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1.
Resuscitation ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overall prognosis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains poor, especially when return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) cannot be achieved at the scene. It is unclear if rapid transport to the hospital with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves outcome in patients with refractory OHCA (rOHCA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a novel fast track algorithm (FTA) in patients with rOHCA. METHODS: This prospective single-center study analysed outcome in rOHCA patients treated with FTA. Historical patients before FTA-implementation served as controls. rOHCA was defined as: persistent shockable rhythm after three shocks and 300 mg of amiodarone or persistent non-shockable rhythm and continuous CPR for 10 min without ROSC after exclusion of treatable arrest causes. RESULTS: 110 consecutive patients with rOHCA (mean age 56 ±â€¯14 years) were included. 40 patients (36%) were treated with FTA, 70 patients (64%) served as historical controls. Pre-hospital time was significantly shorter after FTA implementation (69 ±â€¯18 vs. 79 ±â€¯24 min, p = 0.02). Favourable neurological outcome (defined as cerebral performance categories Score 1 or 2) was significantly more frequent in FTA patients (27.5% vs. 11.4%, p = 0.038). FTA-implementation showed a trend towards improved mortality (70.0% vs. 82.9%, p = 0.151). Extracorporeal Life Support was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that a rapid transport algorithm with ongoing CPR is feasible, improves neurological outcome and may improve survival in carefully selected patients with rOHCA.

3.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278437

RESUMO

The proportion of elderly, frail, and multimorbid people has increased dramatically in recent decades resulting from demographic changes and will further increase, which will impact acute medical care. Prospective, randomized studies on geriatric intensive care are still lacking. There are also no international or national recommendations regarding the management of critically ill elderly patients. Based on an expert opinion, this consensus paper provides 16 statements that should be considered when dealing with geriatric critical care patients.

4.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(5): 440-456, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278486

RESUMO

The proportion of elderly, frail, and multimorbid people has increased dramatically in recent decades resulting from demographic changes and will further increase, which will impact acute medical care. Prospective, randomized studies on geriatric intensive care are still lacking. There are also no international or national recommendations regarding the management of critically ill elderly patients. Based on an expert opinion, this consensus paper provides 16 statements that should be considered when dealing with geriatric critical care patients.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

6.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113764

RESUMO

AIMS: Interventional mitral repair techniques have evolved as safe and effective treatment options for patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) at high or prohibitive surgical risk. Of the techniques available, the MitraClip device and Cardioband mitral repair system have been used most commonly. However, a direct comparison of the two devices, examining their effectiveness at reducing MR, reducing symptoms, and extending life expectancy, has not yet been performed. For this purpose, we compared the outcome of patients after direct annuloplasty by the Cardioband system with patients after edge-to-edge therapy with the MitraClip device in a propensity score-matched analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We collected data concerning 123 consecutive patients who were treated with the Cardioband device and 455 consecutive patients treated with the MitraClip from five experienced European centres. Propensity score matching was performed, resulting in two groups with 93 patients each - with no significant differences regarding baseline demographic parameters - who underwent standardised 2D transthoracic echocardiography with assessment at baseline and clinical follow-up at 12 months. The success rate, defined as a reduction of MR to grade 2 or lower, was high in both groups (MR ≤2: MitraClip: 86%, Cardioband: 77%, p=0.18). The Cardioband was better at reducing heart failure symptoms (NYHA ≤II: 88%) than the MitraClip (75%) procedure (p=0.046) at 12-month follow-up. All-cause rehospitalisation and mortality within 12 months were lower in Cardioband patients (mortality: OR 0.30, CI: 0.09-0.98, p=0.032; rehospitalisation: OR 0.57, CI: 0.28-0.97, p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The MitraClip and the Cardioband procedures effectively reduce MR and heart failure symptoms. However, patients undergoing the Cardioband procedure showed a more pronounced improvement with regard to functional NYHA class, rehospitalisation, and mortality, compared to patients undergoing the MitraClip procedure.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 15(5): 403-410, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130524

RESUMO

AIMS: Reducing elevated left atrial pressure with an atrial septum shunt device is a possible treatment option in symptomatic heart failure patients. This study aimed to investigate the safety and feasibility of the Atrial Flow Regulator (AFR) in heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: AFR-PRELIEVE is a prospective, non-randomised, open-label, multicentre study in patients with symptomatic heart failure NYHA Class III or IV and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) ≥15 mmHg at rest or ≥25 mmHg at exercise irrespective of left ventricular ejection fraction (EF ≥15%). Here we report on procedural and three-month follow-up data for a total of thirty-six enrolled patients. Sixteen (44.5%) patients with reduced EF (HFrEF: EF 15-39%) and twenty (55.5%) patients with preserved EF (HFpEF: EF ≥40%) were enrolled. Implantation success rate and device patency with left-right shunt was 100% (post procedure and at three months) in both patient groups, with one SADE in the HFpEF group which completely resolved. Three (3/36, 8.3%) patients were hospitalised for worsening of heart failure (two HFrEF patients, one HFpEF patient). Individual patients from both the HFrEF and HFpEF groups showed improvement in symptoms and surrogate parameters of heart failure (NYHA class, six-minute walking distance, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, PCWP, NT-proBNP). CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of the AFR device in heart failure patients is feasible and safe; shunt patency at three months was confirmed in the study. The atrial shunt improved symptoms and surrogate parameters of heart failure in some but not all patients in both the HFpEF and HFrEF groups.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Pressão Atrial , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico
9.
Clin Transplant ; 33(7): e13616, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Only a few previous studies have focused on the interaction between pretransplant psychological variables, survival on the waiting list, and adherence to therapy after heart transplantation (HTx). METHODS: This work combined two studies: Study 1 monitored survival of patients on a HTx waiting list (n = 50) and study 2 examined barriers to adherence after HTx (subgroup of n = 20). All patients were evaluated immediately after listing for HTx (T0). Those in study 2 were also evaluated immediately after HTx (T1) and after 6 months (T2). Psychosocial functioning was measured by the Transplant Evaluation Rating Scale (TERS), and depression and anxiety by Patient Health Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Barriers to immunosuppressive adherence post-HTx were measured by the Medication Experience Scale for Immunosuppressants (MESI). RESULTS: According to the TERS classification of Rothenhäusler et al, patients were divided into three groups in study 1. Compared with inconspicuous patients (n = 23) and risk patients (n = 21), high-risk patients (n = 6) demonstrated a higher mortality (log-rank test of trend, P = 0.002). In study 2, there was a strong correlation between the TERS (T0) and the MESI (T2) (r = 0.84, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The TERS may serve as a predictor of survival on the waiting list. There is need for further longitudinal data with larger sample sizes.

11.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(6): 971-980, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900223

RESUMO

Geriatric characteristics such as high age, multi-morbidity, polypharmacy and frailty are common in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In a retrospective study using a German claims database, effectiveness (ischaemic stroke/systemic embolism) and safety (intracerebral, gastrointestinal and major extracranial bleeding) were compared in patients with non-valvular AF starting non-vitamin K oral antagonists (NOACs) (apixaban, dabigatran and rivaroxaban) and phenprocoumon. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate adjusted hazard ratios, and interaction terms of the treatment group and geriatric status (defined by age ≥75 years, frailty, ≥ 4 co-morbidities and polypharmacy) were entered into the model. A total of 42,562 and 27,939 patients initiated NOAC and phenprocoumon treatment (mean age 74 years ± 11, 51% male) with a follow-up time of 147,785 person-years. Note that 52.9% of patients were elderly, 50.8% were frail, 37.0% were co-morbid and 46.5% had polypharmacy. NOAC use was not associated with effectiveness and gastrointestinal bleeding, neither in geriatric nor in non-geriatric patients. The hazard of major extracranial and intracranial bleeding was significantly decreased for NOAC use, with similar risk reduction in geriatric and non-geriatric patients: major extracranial bleeding 0.70 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56-0.87) to 0.73 (95% CI, 0.60-0.89) for the geriatric groups and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.56-0.93) to 0.76 (0.59-0.98) for the non-geriatric groups (p-values for interaction > 0.6); and intracranial bleeding 0.52 (95% CI, 0.39-0.69) to 0.59 (95% CI, 0.47-0.73) for the geriatric groups and 0.54 (95% CI, 0.37-0.79) to 0.65 (95% CI, 0.49-0.86) for the non-geriatric groups (p-values for interaction > 0.2). Hence, NOACs showed similar effectiveness and superior safety in geriatric and non-geriatric patients.

12.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213261, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30856204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is common in patients with cardiovascular disease and negatively impacts outcome. HYPOTHESIS: Psychological distress is high in acute high risk cardiac patients eligible for a WCD, and associated with low quality of life. Distress is aggravated by WCD. METHODS: Consecutive patients eligible for a WCD were included in the prospective, multicenter "Cologne Registry of External Defibrillator" registry. Quality of life (Short Form-12), depressive symptoms (Beck-Depression Inventory II) and anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory) were assessed at enrollment and 6-weeks, and associations with WCD prescription were analyzed. RESULTS: 123 patients (mean [SD] age 59 [± 14] years, 75% male) were included, 85 (69%) of whom received a WCD. At enrollment 21% showed clinically significant depressive symptoms and 52% anxiety symptoms, respectively. At 6 weeks, depressive and anxious symptoms significantly decreased to 7% and 25%, respectively. Depressive symptoms at enrollment and changes at 6 weeks showed significant associations with health-related quality of life, whereas anxious symptoms did not. There was a trend for better improvement of depression scores in patients with WCD (mean [SD] change in score points: -4.1 [6.1] vs -1.8 [3.9]; p = 0.09), whereas change of the anxiousness score was not different (-4.6 [9.5]) vs -3.7 [9.1], p = 0.68). CONCLUSION: In patients eligible for a WCD, depressive and anxiety symptoms were initially common and depressive symptoms showed a strong association with reduced health-related quality of life contributing to their clinical relevance. WCD recipients showed at least similar improvement of depression and anxiety at 6 weeks when compared to non recipients.

13.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 144(5): 340-345, 2019 03.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30836406

RESUMO

The determination of the cardiac preload is still a challenge for intensive care physicians. In addition to clinical assessment, both non-invasive and invasive methods exist for evaluating fluid responsiveness. The following article demonstrates one possible approach for systematic assessment of fluid responsiveness using a practical algorithm for critical care patients.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Edema/fisiopatologia , Hidratação , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos
14.
Infection ; 47(4): 579-587, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30847769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite developments in both imaging and microbiological techniques, the final diagnosis of IE often remains challenging. In this single-center cohort study, we aimed to identify the specific indications for request of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in clinical practice and to evaluate the diagnostic benefit of this nuclear imaging technique. METHODS: A total of 235 patients with possible (n = 43) or definite (n = 192) IE according to the revised Duke criteria were prospectively studied from July 2013 until December 2016. Echocardiography was generally used as the primary cardiac imaging technique. All patients were treated by a multidisciplinary Endocarditis Team. Diagnostics with 18F-FDG-PET/CT were undertaken on request by at least one member of the multidisciplinary team when overall diagnostics were inconclusive. RESULTS: In 20 patients, 18F-FDG-PET/CT scan was performed for additional diagnostic evaluation. Hereof, 15 patients had a history of implanted cardiac prosthetic material. In six patients with definite IE, the use of 18F-FDG-PET/CT was helpful for further clarification of the diagnosis. In one patient with possible IE, the diagnosis could be reclassified to definite IE. In addition, one case of vertebral osteomyelitis as well as upper and lower leg abscesses and knee empyema were detectable as extracardiac foci. Furthermore, 18F-FDG-PET/CT leads to a modification of the management in five patients. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the utility of 18F-FDG-PET/CT as an adjunctive diagnostic tool especially in the evaluation of prosthetic valve-/cardiac device-related IE and for the detection of extracardiac foci in some cases. However, due to remaining limitations also of this imaging technique, a multidisciplinary clinical evaluation still remains the essential basis for the diagnostic assessment.

15.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 144(2): 109-113, 2019 01.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30674059

RESUMO

HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDING: A 76-year-old patient suffered a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and was admitted to our Chest Pain Unit (CPU) for further diagnostics and therapy. EXAMINATIONS AND DIAGNOSIS: Coronary angiography revealed an occlusion of the right coronary artery and catheter intervention with stent implantation was performed. Due to a high thrombotic burden, application of tirofiban was initiated. In the following, the patient developed hemodynamic instability, hemoptysis and a substantial decrease of the platelet count. THERAPY AND COURSE: Tirofiban therapy was immediately stopped. Volume therapy led to hemodynamic stabilisationand hemoptysisdisappeared. Thrombocytes normalised after application of a platelet concentrate and prednisolone. One day later, the patient developed pulmonary hemorrhage with asphyxial cardiac arrest.Within the next few days, a renewed decrease of thrombocytes occurred. Despite normalization of thrombocytes after another transfusion, the patient died in consequence of a severe sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombocytopenia is a rare but potentially severe complication of tirofiban therapy. Therapeutic strategies include termination of the triggering medication, clarification of differential diagnoses and transfusion of platelet concentrates, if necessary.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/induzido quimicamente , Tirofibana/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30361819

RESUMO

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) may be considered as a rescue attempt for highly selected patients with refractory cardiac arrest and potentially reversible aetiology. Currently, there are no randomised, controlled studies on eCPR. Thus, prospective validated predictors of benefit and outcome are lacking. Currently, selection criteria and procedure techniques differ across hospitals and standardised algorithms are lacking. Based on expert opinion, the present consensus statement provides a first standardised treatment algorithm for eCPR.

20.
J Intensive Care ; 6: 62, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302254

RESUMO

Background: Analgosedation is a cornerstone therapy for mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICU). To avoid inadequate sedation and its complications, monitoring of analgosedation is of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether monitoring of analgosedative drug concentrations (midazolam and sufentanil) might be beneficial to optimize analgosedation and whether drug serum concentrations correlate with the results of subjective (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale [RASS]/Ramsay Sedation Scale) and objective (bispectral (BIS) index) monitoring procedures. Methods: Forty-nine intubated, ventilated, and analgosedated critically ill patients treated in ICU were clinically evaluated concerning the depth of sedation using RASS Score, Ramsay Score, and BIS index twice a day. Serum concentrations of midazolam and sufentanil were determined in blood samples drawn at the same time. Clinical and laboratory data were statistically analyzed for correlations using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient rho (ρ). Results: Average age of the population was 57.8 ± 16.0 years, 61% of the patients were males. Most frequent causes for ICU treatments were sepsis (22%), pneumonia (22%), or a combination of both (25%). Serum concentrations of midazolam correlated weakly with RASS (ρ = - 0.467) and Ramsay Scores (ρ = 0.476). Serum concentrations of sufentanil correlated weakly with RASS (ρ = - 0.312) and Ramsay Scores (ρ = 0.295). Correlations between BIS index and serum concentrations of midazolam (ρ = - 0.252) and sufentanil (ρ = - 0.166) were low. Conclusion: Correlations between drug serum concentrations and clinical or neurophysiological monitoring procedures were weak. This might be due to intersubject variability, polypharmacy with drug-drug interactions, and complex metabolism, which can be altered in critically ill patients. Therapeutic drug monitoring is not beneficial to determine depth of sedation in ICU patients.

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