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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1036, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The commitment of hospital managers plays a key role in decisions regarding investments in quality improvement (QI) and the implementation of quality improvement systems (QIS). With regard to the concept of social capital, successful cooperation and coordination among hospital management board members is strongly influenced by commonly shared values and mutual trust. The purpose of this study is to investigate the reliability and validity of a survey scale designed to assess Social Capital within hospital management boards (SOCAPO-B) in European hospitals. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the EU funded mixed-method project "Deepening our understanding of quality improvement in Europe (DUQuE)" from 210 hospitals in 7 European countries (France, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey). The Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) completed the SOCAPO-B scale (six-item survey, numeric scale, 1='strongly disagree' to 4='strongly agree') regarding their perceptions of social capital within the hospital management board. We investigated the factor structure of the social capital scale using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha, while construct validity was assessed through Pearson's correlation coefficients between the scale items. RESULTS: A total of 188 hospitals participated in the DUQuE-study. Of these, 177 CEOs completed the questionnaire(172 observations for social capital) Hospital CEOs perceive relatively high social capital among hospital management boards (average SOCAPO-B mean of 3.2, SD = 0.61). The exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 1-factor-model with Cronbach's alpha of 0.91. Pearson's correlation coefficients between the single scale items ranged from 0.48 to 0.68. CONCLUSIONS: The SOCAPO-B-scale can be used to obtain reliable and valid measurements of social capital in European hospital management boards, at least from the CEO's point of view. The brevity of the scale enables it to be a cost-effective and tool for measuring social capital in hospital management boards. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This validation study was not registered.


Assuntos
Capital Social , Hospitais , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1058, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The health care innovation "MamBo - people with multimorbidity in outpatient care: patient-focused and needs-oriented healthcare management" aims to improve the efficiency and quality of care for multimorbid patients by delegating tasks (e.g. taking over house calls or coordinating specialist appointments) to a monitoring and coordination assistant (MoniKa). Participating physicians are very important for the success of the health care innovation due to their direct involvement as practitioners and their task of enrolling patients. The aim of this part of the evaluation study is therefore to identify the physicians' personal values, which influence the individual perception of the project's advantages and thus possibly the acceptance and sustainable implementation of new care structures. METHODS: Two Focus groups (n = 4; n = 6) and three individual interviews with general practitioners and specialists who decided to implement the health care innovation within the first year were conducted. The semi-structured guidelines were developed by the research team. The interviews were analysed according to the content analysis by Mayring. We used the learning model of operant conditioning to place our study results in a theoretical context. RESULT: Two central personal values of the participants, which determine the desired advantages of the health care innovation were identified: More patient-oriented and more economic-oriented values. Participants with more patient-oriented values quickly perceived advantages, which seems to be beneficial for the acceptance of the new care structures. Economic-oriented participants tended to be more critical. The benefits of the health care innovation, which was expressed, for example, in an improvement of the practice routine, has not yet been perceived by this group, or only to a limited extent. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the respective values of the participants define the individual perceived advantages and thus, the assessment of the success of the health care innovation in general. These findings could be used in the implementation process by increasing the motivation of the project participants through typified supervision. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study has been registered in the German Clinical Trials Register ( DRKS00014047 ).


Assuntos
Médicos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Humanos
3.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 54: 102037, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In order to design a patient-centered discharge process, the entire process is visualized in Value Stream Mapping. The duration of the process steps and waiting times are measured and presented. As a team, health professionals discuss problems and agree on suitable solutions. METHODS: After applying Value Stream Mapping, we conducted eight interviews in 2018, four with physicians and four with breast care nurses. We used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to develop the interview guide and to identify categories for content analysis. To identify the differences in attitude and experience between the occupational groups, we conducted a framework analysis. RESULTS: Each team of health professionals developed action steps to optimize the discharge process. Obstacles became apparent in the implementation of these action steps. The lack of adequate staff and complex structures were identified as the main factors. These hierarchical structures also prevented a patient-centered discharge process independent of patient-centered care by health professionals. Self-efficacy varied more among breast care nurses than physicians. The group of physicians perceives standardization in the discharge process critically and therefore assumes limitations in transferring Value Stream Mapping to hospitals. The breast care nurses were open in their attitude. Financial incentives contribute to the acceptance of the method. CONCLUSION: Value Stream Mapping is a simple way to uncover waste and develop applicable action steps. Since the implementation of the action steps was hindered by hierarchical problems and a lack of resources, management involvement and a hospital-wide approach could be beneficial.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e050054, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The healthcare system is characterised by a high degree of complexity and involves various actors at different institutional levels and in different care contexts. To implement patient-centred care (PCC) successfully, a multidimensional consideration of influencing factors is required. Our qualitative study aims to identify system-level determinants of PCC implementation from the perspective of different health and social care organisations (HSCOs). DESIGN: A qualitative study using n=20 semistructured face-to-face interviews with n=24 participants was carried out between August 2017 and May 2018. Interview data were analysed based on concepts of qualitative content analysis using an inductive and deductive approach. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with clinical and managerial decision makers from multiple HSCOs in the model region of Cologne, Germany. Participants were recruited via networks of practice partners and cold calling. RESULTS: This study identified various determinants on the system level that are associated with PCC implementation. Decision makers described external regulations as generating an economically controlled alignment of the healthcare system. The availability and qualification of staff resources and patient-related incentives of financial resources were identified as an eminent requirement for providers to deliver PCC. Participants considered the strict separation of financing and delivery of healthcare into inpatient and outpatient sectors to be a barrier to PCC. Interorganisational collaboration and information exchange were identified as facilitators of PCC, as they enable continuous patient care cycles. CONCLUSION: The results showed the necessity of enforcing paradigm changes at the system level from disease-centredness to patient-centredness while aligning policy and reimbursement decisions directly with patient needs and values. A systematic, long-term planned strategy that extends across all organisations is lacking, rather each organisation seeks its own possibilities to implement PCC activities under external restrictions.Trial registration numberDRKS00011925.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574630

RESUMO

Managers often face stress and high work demands. Yet they have received limited attention as targets of workplace health promotion measures (HPMs). This study's primary objective (1) is to examine managers' self-reported participation in HPMs and factors associated with HPM participation. The secondary objective (2) is to examine managers' perceptions of their working conditions. A cross-sectional mixed-methods online survey was conducted with a nonrandom sample of 179 managers in a large German ICT company. Stepwise logistic regression and qualitative content analysis were used for data analysis. Quantitative findings revealed that 57.9% of managers had not participated in HPMs yet. "Workload relief through digital tools" resulted as a significant predictor of managers' previous HPM participation (OR: 2.84, 95% CI: 1.42-5.66). In qualitative findings, workload, time, lack of knowledge, and lack of demand were reported as participation barriers (1). Managers reported that work facility traits, workload, social support, and corporate culture should be improved to make their working conditions more health-promoting (2). These findings suggest that providing adequate organizational working conditions may help improve managers' HPM participation rates and their perception of health-promoting work.

6.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e048191, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588245

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clinically complex patients often require multiple medications. Polypharmacy is associated with inappropriate prescriptions, which may lead to negative outcomes. Few effective tools are available to help physicians optimise patient medication. This study assesses whether an electronic medication management support system (eMMa) reduces hospitalisation and mortality and improves prescription quality/safety in patients with polypharmacy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Planned design: pragmatic, parallel cluster-randomised controlled trial; general practices as randomisation unit; patients as analysis unit. As practice recruitment was poor, we included additional data to our primary endpoint analysis for practices and quarters from October 2017 to March 2021. Since randomisation was performed in waves, final study design corresponds to a stepped-wedge design with open cohort and step-length of one quarter. SCOPE: general practices, Westphalia-Lippe (Germany), caring for BARMER health fund-covered patients. POPULATION: patients (≥18 years) with polypharmacy (≥5 prescriptions). SAMPLE SIZE: initially, 32 patients from each of 539 practices were required for each study arm (17 200 patients/arm), but only 688 practices were randomised after 2 years of recruitment. Design change ensures that 80% power is nonetheless achieved. INTERVENTION: complex intervention eMMa. FOLLOW-UP: at least five quarters/cluster (practice). recruitment: practices recruited/randomised at different times; after follow-up, control group practices may access eMMa. OUTCOMES: primary endpoint is all-cause mortality and hospitalisation; secondary endpoints are number of potentially inappropriate medications, cause-specific hospitalisation preceded by high-risk prescribing and medication underuse. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: primary and secondary outcomes are measured quarterly at patient level. A generalised linear mixed-effect model and repeated patient measurements are used to consider patient clusters within practices. Time and intervention group are considered fixed factors; variation between practices and patients is fitted as random effects. Intention-to-treat principle is used to analyse primary and key secondary endpoints. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Trial approved by Ethics Commission of North-Rhine Medical Association. Results will be disseminated through workshops, peer-reviewed publications, local and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03430336. ClinicalTrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03430336).

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444518

RESUMO

The aims of this study were (1) to design a user-friendly instrument to assess and optimize patient information material (PIM), (2) to develop an English version, and (3) to test its psychometric properties. The instrument was needed to optimize the top-down developed PIM of the psycho-oncological care programme isPO. First, a literature-based PIM checklist was developed by a team of patient representatives, cancer care experts and professional researchers. Next, the checklist's reliability and validity were analysed by having cancer survivors assess the initial and optimized version of the isPO-leaflet. The User-friendly Patient Information Material Checklist (UPIM-Check), developed participatorily, was found to be effective for evaluating PIM. It uses a traffic light scale, and suggestions for improvement can be given for each criterion. Its reliability appeared to be excellent (α = 0.927). The optimized leaflet was rated significantly better than the initial one. The UPIM-Check is a reliable and valid instrument, which enables end-users (e.g., patients) to assess and optimize the quality of PIM according to scientific criteria and the needs of end-users. A bottom-up approach was essential for developing and validating the UPIM-Check. End-users constantly contributed with their specific knowledge. Thus, their position as co-researchers was significantly strengthened.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are medically equivalent alternatives for symptomatic therapy of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). An early referral (ER) of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to a nephrological specialist is associated with a higher proportion of patients choosing PD. Germany historically shows a low PD uptake. This article is the first investigation into the impact of ER on the uptake of PD, using a large German claims database. METHODS: Claims data of 4727 incident dialysis patients in 2015 and 2016 were analyzed. Accounting codes for nephrological care and dialysis modalities were identified. Their first documentation was defined as their first encounter with a nephrologist and their first dialysis treatment (HD or PD). ER was determined as receiving nephrological care at least six months before the first dialysis. A multivariate logistic regression model with adjusted odds ratios (AOR) investigates the impact of ER, outpatient dialysis start, age, comorbidities, and sex on the chance for PD. RESULTS: Forty-three percent were referred to the nephrologist six months before their first dialysis (ER). Single tests, as well as the adjusted multivariate logistic regression, highlighted that ER significantly increases the chance for PD. In the multivariate model, the uptake of PD was associated with ER (AOR = 3.05; p < 0.001; 95% CI = 2.16-4.32), outpatient dialysis start (AOR = 0.71; p = 0.044; 95% CI = 0.51-0.99), younger age (AOR = 0.96; p < 0.001; 95% CI = 0.95-0.97), and fewer comorbidities (AOR = 0.85; p < 0.001; 95% CI = 0.44-1.58). CONCLUSIONS: ER of patients with CKD to a nephrologist increases PD uptake. It gives both nephrologists and patients enough time for patient education about different treatment options and can contribute to informed decisions about the dialysis treatment.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Diálise Peritoneal , Alemanha , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Diálise Renal
9.
Nurs Open ; 8(6): 3024-3035, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337904

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the associations between a nurse's psychological safety and her/his additional training. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey conducted between September 2015 and August 2016. METHODS: A multi-level modelling approach was used considering unit membership. We used data from 1,239 questionnaires completed by nurses on 75 different German neonatal intensive care units, and 75 questionnaires completed by the corresponding leading nurse. RESULTS: We found the additional managerial training as a charge nurse to be a positive predictor for psychological safety (ß = .346, p ≤ .05). Surprisingly, the additional clinical training in paediatric intensive care is negatively associated with psychological safety (ß = -.192, p ≤ .01). Our model estimates that this negative association can be inhibited if the team's share of nurses with an additional clinical training increases (ß = .313, p ≤ .05).

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360515

RESUMO

(1) Background: Evidence suggests that organizational processes of hospitals have an impact on patient-professional interactions. Within the nurse-patient interaction, nurses play a key role providing social support. Factors influencing the nurse-patient interaction have seldomly been researched. We aimed to examine whether the process organization in hospitals is associated with breast cancer patients' perceived social support from nurses.; (2) Methods: Data analysis based on a cross-sectional patient survey (2979 breast cancer patients, 83 German hospitals) and information on hospital structures. Associations between process organization and perceived social support were analyzed with logistic hierarchical regression models adjusted for patient characteristics and hospital structures.; (3) Results: Most patients were 40-69 years old and classified with UICC stage II or III. Native language, age and hospital ownership status showed significant associations to the perception of social support. Patients treated in hospitals with better process organization at admission (OR 3.61; 95%-CI 1.67, 7.78) and during the hospital stay (OR 2.11; 95%-CI 1.04; 4.29) perceived significantly more social support from nurses.; (4) Conclusions: Designing a supportive nursing work environment and improving process organization in hospitals may create conditions conducive for a supportive patient-nurse interaction. More research is needed to better understand mechanisms behind the associations found.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
11.
J Health Organ Manag ; 35(9): 211-227, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245141

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Healthcare systems are under pressure to improve their performance, while at the same time facing severe resource constraints, particularly workforce shortages. By applying resource-dependency-theory (RDT), we explore how healthcare organizations in different settings perceive pressure arising from uncertain access to resources and examine organizational strategies they deploy to secure resources. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A cross-sectional survey of key decision-makers in different healthcare settings in the metropolitan area of Cologne, Germany, on perceptions of pressure arising from the environment and respective strategies was conducted. For comparisons between settings radar charts, Kruskal-Wallis test and Fisher-Yates test were applied. Additionally, correlation analyses were conducted. FINDINGS: A sample of n = 237(13%) key informants participated and reported high pressure caused by bureaucracy, time constraints and recruiting qualified staff. Hospitals, inpatient and outpatient nursing care organizations felt most pressurized. As suggested by RDT, organizations in highly pressurized settings deployed the most vociferous strategies to secure resources, particularly in relation to personnel development. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study is one of the few studies that focuses on the environment's impact on healthcare organizations across a variety of settings. RDT is a helpful theoretical foundation for understanding the environment's impact on organizational strategies. The substantial variations found between healthcare settings indicate that those settings potentially require specific strategies when seeking to address scarce resources and high demands. The results draw attention to the high level of pressure on healthcare organizations which presumably is passed down to managers, healthcare professionals, patients and relatives.

12.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e048681, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312205

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Last Year of Life Study-Cologne Part I (LYOL-C I) has identified general hospital units as the most important checkpoints for transitions in the last year of life of patients. Yet, satisfaction with hospitals, as reported by bereaved relatives, is the lowest of all health service providers. Thus, the LYOL-C Part II (LYOL-C II) focuses on optimising patient-centred care in acute hospitals for patients identified to be in their last year of life. LYOL-C II aims to test an intervention for hospitals by using a two-sided (healthcare professionals (HCPs) and patients) trigger question-based intervention to 'shake' the system in a minimally invasive manner. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective interventional mixed-methods study following a two-phase approach: phase I, individual interviews with HCPs and patient representatives to design the intervention to maximise ease of implementation and phase II, exploratory study with two arms and a prepost design with patients in their last year of life. The intervention will consist of the Surprise Question and the German version of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators Tool (SPICT-DE) for HCPs to identify patients and provide patient-centred care, plus question prompt sheets for patients, encouraging them to initiate discussions with their HCPs. Data on transitions, changes in therapy, quality of care, palliative care integration and death of patients will be analysed. Furthermore, a staff survey (pre/post) and guided interviews with staff, patients and relatives (post) will be conducted. Finally, a formative socioeconomic impact assessment to provide evidence regarding the sustainability of the intervention will be performed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Cologne (#20-1431). Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00022378.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Hospitais , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence, individual courses, and determinants of fear of cancer recurrence (FoR) in long-term breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with and without recurrence. METHODS: A total of 184 breast cancer survivors were surveyed at four measurement time points: during hospitalization (T1), 10 weeks (T2), 40 weeks (T3), and 5-6 years (T4) after hospital discharge. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and logistic regression were performed. RESULTS: Respondents were females and 57 years old, on average. At T1, T3, and T4, 54.8%, 31.6%, and 29.7% of BCSs, respectively, were classified as having dysfunctional levels of FoR. Dysfunctional FoR decreased from T1 to T3 (χ2(1) = 17.11, p = 0.000; N = 163) and remained stable afterwards. Eight subgroups of individual courses of FoR over time could be described: (1) constant functional FoR; (2) constant dysfunctional FoR; (3) improving from dysfunctional to functional FoR from T1 to T3; (4) improving from dysfunctional to functional FoR from T3 to T4; (5) worsening from functional to dysfunctional FoR from T1 to T3; (6) worsening from functional to dysfunctional FoR from T3 to T4; (7) dysfunctional FoR at T1 and T4, and functional FoR in between; and (8) functional FoR at T1 and T4, and dysfunctional FoR in between. Logistic regression analysis revealed that being divorced/widowed, showing high levels of fatigue, being treated by chemotherapy, and having low confidence in treatment were associated with dysfunctional FoR 5 to 6 years after diagnosis (Nagelkerkes' Pseudo-R2 = 0.648). CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal that FoR is a significant issue in long-term BCSs and has the potential to become a persistent psychological strain. We emphasize the need for increased awareness of FoR among BCSs and the need for support programs.

14.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 43(3): e435-e437, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963412

RESUMO

In the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, long-term nursing care facilities are faced with general and pandemic-specific demands. In our study, we examined their burden from the perspective of managers in long-term nursing care facilities and how it differed in outpatient and inpatient settings. A cross-sectional online survey of long-term care managers was conducted in April 2020 (n = 503) and December 2020/January 2021 (n = 294). Burdens have increased over the course of the pandemic especially for outpatient facilities and in terms of general demands referring to staff (e.g. (staff shortages and overload) and work organization (e.g. compliance with regulations on working hours or staffing ratio). Concerns about infections of people in need of care and of employees remain the highest burden in the course of the pandemic. This knowledge helps us to draw implications from the pandemic and to prepare for future crises.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol ; 71(9-10): 370-380, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to show the frequency, localisation, intensity, quality and degree of chronic pain in people with thalidomide-induced congenital defects (thalidomide embryopathy) and to investigate the association with biopsychosocial factors more closely. METHODS: A group of 202 people from North Rhine-Westphalia with thalidomide embryopathy were studied for the first time both physically for the pattern of the original damage and also psychiatrically in a structured diagnostic interview (SCID I & SCID II). The results were combined with a standardized pain interview (MPSS) and questionnaires on further pain-related (SF-36, painDETECT) and sociodemographic variables and analysed. In the analysis 167 completed datasets were included. RESULTS: The prevalence of pain in the sample population was 94%. The majority (107, 54.0%) already showed an advanced stage of chronicity in the MPSS: 63 subjects with Stage II (37.7%) and 44 with Stage III (26.3%). In 74 subjects (44.3%) the PainDetect score showed a possible or neuropathic pain component. The factors that most reliably influenced the chronicity of pain proved to be hip pain (p<0.001) and also mental health disorders (p=0.001), above major depression (p<0.001) and also somatic symptom disorders and substance-related disorders (p=0.001 in each case). Social variables proved non-significant here (p=0.094 for living alone, p=0.122 for unemployment, p=0.167 for lack of college education), as did the care situation (p=0.191 for care dependency) and the underlying pattern of organ damage (p=0.229 for damage to hearing, p=0.764 for dysmelia). CONCLUSIONS: People with thalidomide defects frequently suffer from a separate pain disorder which can be seen as secondary thalidomide-induced damage and which requires specialized and personalized multimodal pain management.

16.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 377, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The need for and usage of electronic patient records within hospitals has steadily increased over the last decade for economic reasons as well as the proceeding digitalization. While there are numerous benefits from this system, the potential risks of using electronic patient records for hospitals, patients and healthcare professionals must also be discussed. There is a lack in research, particularly regarding effects on healthcare professionals and their daily work in health services. The study eCoCo aims to gain insight into changes in interprofessional collaboration and clinical workflows resulting from introducing electronic patient records. METHODS: eCoCo is a multi-center case study integrating mixed methods from qualitative and quantitative social research. The case studies include three hospitals that undergo the process of introducing electronic patient records. Data are collected before and after the introduction of electronic patient records using participant observation, interviews, focus groups, time measurement, patient and employee questionnaires and a questionnaire to measure the level of digitalization. Furthermore, documents (patient records) as well as structural and administrative data are gathered. To analyze the interprofessional collaboration qualitative network analyses, reconstructive-hermeneutic analyses and document analyses are conducted. The workflow analyses, patient and employee assessment analyses and classification within the clinical adoption meta-model are conducted to provide insights into clinical workflows. DISCUSSION: This study will be the first to investigate the effects of introducing electronic patient records on interprofessional collaboration and clinical workflows from the perspective of healthcare professionals. Thereby, it will consider patients' safety, legal and ethical concerns and quality of care. The results will help to understand the organization and thereby improve the performance of health services working with electronic patient records. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered at the German clinical trials register (DRKS00023343, Pre-Results) on November 17, 2020.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Relações Interprofissionais , Comportamento Cooperativo , Hospitais , Humanos , Fluxo de Trabalho
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 366, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can be used in cancer care to monitor patients' disease-related symptoms and functional status. However, successful implementation of such instruments is only possible if clinical staff are convinced of the clinical benefits. It is therefore crucial to investigate the attitudes of clinical staff to PROs in routine cancer care. METHODS: Semi-structured, guideline-based interviews were held with 12 clinicians working in certified colorectal cancer centers in Germany who are taking part in an observational study on PROs (five surgeons, two oncologists, one psycho-oncologist, two oncological care nurses, one stoma therapist, and one physician assistant) in order to investigate firstly, how clinicians describe PRO instruments ("wording"); and secondly, the clinicians' general attitude toward PROs. A qualitative content analysis according to Kuckartz was performed. RESULTS: The wording used to describe PROs was not consistent. Statements on attitudes toward PROs were very heterogeneous and were therefore categorized into "(rather) positive" and "(rather) negative." The principal advantages of PROs mentioned by participants included broader, structured knowledge about patients and treatment, as well as relevance for patients. Subcategories for (rather) negative attitudes included statements expressing doubts about the questionnaires and "no need for PROs." DISCUSSION: The clinicians participating mainly expressed fairly positive attitudes toward PROs. However, they had little knowledge about PROs in general and the interviews therefore mainly reflect their expectations and assumptions about them. These initial impressions may be regarded as providing a basis for future implementation strategies and for training of clinicians on how to use PROs in routine cancer care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Atitude , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Alemanha , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907994

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Considering that breast cancer survivors (BCSs) have been dealing with unwanted job changes after diagnosis, this study aimed to investigate involuntary job changes (unwanted modifications in employment since diagnosis) and explore the association between job changes, involuntariness, and occupational development satisfaction in BCSs 5-6 years after diagnosis. METHODS: Data were drawn from the mixed-methods breast cancer patients' return to work (B-CARE) study. We surveyed 184 female BCSs who were working at the time of study enrollment during hospitalization (T1), 10 weeks after discharge (T2), 40 weeks after discharge (T3), and 5-6 years after diagnosis (T4) and used descriptive measures and stepwise linear regression models for data analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of BCSs was 57 years. A total of 105 participants reported 410 job changes, of which 16.1% were reportedly (rather) involuntary. The most commonly reported involuntary changes were increased workload (15.2%) and increased scope of work (15.2%). In the final model, significant predictors of satisfaction with occupational development 5-6 years after diagnosis were age, state of health ΔT2-T3, state of health ΔT3-T4, and involuntariness of job changes. CONCLUSIONS: Although the number of job changes alone is not substantially associated with BCSs' satisfaction with occupational development, experiencing involuntary job changes is. Sociodemographic, disease-related, and work(place)-related factors may influence occupational satisfaction among BCSs. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: The findings indicate the importance of strengthening one's ability to work as desired to prevent involuntary job changes and enable desired work participation in long-term support. The significance of workplace characteristics highlights the need for employers to encourage satisfying work participation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00016982), 12 April 2019.

19.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 43(3): e431-e434, 2021 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734380

RESUMO

The Corona pandemic poses major demands for long-term care, which might have impacted the intention to quit the profession among managers of long-term care facilities. We used cross-sectional data of an online survey of long-term care managers from outpatient and inpatient nursing and palliative care facilities surveyed in April 2020 (survey cycle one; n = 532) and between December 2020 and January 2021 (survey cycle two; n = 301). The results show a significant association between the perceived pandemic-specific and general demands and the intention to leave the profession. This association was significantly stronger for general demands in survey cycle two compared with survey cycle one. The results highlight the pandemic's immediate impact on long-term care. In view of the increasing number of people in need of care and the already existing scarcity of specialized nursing staff, the results highlight the need for initiatives to ensure the provision of long-term care, also and especially in such times of crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Intenção , Assistência de Longa Duração , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Aging Ment Health ; : 1-12, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity poses various challenges, and previous research has indicated a causal relation with depression. As multimorbidity is not curable, the underlying mechanisms are of great interest. Positive affect is a major resource for coping with chronic conditions and for the prevention of depression. Long-term multimorbidity, however, may deplete positive affect. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of positive affect in the association between multimorbidity and depressive symptoms. METHOD: We used four consecutive waves (2008, 2011, 2014, 2017) of the nationally representative German Ageing Survey (DEAS) with a total of 1,558 older adults aged 40 and over. To account for time-varying confounding, exposure-induced mediator-outcome confounding, and reciprocities, we applied the mediational g-formula with inverse-probability weighting techniques. We also tested for exposure-mediator interaction to adjust for differences in mediation across the duration of multimorbidity. RESULTS: We confirmed a positive longitudinal relation between multimorbidity and depressive symptoms, both of which were negatively associated with while positive affect. The model without interaction indicated a share mediated of ca. 18.3% on the total effect of multimorbidity on depressive symptoms. Addition of interaction led to substantial differences for multimorbidity duration and levels of positive affect. Associations for long-term multimorbidity (at least two survey waves) were more substantial, and the share mediated doubled (>40%). Additionally, the direct effect of multimorbidity on depressive symptoms diminished for short-term multimorbidity. CONCLUSION: Strengthening positive affect could reduce depressive symptoms in those facing multimorbidity. This study also discusses methodological challenges in performing longitudinal mediation analysis. We advise researchers to consider the mediational g-formula and exposure-mediator interaction.

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