and pCR was almost exclusively confined to hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors (ypT0 ypN0: 62.5% vs. 24.0%, P = 0.014; ypT0/is ypN0: 75.0% vs. 28.0%, P = 0.005; and ypT0/is: 87.5% vs. 28.0%, P < 0.001), and was largely absent in HR-negative tumors.Conclusions: An HER2/CEP17 ratio of >6 in the pretherapeutic tumor biopsy is associated with a significantly higher pCR rate, particularly in HER2/HR copositive tumors, and can be used as a biomarker to predict response before neoadjuvant trastuzumab is initiated. Clin Cancer Res; 23(14); 3676-83. ©2017 AACR.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Centrômero/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...