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1.
Anaesth Intensive Care ; 47(1): 45-51, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864482

RESUMO

Intravenous fluids are commonly administered for patients having colonoscopy despite relatively little data to support this practice. It is unclear what, if any, effect crystalloid administration has on stroke volume and cardiac output in patients who are fasting and have had bowel preparation agents. We aimed to assess the physiological effect of 10 ml/kg of crystalloid administration in colonoscopy patients on haemodynamic parameters including stroke volume, stroke volume variation and cardiac output, as measured with transthoracic echocardiography. Our secondary aims were to determine whether stroke volume variation predicted fluid responsiveness in gastrointestinal endoscopy patients and whether these haemodynamic measures are different in fasting patients with bowel preparation (colonoscopy patients) compared to fasting patients alone (gastroscopy patients). We recruited 54 patients having elective gastrointestinal endoscopy (25 colonoscopy, 29 gastroscopy). All patients had stroke volume, cardiac output and stroke volume variation measured with transthoracic echocardiography at baseline. In colonoscopy patients, stroke volume, cardiac output and stroke volume variation were remeasured after 10 ml/kg of intravenous crystalloid. Administration of 10 ml/kg of crystalloid increases stroke volume by 19.6 ml ( p < 0.00005) and cardiac output by 0.81 l/min ( p < 0.001). Stroke volume variation reduced from 23% to 14% after fluid administration ( p < 0.0011). The optimum threshold of stroke volume variation to predict fluid responsiveness was 21% with a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 62.5%. Administration of 10 ml/kg of crystalloid increases stroke volume and cardiac output, and reduces stroke volume variation in fasting elective colonoscopy patients.


Assuntos
Soluções Cristaloides , Endoscopia , Hidratação , Débito Cardíaco , Soluções Cristaloides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Volume Sistólico
2.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023455, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647034

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative morbidity and mortality in older patients with comorbidities undergoing gastrointestinal surgery are a major burden on healthcare systems. Infections after surgery are common in such patients, prolonging hospitalisation and reducing postoperative short-term and long-term survival. Optimal management of perioperative intravenous fluids and inotropic drugs may reduce infection rates and improve outcomes from surgery. Previous small trials of cardiac-output-guided haemodynamic therapy algorithms suggested a modest reduction in postoperative morbidity. A large definitive trial is needed to confirm or refute this and inform widespread clinical practice. METHODS: The Optimisation of Perioperative Cardiovascular Management to Improve Surgical Outcome II (OPTIMISE II) trial is a multicentre, international, parallel group, open, randomised controlled trial. 2502 high-risk patients undergoing major elective gastrointestinal surgery will be randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio using minimisation to minimally invasive cardiac output monitoring to guide protocolised administration of intravenous fluid combined with low-dose inotrope infusion, or usual care. The trial intervention will be carried out during and for 4 hours after surgery. The primary outcome is postoperative infection of Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher within 30 days of randomisation. Participants and those delivering the intervention will not be blinded to treatment allocation; however, outcome assessors will be blinded when feasible. Participant recruitment started in January 2017 and is scheduled to last 3 years, within 50 hospitals worldwide. ETHICS/DISSEMINATION: The OPTIMISE II trial has been approved by the UK National Research Ethics Service and has been approved by responsible ethics committees in all participating countries. The findings will be disseminated through publication in a widely accessible peer-reviewed scientific journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN39653756.

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