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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 220: 761-7, 2016 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27393863

RESUMO

AIMS: To define a benchmark target for an invasive strategy (IS) rate appropriate for performance assessment in intermediate-to-high risk non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: During the BLITZ-4 campaign, which aimed at improving the quality of care in 163 Italian coronary care units, 4923/5786 (85.1%) of consecutive patients admitted with NSTE-ACS with troponin elevation and/or dynamic ST-T changes on the electrocardiogram were managed with IS. The reasons driving the choice (RDC) for a conservative strategy (CS) in the remaining 863 patients were prospectively recorded. In 33.8%, CS was mandatory because of patients refusal, known coronary anatomy or death before coronary angiography; in 52.8% it was clinically justified because of active stroke, bleeding, advanced frailty, severe comorbidities, contraindication to antiplatelet therapy or because they were considered to be at low risk; only in 13.4% the reasons, such as renal failure, advanced age or other, were less stringent. As compared to patients undergoing IS, those in the CS were 12years older and had significantly more severe comorbidities. The in-hospital and 6-month all-cause mortality were 9.0% vs 0.9% and 22.0% vs 3.9% in CS and IS groups respectively (p<0.0001 for both). CONCLUSION: As the RDC for CS were clinically correct in vast majority of cases the observed 85% invasive strategy rate may be considered as the desirable benchmark target in patients with NSTE-ACS. For the same reason, it remains questionable if the higher rate of IS could have improved the prognosis in CS patients, despite their highly unfavorable prognosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Benchmarking/normas , Admissão do Paciente/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benchmarking/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 17(4): 263-9, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26090917

RESUMO

AIMS: Refractory recurrent pericarditis is a major clinical challenge after colchicine failure, especially in corticosteroid-dependent patients. Human intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) have been proposed as possible therapeutic options for these cases. The goal of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy and safety of IVIGs in this context. METHODS: Studies reporting the use of IVIG for the treatment of recurrent pericarditis and published up to October 2014 were searched in several databases. All references found, upon initial assessment at title and abstract level for suitability, were consequently retrieved as full reports for further appraisal. RESULTS: Among the 18 citations retrieved, 17 reports (4 case series and 13 single case reports, with an overall population of 30 patients) were included. The mean disease duration was 14 months and the mean number of recurrences before IVIG was 3. Approximately 47% of patients had idiopathic recurrent pericarditis, 10% had an infective cause, and the remainder a systemic inflammatory disease. Nineteen out of the 30 patients (63.3%) were on corticosteroids at IVIG commencement. IVIGs were generally administered at a dose of 400-500 mg/kg/day for 5 consecutive days with repeated cycles according to the clinical response. Complications were uncommon (headache in ~3%) and not life-threatening. After a mean follow-up of approximately 33th months, recurrences occurred in 26.6% of cases after the first IVIG cycle, and 22 of the 30 patients (73.3%) were recurrence-free. Five patients (16.6%) were on corticosteroids at the end of the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: IVIGs are rapidly acting, well tolerated, and efficacious steroid-sparing agents in refractory pericarditis.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pericardite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Recidiva
3.
Heart ; 101(18): 1463-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25926597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data on the incidence of new onset atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF/f) in patients with acute pericarditis are limited. We sought to determine the incidence and prognostic significance of AF/f in this setting. METHODS: Between January 2006 and June 2014, consecutive new cases of acute pericarditis were included in two urban referral centres for pericardial diseases. All new cases of AF/f defined as episodes lasting ≥30 s were recorded. Events considered during follow-up consisted of AF/f and pericarditis recurrence, cardiac tamponade, pericardial constriction and death. RESULTS: 822 consecutive new cases of acute pericarditis (mean age 53±15 years, 444 men) were analysed. AF/f was detected in 35 patients (4.3%, mean age 66.5±11.3 years, 18 men). Patients with AF/f were significantly older (p=0.017) and presented more frequently with pericardial effusion (p<0.001). Arrhythmias developed within 24 h of pericarditis onset in 91.4% of cases, lasted >24 h in 25.7% and spontaneously converted in 74.3% of patients. Underlying structural heart disease was present in 17% of AF/f cases. In a 30-month follow-up, patients with history of AF/f at the initial episode had a higher rate of arrhythmia occurrence (34.3% vs 0.9%, p<0.001), mostly (75%) within 3 months. No other differences were detected in additional clinical events including haemorrhagic complications in patients receiving oral anticoagulation. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of AF/f in acute pericarditis identifies a predisposed population to AF/f with a high recurrence risk (about 35%): in these patients, pericarditis may act as an arrhythmic trigger and oral anticoagulation should be seriously considered according to guidelines.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial , Pericardite , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardite/complicações , Pericardite/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Heart ; 98(12): 914-9, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22626899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left main disease (LMD) and three-vessel disease (3VD) have important prognostic value in patients with coronary artery disease. However, uncertainties still exist about their prevalence and predictors in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and also in patients with stable coronary disease. Thus the aim of this study was to perform an international collaborative systematic review and meta-analysis to appraise the prevalence and predictors of LMD and 3VD. METHODS: Medline/PubMed were systematically searched for eligible studies published up to 2010, reporting multivariate predictors of LMD or 3VD. Study features, patient characteristics, and prevalence and predictors of LMD and 3VD were abstracted and pooled with random-effect methods (95% CIs). RESULTS: 17 studies (22 740 patients) were included, 11 focusing on ACS (17 896 patients) and six on stable coronary disease (4844 patients). In the ACS subgroup, LMD or 3VD occurred in 20% (95% CI 7.2% to 33.4%), LMD in 12% (95% CI 10.5% to 13.5%), and 3VD in 25% (95% CI 23.1% to 27.0%). Heart failure at admission and extent of ST-segment elevation in lead aVR on 12-lead ECG were the most powerful predictors of LMD or 3VD. In the stable disease subgroup, LMD or 3VD was found in 36% (95% CI 18.5% to 48.8%), with the most powerful predictors being transient ischaemic dilation during the imaging stress test, extent of ST-segment elevation in aVR and V1 during the stress test, and hyperlipidaemia. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis demonstrated that severe coronary disease-that is, LMD or 3VD-is more common in patients with ACS or stable coronary disease than generally perceived, and that simple and low-cost tools may help in the selection of the most appropriate therapeutic approach.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários , Saúde Global , Humanos , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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