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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562035

RESUMO

Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA), a benign odontogenic tumor of the jaw, represents less than a third of all ameloblastomas and seems less aggressive than other types of ameloblastoma. We present here the first case of UA that developed prenatally and was successfully managed in the early neonatal period with marsupialization and curettage performed carefully to avoid injury to the tooth germ. BRAF and SMO mutations were not detected. After 2 years of follow-up, complete reossification and normal eruption of deciduous teeth were noted, and there was no recurrence of UA. We recommend conservative treatment of UA in the pediatric population to avoid loss of and/or injury to the tooth germ, provided close follow-up is carried out all through the individual's growth for early detection of potential recurrences, growth impairments, or tooth eruption disorders. The intratumoral somatic mutational status of BRAF, SMO, RAS family, and FGFR2 may help determine personalized targeted treatment, particularly in case of recurrence.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512012

RESUMO

Knowledge of mandibular periosteum mechanical properties is fundamental for understanding its role in craniofacial growth, in trauma and bone regeneration. There is a lack in the literature regarding mechanical behavior of the human periosteum, including both experimental and modeling aspects. The proposed study involves tensile tests of periosteum samples from different locations including two locations of human mandibular periosteum: lingual and vestibular, compared with samples from various locations of the calvarial periosteum. We propose to analyze the tensile response of the mandibular periosteum using a model, initially applied on the skin, and based on a structural approach involving the mechanical properties of the corrugation of the collagen. Two different approaches for the model parameters' identification are proposed: (1) identification from experimental curve fitting and (2) identification from histological study. This approach allows us to compare parameters extracted from the traction test fitting to structural parameters measured on periosteum histological slices. Concerning experimental aspects, we showed significant differences, in terms of stiffness, between calvarial and mandibular periostea. (The mean final stiffness is [Formula: see text] for the mandible versus [Formula: see text] for the calvaria.) About modeling, we succeed to capture the correct mechanical behavior for the periosteum, and the statistical analysis showed that certain parameters from the geometric data and traction data are significantly comparable (e.g., [Formula: see text] for [Formula: see text]). However, we also observed a discrepancy between these two approaches for the elongation at which the fibril has become straight ([Formula: see text]).

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 124, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare diseases affecting the teeth, the oral cavity and the face are numerous, each of them present specific characteristics, and is a life-long condition. The aim of the study was to assess the association between Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and demographic characteristics, clinical and dental factors, and psycho-social characteristics to investigate that oral symptoms are not the main factors underlying a decrease in OHRQoL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a national cohort study in French centres for rare diseases (RD) specialized in orofacial diseases. The inclusion criteria were: to have received care in RD centres over the last 5 years (2012-2017) and to have been between 6 and 17 years of age on September 1, 2017. Patients were invited to answer a questionnaire composed of socio-demographic, clinical and dental questions, psychosocial questions and then fill in the Child-OIDP Index. At the end of the questionnaire, a free space was left for the patient to add a verbatim comment to provide qualitative data. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the verbatim answers. RESULTS: Complete data were available for 110 patients. The sample included 44.5% boys and 55.5% girls. Ages ranged from 6 to 17 years old and 68.2% were between 6 to 12 years old and 31.8% were between 13 and 17 years old. Factor associated with a lower OHRQoL were: being a girl (p = 0.03), renouncement to dental care for financial reasons (p = 0.01), having syndromic disease (p = 0.01), having a problem with tooth shape and color (p = 0.03), feeling isolated, alone and different from other children (p = 0.003 and p = 0.02). Qualitative analysis highlighted very little recourse to psychological care and patients reported great anxiety and fear about the future. CONCLUSION: OHRQoL of children suffering from these diseases is impaired, especially from the psychosocial point of view but also from that of the course of treatment and access to care. There is a need to improve the legibility of care pathways and the financial coverage of treatments.

4.
Facial Plast Surg ; 35(3): 286-293, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100767

RESUMO

The use of the Washio retroauricular flap for nasal reconstruction has been infrequently covered in recent literature, particularly concerning the pediatric population. A retrospective study was conducted between 2014 and 2018 and included all pediatric patients who underwent a Washio retroauricular flap procedure for nasal reconstruction operated on by the same surgeon at a referral center for pediatric plastic and maxillofacial surgery. The mean age at the time of the first stage of the Washio procedure was just under 8 years of age (range: 6 years 3 months-8 years 10 months). The Washio retroauricular flap procedure was successfully employed in three patients with three different anatomical defects, including the nasal alae, nasal tip, and columella, without postoperative healing complications. Arguably, the Washio method is sufficiently versatile to be used in various defect types, allows space and planning for subsequent surgical corrections, avoids additional visible scarring of the face, and spares flaps that may be required at the end of the growth, such as the pedicled forehead flap. It is a safe procedure, provided that at least a two-stage procedure is performed, and a progressive postoperative verticalization is prescribed to limit venous drainage complications.

5.
J Invest Dermatol ; 139(9): 2004-2015.e13, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059696

RESUMO

The management of large congenital melanocytic nevi (lCMN) is based exclusively on iterative surgical procedures in the absence of validated medical therapy. The aim of our study was to develop an intra-lesional medical treatment for lCMN. Seventeen patients harboring NRAS-mutated lCMN were included. Nevocytes obtained from lCMN displayed an overactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (Akt) pathways. Mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) and Akt inhibitors reduced the nevosphere diameter in sphere-forming assays, as well as cell viability and proliferation in in vitro assays. Standardized lCMN explants were then cultured ex vivo with the same inhibitors, which induced a decrease in MelanA+ and Sox10+ cells in both epidermis and dermis. Finally, intradermal injections of these inhibitors were administered within standardized lCMN xenografts in Rag2-/- mice. They induced a dramatic decrease in nevocytes in treated xenografts, which persisted 30 days after the end of treatment. Using original nevus explant and xenograft preclinical models, we demonstrated that intradermal MEK/Akt inhibition might serve as neoadjuvant therapy for the treatment of NRAS-mutated congenital melanocytic nevi to avoid iterative surgeries.

6.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(6): 909-914, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030853

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Parry Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a condition characterized by progressive hemifacial atrophy, predominantly affecting the soft tissues. Associated bone retraction is a common clinical feature of PRS but has never been assessed. Here we used 3D imaging and Bayesian statistics in order to demonstrate and quantify bone atrophy in PRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten non-operated patients with PRS (4/10 males) and 12 age-matched controls (7/12 males) were included into the study. The average age at CT-scan was 9.67 ± 4.13 years for PRS patients and 12.5 ± 4.37 years for controls. Soft and hard tissue atrophy levels were quantified using computed tomography scans, based on the distances between surfaces of the affected side and the non-affected contralateral side, both for the skin and the bone. We used a hierarchical Bayesian model with clinical priors in order to assess the relationship between hard and soft tissue atrophies. RESULTS: PRS patients had significant hard tissue atrophy, and atrophy extents were similar for soft and hard tissues. There was a trend for a correlation between the extent of hard tissue retraction and the extent of soft tissue retraction, and we could not demonstrate that the relationship between hard and soft tissue retractions was different in PRS and controls. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that bone atrophy was most probably a primary process rather than a phenomenon secondary to soft tissue retraction. We have provided the first assessment of bone atrophy in PRS patients using Bayesian statistics.

8.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(4): 586-591, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718215

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transverse mandibular deficiency has been traditionally managed by orthodontic compensation. However, without resolving the underlying skeletal hypoplasia it leads to high relapse rates. Few studies have reviewed the long-term experience and potential complications of mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis (MSDO) as an alternative treatment method. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A retrospective review of 20 patients (range: 4-19 years; mean: 11.9 years) treated with a hybrid MSDO device over the period of 1996-2017 was conducted. Epidemiological data, medical and dental history as well as photographic and cephalometric analyses were carried out. Furthermore, pre-operative and long-term post-operative status including dental occlusion and tooth-jaw discrepancies were recorded. RESULTS: The distraction amount ranged from 3 mm to 15 mm (mean: 10 mm) with an average distraction period of 30.9 days. In long-term follow-up (mean: 7.3 years), 14 patients presented a class I and 6 patients presented a class II relationship. Correction of overjet, tooth jaw discrepancy and arch length discrepancy were obtained in 18, 20 and 17 cases respectively. A device malfunction was experienced in 6 patients. CONCLUSION: Mandibular widening using a hybrid MSDO device can be efficiently and safely performed in a paediatric population. Further studies confirming our results and analysing facial aesthetic outcomes are warranted.

9.
Front Pediatr ; 6: 351, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525013

RESUMO

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) may lead to life-threatening respiratory and feeding disorders. With the aim to analyse the association of the severities of retrognathia and glossoptosis with those of respiratory and feeding disorders, we retrospectively studied a series of 50 infants with retrognathia, glossoptosis, cleft palate, and airway obstruction. The patients were managed from birth to at least 6 years of age by a single pediatric team at the Armand Trousseau Hospital in Paris within a 12 years period (2000-2012). Retrognathia and glossoptosis were graded in the neonatal period according to a specific clinical examination. Ventilation assistance was required for 32/50 (64%) patients, and enteral feeding for 41/50 (82%). The grades of retrognathia and glossoptosis and the severity of respiratory disorders did not differ between patients with isolated PRS and syndromic PRS. Severe respiratory disorders were more common and long-lasting feeding (>12 months) was more frequently required in patients with syndromic PRS compared with isolated PRS (42 vs. 13%, p = 0.04 and 42 vs. 4%, p < 0.01 respectively). Using univariate analysis, neurological impairments and laryngomalacia were associated with severe respiratory disorders [Odds ratio (OR) 5.0, 95% CI 1.3-19.6; and OR 14.6, 95% CI 1.3-161.4; p < 0.05] as well as with long-lasting feeding (>12 months) disorders (OR 18.6, 95% CI 3.9-89.2 and OR 20.4, 95% CI 3,4-122.8; p < 10-2). Syndromic SPR status was also associated with severe respiratory disorders (OR 4.9, 95% CI 1-32.5; p < 0.05). Using multivariate analysis, only syndromic PRS status was predictive for severe respiratory disorders (adjusted OR 8, 95% CI 1.47-44.57; p < 0.05); and only neurological impairments remained a significant risk for long lasting feeding disorders (>12 months) (adjusted OR 21.72, 95% CI 3.4-138.63; p < 10-2). The grades of retrognathia and glossoptosis were not predictive factors for the severity of respiratory and feeding disorders. Conclusion: In children with PRS, the severity of clinical conditions may not correlate with anatomic variables but rather with laryngeal abnormalities, neurological impairement and syndromic PRS status.

10.
Cancer Med ; 2018 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND, METHODS: To describe the characteristics, treatments (systemic/local), and outcome (oncological/functional) of French patients with head and neck Ewing's sarcomas (HNES) registered in the Euro-Ewing 99 (EE99) database. Specific patient-level data were reviewed retrospective. RESULTS: Forty-seven HNES patients in the EE99 database had a median age of 11 years, 89% had bone tumors (skull 55%, mandible 21%, maxilla 11%), 89% had small tumors (<200 mL), and they were rarely metastatic (9%). Local treatment was surgery radiotherapy (55%), exclusively surgery (28%), or radiotherapy (17%). Metastatic relapses occurred in five patients with high relapse risk factors (metastasis at diagnosis, poor histological response, large tumors). Local progression/relapses (LR) after exclusive radiotherapy occurred in three patients with persistent extra-osseous residue and in four patients considered R0 margins (postchemotherapy surgery, without postoperative radiotherapy [PORT]), reclassified by pathological review as R1a. Pathological review reclassified 72% of R0 margins: 11/18 to R1a and 2/18 to R2. Five patients had confirmed R0 margins after postchemotherapy surgery without PORT and had no LR Eight patients had R2 margins (initial surgery without previous chemotherapy, with PORT) and had no LR With a median follow-up of 9.3 years, the 3-year LR rate, EFS, and OS were 84.8%, 78.6%, and 89.3%, respectively. Among the 5-year survivors, 88% had long-term sequelae. CONCLUSION: To optimize HNES management, patients should be treated from diagnosis in expert centers with multidisciplinary committees to discuss treatment strategy (type of surgery, need for PORT) and validate surgical margins.

11.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 166, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cherubism is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of the jaws caused by mutation of the SH3BP2 gene. The bone is replaced by a fibrous granuloma containing multinucleated giant cells. Cells of the cherubism granuloma have never been systematically analyzed. Hence, the aim of this study was to characterize the cells in human cherubism granulomas, to determine the osteoclastic characteristics of the multinucleated giant cells and to investigate the potential role of TNF-α in human cherubism. RESULTS: Seven granulomas were analyzed in pathology, molecular biology and immunohistochemistry. Granulomas were composed mainly of macrophages or osteoclasts within a fibroblastic tissue, with few lymphoid cells. Myeloid differentiation and nuclear NFATc1 localization were both associated with disease aggressiveness. OPG and RANKL immunohistochemical expression was unexpected in our specimens. Five granuloma cells were cultured in standard and osteoclastogenic media. In culture, cherubism cells were able to differentiate into active osteoclasts, in both osteoclastogenic and standard media. IL-6 was the major cytokine present in the culture supernatants. CONCLUSION: Multinucleated giant cells from cherubism granulomas are CD68 positive cells, which differentiate into macrophages in non-aggressive cherubism and into osteoclasts in aggressive cherubism, stimulated by the NFATc1 pathway. This latter differentiation appears to involve a disturbed RANK-L/RANK/OPG pathway and be less TNF-α dependent than the cherubism mouse model.

12.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 35(5): 644-650, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibroblastic connective tissue nevi (FCTN) are benign skin conditions characterized by bland spindle cells infiltrating the reticular dermis and the upper subcutis with preservation of adnexal structures. A subset of FCTN expresses CD34, which may cause difficulties in the differential diagnosis, in particular with dermatofibrosarcoma (DFSP). We aim to study clinical and histological main features of congenital FCTN to better understand their heterogeneity. METHODS: We present 3 cases of congenital FCTN with misleading pseudo-tumoral presentations and compare them with published cases in literature. We provide a diagnostic algorithm for congenital neonatal connective tissue tumors. RESULTS: Clinically, FCTN mostly present as well-limited and nontender plaques or nodules mainly located in the neck and face areas or in the trunk. Histologically, FCTN are composed of irregularly distributed fascicles of bland spindled cells and are defined by a list of fundamental features: (i) no atypia, pleomorphism, or mitotic activity; (ii) skin appendages entrapped but unaffected; (iii) no evidence for malignancy. In most cases CD34 is positive, but in some cases, cells can express SMA or are even CD34- and SMA-. CONCLUSION: The initial presentation and natural history of FCTN fit better with a neoplasm than with a hamartoma. Thus, we suggest replacing the term "nevus" with tumor and considering fibroblastic connective tissue tumor (FCTT) as the right denomination of this clinico-pathological entity. FCTTs are difficult to diagnose due to their clinical heterogeneity. Clinical and histological malignant and benign differential diagnoses are discussed.


Assuntos
Nevo/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Nevo/cirurgia , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
13.
Nature ; 558(7711): 540-546, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899452

RESUMO

CLOVES syndrome (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal naevi, scoliosis/skeletal and spinal syndrome) is a genetic disorder that results from somatic, mosaic gain-of-function mutations of the PIK3CA gene, and belongs to the spectrum of PIK3CA-related overgrowth syndromes (PROS). This rare condition has no specific treatment and a poor survival rate. Here, we describe a postnatal mouse model of PROS/CLOVES that partially recapitulates the human disease, and demonstrate the efficacy of BYL719, an inhibitor of PIK3CA, in preventing and improving organ dysfunction. On the basis of these results, we used BYL719 to treat nineteen patients with PROS. The drug improved the disease symptoms in all patients. Previously intractable vascular tumours became smaller, congestive heart failure was improved, hemihypertrophy was reduced, and scoliosis was attenuated. The treatment was not associated with any substantial side effects. In conclusion, this study provides the first direct evidence supporting PIK3CA inhibition as a promising therapeutic strategy in patients with PROS.

14.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0199116, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29953443

RESUMO

Mandibular distraction is a surgical process that progressively lengthens bone. To improve the distraction procedure and devices, the load of distraction and the mechanical strain of soft tissues during the process must be determined. We tested the assumption that it could be the periosteum primarily opposing distraction. Therefore we assessed the mechanical properties of the human mandibular periosteum and compared the stress-strain data with the torque measured on the activator during a cadaveric mandibular distraction. A 20 mm horizontal mandibular distraction was performed in 7 cadavers using standard distractors. Torque was measured with a torquemeter placed on the activation rods of the devices, providing a load (Lt) for each millimeter of distraction. In parallel, 18 periosteum samples were harvested from 9 cadaver mandibles. Uniaxial tensile tests were performed on the specimens and an estimated load (Lc) was calculated using periosteal stress-strain data and mandibular dimensions. During the distraction process, we observed an increase of the load Lt from 11.6 to 50.6 N. The periosteum exhibited a nonlinear viscoelastic stress-strain relationship, typical of biological tissues composed of collagen and elastin. The median Lc and Lt were not significantly different for the first millimeter of distraction. We demonstrated the periosteum is primarily responsible for opposing the distraction load.

16.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(3): 479-484, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29317143

RESUMO

BACKGOUND: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) has worse speech outcomes than isolated cleft palate. We aimed to search for possible associations of phonological outcomes with PRS status (isolated vs syndromic), clinical severity, soft palate muscles deficiency, or surgical procedure. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study of 130 children (male/female ratio: 0.4) with isolated (96) or syndromic (34) PRS with cleft palate. Grading systems were used to classify retrognathia, glossoptosis, and respiratory and feeding disorders. Electromyography was used to investigate levator veli palatini muscles. Hard cleft palate was measured using maxillary casts. Intravelar veloplasty was performed using the Sommerlad's technique. Phonological outcomes were assessed using the Borel-Maisonny classification. RESULTS: Cleft palate was repaired in one stage (65.5%) or hard palate closure was postponed (34.5%). Velopharyngeal insufficiency was more frequent in syndromic PRS (53%) vs. isolated PRS (30.5%) (p = 0.01), but was not statistically associated with clinical grade, hard cleft palate width, soft palate electromyography, and surgical procedure. CONCLUSIONS: In children with PRS, anatomic variables, initial clinical severity, and soft palate muscle deficiency are not predictors of speech prognosis.

17.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(2): 305-311, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275073

RESUMO

Orbito-palpebral reconstruction is a challenge in Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS). This study investigates orbital phenotypes in TCS using cephalometry and orbital shape analysis. Eighteen TCS and 52 control patients were included in this study, using the Dr Warehouse database. Orbital cephalometry was based on 20 landmarks, 10 planes, 16 angles, and 22 distances. Orbits were segmented. Registration-based, age-specific mean models were generated using semi-automatic segmentation, and aligned and compared using color-coded distance maps - mean absolute distance (MAD), Hausdorff distance (HD), and Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). Symmetry was assessed by mirroring and DSC computing. Central orbital depth (COD) and medial orbital depth (MOD) allowed 100% of orbits to be classified. COD and lateral orbital depth (LOD) were different from the controls. Average MAD between TCS and controls was ≤1.5 mm, while for HD it was >1.5 mm, and for DSC <1. TCS orbits were more asymmetrical than controls, and orbital volumes were smaller when age was considered as a confounding factor, and had a trend for normalization with age. This report emphasizes the importance of combining different morphometric approaches in the phenotype characterization of non-trivial structures such as the orbit, and supports composite skeletal and soft-tissue strategies for the management of the peri-orbital region.


Assuntos
Disostose Mandibulofacial/patologia , Órbita/patologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cefalometria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Disostose Mandibulofacial/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(2): 201-206, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) of the head and neck is a rare entity with uncertain clinical behavior. Radical surgical resection is the current recommended treatment, however this can cause severe aesthetic and functional sequelae. The aim of this study was to clinically characterize MNTIs and to stratify risk factors that may influence locoregional recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter study, including 11 patients from eight centers with a confirmed diagnosis of MNTI, was conducted. Epidemiological, clinical, radiological, pathological, and immunohistochemical examinations were reviewed. A statistical analysis using a t-test was conducted to calculate parameters correlating with tumor recurrence. RESULTS: MNTIs mainly occurred in the maxilla, with a mean age at diagnosis of 3.18 months (range: 0-6 months). Primary surgery was performed on 10 patients, with a clear margin resection on two patients. Overall recurrence rate was 27% with a survival of 100% at time of follow-up. No statistical correlation between recurrence rate, age at diagnosis, localization, resection margins, and pathological and immunohistochemical characteristics could be established. CONCLUSION: In our study, locoregional tumor recurrence did not seem to correlate with resection margins, so a conservative surgical approach may need to be considered to avoid functional and aesthetic sequelae.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/etiologia , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/etiologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias Mandibulares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/etiologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/patologia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Maxilares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Maxilares/etiologia , Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Neoplasias Maxilares/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/epidemiologia , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/patologia , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/cirurgia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/etiologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/patologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(1): 22-27, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29239768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial clefts belong to the most disfiguring and rare congenital malformations of the face and among these, orbito-facial clefts constitute approximately 0.22 % of the cases with Tessier cleft number 5 being the least common. Our aim was to define the phenotypic spectrum for this subgroup to improve clinical management. METHODS: Our study group consisted of four patients which were treated at two different cleft centers. Retrospective chart review and anatomical analysis were conducted for each patient based on clinical evaluation and imaging studies. Morphological anomalies including soft tissue, bone and oral components were recorded. RESULTS: Based on our analysis and literature review, we could define two subtypes of Tessier facial cleft number 5. (1) Medial clefts are the more severe subtype, creating a significant soft tissue and bone defect that runs vertically, through the eyelid, infraorbital rim, maxillary sinus and cheek. They have the poorer esthetic and functional prognosis, due to orbital dystopia and absence of lower eyelid. (2) Lateral clefts are a less severe subtype characterized by the presence of a vertical furrow of the cheek running laterally to the maxillary sinus. CONCLUSIONS: We identified two subtypes of facial cleft number 5 which require an individualized surgical management.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/classificação , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Face/anormalidades , Ossos Faciais/anormalidades , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 40(4): 320-324, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29016414

RESUMO

We present the case of a woman referred to our department at 34 weeks of pregnancy with a fetal ultrasonographic scan showing a mass that had developed within the right maxilla with invasion of the orbit. A retrospective examination showed that this tumor had been present since the 12th week of pregnancy. At 39+4 weeks of gestation, a boy was born. He presented a black firm aspect in the maxilla. A computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a soft tissue swelling over the right maxilla, extending into the orbit but without invasion of the globe. Surgical biopsy confirmed a melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy. The pathologic examination did not show any neuroblast-like component on the hematoxylin eosin saffron staining. Because of the extension and the size of the lesion, neoadjuvant chemotherapy was carried out. At day 21, the patient received 1 cycle of low-dose cyclophosphamide and vincristine, 2 cycles of etoposide and carboplatin, and thereafter 1 cycle of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, and vincristin because the lesion kept growing. After stabilization of the size of the tumor, at 4 months, a maxillectomy and partial resection of the orbital floor and lateral orbital wall was performed on the patient. As a complete resection would have required orbital exenteration, surgery was performed deliberately incomplete leaving a macroscopic residue (R2). At 2.5 years of follow-up, the patient showed complete remission with no lesions evident on magnetic resonance imaging.

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