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1.
N Engl J Med ; 381(24): 2327-2337, 2019 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moderate therapeutic hypothermia is currently recommended to improve neurologic outcomes in adults with persistent coma after resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, the effectiveness of moderate therapeutic hypothermia in patients with nonshockable rhythms (asystole or pulseless electrical activity) is debated. METHODS: We performed an open-label, randomized, controlled trial comparing moderate therapeutic hypothermia (33°C during the first 24 hours) with targeted normothermia (37°C) in patients with coma who had been admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after resuscitation from cardiac arrest with nonshockable rhythm. The primary outcome was survival with a favorable neurologic outcome, assessed on day 90 after randomization with the use of the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) scale (which ranges from 1 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater disability). We defined a favorable neurologic outcome as a CPC score of 1 or 2. Outcome assessment was blinded. Mortality and safety were also assessed. RESULTS: From January 2014 through January 2018, a total of 584 patients from 25 ICUs underwent randomization, and 581 were included in the analysis (3 patients withdrew consent). On day 90, a total of 29 of 284 patients (10.2%) in the hypothermia group were alive with a CPC score of 1 or 2, as compared with 17 of 297 (5.7%) in the normothermia group (difference, 4.5 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1 to 8.9; P = 0.04). Mortality at 90 days did not differ significantly between the hypothermia group and the normothermia group (81.3% and 83.2%, respectively; difference, -1.9 percentage points; 95% CI, -8.0 to 4.3). The incidence of prespecified adverse events did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with coma who had been resuscitated from cardiac arrest with nonshockable rhythm, moderate therapeutic hypothermia at 33°C for 24 hours led to a higher percentage of patients who survived with a favorable neurologic outcome at day 90 than was observed with targeted normothermia. (Funded by the French Ministry of Health and others; HYPERION ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01994772.).


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Coma/complicações , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida , Idoso , Temperatura Corporal , Encefalopatias/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Parada Cardíaca/complicações , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Método Simples-Cego
2.
Lancet Respir Med ; 7(4): 303-312, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation has never been compared with high-flow oxygen to determine whether it reduces the risk of severe hypoxaemia during intubation. We aimed to determine if preoxygenation with non-invasive ventilation was more efficient than high-flow oxygen in reducing the risk of severe hypoxaemia during intubation. METHODS: The FLORALI-2 multicentre, open-label trial was done in 28 intensive care units in France. Adult patients undergoing tracheal intubation for acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure (a partial pressure of arterial oxygen [PaO2] to fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2] ratio of ≤300 mm Hg) were randomly assigned (1:1; block size, four participants) to non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen during preoxygenation, with stratification by PaO2/FiO2 ratio (≤200 mm Hg vs >200 mm Hg). Key exclusion criteria were intubation for cardiac arrest, altered consciousness (defined as a Glasgow coma score of less than eight points), other contraindications to non-invasive ventilation (recent laryngeal, oesophageal, or gastric surgery, and substantial facial fractures), pulse oximetry not available, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and refusal to participate. The primary outcome was the occurrence of severe hypoxaemia (pulse oximetry <80%) during the procedure, assessed in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02668458. FINDINGS: Between April 15, 2016, and Jan 8, 2017, 2079 patients were intubated in the 28 participating units, and 322 were enrolled. We excluded five patients with no recorded data, two who withdrew consent or were under legal protection, one who was not intubated, and one who had a cardiac arrest. Of the 313 patients included in the intention-to-treat analysis, 142 were assigned to non-invasive ventilation and 171 to high-flow oxygen therapy. Severe hypoxaemia occurred in 33 (23%) of 142 patients after preoxygenation with non-invasive ventilation and 47 (27%) of 171 with high-flow oxygen (absolute difference -4·2%, 95% CI -13·7 to 5·5; p=0·39). In the 242 patients with moderate-to-severe hypoxaemia (PaO2/FiO2 ≤200 mm Hg), severe hypoxaemia occurred less frequently after preoxygenation with non-invasive ventilation than with high-flow oxygen (28 [24%] of 117 patients vs 44 [35%] of 125; adjusted odds ratio 0·56, 0·32 to 0·99, p=0·0459). Serious adverse events did not differ between treatment groups, with the most common immediate complications being systolic arterial hypotension (70 [49%] patients in the non-invasive ventilation group vs 86 [50%] patients in the high-flow oxygen group) and chest infiltrate on x-ray (28 [20%] vs 33 [19%]), and the most common late complications being death at day 28 (53 [37%] vs 58 [34%]) and ventilator-associated pneumonia during ICU stay (31 [22%] vs 35 [20%]). INTERPRETATION: In patients with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure, preoxygenation with non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen therapy did not change the risk of severe hypoxaemia. Future research should explore the effect of preoxygenation method in patients with moderate-to-severe hypoxaemia at baseline. FUNDING: French Ministry of Health.

3.
Resuscitation ; 138: 222-232, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early prognostication is a major challenge after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). AIMS: We hypothesized that a genome-wide analysis of blood gene expression could offer new prognostic tools and lines of research. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were enrolled from an ancillary study of the clinical trial NCT00999583 that tested the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) after OHCA. Blood samples were collected in comatose survivors of OHCA at hospital admission and 1 and 3 days after resuscitation. Gene expression profiles were analyzed (Illumina HumanHT-12 V4 BeadChip; >34,000 genes). Patients were classified into two categories representing neurological favorable outcome (cerebral performance category [CPC] = 1-2) vs unfavorable outcome (CPC > 2) at Day 60 after OHCA. Differential and functional enrichment analyses were performed to compare transcriptomic profiles between these two categories. RESULTS: Among the 69 enrolled patients, 33 and 36 patients were treated or not by EPO, respectively. Among them, 42% had a favorable neurological outcome in both groups. EPO did not affect the transcriptomic response at Day-0 and 1 after OHCA. In contrast, 76 transcripts differed at Day-0 between patients with unfavorable vs favorable neurological outcome. This signature persisted at Day-1 after OHCA. Functional enrichment analysis revealed a down-regulation of adaptive immunity with concomitant up-regulation of innate immunity and inflammation in patients with unfavorable vs favorable neurological outcome. The transcription of many genes of the HLA family was decreased in patients with unfavorable vs favorable neurological outcome. Concomitantly, neutrophil activation and inflammation were observed. Up-stream regulators analysis showed the implication of numerous factors involved in cell cycle and damages. A logistic regression including a set of genes allowed a reliable prediction of the clinical outcomes (specificity = 88%; Hit Rate = 83%). CONCLUSIONS: A transcriptomic signature involving a counterbalance between adaptive and innate immune responses is able to predict neurological outcome very early after hospital admission after OHCA. This deserves confirmation in a larger population.

4.
Crit Care Med ; 47(4): 526-534, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Family members of brain dead patients experience an unprecedented situation in which not only they are told that their loved one is dead but are also asked to consider organ donation. The objective of this qualitative study was to determine 1) what it means for family members to make the decision and to take responsibility, 2) how they interact with the deceased patient in the ICU, 3) how family members describe the impact of the process and of the decision on their bereavement process. DESIGN: Qualitative study using interviews with bereaved family members who were approached for organ donation after the death of their relative in the ICU (brain death). SETTING: Family members from 13 ICUs in France. SUBJECTS: Bereaved family members who were approached for organ donation after the death of their relative in the ICU (brain death). INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four interviews were conducted with 16 relatives of organ donor patients and with eight relatives of nonorgan donor patients. Three themes emerged: 1) taking responsibility-relatives explain how they endorse decisional responsibility but do not experience it as a burden, on the contrary; 2) ambiguous perceptions of death-two groups of relatives emerge: those for whom ambiguity hinders their acceptance of the patient's death; those for whom ambiguity is an opportunity to accept the death and say goodbye; and 3) donation as a comfort during bereavement. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of caregivers' efforts to focus organ donation discussions and decision on the patient, family members feel a strong decisional responsibility that is not experienced as a burden but a proof of their strong connection to the patient. Brain death however creates ambivalent experiences that some family members endure whereas others use as an opportunity to perform separation rituals. Last, organ donation can be experienced as a form of comfort during bereavement provided family members remain convinced their decision was right.


Assuntos
Luto , Morte Encefálica , Família/psicologia , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Adulto , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
J Clin Virol ; 105: 118-127, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Torque teno viruses (TTV) are small DNA viruses whose replication is closely linked to immune status. A growing number of publications underlined the potential of TTV viral load as an indicator of immunosuppression. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the analytical performance of the first standardized RUO (Research Use Only) assay to detect and quantify human TTV DNA in whole blood and plasma. STUDY DESIGN: We established analytical performances for TTV load measurement in various populations. The TTV kinetics were followed in kidney recipients. TTV viral load was analyzed on whole blood samples from 42 kidney recipients follow-up, 53 kidney deceased donors and 31 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: The qPCR TTV assay detects the most prevalent human TTV genotypes and does not cross react with other viruses. Limit of detection was 2.2 log10 copies/mL in whole blood and plasma, linearity and precision were demonstrated over the range 1.61 to 10.61 log10 copies/mL in whole blood. Prevalence of TTV DNA in blood differed significantly among groups: 45% in healthy volunteers, 74% in donors and 83% in kidney recipients. In kidney recipients, early TTV kinetics were comparable to those previously observed with in-house assays in other transplant settings: viral load increased from an average of 4.3 log10 to 7.9 log10 copies/mL within the first 75 days post transplantation. CONCLUSION: This TTV assay showed high analytical sensitivity, specificity, linearity and precision. It is a useful standardized tool to further evaluate TTV load as a biomarker of immune status that could improve individual treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus de DNA/diagnóstico , Monitorização Imunológica/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Carga Viral/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Transplante de Rim , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Torque teno virus/genética , Torque teno virus/isolamento & purificação , Transplantados , Carga Viral/normas , Adulto Jovem
6.
Crit Care Med ; 46(8): e751-e760, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29742585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiac arrest is a catastrophic event that may arise during the management of convulsive status epilepticus. We aimed to report the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and early predictors of convulsive status epilepticus-related cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. SETTING: Seventeen university or university affiliated participating ICUs in France and Belgium. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients admitted to the participating ICUs for management of successfully resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest complicating the initial management of convulsive status epilepticus between 2000 and 2015. Patients were compared with controls without cardiac arrest identified in a single-center registry of convulsive status epilepticus patients, regarding characteristics, management, and outcome. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We included 49 cases with convulsive status epilepticus-cardiac arrest and 235 controls. In the cases, median time from medical team arrival to cardiac arrest was 25 minutes (interquartile range, 5-85 min). First recorded rhythm was asystole in 25 patients (51%) and pulseless electrical activity in 13 patients (27%). A significantly larger proportion of patients had a favorable 1-year outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 5) among controls (90/235; 38%) than among cases (10/49; 21%; p = 0.02). By multivariate analysis, independent predictors of cardiac arrest were pulse oximetry less than 97% on scene (odds ratio, 2.66; 95% CI, 1.03-7.26; p = 0.04), drug poisoning as the cause of convulsive status epilepticus (odds ratio, 4.13; 95% CI, 1.27-13.53; p = 0.02), and complications during early management (odds ratio, 11.98; 95% CI, 4.67-34.69; p < 0.0001). Having at least one comorbidity among cardiac, respiratory, and neurologic (other than epilepsy) conditions predicted absence of cardiac arrest (odds ratio, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.10-0.80; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In patients managed for convulsive status epilepticus, relative hypoxemia, on-scene management complications, and drug poisoning as the cause of convulsive status epilepticus were strong early predictors of cardiac arrest, suggesting areas for improvement.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Estado Epiléptico/epidemiologia , Estado Epiléptico/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipóxia/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem
7.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 198(6): 751-758, 2018 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29553799

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Studies show that the quality of end-of-life communication and care have a significant impact on the living long after the death of a relative and have been implicated in the burden of psychological symptoms after the ICU experience. In the case of organ donation, the patient's relatives are centrally involved in the decision-making process; yet, few studies have examined the impact of the quality of communication on the burden of psychological symptoms after death. OBJECTIVES: To assess the experience of the organ donation process and grief symptoms in relatives of brain-dead patients who discussed organ donation in the ICU. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter longitudinal study in 28 ICUs in France. Participants were the relatives of brain-dead patients who were approached to discuss organ donation. Relatives were followed-up by phone at three time points: at 1 month, to complete a questionnaire describing their experience of the organ donation process; at 3 months, to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised; and at 9 months, to complete the Impact of Event Scale-Revised and the Inventory of Complicated Grief. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In total, 202 relatives of 202 patients were included, of whom 158 consented to and 44 refused organ donation. Interviews were conducted at 1, 3, and 9 months with 78%, 68%, and 58% of relatives, respectively. The overall experience of the organ donation process was significantly more burdensome for relatives of nondonors. They were more dissatisfied with communication (27% vs. 10%; P = 0.021), more often shocked by the request (65% vs. 19%; P < 0.0001), and more often found the decision difficult (53% vs. 27%; P = 0.017). However, there were no significant differences in grief symptoms measured at 3 and 9 months between the two groups. Understanding of brain death was associated with grief symptoms; our results show a higher prevalence of complicated grief symptoms among relatives who did not understand the brain death process than among those who did (75% vs. 46.1%; P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Experience of the organ donation process varied between relatives of donor versus nondonor patients, with relatives of nondonors experiencing lower-quality communication, but the decision was not associated with subsequent grief symptoms. Importantly, understanding of brain death is a key element of the organ donation process for relatives.


Assuntos
Família/psicologia , Pesar , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Adulto , Crianças Adultas/psicologia , Morte Encefálica , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Cônjuges/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Chest ; 153(1): 55-64, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28866112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the agreement between transpulmonary thermodilution (TPT) and critical care echocardiography (CCE) in ventilated patients with septic shock. METHODS: Ventilated patients in sinus rhythm requiring advanced hemodynamic assessment for septic shock were included in this prospective multicenter descriptive study. Patients were assessed successively using TPT and CCE in random order. Data were interpreted independently at bedside by two investigators who proposed therapeutic changes on the basis of predefined algorithms. TPT and CCE hemodynamic assessments were reviewed offline by two independent experts who identified potential sources of discrepant results by consensus. Lactate clearance and outcome were studied. RESULTS: A total of 137 patients were studied (71 men; age, 61 ± 15 years; Simplified Acute Physiologic Score, 58 ± 18; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, 10 ± 3). TPT and CCE interpretations at bedside were concordant in 87/132 patients (66%) without acute cor pulmonale (ACP), resulting in a moderate agreement (kappa, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.37-0.60). Experts' adjudications were concordant in 100/129 patients without ACP (77.5%), resulting in a good intertechnique agreement (kappa, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.55-0.77). In addition to ACP (n = 8), CCE depicted a potential source of TPT inaccuracy in 8/29 patients (28%). Lactate clearance at H6 was similar irrespective of the concordance of online interpretations of TPT and CCE (55/84 [65%] vs 32/45 [71%], P = .55). ICU and day 28 mortality rates were similar between patients with concordant and discordant interpretations (29/87 [36%] vs 13/45 [29%], P = .60; and 31/87 [36%] vs 16/45 [36%], P = .99, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Agreement between TPT and CCE was moderate when interpreted at bedside and good when adjudicated offline by experts, but without impact on lactate clearance and mortality.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Choque Séptico/fisiopatologia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Choque Séptico/terapia , Termodiluição/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos
11.
Crit Care Med ; 45(7): e657-e665, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28403121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics, management, and outcome of patients admitted to ICUs for pheochromocytoma crisis. DESIGN: A 16-year multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: Fifteen university and nonuniversity ICUs in France. PATIENTS: Patients admitted in ICU for pheochromocytoma crisis. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: We included 34 patients with a median age of 46 years (40-54 yr); 65% were males. At admission, the median Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score was 8 (4-12) and median Simplified Acute Physiology Score II 49.5 (27-70). The left ventricular ejection fraction was consistently decreased with a median value of 30% (15-40%). Mechanical ventilation was required in 23 patients, mainly because of congestive heart failure. Vasoactive drugs were used in 23 patients (68%) and renal replacement therapy in eight patients (24%). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used as a rescue therapy in 14 patients (41%). Pheochromocytoma was diagnosed by CT in 33 of 34 patients. When assayed, urinary metanephrine and catecholamine levels were consistently elevated. Five patients underwent urgent surgery, including two during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Overall ICU mortality was 24% (8/34), and overall 90-day mortality was 27% (9/34). Crude 90-day mortality was not significantly different between patients managed with versus without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (22% vs 30%) (p = 0.7) despite higher severity scores at admission in the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation group. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality is high in pheochromocytoma crisis. Routinely considering this diagnosis and performing abdominal CT in patients with unexplained cardiogenic shock may allow an earlier diagnosis. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and adrenalectomy should be considered as a therapeutic in most severe cases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/terapia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Feocromocitoma/terapia , APACHE , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , França , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Feocromocitoma/mortalidade , Terapia de Substituição Renal/métodos , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
12.
Anesthesiology ; 126(5): 882-889, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28296682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different modes of death are described in selected populations, but few data report the characteristics of death in a general intensive care unit population. This study analyzed the causes and characteristics of death of critically ill patients and compared anticipated death patients to unexpected death counterparts. METHODS: An observational multicenter cohort study was performed in 96 intensive care units. During 1 yr, each intensive care unit was randomized to participate during a 1-month period. Demographic data, characteristics of organ failures (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment subscore greater than or equal to 3), and organ supports were collected on all patients who died in the intensive care unit. Modes of death were defined as anticipated (after withdrawal or withholding of treatment or brain death) or unexpected (despite engagement of full-level care or sudden refractory cardiac arrest). RESULTS: A total of 698 patients were included during the study period. At the time of death, 84% had one or more organ failures (mainly hemodynamic) and 89% required at least one organ support (mainly mechanical ventilation). Deaths were considered unexpected and anticipated in 225 and 473 cases, respectively. Compared to its anticipated counterpart, unexpected death occurred earlier (1 day vs. 5 days; P< 0.001) and had fewer organ failures (1 [1 to 2] vs. 1 [1 to 3]; P< 0.01) and more organ supports (2 [2 to 3] vs. 1 [1 to 2]; P< 0.01). Withdrawal or withholding of treatments accounted for half of the deaths. CONCLUSIONS: In a general intensive care unit population, the majority of patients present with at least one organ failure at the time of death. Anticipated and unexpected deaths represent two different modes of dying and exhibit profiles reflecting the different pathophysiologic underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Intensive Care Med ; 43(4): 485-495, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28220232

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Few outcome data are available about temperature management after intraoperative cardiac arrest (IOCA). We describe targeted temperature management (TTM) (32-34 °C) modalities, adverse events, and association with 1-year functional outcome in patients with IOCA. METHODS: Patients admitted to 11 ICUs after IOCA in 2008-2013 were studied retrospectively. The main outcome measure was 1-year functional outcome. RESULTS: Of the 101 patients [35 women and 66 men; median age, 62 years (interquartile range, 42-72)], 68 (67.3%) were ASA PS I to III and 57 (56.4%) had emergent surgery. First recorded rhythms were asystole in 44 (43.6%) patients, pulseless electrical activity in 36 (35.6%), and ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia in 20 (19.8%). Median times from collapse to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were 0 min (0-0) and 10 min (4-20), respectively. The 30 (29.7%) patients who received TTM had an increased risk of infection (P = 0.005) but not of arrhythmia, bleeding, or metabolic/electrolyte disorders. By multivariate analysis, one or more defibrillation before ROSC was positively associated with a favorable functional outcome at 1-year (OR 3.06, 95% CI 1.05-8.95, P = 0.04) and emergency surgery was negatively associated with 1-year favorable functional outcome (OR 0.36; 95% CI 0.14-0.95, P = 0.038). TTM use was not independently associated with 1-year favorable outcome (OR 0.82; 95% CI 0.27-2.46, P = 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: TTM was used in less than one-third of patients after IOCA. TTM was associated with infection but not with bleeding or coronary events in this setting. TTM did not independently predict 1-year favorable functional outcome after IOCA in this study.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Cardioversão Elétrica , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 68(1): 40-9, 2016 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27364049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggested a clinical benefit in treating out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients with a high dose of erythropoietin (Epo) analogs. OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate the efficacy of epoetin alfa treatment on the outcome of OHCA patients in a phase 3 trial. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients still comatose after a witnessed OHCA of presumed cardiac origin were eligible. In the intervention group, patients received 5 intravenous injections spaced 12 h apart during the first 48 h (40,000 units each, resulting in a maximal dose of 200,000 total units), started as soon as possible after resuscitation. In the control group, patients received standard care without Epo. The main endpoint was the proportion of patients in each group reaching level 1 on the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) scale (survival with no or minor neurological sequelae) at day 60. Secondary endpoints included all-cause mortality rate, distribution of patients in CPC levels at different time points, and side effects. RESULTS: In total, 476 patients were included in the primary analysis. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. At day 60, 32.4% of patients (76 of 234) in the intervention group reached a CPC 1 level, as compared with 32.1% of patients (78 of 242) in the control group (odds ratio: 1.01; 95% confidence interval: 0.68 to 1.48). The mortality rate and proportion of patients in each CPC level did not differ at any time points. Serious adverse events were more frequent in Epo-treated patients as compared with controls (22.6% vs. 14.9%; p = 0.03), particularly thrombotic complications (12.4% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In patients resuscitated from an OHCA of presumed cardiac cause, early administration of erythropoietin plus standard therapy did not confer a benefit, and was associated with a higher complication rate. (High Dose of Erythropoietin Analogue After Cardiac Arrest [Epo-ACR-02]; NCT00999583).


Assuntos
Epoetina alfa/administração & dosagem , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
15.
Ann Intensive Care ; 6(1): 36, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27099042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is highly prevalent in the general population and associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Its prognostic role in patients sustaining septic shock in the intensive care unit (ICU) remains controversial. Accordingly, we investigated whether LV diastolic function was independently associated with ICU mortality in a cohort of septic shock patients assessed using critical care echocardiography. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, patients hospitalized in a Medical-Surgical ICU who underwent an echocardiographic assessment with digitally stored images during the initial management of a septic shock were included in this retrospective single-center study. Off-line echocardiographic measurements were independently performed by an expert in critical care echocardiography who was unaware of patients' outcome. LV diastolic dysfunction was defined by the presence of a lateral E' maximal velocity <10 cm/s. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine independent risk factors associated with ICU mortality. RESULTS: Among the 540 patients hospitalized in the ICU with septic shock during the study period, 223 were studied (140 men [63 %]; age 64 ± 13 years; SAPS II 55 ± 18; SOFA 10 ± 3; Charlson 3.5 ± 2.5) and 204 of them (91 %) were mechanically ventilated. ICU mortality was 35 %. LV diastolic dysfunction was observed in 31 % of patients. The proportion of LV diastolic dysfunction tended to be higher in non-survivors than in their counterparts (28/78 [36 %] vs. 41/145 [28 %]: p = 0.15). Inappropriate initial antibiotic therapy (OR 4.17 [CI 95 % 1.33-12.5]: p = 0.03), maximal dose of vasopressors (OR 1.38 [CI 95 % 1.16-1.63]: p = 0.01), SOFA score (OR 1.16 [CI 95 % 1.02-1.32]: p = 0.02) and lateral E' maximal velocity (OR 1.12 [CI 95 % 1.01-1.24]: p = 0.02) were independently associated with ICU mortality. After adjusting for the SAPS II score, inappropriate initial antibiotic therapy and maximal dose of vasopressors remained independent factors for ICU mortality, whereas a trend was only observed for lateral E' maximal velocity (OR 1.11 [CI 95 % 0.99-1.23]: p = 0.07). CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that LV diastolic function might be associated with ICU mortality in patients with septic shock. A multicenter prospective study assessing a large cohort of patients using serial echocardiographic examinations remains required to confirm the prognostic value of LV diastolic dysfunction in septic shock.

19.
BMC Med Imaging ; 15: 31, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26271929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic monitoring is frequently needed in ventilated patients with unstable hemodynamics after open-heart surgery. Novel miniaturized single-use transesophageal echocardiographic probe has been scarcely used in this clinical setting. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient who underwent a scheduled open-heart surgery developed a ventilator-associated pneumonia and was referred to the intensive care unit for post-operative acute respiratory distress syndrome. Hemodynamic monitoring was performed with a single-use indwelling transesophageal echocardiography probe during 50 h. Initially, a contrast study depicted a patent foramen ovale with a right-to-left shunt. Nitric oxide was administered and positive end-expiration pressure was reduced. Subsequently, the patient became hemodynamically unstable and the identification of a localized tamponade due to compressive left atrial hematoma prompted reoperation. CONCLUSIONS: The novel hemodynamic monitoring device described here appears valuable to help identifying severe post-operative complications and guide acute care.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/instrumentação , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Óxido Nítrico/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Tamponamento Cardíaco/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia
20.
Intensive Care Med ; 41(11): 1886-94, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26254013

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility, image quality, diagnostic accuracy, therapeutic impact and tolerance of diagnostic and hemodynamic assessment using a novel miniaturized multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe in ventilated ICU patients with cardiopulmonary compromise. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, single-center study. METHODS: Fifty-seven ventilated patients with acute circulatory or respiratory failure were assessed, using a miniaturized multiplane TEE probe and a standard TEE probe used as reference, randomly by two independent experienced operators. Measurements of hemodynamic parameters were independently performed off-line by a third expert. Diagnostic groups of acute circulatory failure (n = 5) and of acute respiratory failure (n = 3) were distinguished. Hemodynamic monitoring was performed in 9 patients using the miniaturized TEE probe. TEE tolerance and therapeutic impact were reported. RESULTS: The miniaturized TEE probe was easier to insert than the standard TEE probe. Despite lower imaging quality of the miniaturized TEE probe, the two probes had excellent diagnostic agreement in patients with acute circulatory failure (Kappa: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.85-1) and with acute respiratory failure (Kappa: 1; 95% CI: 1.0-1.0). Accordingly, therapeutic strategies derived from both TEE examinations were concordant (Kappa: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.66-0.97). The concordance between quantitative hemodynamic parameters obtained with both TEE probes was also excellent. No relevant complication secondary to TEE probes insertion occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Hemodynamic assessment of ventilated ICU patients with cardiopulmonary compromise using a miniaturized multiplane TEE probe appears feasible, well-tolerated, and relevant in terms of diagnostic information and potential therapeutic impact. Further larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/diagnóstico , Choque/diagnóstico , Idoso , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Miniaturização/instrumentação , Miniaturização/métodos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos
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