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3.
Rheumatol Int ; 41(11): 1949-1956, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498112

RESUMO

The objective is to evaluate the attitude of rheumatologists regarding the use of COVID-19 vaccination in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRDs). From February 2nd until March 15th, 2021, rheumatologists from Germany were asked to participate anonymously in a survey addressing their attitude with respect to COVID-19 vaccinations of IRD patients. The survey was completed by 214 participants (107 men, 103 women, 4 unspecified). More than half of the physicians (61%) were working in rheumatologic private practices and 62% had more than 20 years of experience in rheumatology. 90% reported to be at least confidential in handling issues of COVID-19 vaccination and 99% would recommend COVID-19 vaccination for IRD patients. The majority would not recommend to stop or reduce immunomodulatory drugs for vaccination except for rituximab. More than 70% would prefer vaccination with a mRNA vaccine for their IRD patients. This study shows that almost all rheumatologists in Germany support the COVID-19 vaccination for their IRD patients without reducing or terminating the actual immunomodulatory medication to potentially improve the response to the vaccine. This attitude is in accordance with the current recommendations of the German Society of Rheumatology regarding COVID-19 vaccination in IRD patients, and indicates that these have been well accepted and work in everyday clinical practice.

4.
Z Rheumatol ; 80(7): 670-687, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are of substantial therapeutic importance in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, but are also associated with bone mineral density loss, osteoporosis, and fractures, especially with long-term use. OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for the management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in adult patients on long-term glucocorticoid (GC) treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature search (SLR) was conducted to synthesize the evidence for GIOP prevention and treatment options. Recommendations were developed based on SLR/level of evidence and by previously defined questions and in a structured group consensus process. RESULTS: Recommendations include supplementation with calcium and vitamin D under long-term GC therapy in adults. If specific osteologic treatment is indicated, we recommend bisphosphonates or denosumab as first-line treatment. If fracture risk is high, we recommend teriparatide as primary specific osteologic treatment. Denosumab should be used in cases of severe renal insufficiency, and specific osteologic treatment should not be given in pregnancy. For patients who have not reached the treatment goal, a switch to another class of specific osteologic drugs should be performed. We recommend re-evaluation after a treatment duration of 3-5 years or after termination of long-term GC treatment. CONCLUSION: This work aims to provide evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations for the best possible management of GIOP in Germany and to support treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Reumatologia , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle
5.
Z Rheumatol ; 80(7): 641-646, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196793

RESUMO

The COVID-19 registry ( www.covid19-rheuma.de ) of the German Society of Rheumatology was the first registry for the acquisition and systemic evaluation of viral infections in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). This has enabled rapid generation of scientific data that will help to improve the care of patients with IRD in the context of the pandemic. In addition to confirming general risk factors, such as patient age and comorbidities (e.g. cardiovascular, chronic lung and kidney diseases), the use of glucocorticoids and the disease activity of the rheumatic disease could be identified as disease-specific independent risk factors for the need of hospitalization due to COVID-19. Evaluations of the continuously growing cohort of patients with IRD and COVID-19 enable recommendations for patient care to be based on better evidence. Cooperation with international rheumatology registries (e.g. European COVID-19 registry for IRD) enables analyses of aggregated cohorts of patients with IRD and COVID-19 for international comparisons and statistically even more reliable statements.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs), accounting for approximately 15% of breast cancers, lack targeted therapy. A hallmark of cancer is metabolic reprogramming, with one-carbon metabolism essential to many processes altered in tumor cells, including nucleotide biosynthesis and antioxidant defenses. We reported that folate deficiency via folic acid (FA) withdrawal in several TNBC cell lines results in heterogenous effects on cell growth, metabolic reprogramming, and mitochondrial impairment. To elucidate underlying drivers of TNBC sensitivity to folate stress, we characterized in vivo and in vitro responses to FA restriction in two TNBC models differing in metastatic potential and innate mitochondrial dysfunction. METHODS: Metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells (high mitochondrial dysfunction) and nonmetastatic M-Wnt cells (low mitochondrial dysfunction) were orthotopically injected into mice fed diets with either 2 ppm FA (control), 0 ppm FA, or 12 ppm FA (supplementation; in MDA-MB-231 only). Tumor growth, metabolomics, and metabolic gene expression were assessed. MDA-MB-231 and M-Wnt cells were also grown in media with 0 or 2.2 µM FA; metabolic alterations were assessed by extracellular flux analysis, flow cytometry, and qPCR. RESULTS: Relative to control, dietary FA restriction decreased MDA-MB-231 tumor weight and volume, while FA supplementation minimally increased MDA-MB-231 tumor weight. Metabolic studies in vivo and in vitro using MDA-MB-231 cells showed FA restriction remodeled one-carbon metabolism, nucleotide biosynthesis, and glucose metabolism. In contrast to findings in the MDA-MB-231 model, FA restriction in the M-Wnt model, relative to control, led to accelerated tumor growth, minimal metabolic changes, and modest mitochondrial dysfunction. Increased mitochondrial dysfunction in M-Wnt cells, induced via chloramphenicol, significantly enhanced responsiveness to the cytotoxic effects of FA restriction. CONCLUSIONS: Given the lack of targeted treatment options for TNBC, uncovering metabolic vulnerabilities that can be exploited as therapeutic targets is an important goal. Our findings suggest that a major driver of TNBC sensitivity to folate restriction is a high innate level of mitochondrial dysfunction, which can increase dependence on one-carbon metabolism. Thus, folate deprivation or antifolate therapy for TNBCs with metabolic inflexibility due to their elevated levels of mitochondrial dysfunction may represent a novel precision-medicine strategy.


Assuntos
Dietoterapia/métodos , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/dietoterapia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/dietoterapia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo
9.
JMIR Serious Games ; 9(2): e23835, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory arthritides (IA) such as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis are disorders that can be difficult to comprehend for health professionals and students in terms of the heterogeneity of clinical symptoms and pathologies. New didactic approaches using innovative technologies such as virtual reality (VR) apps could be helpful to demonstrate disease manifestations as well as joint pathologies in a more comprehensive manner. However, the potential of using a VR education concept in IA has not yet been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility of a VR app to educate health care professionals and medical students about IA. METHODS: We developed a VR app using data from IA patients as well as 2D and 3D-visualized pathological joints from X-ray and computed tomography-generated images. This VR app (Rheumality) allows the user to interact with representative arthritic joint and bone pathologies of patients with IA. In a consensus meeting, an online questionnaire was designed to collect basic demographic data (age, sex); profession of the participants; and their feedback on the general impression, knowledge gain, and potential areas of application of the VR app. The VR app was subsequently tested and evaluated by health care professionals (physicians, researchers, and other professionals) and medical students at predefined events (two annual rheumatology conferences and academic teaching seminars at two sites in Germany). To explore associations between categorical variables, the χ2 or Fisher test was used as appropriate. Two-sided P values ≤.05 were regarded as significant. RESULTS: A total of 125 individuals participated in this study. Among them, 56% of the participants identified as female, 43% identified as male, and 1% identified as nonbinary; 59% of the participants were 18-30 years of age, 18% were 31-40 years old, 10% were 41-50 years old, 8% were 51-60 years old, and 5% were 61-70 years old. The participants (N=125) rated the VR app as excellent, with a mean rating of 9.0 (SD 1.2) out of 10, and many participants would recommend use of the app, with a mean recommendation score of 3.2 (SD 1.1) out of 4. A large majority (120/125, 96.0%) stated that the presentation of pathological bone formation improves understanding of the disease. We did not find any association between participant characteristics and evaluation of the VR experience or recommendation scores. CONCLUSIONS: The data show that IA-targeting innovative teaching approaches based on VR technology are feasible.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(7)2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a heterogeneous disorder associated with poor prognosis. For the majority of patients, only limited therapeutic options are available. Thus, there is great interest to develop novel treatment strategies focusing on pulmonary vascular and right ventricular remodeling. Interleukin 9 (IL9) is a pleiotropic cytokine with pro- and anti-inflammatory functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic activity of F8IL9F8 consisting of IL9 fused to the F8 antibody, specific to the alternatively-spliced EDA domain of fibronectin, which is abundantly expressed in pulmonary vasculature and right ventricular myocardium in PH. METHODS: The efficacy of F8IL9F8 in attenuating PH progression in the monocrotaline mouse model was evaluated in comparison to an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) or an IL9 based immunocytokine with irrelevant antibody specificity (KSFIL9KSF). Treatment effects were assessed by right heart catheterization, echocardiography as well as histological and immunohistochemical tissue analyses. RESULTS: Compared to controls, systolic right ventricular pressure (RVPsys) was significantly elevated and a variety of right ventricular echocardiographic parameters were significantly impaired in all MCT-induced PH groups except for the F8IL9F8 group. Both, F8IL9F8 and ERA treatments lead to a significant reduction in RVPsys and an improvement of echocardiographic parameters when compared to the MCT group not observable for the KSFIL9KSF group. Only F8IL9F8 significantly reduced lung tissue damage and displayed a significant decrease of leukocyte and macrophage accumulation in the lungs and right ventricles. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides first pre-clinical evidence for the use of F8IL9F8 as a new therapeutic agent for PH in terms of a disease-modifying concept addressing cardiovascular remodeling.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/química , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Interleucina-9/uso terapêutico , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Portadores de Fármacos , Ecocardiografia , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/química , Hemodinâmica , Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inflamação , Interleucina-9/administração & dosagem , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , Função Ventricular Direita
11.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 39(3): 639-647, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) are the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). The aim of this study was to elucidate differences in the outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in RA- and SpA-patients. METHODS: Data from the German COVID-19 registry for IRD patients from 30th March to 16th November 2020 were analysed. 208 RA and SpA patients were included in the study, matched for gender and age. RESULTS: 104 SpA patients (40% patients with ankylosing spondylitis, 54% with psoriatic arthritis and 6% with enteropathic arthritis) were compared to 104 RA patients. For both groups, median age was 56 years. TNF-i treatment was reported in 45% of the SpA and in 19% of RA patients (p=0.001). Glucocorticoids were used in 13% of the SpA and in 40% of the RA patients (p=0.001). In both groups, the majority of the patients (97% SpA, 95% RA) recovered from COVID-19. Hospitalisation was needed in 16% of the SpA and in 30% of the RA patients (p=0.05), and oxygen treatment in 10% and 18% respectively (p=ns). Three versus six (p=ns) fatal courses were reported in the SpA versus the RA group. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the hospitalisation rate during COVID-19 infection, but not the mortality, was significantly higher in RA as compared to SpA patients. This could be explained either by different treatment strategies or by different susceptibilities of the two diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , COVID-19 , Espondilartrite , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525339

RESUMO

(1) Purpose: Predisposing factors to osteoporosis (OP) as well as dual-source x-ray densitometry (DXA) steer therapeutic decisions by determining the FRAX index. This study examines the reliability of a standard risk factor questionnaire in OP-screening. (2) Methods: n = 553 eligible questionnaires encompassed 24 OP-predisposing factors. Reliability was assessed using DXA as a gold standard. Multiple logistic regression and Spearman's correlations, as well as the confounding influence of age and body mass index, were analyzed in SPSS (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA). (3) Results: Our study revealed low patient self-awareness regarding OP and its risk factors. One out of every four patients reported a positive history for osteoporosis not confirmed by DXA. The extraordinarily high incidence of rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid disorders likely reflect confusion with other diseases or health anxiety. FRAX-determining risk factors such as malnutrition, liver insufficiency, prior fracture without trauma, and glucocorticoid therapy did not correlate with increased OP incidence, altogether demonstrating how inaccurate survey information could influence therapeutic decisions on osteoporosis. (4) Conclusions: Contradictive results and a low level of patient self-awareness suggest a high degree of uncertainty and low reliability of the current OP risk factor survey.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Humanos , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479021

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Whether patients with inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are at higher risk to develop severe courses of COVID-19 has not been fully elucidated. Aim of this analysis was to describe patients with RMD according to their COVID-19 severity and to identify risk factors for hospitalisation. METHODS: Patients with RMD with PCR confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection reported to the German COVID-19 registry from 30 March to 1 November 2020 were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs for hospitalisation due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Data from 468 patients with RMD with SARS-CoV-2 infection were reported. Most frequent diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis, RA (48%). 29% of the patients were hospitalised, 5.5% needed ventilation. 19 patients died. Multivariable analysis showed that age >65 years (OR 2.24; 95% CI 1.12 to 4.47), but even more>75 years (OR 3.94; 95% CI 1.86 to 8.32), cardiovascular disease (CVD; OR 3.36; 95% CI 1.5 to 7.55), interstitial lung disease/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ILD/COPD) (OR 2.79; 95% CI 1.2 to 6.49), chronic kidney disease (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.16 to 7.5), moderate/high RMD disease activity (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.02 to 3.76) and treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) in dosages >5 mg/day (OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.49 to 9.05) were associated with higher odds of hospitalisation. Spondyloarthritis patients showed a smaller risk of hospitalisation compared with RA (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.91). CONCLUSION: Age was a major risk factor for hospitalisation as well as comorbidities such as CVD, ILD/COPD, chronic kidney disease and current or prior treatment with GCs. Moderate to high RMD disease activity was also an independent risk factor for hospitalisation, underlining the importance of continuing adequate RMD treatment during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
14.
Rofo ; 193(6): 701-711, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327029

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To date, didactic lecturing is a common method of university medical training. However, higher levels of competence to solve complex issues are hardly to be achieved with a largely passive learning style. We established and evaluated a heutagogical blended learning concept to investigate self-determined learning with a multimedia-based, interactive approach in the lecture room to teach clinical radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the 2019/2020 winter semester, we included 266 medical students in their fourth academic year in our prospective, observational study. Students participated in a series of 11 radiological lectures given by 10 lecturers. They were requested to prepare for lectures by watching learning videos. During the lecture, students had to answer key-feature questions (KFQ) in small groups and to jointly submit their answers by means of an audience response system (ARS). After each lecture and the exam, we conducted surveys and compared results with a historical control group. A focus group interview with lecturers was performed after conclusion of the lecture series. RESULTS: The students' overall impression of the "flipped classroom" concept and their examination grades were superior to historical controls (overall impression: 1.5 [95 % CI 1.4-1.6] vs. 2.7 [95 % CI 2.5-2.9] rated on a scale from 1 to 6, p < 0.001; examination grades: 1.8 [95 % CI 1.7-1.9] vs. 2.0 [95 % CI 1.9-2.0] rated on a scale from 1 to 5, p < 0.001). Most students agreed that learning videos (76.6 %), ARS (88.5 %), KFQ (76.5 %), and solution-oriented small group discussions (83.7 %) were useful. Lecturers stated an improved convergence of demands on learning and clinical competence. However, they also emphasized an increased initial effort for implementation. CONCLUSION: Students rated the overall benefit from the heutagogical "flipped classroom" concept as high. Examination grades improved. According to lecturers, the "flipped classroom" concept better matched later professional demands than traditional lectures. KEY POINTS: · The benefit of the "flipped classroom" concept for radiological lectures was rated high by students.. · Most students were satisfied with the multimedia and interactive elements of lectures.. · Lecturers considered heutagogical learning demands as appropriate for later clinical requirements.. CITATION FORMAT: · Teichgräber U, Ingwersen M, Mentzel H et al. Impact of a Heutagogical, Multimedia-Based Teaching Concept to Promote Self-Determined, Cooperative Student Learning in Clinical Radiology. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2021; 193: 701 - 711.


Assuntos
Multimídia , Radiologia , Ensino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiologia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina , Ensino/normas
15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 590192, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224954

RESUMO

Cancer cells experience unique and dynamic shifts in their metabolic function in order to survive, proliferate, and evade growth inhibition in the resource-scarce tumor microenvironment. Therefore, identification of pharmacological agents with potential to reprogram cancer cell metabolism may improve clinical outcomes in cancer therapy. Cancer cells also often exhibit an increased dependence on the process known as autophagy, both for baseline survival and as a response to stressors such as chemotherapy or a decline in nutrient availability. There is evidence to suggest that this increased dependence on autophagy in cancer cells may be exploitable clinically by combining autophagy modulators with existing chemotherapies. In light of the increased metabolic rate in cancer cells, interest is growing in approaches aimed at "starving" cancer through dietary and pharmacologic interventions that reduce availability of nutrients and pro-growth hormonal signals known to promote cancer progression. Several dietary approaches, including chronic calorie restriction and multiple forms of fasting, have been investigated for their potential anti-cancer benefits, yielding promising results in animal models. Induction of autophagy in response to dietary energy restriction may underlie some of the observed benefit. However, while interventions based on dietary energy restriction have demonstrated safety in clinical trials, uncertainty remains regarding translation to humans as well as feasibility of achieving compliance due to the potential discomfort and weight loss that accompanies dietary restriction. Further induction of autophagy through dietary or pharmacologic metabolic reprogramming interventions may enhance the efficacy of autophagy inhibition in the context of adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Nonetheless, it remains unclear whether therapeutic agents aimed at autophagy induction, autophagy inhibition, or both are a viable therapeutic strategy for improving cancer outcomes. This review discusses the literature available for the therapeutic potential of these approaches.

16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 229, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The reduction of finger joint space width (JSW) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is strongly associated with joint destruction. Treatment with certolizumab pegol (CZP), a PEGylated anti-TNF, has been proven to be effective in RA patients. The computer-aided joint space analysis (CAJSA) provides the semiautomated measurement of joint space width at the metacarpal-phalangeal joints (MCP) based on hand radiographs. The aim of this post hoc analysis of the RAPID 1 trial was to quantify MCP joint space distance (JSD-MCP) measured by CAJSA between baseline and week 52 in RA patients treated with certolizumab pegol (CZP) plus methotrexate (MTX) compared with MTX/placebo. METHODS: Three hundred twenty-eight patients were included in the post hoc analysis and received placebo plus MTX, CZP 200 mg plus MTX and CZP 400 mg plus MTX. All patients underwent X-rays of the hand at baseline and week 52 as well as assessment of finger joint space narrowing of the MCP using CAJSA (Version 1.3.6; Sectra; Sweden). The joint space width (JSW) was expressed as mean joint space distance of the MCP joints I to V (JSD-MCPtotal). RESULTS: The MTX group showed a significant reduction of joint space of - 4.8% (JSD-MCPtotal), whereas in patients treated with CZP 200 mg/MTX and CZP 400 mg/MTX a non-significant change (JSD-MCPtotal + 0.6%) was observed. Over 52 weeks, participants with DAS28 remission (DAS28 ≤ 2.6) exhibited a significant joint space increase of + 3.3% (CZP 200 mg plus MTX) and + 3.9% (CZP pegol 400 mg plus MTX). CONCLUSION: CZP plus MTX did not reduce JSD-MCPtotal estimated by CAJSA compared with MTX/placebo. Furthermore, clinical remission (DAS28 ≤ 2.6) in patients treated with CZP plus MTX was associated with an increasing JSD, indicating radiographic remission in RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Certolizumab Pegol/uso terapêutico , Computadores , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão , Suécia , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral
19.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may be at risk to develop a severe course of COVID-19. The influence of immunomodulating drugs on the course of COVID-19 is unknown. To gather knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 infections in patients with IRD, we established a registry shortly after the beginning of the pandemic in Germany. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire (www.COVID19-rheuma.de), a nationwide database was launched on 30 March 2020, with appropriate ethical and data protection approval to collect data of patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this registry, key clinical and epidemiological parameters-for example, diagnosis of IRD, antirheumatic therapies, comorbidities and course of the infection-are documented. RESULTS: Until 25 April 2020, data from 104 patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reported (40 males; 63 females; 1 diverse). Most of them (45%) were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, 59% had one or more comorbidities and 42% were treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Hospitalisation was reported in 32% of the patients. Two-thirds of the patients already recovered. Unfortunately, 6 patients had a fatal course. CONCLUSIONS: In a short time, a national registry for SARS-CoV2-infected patients with IRD was established. Within 4 weeks, 104 cases were documented. The registry enables to generate data rapidly in this emerging situation and to gain a better understanding of the course of SARS-CoV2-infection in patients with IRD, with a distinct focus on their immunomodulatory therapies. This knowledge is valuable for timely information of physicians and patients with IRD, and shall also serve for the development of guidance for the management of patients with IRD during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , SARS-CoV-2 , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
20.
High Alt Med Biol ; 21(4): 336-345, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758029

RESUMO

Betge, Stefan, Stefan Drinda, Thomas Neumann, Laura Bäz, Alexander Pfeil, Christian Schulze, Ralf Mrowka, Christian Jung, and Marcus Franz. Influence of macitentan on the vascular tone and recruitment of finger capillaries under hypobaric hypoxia in high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 21:336-345, 2020. Introduction: Acute normobaric (NH) and hypobaric hypoxia (HH) has effects on the vascular tone of larger arteries and may have effects on the microcirculation. These effects may be noninvasively detectable by automated devices. A part of these effects may be mediated by endothelin (ET) and should be influenced by macitentan (MAC), a dual endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA). Methods: We used photoplethysmographic sensors, fingertip volume sensors, nailfold capillaroscopy, and laser Doppler probes at rest and after a 5-minute forearm ischemia in healthy study subjects under NH, under HH, and under HH plus a single dose of MAC. Results: NH at simulated 4000 m led to increased heart rates (HR) and pulse wave velocities (PWV) and reduced augmentation index (AIX). The values for the AIX showed a high SD and differed between the used devices. At simulated 5500 m, only baseline mean value (BMV; EndoPAT) showed a further change, indicating less filled capillaries of the fingertips. HH (2978 m) increased HR, blood pressure values, and PWV. Focusing on the microcirculation of the fingertips, HH reduced the BMV and the nailfold capillary density and the postischemic capillary recruitment. MAC had no effect on the BMV, but antagonized the effects of HH on the nailfold capillaries and led to a strongly increased postischemic diameter of the arterial limbs. Concordantly, the postischemic blood flow velocity increment, measured through ultrasound Doppler, was increased at ALT+MAC. Conclusions: The BMV may be a parameter for changes of the microcirculation of the finger tips. A single dose of MAC blocked hypoxia-induced capillary rarefaction and enhanced postischemic hyperemia of the fingertips. These results indicate the importance of ET-1 for the regulation of the microcirculation under hypoxia. The German Registry of Clinical Studies (DRKS) ID: 00005459.


Assuntos
Altitude , Capilares , Humanos , Hipóxia , Oxigênio , Pirimidinas , Sulfonamidas
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