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Front Pediatr ; 10: 881470, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652053


Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting recessive genetic disorder in Caucasian populations, characterized by the involvement of exocrine glands, causing multisystemic comorbidities. Since the first descriptions of pancreatic and pulmonary involvement in children, technological development and basic science research have allowed great advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cystic fibrosis. The great search for treatments that acted at the genetic level, despite not having found a cure for this disease, culminated in the creation of CFTR modulators, highly effective medications for certain groups of patients. However, there are still many obstacles behind the treatment of the disease to be discussed, given the wide variety of mutations and phenotypes involved and the difficulty of access that permeate these new therapies around the world.

Pediatr Pulmonol ; 56(9): 2818-2824, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265188


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The knowledge about the impact of the nonpharmacological measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic can give insight into ways in which they can also be applied for other respiratory diseases. To assess the impact of containment measures of the COVID-19 pandemic on pneumonia hospitalizations in children from 0 to 14 years of age in Brazil. METHODS: Data from hospital admissions for pneumonia were obtained from the Department of Informatics of Brazilian Public Health System database in the period of 2015-2020 and analyzed by macroregions and age groups. To evaluate the effect of containment measures, on the incidence of pneumonia, the absolute reduction and relative reduction were calculated by analyzing the subsets 2015-2019 vs. 2020. RESULTS: Comparing the subsets of April-August 2015-2019 vs. April-August 2020 for Brazil (total), there was an significant reduction in the average incidence of hospitalizations, with numbers ranging from -82% [IRR 0.17 (0.14-0.21)] for <4 years (prepandemic 741.8/100,000 vs. pandemic 132.7/100.000), -83% [IRR 0.17 (0.10-0.27)] for 5-9 years (prepandemic 113.6/100,000 vs. pandemic 19.6/100.000), -77% [IRR 0.23 (0.11-0.46)] for 10-14 (prepandemic 42.0/100,000 vs. pandemic 9.8/100.000) and -82% [IRR 0.18 (0.15-0.21)] for all children ≤14 years (prepandemic 897.4/100,000 vs. pandemic 162.1/100.000). CONCLUSION: We found a significant decrease in cases of all cause pneumonia in children under 14 years and especially in the age group <9 years during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may be associated with the nonpharmacological measures applied to control the SARS-CoV-2.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2