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1.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 190: 31-5, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25966436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Around 5% of women experience persistent voiding dysfunction after surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with colorectal involvement. The gold standard to manage persistent voiding dysfunction is intermittent self-catherization, but this treatment may reduce quality of life of the patients due to care constraints. The objective of our study was to assess the contribution of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in the management of persistent voiding dysfunction secondary to surgery for DIE with colorectal resection. STUDY DESIGN: Five patients referred for persistent voiding dysfunction after surgery for DIE with colorectal resection were included and fitted with a temporary SNM system to test for feasibility. This consisted of placing an electrode unilaterally next to the S3 sacral nerve root and connecting it to an external pacemaker. The patients wore the electrode and the external neurostimulator for 21 days and kept a voiding diary. The SNM test was considered positive when a 50% decrease in self-catheterization was achieved after removal of the electrode. The system was implanted permanently in patients with a positive SNM test. Urodynamic tests were performed before and after the SNM test. RESULTS: Two of the five patients had a positive SNM test and were implanted permanently. At 40 months the first patient had completely stopped self-catheterization and the second patient was performing self-catheterization twice a day with a post voiding residue volume of less than 100ml at 52 months. CONCLUSION: SNM could be a curative technique in some patients with persistent voiding dysfunction after surgery for DIE. Further studies are required to better select patients who might benefit from SNM testing and subsequent device implantation.


Assuntos
Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Endometriose/cirurgia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Transtornos Urinários/terapia , Adulto , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Colo/patologia , Eletrodos Implantados , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cateterismo Uretral Intermitente , Plexo Lombossacral , Doenças Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Urinários/etiologia , Transtornos Urinários/fisiopatologia , Urodinâmica
3.
Curr Opin Urol ; 23(6): 536-9, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24080812

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The surgical armamentarium for stress urinary incontinence in men ranges from minimally invasive endoscopic procedures to artificial urinary sphincter implantation. In this rapidly moving field, respective indications of surgical options are also evolving, as evidence for the use of innovative devices is growing. This review is focused on recent data about injectables, stem cells and periurethral balloons implantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Periurethral injections are probably the most minimally invasive options, but are considered of low efficacy, with a high recurrence rate in the short term. Reinjections are often needed. However, the market share of periurethral bulking is decreasing relatively slowly. Innovative, so-called regenerative therapies, including injection of biological material, stem cells, myoblasts and muscle strings implantation have shown promising results but did not yet reach maturity for daily use in the clinic. Periurethral balloons implantation shows an acceptable success rate at mid-term follow-up, but are associated with a high rate of complications and reoperations. SUMMARY: Indications of periurethral bulking are decreasing. Regenerative therapies are still under investigation in men, and long-term studies are still required. Comparative studies against male slings and other compression devices are still awaited to accurately determine the role of periurethral balloons implantation.


Assuntos
Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/terapia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Transplante de Células-Tronco
4.
BJU Int ; 112(8): 1163-8, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24053170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the surgical technique of transcorporal artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation. To assess the efficacy of the AUS on continence and erectile function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation was conducted between December 2007 and October 2012 at a tertiary referral centre of all male patients treated by transcorporal AUS (AMS800™, AmericanMedicalSystems, Minnetonka, MN, USA) implantation for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) recurrence, after failure of previous anti-incontinence surgery. Functional urinary outcomes were assessed according to daily pad use, the Urinary Symptom Profile questionnaire, and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short-Form. Erectile function was evaluated using the five-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire and patient satisfaction was assessed by Patient Global Impression of Improvement questionnaire. Data were collected by telephone interview. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients were included. Their mean (sd; range) age was 70 (7; 60-85) years. Of these, 18 patients had urethral atrophy and/or erosion after placement of AUS (11 patients), male sling (four patients) or both (three patients), and five patients had severe urethral atrophy after pelvic radiation therapy. The implantation of the AUS with transcorporal cuff placement was successful in all patients, with no peri-operative complications. Follow-up data over 1 year were available for 17 patients. After a median (sd; range) follow-up of 20 (15; 2-59) months, eight patients were perfectly dry (no pad use and no symptoms), five achieved social continence (less than one pad/day), and four still had SUI (required two or more pads/day). Among six patients who had good preoperative erectile function and were sexually active, four had no decrease in their IIEF-5 score. CONCLUSIONS: Transcorporal AUS cuff placement is a useful alternative for challenging cases of male SUI after failure of previous surgical treatment, urethral atrophy or erosion. Erectile function can be maintained despite dissection of the corporal body.


Assuntos
Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/fisiopatologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Ereção Peniana , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia
5.
Curr Urol Rep ; 14(5): 471-5, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23873511

RESUMO

Mesh erosion is one of the major complications of prolapse surgery conducted by transvaginal approach. Following the extensive use of meshes and warning about potential complications, a new classification of mesh-related adverse events has been proposed. Due to the wide scope of clinical features, no standardized approach has been proposed. Surgery is required after failure of conservative management, mostly based on mesh partial or total excision by transvaginal route, following the classic rules of re-do vaginal surgery. Complex cases are best managed in tertiary reference centers.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Prolapso Uterino/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Vagina
7.
Int Urogynecol J ; 23(9): 1265-70, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22584919

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Data on the Ajust, a new single-incision sling procedure for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) management, remain scarce and limited to a 1-year follow-up. Our goal was to assess the efficacy of this procedure after a 1-year follow-up. METHODS: This prospective evaluation involved 95 consecutive patients implanted with Ajust at a single centre. All patients had SUI on urodynamics due to urethral hypermobility, 33 % had preoperative overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and none had detrusor overactivity. Ninety-two patients were treated on an outpatient basis, and 3 patients had general anaesthesia. Postoperative assessment was conducted at 1, 6, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. The main outcome measure was pad usage. Secondary parameters were self-reported SUI episodes, OAB symptoms, data of clinical examination, satisfaction using the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) scale, postoperative pain, and adverse events. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 21 ± 6 months (12-32), 76 out of 95 patients used no pads or one dry security pad, showing a success rate of 80 %. Seventy-nine out of 95 patients had no more SUI-related leakage. Only 6 patients experienced late recurrence of SUI after 6 months' follow-up. Perioperative complications included 1 case of vaginal hematoma, 1 case of acute urinary retention, 2 cases of urinary tract infection, all managed conservatively. Half of the patients had no pain after day 1, free of medications. Late complications were vaginal erosion in 1 case, and pain during exertion in 2 cases. CONCLUSIONS: The Ajust single incision transobturator sling is a safe and effective procedure, with durable results after 1 year.


Assuntos
Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Autorrelato , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/complicações , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/complicações
8.
Rev Prat ; 61(7): 958-61, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22039736

RESUMO

Female urinary incontinence becomes a real public health issue in France, with high frequency and outcomes on 20 to 30% of concerned women. Prevalence of incontinence is widely under-estimated because few women consult a physician for this problem, and because of the lack of epidemiologic data about it. Despite female urinary incontinence will increase in the next future with "baby boom" population, and in spite of new treatments, medical help is not suitable. Physicians but also nurses and physical therapists must have better professional training to help and care better these women.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Saúde da Mulher
9.
Eur Urol ; 59(1): 148-54, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21030144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duloxetine is effective in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women but has been poorly evaluated in the treatment of SUI following radical prostatectomy (RP). OBJECTIVE: To establish the superiority of duloxetine over placebo in SUI after RP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, monocentric superiority trial. After a placebo run-in period of 2 wk, patients with SUI after RP were randomised to receive either 80mg of duloxetine daily or matching placebo for 3 mo. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome measure was the relative variation in incontinence episodes frequency (IEF) at the end of study compared to baseline. Secondary outcomes included quality of life (QoL) measures (Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form [IIQ-SF], Urogenital Distress Inventory Short Form [UDI-SF], Incontinence Quality of Life [I-QoL]), symptom scores (Urinary Symptom Profile [USP] questionnaire, International Consultation on Incontinence/World Health Organisation Short Form questionnaire [ICIQ-SF], the Beck Depression Inventory [BDI-II] questionnaire), 1-h pad test, and assessment of adverse events. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Thirty-one patients were randomised to either the treatment (n=16) or control group (n=15). Reduction in IEF was significant with duloxetine compared to placebo (mean±standard deviation [SD] variation: -52.2%±38.6 [range: -100 to +46] vs +19.0%±43.5 [range: -53 to +104]; mean difference: 71.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI] for the difference: 41.0-101.4; p<0.0001). IIQ-SF total score, UDI-SF total score, SUI subscore of the USP questionnaire, and question 3 of the ICIQ-SF questionnaire showed improvement in the duloxetine group (p=0.006, p=0.02, p=0.0004, and p=0.003, respectively). Both treatments were well tolerated throughout the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Duloxetine is effective in the treatment of incontinence symptoms and improves QoL in patients with SUI after RP.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Captação Adrenérgica/uso terapêutico , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Tiofenos/uso terapêutico , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Captação Adrenérgica/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Método Duplo-Cego , Cloridrato de Duloxetina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paris , Projetos Piloto , Efeito Placebo , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tiofenos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
10.
BJU Int ; 108(2): 236-40, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20955265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: • To assess clinical outcomes at mid-term follow-up and determine preoperative factors associated with the failure of the Advance(TM) male sling for post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: • A prospective evaluation was conducted of 136 consecutive patients implanted with the Advance(TM) male sling for mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence after prostatectomy. • Patients were preoperatively evaluated using medical history, ASA score, urodynamics, 24-h pad test and pad usage. • The clinical outcome was evaluated according to pad use and the Patient Global Impression of Improvement scale and by assessment of side effects. 'Cure' was defined as no pad usage and 'improvement' as a decrease in pad use by >50%. • Factors related to functional outcome were studied by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: • After a mean ± SD (range) follow-up of 21 ± 6 (12-36) months, 62% of patients were cured, 16% improved and 22% not improved. • Failure (no cure or improvement) was associated with previous urethral stricture surgery (P= 0.013) and a 24-h pad-test >200 g/day (P= 0.026), and there was a trend for an association with previous radiation therapy (P= 0.053). • Age, learning curve and type of prostatectomy did not affect the results. • Immediate postoperative complications were limited to two cases of dysuria, one case of perineal haematoma and two cases of perineal paresthesia. During follow-up, 10% of patients had perineal pain and 14% of patients had mild dysuria. None required surgical management. CONCLUSION: • The results of the present study, with a follow-up of up to 3 years, confirm that the Advance(TM) male sling is an efficient treatment for PPI. However, particular attention should be given to the preoperative data associated with failure.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia
11.
Eur Urol ; 58(1): 157-61, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20434258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TVT-Secur has been described as a new minimally invasive sling for women's stress urinary incontinence (SUI) management, showing promising results in short-term studies. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the outcome of this procedure after a midterm follow-up. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective evaluation involved 45 consecutive patients presenting SUI associated with urethral hypermobility. Fourteen patients preoperatively reported overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, but none had objective detrusor overactivity. Eight patients had low maximal urethral closure pressure (MUCP). Four patients had pelvic organ prolapse (POP). INTERVENTION: Patients with POP were treated under general anesthesia by Prolift and TVT-Secur procedure. The 41 other patients received TVT-Secur under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis. All interventions were made by the same surgeon. MEASUREMENTS: Postoperative assessment included pad count, bladder diary, clinical examination with stress test, evaluation of satisfaction with the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) scale, and evaluation of side effects. Patients were classified as cured if they used no pads, had no leakage, and had a PGI-I score < or = 2; as improved in case of reduction of SUI symptoms >50% and PGI-I score < or = 3; and as failure otherwise. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Mean postoperative follow-up was 30.2 +/- 9.8 mo (range: 11-40 mo). Short-term evaluation showed a 93.5% success rate, but, at last follow-up, only 18 (40%) patients were cured, while 8 (18%) were improved, and 19 (42%) failed. Twelve patients underwent implantation of TVT or transobturator tape during follow-up. Age, MUCP, or OAB were not associated with failure. Side effects were limited to five cases of de novo OAB and three cases of urinary tract infection. This work is limited by the absence of a comparison group. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience shows that despite its good short-term efficacy, TVT-Secur is associated with a high recurrence rate of SUI. Therefore, TVT-Secur does not seem appropriate for SUI first-line management in women.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Slings Suburetrais , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
12.
Eur Urol ; 56(6): 923-7, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19748174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transobturator male slings have been proposed to manage stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after prostatic surgery, but data are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and prospectively evaluate the clinical outcome after management of SUI after prostatic surgery by placement of a transobturator male sling. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a prospective evaluation on 102 patients treated in a single center between 2007 and 2009 for mild to moderate SUI following prostatic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Placement of a suburethral transobturator sling and clinical follow-up. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were evaluated by medical history, preoperative urodynamics, maximum flow rate measurement, 24-h pad test, and daily pad use. During follow-up, data on patients' pad use, complications, and answers to the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) questionnaire were collected. Cure was defined as no pad usage or one pad for security reasons and improvement as reduction of pads≥50%. Median follow-up was 13 mo (range: 6-26). RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Most patients (95%) presented post-radical prostatectomy incontinence (PRPI). Hospital stay was 2 d in 97 cases, and all patients were catheterized for 24h except two (48 h). Of 102 patients, 64 were cured, 18 were improved, and 20 were not improved. According to the PGI-I questionnaire, 85%, 11%, and 4% of patients described a respectively better, unchanged, and worse urinary tract condition, respectively. Previous radiation was associated with higher rate of failure (p=0.039). Neither severe complication nor postoperative urinary obstruction was noted during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Placement of a transobturator sling is a safe and effective procedure, giving durable results after >1 yr of follow-up. Further evaluation and high-quality controlled, randomized studies are needed to assess long-term efficacy and precise indications of this procedure for post-prostatic-surgery SUI management.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tampões Absorventes para a Incontinência Urinária , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Prog Urol ; 16(3): 347-51, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16821349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare SpeediCath Set to Actreen Set in terms of performance, acceptability and safety, in patients performing self-catheterization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four questionnaires were completed during this multicentre, randomized, crossover study: initial, after having tested each of the two products and patient preference at the end of the study. RESULTS: Analysis was based on 29 men performing self-catheterization. The SpeediCath Set was found to be superior to the Actreen Set in terms of ease of introduction (p=0.0055), ease of emptying (p=0.0157), quality of lubricant (p<0.0001), urethral tolerance and possibility of catheterization in bed (p= 0.0157). The patients 'global assessment was clearly in favour of SpeediCath Set (70 +/- 2.3 versus 5.7 +/- 2.5; p=0.0156) and 65.5% of patients preferred to use SpeediCath Set in the future. CONCLUSION: SpeediCath Set facilitates catheterization and improves the urethral tolerance compared to Actreen Set, with a marked patient preference in favour of SpeediCath Set.


Assuntos
Autocuidado , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia , Cateterismo Urinário/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Cross-Over , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente
14.
Prog Urol ; 15(3): 494-7, 2005 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16097156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and morbidity of intraurethral injections of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Zuidex), performed under local anaesthesia as an outpatient procedure in the treatment of female urinary incontinence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty one patients with a mean age of 67 years (range: 29-93 years) presenting urinary incontinence related to sphincter incompetence were treated by intraurethral injection of Zuidex. Injections were performed with the Implacer system provided with the product under local anaesthesia. RESULTS: For nine of these patients (43%), a second injection after 6 weeks was performed due to an insufficient result on incontinence. A total of 30 injections were therefore performed. No significant problem was observed during the injections. Three injections (10%) were difficult because of a short urethra. In 7 cases (23%), the patient reported pain during the injection. In 3 cases (10%), macroscopic haematuria was observed after treatment and another 4 cases (13%) developed lower urinary tract infection. Six patients (20%) developed transient acute urinary retention with resumption of micturition after 24 to 48 hours. CONCLUSION: Intraurethral injection of Zuidex has the advantage of being minimally invasive and can be performed under local anaesthesia, as an outpatient procedure, with good safety and a low complication rate. Resumption of spontaneous voiding must be monitored in view of the risk of urinary retention. The long-term results have not yet been evaluated.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Dextranos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Próteses e Implantes , Incontinência Urinária/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Lidocaína/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Prog Urol ; 12(1): 52-9, 2002 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11980015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence is a very common disease among women but only few studies have been published in young adult and middle-aged population. We studied urinary incontinence prevalence and risk factors in this young and middle-aged population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied during the year 1998 the prevalence of global incontinence and stress, urge and mixed urinary incontinence in 1700 women working in a French academic hospital (n = 2800). Women received the questionnaire at the same time than their convocation for their yearly visit in occupational medicine. Usual risk factors of constitutional events (increasing âge, obesity defined by a Body Mass Index > or = 25); obstetric events (pregnancy, previous caesarean delivery, previous vaginal delivery, post-partum incontinence) and gynaecological event (hysterectomy) were evaluated. RESULTS: 177 women (mean âge 40.0 years) returned the questionnaire. 467 women (27.5% 95% CI = 25.4-29.7) reported urinary incontinence, 210 (12.4% 95% CI = 10.8-14.0) stress urinary incontinence, 28 (1.6% 95% CI = 1.1-2.4) urge urinary incontinence and 229 (13.5% 995% CI = 11.9-15.2) mixed urinary incontinence. 38 women (8.1%) suffered from frequent urinary leakage corresponding to 1 (0.5%), 4 (14.3%) and 33 (14.4%) stress, urge and mixed urinary incontinence. The prevalence of urinary incontinence increased significantly with âge > or = 40 years (RR = 2.16 95% CI = 1.86-2.57) pregnancy (RR = 2.22 95% CI = 1.71-2.87), previous vaginal delivery (RR = 2.15 95% CI = 1.72-2.69), post-partum incontinence (RR = 2.57 95% CI = 2.22-2.97, hysterectomy (RR = 1.52 95% CI = 1.11-2.08). Obesity (RR = 1.14 95% CI = 0.99-1.32) and previous caesarean delivery (RR = 2.15 95% CI = 1.72-2.69) did not increase the risk of urinary incontinence. The risk factors for stress urinary incontinence were âge > or = 40 years (RR = 2.18 95% CI = 1.66-2.87), pregnancy (RR = 2.36 95% CI = 1.55-3.58), previous vaginal delivery (RR = 2.47 95% CI = 1.70-3.59), post-partum incontinence (RR = 2.78 95% CI = 2.14-3.61) and hysterectomy (RR = 2.83 95% CI = 1.93-4.15). No relationship was found between stress urinary incontinence and obesity (RR = 1.25 95% CI = 0.96-1.64) and previous caesarean delivery (RR = 1.02 95% CI = 0.45-2.32). CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of urinary incontinence was observed among young adult and middle-aged female hospital workers with an easy access to medical resources. Gynaecological and obstetric event (pregnancy particularly previous vaginal delivery and hysterectomy) were the most prominent risk factors, especially for stress urinary incontinence.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
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