Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 27
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Med Genet ; 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) is a keystone of fetal growth regulation by mediating the effects of IGF-I and IGF-II. Recently, a cohort of patients carrying an IGF1R defect was described, from which a clinical score was established for diagnosis. We assessed this score in a large cohort of patients with identified IGF1R defects, as no external validation was available. Furthermore, we aimed to develop a functional test to allow the classification of variants of unknown significance (VUS) in vitro. METHODS: DNA was tested for either deletions or single nucleotide variant (SNV) and the phosphorylation of downstream pathways studied after stimulation with IGF-I by western blot analysis of fibroblast of nine patients. RESULTS: We detected 21 IGF1R defects in 35 patients, including 8 deletions and 10 heterozygous, 1 homozygous and 1 compound-heterozygous SNVs. The main clinical characteristics of these patients were being born small for gestational age (90.9%), short stature (88.2%) and microcephaly (74.1%). Feeding difficulties and varying degrees of developmental delay were highly prevalent (54.5%). There were no differences in phenotypes between patients with deletions and SNVs of IGF1R. Functional studies showed that the SNVs tested were associated with decreased AKT phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: We report eight new pathogenic variants of IGF1R and an original case with a homozygous SNV. We found the recently proposed clinical score to be accurate for the diagnosis of IGF1R defects with a sensitivity of 95.2%. We developed an efficient functional test to assess the pathogenicity of SNVs, which is useful, especially for VUS.

2.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316167

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder manifesting joint contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and kyphoscoliosis as main features. Due to its rarity, rather aspecific clinical presentation, and overlap with other conditions including Marfan syndrome, the diagnosis is challenging, but important for prognosis and clinical management. CCA is caused by pathogenic variants in FBN2, encoding fibrillin-2, but locus heterogeneity has been suggested. We designed a clinical scoring system and diagnostic criteria to support the diagnostic process and guide molecular genetic testing. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we assessed 167 probands referred for FBN2 analysis and classified them into a FBN2-positive (n = 44) and FBN2-negative group (n = 123) following molecular analysis. We developed a 20-point weighted clinical scoring system based on the prevalence of ten main clinical characteristics of CCA in both groups. RESULTS: The total score was significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001) and was indicative for classifying patients into unlikely CCA (total score <7) and likely CCA (total score ≥7) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our clinical score is helpful for clinical guidance for patients suspected to have CCA, and provides a quantitative tool for phenotyping in research settings.

3.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(6): 1223-1232, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130282

RESUMO

Aberrant signaling through pathways controlling cell response to extracellular stimuli constitutes a central theme in disorders affecting development. Signaling through RAS and the MAPK cascade controls a variety of cell decisions in response to cytokines, hormones, and growth factors, and its upregulation causes Noonan syndrome (NS), a developmental disorder whose major features include a distinctive facies, a wide spectrum of cardiac defects, short stature, variable cognitive impairment, and predisposition to malignancies. NS is genetically heterogeneous, and mutations in more than ten genes have been reported to underlie this disorder. Despite the large number of genes implicated, about 10%-20% of affected individuals with a clinical diagnosis of NS do not have mutations in known RASopathy-associated genes, indicating that additional unidentified genes contribute to the disease, when mutated. By using a mixed strategy of functional candidacy and exome sequencing, we identify RRAS2 as a gene implicated in NS in six unrelated subjects/families. We show that the NS-causing RRAS2 variants affect highly conserved residues localized around the nucleotide binding pocket of the GTPase and are predicted to variably affect diverse aspects of RRAS2 biochemical behavior, including nucleotide binding, GTP hydrolysis, and interaction with effectors. Additionally, all pathogenic variants increase activation of the MAPK cascade and variably impact cell morphology and cytoskeletal rearrangement. Finally, we provide a characterization of the clinical phenotype associated with RRAS2 mutations.

4.
Genet Med ; 21(7): 1667-1671, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30783266

RESUMO

The article has been corrected to account for one patient being investigated through genome sequencing rather than exome sequencing as originally published; thus amendments to the Abstract and Methods have been made as well as addition of the relevant authors and acknowledgment.

5.
Genet Med ; 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30356099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Germline WWOX pathogenic variants have been associated with disorder of sex differentiation (DSD), spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), and WWOX-related epileptic encephalopathy (WOREE syndrome). We review clinical and molecular data on WWOX-related disorders, further describing WOREE syndrome and phenotype/genotype correlations. METHODS: We report clinical and molecular findings in 20 additional patients from 18 unrelated families with WOREE syndrome and biallelic pathogenic variants in the WWOX gene. Different molecular screening approaches were used (quantitative polymerase chain reaction/multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification [qPCR/MLPA], array comparative genomic hybridization [array-CGH], Sanger sequencing, epilepsy gene panel, exome sequencing). RESULTS: Two copy-number variations (CNVs) or two single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) were found respectively in four and nine families, with compound heterozygosity for one SNV and one CNV in five families. Eight novel missense pathogenic variants have been described. By aggregating our patients with all cases reported in the literature, 37 patients from 27 families with WOREE syndrome are known. This review suggests WOREE syndrome is a very severe epileptic encephalopathy characterized by absence of language development and acquisition of walking, early-onset drug-resistant seizures, ophthalmological involvement, and a high likelihood of premature death. The most severe clinical presentation seems to be associated with null genotypes. CONCLUSION: Germline pathogenic variants in WWOX are clearly associated with a severe early-onset epileptic encephalopathy. We report here the largest cohort of individuals with WOREE syndrome.

6.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 5(10): 1277-1285, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30349862

RESUMO

De novo variants in DDX3X account for 1-3% of unexplained intellectual disability (ID) cases and are amongst the most common causes of ID especially in females. Forty-seven patients (44 females, 3 males) have been described. We identified 31 additional individuals carrying 29 unique DDX3X variants, including 30 postnatal individuals with complex clinical presentations of developmental delay or ID, and one fetus with abnormal ultrasound findings. Rare or novel phenotypes observed include respiratory problems, congenital heart disease, skeletal muscle mitochondrial DNA depletion, and late-onset neurologic decline. Our findings expand the spectrum of DNA variants and phenotypes associated with DDX3X disorders.

7.
Eur J Med Genet ; 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30240710

RESUMO

A 5,6 Mb de novo 19q12-q13.12 interstitial deletion was diagnosed prenatally by array-comparative genomic hybridization in a 26 weeks male fetus presenting with intra-uterine growth retardation, left clubfoot, atypical genitalia and dysmorphic features. Autopsic examination following termination of pregnancy identified a severe disorder of sex development (DSD) including hypospadias, micropenis, bifid scrotum and right cryptorchidism associated with signs of ectodermal dysplasia: scalp hypopigmentation, thick and frizzy hair, absence of eyelashes, poorly developed nails and a thin skin with prominent superficial veins. Other findings were abnormal lung lobation and facial dysmorphism. This new case of DSD with a 19q12q13 deletion expands the phenotypic spectrum associated with this chromosomal rearrangment and suggests that WTIP is a strong candidate gene involved in male sex differentiation.

8.
Hum Mutat ; 39(8): 1076-1080, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29782060

RESUMO

We describe progressive spastic paraparesis in two male siblings and the daughter of one of these individuals. Onset of disease occurred within the first decade, with stiffness and gait difficulties. Brisk deep tendon reflexes and extensor plantar responses were present, in the absence of intellectual disability or dermatological manifestations. Cerebral imaging identified intracranial calcification in all symptomatic family members. A marked upregulation of interferon-stimulated gene transcripts was recorded in all three affected individuals and in two clinically unaffected relatives. A heterozygous IFIH1 c.2544T>G missense variant (p.Asp848Glu) segregated with interferon status. Although not highly conserved (CADD score 10.08 vs. MSC-CADD score of 19.33) and predicted as benign by in silico algorithms, this variant is not present on publically available databases of control alleles, and expression of the D848E construct in HEK293T cells indicated that it confers a gain-of-function. This report illustrates, for the first time, the occurrence of autosomal-dominant spastic paraplegia with intracranial calcifications due to an IFIH1-related type 1 interferonopathy.

10.
Brain ; 2018 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390050

RESUMO

Members of the AAA+ superfamily of ATPases are involved in the unfolding of proteins and disassembly of protein complexes and aggregates. ATAD1 encoding the ATPase family, AAA+ domain containing 1-protein Thorase plays an important role in the function and integrity of mitochondria and peroxisomes. Postsynaptically, Thorase controls the internalization of excitatory, glutamatergic AMPA receptors by disassembling complexes between the AMPA receptor-binding protein, GRIP1, and the AMPA receptor subunit GluA2. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous frameshift mutation in the last exon of ATAD1 [c.1070_1071delAT; p.(His357Argfs*15)] in three siblings who presented with a severe, lethal encephalopathy associated with stiffness and arthrogryposis. Biochemical and cellular analyses show that the C-terminal end of Thorase mutant gained a novel function that strongly impacts its oligomeric state, reduces stability or expression of a set of Golgi, peroxisomal and mitochondrial proteins and affects disassembly of GluA2 and Thorase oligomer complexes. Atad1-/- neurons expressing Thorase mutantHis357Argfs*15 display reduced amount of GluA2 at the cell surface suggesting that the Thorase mutant may inhibit the recycling back and/or reinsertion of AMPA receptors to the plasma membrane. Taken together, our molecular and functional analyses identify an activating ATAD1 mutation as a new cause of severe encephalopathy and congenital stiffness.

11.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(3): 668-675, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341480

RESUMO

The cutis laxa syndromes are multisystem disorders that share loose redundant inelastic and wrinkled skin as a common hallmark clinical feature. The underlying molecular defects are heterogeneous and 13 different genes have been involved until now, all of them being implicated in elastic fiber assembly. We provide here molecular and clinical characterization of three unrelated patients with a very rare phenotype associating cutis laxa, facial dysmorphism, severe growth retardation, hyperostotic skeletal dysplasia, and intellectual disability. This disorder called Lenz-Majewski syndrome (LMS) is associated with gain of function mutations in PTDSS1, encoding an enzyme involved in phospholipid biosynthesis. This report illustrates that LMS is an unequivocal cutis laxa syndrome and expands the clinical and molecular spectrum of this group of disorders. In the neonatal period, brachydactyly and facial dysmorphism are two early distinctive signs, later followed by intellectual disability and hyperostotic skeletal dysplasia with severe dwarfism allowing differentiation of this condition from other cutis laxa phenotypes. Further studies are needed to understand the link between PTDSS1 and extra cellular matrix assembly.

12.
Hum Mol Genet ; 27(4): 589-600, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267967

RESUMO

FRMPD4 (FERM and PDZ Domain Containing 4) is a neural scaffolding protein that interacts with PSD-95 to positively regulate dendritic spine morphogenesis, and with mGluR1/5 and Homer to regulate mGluR1/5 signaling. We report the genetic and functional characterization of 4 FRMPD4 deleterious mutations that cause a new X-linked intellectual disability (ID) syndrome. These mutations were found to be associated with ID in ten affected male patients from four unrelated families, following an apparent X-linked mode of inheritance. Mutations include deletion of an entire coding exon, a nonsense mutation, a frame-shift mutation resulting in premature termination of translation, and a missense mutation involving a highly conserved amino acid residue neighboring FRMPD4-FERM domain. Clinical features of these patients consisted of moderate to severe ID, language delay and seizures alongside with behavioral and/or psychiatric disturbances. In-depth functional studies showed that a frame-shift mutation, FRMPD4p.Cys618ValfsX8, results in a disruption of FRMPD4 binding with PSD-95 and HOMER1, and a failure to increase spine density in transfected hippocampal neurons. Behavioral studies of frmpd4-KO mice identified hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and memory deficits in Morris Water Maze test. These findings point to an important role of FRMPD4 in normal cognitive development and function in humans and mice, and support the hypothesis that FRMPD4 mutations cause ID by disrupting dendritic spine morphogenesis in glutamatergic neurons.

13.
Am J Hum Genet ; 101(5): 803-814, 2017 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29100091

RESUMO

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) constitute a major cause of chronic kidney disease in children and 20% of prenatally detected anomalies. CAKUT encompass a spectrum of developmental kidney defects, including renal agenesis, hypoplasia, and cystic and non-cystic dysplasia. More than 50 genes have been reported as mutated in CAKUT-affected case subjects. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to bilateral kidney agenesis (BKA) remain largely elusive. Whole-exome or targeted exome sequencing of 183 unrelated familial and/or severe CAKUT-affected case subjects, including 54 fetuses with BKA, led to the identification of 16 heterozygous variants in GREB1L (growth regulation by estrogen in breast cancer 1-like), a gene reported as a target of retinoic acid signaling. Four loss-of-function and 12 damaging missense variants, 14 being absent from GnomAD, were identified. Twelve of them were present in familial or simplex BKA-affected case subjects. Female BKA-affected fetuses also displayed uterus agenesis. We demonstrated a significant association between GREB1L variants and BKA. By in situ hybridization, we showed expression of Greb1l in the nephrogenic zone in developing mouse kidney. We generated a Greb1l knock-out mouse model by CRISPR-Cas9. Analysis at E13.5 revealed lack of kidneys and genital tract anomalies in male and female Greb1l-/- embryos and a slight decrease in ureteric bud branching in Greb1l+/- embryos. We showed that Greb1l invalidation in mIMCD3 cells affected tubulomorphogenesis in 3D-collagen culture, a phenotype rescued by expression of the wild-type human protein. This demonstrates that GREB1L plays a major role in early metanephros and genital development in mice and humans.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Nefropatias/congênito , Rim/anormalidades , Mutação/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas/genética , Animais , Criança , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Feto/anormalidades , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Nefropatias/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fenótipo , Sistema Urinário/anormalidades , Anormalidades Urogenitais/genética
14.
Am J Hum Genet ; 101(3): 391-403, 2017 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28886341

RESUMO

In five separate families, we identified nine individuals affected by a previously unidentified syndrome characterized by growth retardation, spine malformation, facial dysmorphisms, and developmental delays. Using homozygosity mapping, array CGH, and exome sequencing, we uncovered bi-allelic loss-of-function CDK10 mutations segregating with this disease. CDK10 is a protein kinase that partners with cyclin M to phosphorylate substrates such as ETS2 and PKN2 in order to modulate cellular growth. To validate and model the pathogenicity of these CDK10 germline mutations, we generated conditional-knockout mice. Homozygous Cdk10-knockout mice died postnatally with severe growth retardation, skeletal defects, and kidney and lung abnormalities, symptoms that partly resemble the disease's effect in humans. Fibroblasts derived from affected individuals and Cdk10-knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) proliferated normally; however, Cdk10-knockout MEFs developed longer cilia. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of mutant and wild-type mouse organs revealed lipid metabolic changes consistent with growth impairment and altered ciliogenesis in the absence of CDK10. Our results document the CDK10 loss-of-function phenotype and point to a function for CDK10 in transducing signals received at the primary cilia to sustain embryonic and postnatal development.


Assuntos
Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/genética , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/fisiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Transtornos do Crescimento/genética , Mutação , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Animais , Ciclo Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cílios/metabolismo , Cílios/patologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/patologia , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos/patologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/patologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Linhagem , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo
15.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 4(1): 4-14, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28078310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders such as ataxia and Parkinson's disease. We describe an extended Belgian pedigree where seven individuals presented with adult-onset cerebellar ataxia, axonal peripheral ataxic neuropathy, and tremor, in variable combination with parkinsonism, seizures, cognitive decline, and ophthalmoplegia. We sought to identify the underlying molecular etiology and characterize the mitochondrial pathophysiology of this neurological syndrome. METHODS: Clinical, neurophysiological, and neuroradiological evaluations were conducted. Patient muscle and cultured fibroblasts underwent extensive analyses to assess mitochondrial function. Genetic studies including genome-wide sequencing were conducted. RESULTS: Hallmarks of mitochondrial dysfunction were present in patients' tissues including ultrastructural anomalies of mitochondria, mosaic cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, and multiple mtDNA deletions. We identified a splice acceptor variant in POLG2, c.970-1G>C, segregating with disease in this family and associated with a concomitant decrease in levels of POLG2 protein in patient cells. INTERPRETATION: This work extends the clinical spectrum of POLG2 deficiency to include an overwhelming, adult-onset neurological syndrome that includes cerebellar syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, tremor, and parkinsonism. We therefore suggest to include POLG2 sequencing in the evaluation of ataxia and sensory neuropathy in adults, especially when it is accompanied by tremor or parkinsonism with white matter disease. The demonstration that deletions of mtDNA resulting from autosomal-dominant POLG2 variant lead to a monogenic neurodegenerative multicomponent syndrome provides further evidence for a major role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathomechanism of nonsyndromic forms of the component neurodegenerative disorders.

16.
J Med Genet ; 53(12): 850-858, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27358180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the KIAA2022 gene have been reported in male patients with X-linked intellectual disability, and related female carriers were unaffected. Here, we report 14 female patients who carry a heterozygous de novo KIAA2022 mutation and share a phenotype characterised by intellectual disability and epilepsy. METHODS: Reported females were selected for genetic testing because of substantial developmental problems and/or epilepsy. X-inactivation and expression studies were performed when possible. RESULTS: All mutations were predicted to result in a frameshift or premature stop. 12 out of 14 patients had intractable epilepsy with myoclonic and/or absence seizures, and generalised in 11. Thirteen patients had mild to severe intellectual disability. This female phenotype partially overlaps with the reported male phenotype which consists of more severe intellectual disability, microcephaly, growth retardation, facial dysmorphisms and, less frequently, epilepsy. One female patient showed completely skewed X-inactivation, complete absence of RNA expression in blood and a phenotype similar to male patients. In the six other tested patients, X-inactivation was random, confirmed by a non-significant twofold to threefold decrease of RNA expression in blood, consistent with the expected mosaicism between cells expressing mutant or normal KIAA2022 alleles. CONCLUSIONS: Heterozygous loss of KIAA2022 expression is a cause of intellectual disability in females. Compared with its hemizygous male counterpart, the heterozygous female disease has less severe intellectual disability, but is more often associated with a severe and intractable myoclonic epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/metabolismo , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Deficiência Intelectual/metabolismo , Mosaicismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Inativação do Cromossomo X , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos X , Códon sem Sentido , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Feminino , Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome
17.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170(10): 2662-70, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27264538

RESUMO

Coffin-Siris syndrome is a rare congenital malformation and intellectual disability syndrome. Mutations in at least seven genes have been identified. Here, we performed copy number analysis in 37 patients with features of CSS in whom no causative mutations were identified by exome sequencing. We identified a patient with a 9p24.3-p22.2 duplication and another patient with the chromosome der(6)t(6;9)(p25;p21)mat. Both patients share a duplicated 15.8-Mb region containing 46 protein coding genes, including SMARCA2. Dominant negative effects of SMARCA2 mutations may contribute to Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome. We conclude that their features better resemble Coffin-Siris syndrome, rather than Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome and that these features likely arise from SMARCA2 over-dosage. Pure 9p duplications (not caused by unbalanced translocations) are rare. Copy number analysis in patients with features that overlap with Coffin-Siris syndrome is recommended to further determine their genetic aspects. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Face/anormalidades , Duplicação Gênica , Estudos de Associação Genética , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/diagnóstico , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Micrognatismo/diagnóstico , Micrognatismo/genética , Pescoço/anormalidades , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Alelos , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Exoma , Facies , Feminino , Haplótipos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lactente , Linhagem
18.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 10: 135, 2015 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26471370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary Fibrosing Poikiloderma (HFP) with tendon contractures, myopathy and pulmonary fibrosis (POIKTMP [MIM 615704]) is a very recently described entity of syndromic inherited poikiloderma. Previously by using whole exome sequencing in five families, we identified the causative gene, FAM111B (NM_198947.3), the function of which is still unknown. Our objective in this study was to better define the specific features of POIKTMP through a larger series of patients. METHODS: Clinical and molecular data of two families and eight independent sporadic cases, including six new cases, were collected. RESULTS: Key features consist of: (i) early-onset poikiloderma, hypotrichosis and hypohidrosis; (ii) multiple contractures, in particular triceps surae muscle contractures; (iii) diffuse progressive muscular weakness; (iv) pulmonary fibrosis in adulthood and (v) other features including exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, liver impairment and growth retardation. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging was informative and showed muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration. Histological examination of skeletal muscle revealed extensive fibroadipose tissue infiltration. Microscopy of the skin showed a scleroderma-like aspect with fibrosis and alterations of the elastic network. FAM111B gene analysis identified five different missense variants (two recurrent mutations were found respectively in three and four independent families). All the mutations were predicted to localize in the trypsin-like cysteine/serine peptidase domain of the protein. We suggest gain-of-function or dominant-negative mutations resulting in FAM111B enzymatic activity changes. CONCLUSIONS: HFP with tendon contractures, myopathy and pulmonary fibrosis, is a multisystemic disorder due to autosomal dominant FAM111B mutations. Future functional studies will help in understanding the specific pathological process of this fibrosing disorder.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Contratura/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Esclerose/genética , Anormalidades da Pele/genética , Dermatopatias Genéticas/genética , Tendões/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Contratura/complicações , Contratura/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Doenças Musculares/complicações , Doenças Musculares/diagnóstico , Mutação/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Esclerose/complicações , Esclerose/diagnóstico , Anormalidades da Pele/complicações , Anormalidades da Pele/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias Genéticas/complicações , Dermatopatias Genéticas/diagnóstico
19.
Am J Med Genet A ; 167A(8): 1897-901, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25871887

RESUMO

Heterozygous mutations in TCF12 were recently identified as an important cause of craniosynostosis. In the original series, 14% of patients with a mutation in TCF12 had significant developmental delay or learning disability. We report on the first case of TCF12 microdeletion, detected by array-comparative genomic hybridization, in a 72-year-old patient presenting with intellectual deficiency and dysmorphism. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis indicated that exon 19, encoding the functionally important basic helix-loop-helix domain, was included in the deleted segment in addition to exon 20. We postulate that the TCF12 microdeletion is responsible for this patient's intellectual deficiency and facial phenotype.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Deleção de Genes , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos
20.
Eur J Med Genet ; 58(3): 168-74, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25641759

RESUMO

The Dual-specify tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) gene has been extensively studied for its role in the pathophysiology of intellectual disability (ID) in Down syndrome. The rise of next generation sequencing (NGS) and array-CGH (aCGH) in diagnostic settings for the evaluation of patients with ID allowed the identification of 17 patients carrying heterozygous genetic aberrations involving DYRK1A to date. The rate of DYRK1A mutations in this population reaches >1% in published NGS studies. The current report aims at further defining the phenotype of this encephalopathy with the detailed report of two unrelated patients. Both patients were boys with developmental delay, febrile seizures, facial dysmorphism and brain atrophy on MRI. Patient #1 had autistic behaviors and micropenis and Patient #2 had stereotypies and microcephaly. NGS analyses identified heterozygous de novo variants in DYRK1A: the c.613C >T (p.Arg205*) nonsense mutation in Patient #1 and the c.932C >T (p.Ser311Phe) missense mutation in Patient #2. Together with previously reported cases, patients with DYRK1A mutations share many clinical features and may have a recognizable phenotype that includes, by decreasing order of frequency: developmental delay or ID with behaviors suggesting autism spectrum disorder, microcephaly, epileptic seizures, facial dysmorphism including ear anomalies (large ears, hypoplastic lobes), thin lips, short philtrum and frontal bossing. Delineation of the phenotype/genotype correlation is not feasible at the moment and will be a challenge for the coming years.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Transtorno Autístico/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/genética , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/genética , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/metabolismo , Loci Gênicos , Heterozigoto , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Masculino , Microcefalia/diagnóstico , Microcefalia/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Fenótipo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco , Proteínas Centrais de snRNP/genética , Proteínas Centrais de snRNP/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA