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1.
J Environ Manage ; 256: 109953, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989980

RESUMO

The study evaluated plants with phytoremediation potential that occur spontaneously in an area of copper mining tailings in Southern of Brazil. Eleven plant species were investigated for heavy metal concentrations in its biomass. All species showed copper concentrations greater than 100 mg kg-1, and seven species highlighted for copper concentrations between 321 and 586 mg kg-1 and these species showed Cr concentrations between 25 and 440 mg kg-1. The species S. viarum Dunal and B. trimera Less were highlighted showing the highest concentrations of Cr (586 mg kg-1) and Cu (440 mg kg-1), respectively. Seven species showed Pb phytoextraction potential and four species showed Cu phytostabilization potential. It was concluded that the investigated species are adapted to low nutritional conditions and showed tolerance to heavy metals, mainly Cu, Pb and Cr in its biomass.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Brasil , Cobre , Mineração , Raízes de Plantas
2.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(23): 24132-24142, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228062

RESUMO

Mining tailing areas may contain metal minerals such as Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr, and Cd at high concentrations and low nutrients for the growth of plants. This kind of conditions of the area, as well as lack of tailing structure, may limit the development of plants on these areas. Thus, the present study determined the metal, macronutrient, and micronutrient concentrations in the tissues of the roots and shoots of the Solanum viarum Dunal species as well as it evaluated the potential use of the plant for phytoremediation of mining tailing areas contaminated with heavy metals. The macronutrients, micronutrients, and heavy metals in the roots and shoots were determined by the digestion method with nitric and perchloric acid (HNO3-HClO4) and quantified by the ICP-OES. In S. viarum, the average concentrations of the metals presented in the dry biomass varied between the shoots and roots, being higher in the roots for metals such as Cu (229 mg kg-1), Zn (232 mg kg-1), Mn (251 mg kg-1), Cr (382 mg kg-1), Ni (178 mg kg-1), Pb (33 mg kg-1), and Ba (1123 mg kg-1). S. viarum indicates the possibility of a potential application in phytoremediation and treatment of areas contaminated with heavy metals.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/análise , Mineração , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solanum/química , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Brasil , Metais Pesados/farmacocinética , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/química , Brotos de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/farmacocinética , Solanum/efeitos dos fármacos , Solanum/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(3): 272-279, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011169

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective The aims of this study were to investigate changes in serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity in women at the pre and postmenopausal stages and its association with the PON1 C(-107)T polymorphism and food intake profile. Subjects and methods A cross-sectional study with female patients aged between 35 and 59 years old was conducted. Women were divided into two groups: premenopausal (n = 40) and postmenopausal (n = 36). Women enrolled in the study had serum PON1, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, glucose and HbA1c, as well as the BMI measured. Additionally, women were genotyped for the PON1 T(-107)C polymorphism and the food intake profile was obtained through interview. Results Glucose (p = 0.03), HbA1c (p = 0.002) and total cholesterol (p = 0.002)concentrations were higher in post than premenopausal women, however PON1 activity was not different (p > 0.05). Carriers of the C allele had higher PON1 activity (CC: 88.9 ± 6.5 U/mL and CT: 79.9 ± 4.7 U/mL) than women of the TT genotype (66.6 ± 5.9 U/mL) (p < 0.05). However, the model predicting PON1 activity was slightly better when genotype, total fat and cholesterol content in the diet were all included. Conclusion In sum, we observed that the PON1 C(-107)T genotype was the major regulator of PON1 activity, and menopause had no effect on PON1 activity. The lipid and glycemic profile were altered in postmenopausal women.

4.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(3): 272-279, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate changes in serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity in women at the pre and postmenopausal stages and its association with the PON1 C(-107)T polymorphism and food intake profile. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with female patients aged between 35 and 59 years old was conducted. Women were divided into two groups: premenopausal (n = 40) and postmenopausal (n = 36). Women enrolled in the study had serum PON1, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, glucose and HbA1c, as well as the BMI measured. Additionally, women were genotyped for the PON1 T(-107)C polymorphism and the food intake profile was obtained through interview. RESULTS: Glucose (p = 0.03), HbA1c (p = 0.002) and total cholesterol (p = 0.002)concentrations were higher in post than premenopausal women, however PON1 activity was not different (p > 0.05). Carriers of the C allele had higher PON1 activity (CC: 88.9 ± 6.5 U/mL and CT: 79.9 ± 4.7 U/mL) than women of the TT genotype (66.6 ± 5.9 U/mL) (p < 0.05). However, the model predicting PON1 activity was slightly better when genotype, total fat and cholesterol content in the diet were all included. CONCLUSION: In sum, we observed that the PON1 C(-107)T genotype was the major regulator of PON1 activity, and menopause had no effect on PON1 activity. The lipid and glycemic profile were altered in postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Arildialquilfosfatase/sangue , Ingestão de Alimentos , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Pré-Menopausa/sangue , Adulto , Arildialquilfosfatase/genética , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pós-Menopausa/metabolismo , Pré-Menopausa/metabolismo
5.
Int J Phytoremediation ; 21(11): 1145-1152, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088309

RESUMO

The evaluation of plants occurring naturally at contaminated environments are essential for applying this species in remediation techniques. In this context, the Sagittaria montevidensis with potential for phytoremediation was studied at an anthropogenic polluted stream in southern Brazil. The nutrients and heavy metal content were determined in the phytomass. The phytoremediation indexes were evaluated such as bioconcentration factor (BCF), translocation factor (TF), plant effective number (PEN), and potential phytoremoval (mg m-2). The S. montevidensis was then detected as presenting natural phytoextraction ability for potassium and calcium elements and also demonstrated rhizofiltration potential for phosphorus, manganese, aluminum, vanadium, sulfur, iron, arsenic, copper, magnesium, zinc, sodium, lead, cadmium, nickel, chromium, considering its ability of bioaccumulating these contaminants and retain high levels in the roots. The highest potential for bioremoval (mg m-2) of the S. montevidensis was detected for potassium and calcium (recommending thus the use for phytoextraction) and for aluminum, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, sulfur, and sodium, along with heavy metals (recommended for rhizofiltration). The S. montevidensis decontamination ability, along with its biomass production and its adaptability represents a great advance in order to the recovery of this degraded area and possible application in other contaminated watercourses in Brazil.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Sagittaria , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Brasil , Nutrientes
6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 25(28): 28312-28321, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083896

RESUMO

Aquatic environments are widely affected by anthropogenic activities and efficient remediation of these areas requires detailed studies for each natural ecosystem. This research aimed to evaluate the natural phytoremediation potential of Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L., a floating aquatic macrophyte located in a polluted aquatic environment in South of the Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Nutrients such as P, K, Ca, Mg, and S and heavy metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Na, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Al, As, Co, and V content in the roots and shoots of the plants were evaluated through nitric perchloric acid digestion (HNO3-HClO4) methods and quantified by ICP-OES. Bioconcentration factor (BCF), translocation factor (TF), plant effective number (PEN), and potential phytoremoval (mg m-2) were carried out. H. ranunculoides showed a substantial ability for phytoextracting P, Na, and As, since showed ability of uptake these elements from the water and translocate them to the shoots of the plants. H. ranunculoides also showed potential for application in rhizofiltration of Mg, S, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Al, and V, since exhibited high potential to uptake higher levels in the roots. The highest potential for bioremoval (mg m-2) of the H. ranunculoides was detected for K, Ca, P (recommending thus the use for phytoextraction), Fe, and Al (highly recommended for rhizofiltration). Therefore, this species under study showed high potential for in situ phytoremediation at Santa Bárbara stream, and as a widespread species, it might be tested for phytoremediation in other sites.


Assuntos
Centella/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Metais Pesados/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Biodegradação Ambiental , Brasil , Centella/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 61: e18161189, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974057

RESUMO

ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ilex paraguariensis infusion on redox state of Wistar rats submitted to high-fat and standard diet. Glutathione determination and lipid peroxidation in the hippocampus tissues and liver was performed, as well as the analysis of gene expression of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results from hippocampus showed that the groups fed with standard diet exhibited significant reduction of lipid peroxidation when supplemented with Ilex paraguariensis. The analysis from glutathione determination in the hippocampus showed a significant increase in glutathione activity in the group treated with high-fat diet and Ilex paraguariensis. In the liver, results showed no significant difference in both glutatione and lipid peroxidation analisys. Gene expression of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase showed that there was significant difference in the groups treated with high-fat diet and Ilex paraguariensis. In summary, the Ilex paraguariensis showed substantial potential for antioxidant activities.

8.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 40: 37-45, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28159220

RESUMO

Selenium is an essential nutrient for all living organisms. Under appropriate conditions lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are capable for accumulating large amounts of trace elements, such as selenium, and incorporating them into organic compounds. In this study, the capacity of selenium bioaccumulation by Enterococcus durans LAB18s was evaluated. The distribution of organic selenium in selenium-enriched E. durans LAB18s biomass was analyzed, and the highest percentage of organic selenium was found in the fraction of total protein, followed by the fractions of polysaccharides and nucleic acids. When the protein fraction was obtained by different extractions (water, NaCl, ethanol and NaOH) it was demonstrated that alkali-soluble protein showed the higher Selenium content. Analysis of protein fractions by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) revealed that selenium was present in the proteins ranging from 23 to 100kDa. The cells were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM/EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SEM, TEM and SEM/EDS showed the morphology, the selenium particles bioaccumulated into and on the cells and the amounts of selenium present into the cells, respectively. Thus, the isolate E. durans LAB18s can be a promising probiotic to be used as selenium-enriched biomass in feed trials.


Assuntos
Enterococcus/química , Enterococcus/metabolismo , Selênio/análise , Selênio/metabolismo , Biomassa
9.
Rev. nutr ; 29(4): 579-587, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-789065

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos da vitamina C sobre níveis de peroxidação lipídica e glutationa reduzida em tecido hepático de camundongos imunossuprimidos por ciclofosfamida. Métodos: O estudo foi realizado em camundongos Swiss, fêmeas, com 45 dias de idade, separados em quatro grupos com oito animais cada. Grupos: controle (água destilada), vitamina C (50 mg/kg), ciclofosfamida (100 + 150 mg/kg) e tratamento (vitamina C 50 mg/kg + ciclofosfamida 100 +150 mg/kg). Todas as aplicações foram via intraperitoneal. O ensaio biológico teve duração de seis dias, sendo o sétimo a eutanásia dos animais. As análises bioquímicas de peroxidação lipídica (quantificação de substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico) e glutationa reduzida (estimativa de tiois não proteicos) foram realizadas em tecido hepático. Resultados: A ciclofosfamida causou aumento significativo (p<0,0001) nos níveis de peroxidação lipídica. Não foram observadas alterações significativas nos grupos tratados com vitamina C. A ciclofosfamida por si só, não alterou níveis de glutationa reduzida. A vitamina C causou a redução do nível de glutationa reduzida em relação ao controle tanto nos animais que receberam ciclofosfamida quanto nos que não receberam. No entanto, nos grupos tratados com o quimioterápico houve uma interação entre a droga e a vitamina, ou seja, o quimioterápico intensificou a diminuição da glutationa reduzida provocada pela vitamina C. Conclusão: A ciclofosfamida, na dose e período utilizados, foi capaz de induzir o dano oxidativo verificado pelo aumento da peroxidação lipídica. A vitamina C, na dose de 50 mg/kg de peso, não apresentou potencial para proteger contra o dano oxidativo provocado pelo quimioterápico.


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effects of vitamin C supplementation on the levels of lipid peroxidation and reduced glutathione in the liver tissue of mice immunosuppressed with cyclophosphamide. Methods: Thirty-two 45-day-old female Swiss mice were divided into four groups of eight animals each as follows: control (distilled water); vitamin C (50 mg/kg); cyclophosphamide (100 + 150 mg/kg); and treatment (vitamin C 50 mg/kg + cyclophosphamide 100 +150 mg/kg). The substances were provided intraperitoneally for six days, and on the seventh day, the mice were euthanized. The biochemical analyses of lipid peroxidation (quantification of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) and reduced glutathione (estimate of non-protein thiols) were performed on liver tissue. Results: Cyclophosphamide increased the levels of lipid peroxidation (p<0.0001). Significant changes were not found in the groups treated with vitamin C. Cyclophosphamide alone did not affect the levels of reduced glutathione. Compared with the control group, vitamin C reduced the levels of reduced glutathione in animals that received or not cyclophosphamide. Vitamin C interacted with cyclophosphamide, that is, the chemotherapeutic agent further decreased the lower levels of reduced glutathione secondary to vitamin C intake. Conclusion: Cyclophosphamide, in the study dosage and duration, was capable of inducing oxidative damage, verified by increased lipid peroxidation. A vitamin C dosage of 50mg/kg of body weight did not protect against the oxidative damage caused by the chemotherapeutic agent.

10.
Nutr Res ; 36(6): 564-74, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27188902

RESUMO

The hypothesis of the present study is that the polymorphisms in the APOC3, CEPT, ACE, and ACTN3 genes can affect the outcome of nutritional intervention and the plasma lipid profile of HIV+ patients. To test the hypothesis, genetic material was collected from buccal cells, and serum was collected for biochemical analysis. Sixty-five patients were analyzed. The incorporation of protease inhibitor (PI) was more frequent in women (77% vs 33% in men). Nutritional intervention improved anthropometric parameters independent of the genotype. Patients with the RR genotype for the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism had lower glycemia (RR = 95.4 ± 6.5 mg/dL, RX = 102.6 ± 10.6 mg/dL, XX = 110.1 ± 16.3 mg/dL; P = .03) and a greater reduction in low-density lipoproteins (LDL) after intervention (LDL: RR = -23.7 ± 15.8 mg/dL, RX = 1.32 ± 5.13 mg/dL, XX = 30.21 ± 24.4 mg/dL; P = .01). Patients using PI had a negative response to dietary intervention regarding the levels of high-density lipoprotein (-2.4 ± 1.70 with PI, 2.56 ± 1.60 mg/dL without PI; P = .02), very low density lipoprotein (0.84 ± 2.73 with IP, -5.46 ± 3.37 mg/dL without PI; P = .03), and triglycerides (1.79 ± 13.22 with PI, -34.00 ± 17.67 mg/dL without PI; P = .052). This response was also independent of the genotype (P > 0.05) and suggested the need for oral lipid-lowering drugs in all HIV+ patients using PI. Our results indicate that the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism is a good predictor of both the lipid profile and the prognosis of nutritional intervention in reducing LDL in HIV+ patients.


Assuntos
Actinina/genética , Infecções por HIV/dietoterapia , Infecções por HIV/genética , Desnutrição/dietoterapia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Actinina/metabolismo , Adulto , Antropometria , Antirretrovirais/administração & dosagem , Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos , Apolipoproteínas C/sangue , Apolipoproteínas C/genética , Glicemia/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Feminino , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/sangue , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/citologia , Mucosa Bucal/metabolismo , Avaliação Nutricional , Cooperação do Paciente , Triglicerídeos/sangue
11.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 155(3): 447-54, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24037644

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for several organisms, and there is an increased interest about adequate sources for dietary selenium supplementation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the selenium bioaccumulation capacity of an Enterococcus strain. The isolate LAB18s was identified as Enterococcus durans by the VITEK® 2 system and analysis of both 16S rDNA gene sequence (JX503528) and the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer (ITS). After 24-h incubation, E. durans LAB18s bioaccumulated elevated Se(IV) concentrations, reaching 2.60 and 176.97 mg/g in media containing initial amounts of 15 and 240 mg/l sodium selenite, respectively. The isolate grew optimally and had high selenium bioaccumulation at initial pH of 7.0 and 30 °C. Time course studies showed that E. durans LAB18s displayed the highest bioaccumulation of Se(IV) after 6 h of incubation. Analyses from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) demonstrated the presence of filaments connecting the cells of E. durans LAB18s cultivated in the presence of sodium selenite. It was demonstrated that a considerable amount of Se(IV) was absorbed by E. durans LAB18s. Therefore, this strain may represent an alternative source of organic dietary selenium.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Enterococcus/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , DNA Ribossômico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Enterococcus/classificação , Enterococcus/genética , Probióticos
12.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 152(3): 411-6, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23417495

RESUMO

High copper concentration is toxic for living organisms including humans. Biosorption is a bioremediation technique that can remove copper and other pollutants from aqueous medium and soils, consequently cleaning the environment. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the influence of different copper compounds (Cu(II) as CuCl2; Cu(II) as CuSO4; and Cu(I) as CuCl) on copper bioreduction and biosorption using four copper-resistant bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of two plants (Avena sativa and Plantago lanceolata) in aqueous matrix. Copper resistance profile, bioreduction, and biosorption after 48 h of incubation were evaluated. The isolates displayed high copper resistance. However, isolate A1 did not grow very well in the CuCl2 and isolate T5 was less resistant to copper in aqueous solutions amended with CuCl (Cu(I)). The best copper source for copper bioreduction and biosorption was CuSO4 and the isolates removed as much as ten times more copper than in aqueous solutions amended with the other copper compounds. Moreover, Cu(I) did not succumb to biosorption, although the microbes were resistant to aqueous solutions of CuCl. In summary, Cu(II) from CuSO4 was furthermost susceptible to bioreduction and biosorption for all isolates. This is an indication that copper contamination of the environment from the use of CuSO4 as an agrochemical is amenable to bioremediation.


Assuntos
Sulfato de Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Ambientais/isolamento & purificação , Acinetobacter/genética , Acinetobacter/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Acinetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Avena/microbiologia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Oxirredução , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Plantago/microbiologia , Pseudomonas putida/genética , Pseudomonas putida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pseudomonas putida/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Soluções , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/genética , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/isolamento & purificação , Água
13.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 146(1): 124-33, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21947860

RESUMO

Long-term copper application in vineyards and copper mining activities cause heavy metal pollution sites. Such sites need remediation to protect soil and water quality. Bioremediation of contaminated areas through bioleaching can help to remove copper ions from the contaminated soils. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of different treatments for copper bioleaching in two diverse copper-contaminated soils (a 40-year-old vineyard and a copper mining waste) and to evaluate the effect on microbial community by applying denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S ribosomal DNA amplicons and DNA sequence analysis. Several treatments with HCl, H(2)SO(4), and FeSO(4) were evaluated by stimulation of bioleaching of copper in the soils. Treatments and extractions using FeSO(4) and H(2)SO(4) mixture at 30°C displayed more copper leaching than extractions with deionized water at room temperature. Treatment with H(2)SO(4) supported bioleaching of as much as 120 mg kg(-1) of copper from vineyard soil after 115 days of incubation. DGGE analysis of the treatments revealed that some treatments caused greater diversity of microorganisms in the vineyard soil compared to the copper mining waste. Nucleotide Blast of PCR-amplified fragments of 16S rRNA gene bands from DGGE indicated the presence of Rhodobacter sp., Silicibacter sp., Bacillus sp., Paracoccus sp., Pediococcus sp., a Myxococcales, Clostridium sp., Thiomonas sp., a firmicute, Caulobacter vibrioides, Serratia sp., and an actinomycetales in vineyard soil. Contrarily, Sphingomonas was the predominant genus in copper mining waste in most treatments. Paracoccus sp. and Enterobacter sp. were also identified from DGGE bands of the copper mining waste. Paracoccus species is involved in the copper bioleaching by sulfur oxidation system, liberating the copper bounded in the soils and hence promoting copper bioremediation. Results indicate that stimulation of bioleaching with a combination of FeSO(4) and H(2)SO(4) promoted bioleaching in the soils and can be employed ex situ to remediate copper-impacted soils.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Biodegradação Ambiental , DNA Bacteriano/química , Microbiologia Industrial , Mineração , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Qualidade da Água
14.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 146(1): 107-15, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22002857

RESUMO

Copper is a toxic heavy metal widely used to microbial control especially in agriculture. Consequently, high concentrations of copper residues remain in soils selecting copper-resistant organisms. In vineyards, copper is routinely used for fungi control. This work was undertaken to study copper resistance by rhizosphere microorganisms from two plants (Avena sativa L. and Plantago lanceolata L.) common in vineyard soils. Eleven rhizosphere microorganisms were isolated, and four displayed high resistance to copper. The isolates were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as Pseudomonas putida (A1), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (A2) and Acinetobacter sp. (A6), isolated from Avena sativa rhizosphere, and Acinetobacter sp. (T5), isolated from Plantago lanceolata rhizosphere. The isolates displayed high copper resistance in the temperature range from 25°C to 35°C and pH in the range from 5.0 to 9.0. Pseudomonas putida A1 resisted as much as 1,000 mg L(-1) of copper. The isolates showed similar behavior on copper removal from liquid medium, with a bioremoval rate of 30% at 500 mg L(-1) after 24 h of growth. Speciation of copper revealed high copper biotransformation, reducing Cu(II) to Cu(I), capacity. Results indicate that our isolates are potential agents for copper bioremoval and bacterial stimulation of copper biosorption by Avena sativa and Plantago lanceolata.


Assuntos
Avena/microbiologia , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Cobre/metabolismo , Plantago/microbiologia , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 143(3): 1729-39, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21286847

RESUMO

This study sought to evaluate the potential of perennial peanut (Arachis pintoi) for copper phytoremediation in vineyard soils (Inceptisol and Mollisol) contaminated with copper and copper mining waste. Our results showed high phytomass production of perennial peanut in both vineyard soils. Macronutrient uptakes were not negatively affected by perennial peanut cultivated in all contaminated soils. Plants cultivated in Mollisol showed high copper concentrations in the roots and shoots of 475 and 52 mg kg(-1), respectively. Perennial peanut plants showed low translocation factor values for Cu, although these plants showed high bioaccumulation factor (BCF) for both vineyard soils, Inceptisol and Mollisol, with BCF values of 3.83 and 3.24, respectively, being characterized as a copper hyperaccumulator plant in these soils. Copper phytoextraction from Inceptisol soil was the highest for both roots and entire plant biomass, with more than 800 mg kg(-1) of copper in whole plant. The highest potential copper phytoextraction by perennial peanut was in Inceptisol soil with copper removal of 2,500 g ha(-1). Also, perennial peanut showed high potential for copper phytoremoval in copper mining waste and Mollisol with 1,700 and 1,500 g of copper per hectare, respectively. In addition, perennial peanuts characterized high potential for phytoextraction and phytostabilization of copper in vineyard soils and copper mining waste.


Assuntos
Arachis/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Mineração , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Biomassa
16.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 143(2): 1182-92, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21104339

RESUMO

Environmental copper contamination is a serious human health problem. Copper reductase is produced by microorganisms to facilitate copper uptake by ATPases into the cells increasing copper biosorption. This study assessed the reduction of Cu(II) by cell-free extracts of a highly copper-resistant bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. strain NA, isolated from vineyard soil contaminated with copper. Both intact cells and cell-free extract of Pseudomonas sp. strain NA displayed substantial reduction of Cu(II). Intact cells reduced more then 80 mg L(-1) of Cu(II) from medium amended with 200 mg L(-1) of copper after 24 h of incubation. Cell-free extract of the isolate reduced more than 65% of the Cu(II) at initial copper concentration of 200 mg L(-1) after 24 h. Soluble protein production was high at 72 h of incubation at 100 mg L(-1) of copper, with more then 60 µg L(-1) of total soluble protein in cell-free extract recorded. Cu(II) reduction by isolate NA was increased when copper concentration increased for both intact cells and cell-free extract. Results indicate that Pseudomonas sp. strain NA produces copper reductase enzyme as the key mechanism of copper biotransformation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/enzimologia , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Oxirredução
17.
Microbiol Res ; 166(3): 176-85, 2011 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20634050

RESUMO

The genus Enterococcus belong to the genera of bacteria that produce lactic acid and can confer health benefits to living organisms. Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for humans and animals. Thirty-six Enterococcus species isolated from dairy products were screened for Se(IV) sorption capacity for use as a probiotics in animal nutrition. Several isolates grew luxuriantly and significantly removed Se(IV) from Se(IV) amended medium. Two isolates, LAB 14 and LAB 18, identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as Enterococcus faecalis (98% nucleotide sequence similarity) and Enterococcus faecium (97% nucleotide sequence similarity), respectively, were selected for further studies. The two isolates grew optimally and removed selenium at initial pH 7.0. Optimum removal of Se(IV) from the medium was recorded at 25°C. Time course studies showed that after 8h of incubation LAB 14 and LAB 18 cultures displayed the highest biomass production and Se(IV) bioremoval and most selenite in culture depleted in 24h. At initial concentrations of 10 mg L(-1) and 60 mg L(-1), E. faecium (LAB 18) removed 9.91 mg L(-1) and 59.70 mg L(-1), respectively after 24h. Similar Se(IV) bioremoval capacity was recorded with E. faecalis (LAB 14). Substantial amount of Se was detected in biomass of E. faecium (0.4599 mg g(-1) of dry weight) and E. faecalis (0.4759 mg g(-1) of dry weight). The significant uptake and transformation of Se(IV) by the Enterococcus species observed in this study suggest that they can be used to deliver dietary Se through feed augmentation with Se(IV)-enriched Enterococcus biomass.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis/metabolismo , Enterococcus faecium/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo , Selenito de Sódio/metabolismo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Biomassa , Meios de Cultura , Laticínios/microbiologia , Enterococcus faecalis/genética , Enterococcus faecalis/isolamento & purificação , Enterococcus faecium/genética , Enterococcus faecium/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura Ambiente
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 408(7): 1501-7, 2010 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20117823

RESUMO

Copper is an essential but toxic heavy metal that negatively impacts living systems at high concentration. This study presents factors affecting copper bioremoval (bioreduction and biosorption) by a highly copper resistant monoculture of Pseudomonas sp. NA and copper bioremoval from soil. Seven bacteria resistant to high concentration of Cu(II) were isolated from enrichment cultures of vineyard soils and mining wastes. Culture parameters influencing copper bioreduction and biosorption by one monoculture isolate were studied. The isolate was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as a Pseudomonas sp. NA (98% similarity to Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas plecoglossicida and other Pseudomonas sp.). The optimal temperature for growth was 30 degrees C and bioremoval of Cu(II) was maximal at 35 degrees C. Considerable growth of the isolate was observed between pH 5.0 and 8.0 with the highest growth and biosorption recorded at pH 6.0. Maximal bioreduction was observed at pH 5.0. Cu(II) bioremoval was directly proportional to Cu(II) concentration in media. Pseudomonas sp. NA removed more than 110mg L(-1) Cu(II) in water within 24h through bioreduction and biosorption at initial concentration of 300mg L(-1). In cultures amended with 100mg L(-1), 20.7mg L(-1) of Cu(II) was biologically reduced and more than 23mg L(-1) of Cu(II) was biologically removed in 12h. The isolate strongly promoted copper bioleaching in soil. Results indicate that Pseudomonas sp. NA has good potential as an agent for removing copper from water and soil.


Assuntos
Cobre/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Primers do DNA , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Pseudomonas/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Temperatura Ambiente
19.
Ciênc. agrotec., (Impr.) ; 33(2): 552-559, mar.-abr. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-514006

RESUMO

O efeito protetor exercido por frutas e hortaliças tem sido atribuído à presença de compostos antioxidantes. Objetivou-se, neste estudo, avaliar in vitro a capacidade antioxidante de um grupo de frutas e hortaliças, cruas e cozidas, através da diminuição da peroxidação lipídica, induzida por ferro em fígado de ratos. Foram utilizados fígados de ratos homogeneizados, que foram submetidos à oxidação pelo ferro. As frutas e hortaliças foram utilizadas como antioxidantes, a fim de combater o estresse oxidativo induzido pelo ferro. O método utilizado neste trabalho foi a Reação ao Ácido Tiobarbitúrico (TBARS), tendo como marcador para avaliar o estresse oxidativo o Malonaldeído (MDA). De acordo com os resultados obtidos, observou-se que houve uma diminuição significativa do estresse oxidativo no grupo das frutas e das hortaliças cruas e cozidas com ferro, quando o fígado foi submetido à oxidação deste micronutriente. No grupo das frutas e das hortaliças cruas e cozidas sem ferro, ocorreu redução significativa do estresse oxidativo, apenas em determinadas frutas e hortaliças. O consumo de uma dieta rica em frutas e hortaliças contribui com a defesa antioxidante do organismo, inibindo danos oxidativos em macromoléculas in vitro.


The protector effect of fruits and vegetables has been attributed to the presence of antioxidant compounds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant activity of a group of raw and cooked fruits and vegetables, through the decrease of lipid peroxidation, induced by iron in rat livers. Homogenized liver of rats that were submitted to iron oxidation were used in this experiment. The fruits and vegetables were used as antioxidants, in order to combat the oxidative stress induced by the iron. The method used in this experiment was the thiobarbituric acid reaction (TBARS), with malondialdehyde (MDA) used as a marker to evaluate the oxidative stress. In accordance with the results, a significant reduction of oxidative stress was observed in the groups of raw fruits and vegetables and fruits and vegetables cooked with iron, when the liver was submitted to the oxidation of this micronutrient. In the groups of raw fruits and vegetables and fruits and vegetables cooked without iron, a significant reduction of the oxidative stress occurred, only in certain fruits and vegetables. The consumption of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may contribute to the antioxidant defense of the organism, inhibiting in vitro oxidative damages in macromolecules.

20.
Ann Nutr Metab ; 53(2): 79-85, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18852484

RESUMO

Fe (II) is a potential prooxidant in vivo and can induce cellular oxidative stress. Ascorbic acid (AA) is a powerful physiological antioxidant and, in the presence of free Fe (II), can exhibit prooxidant effects in vitro. However, in vivo prooxidant effects of Fe (II) and AA have not yet been indisputably demonstrated. Here we evaluate the potential toxic effect of supplementation of Fe (II) associated with AA. Nine healthy, nonsmoking male volunteers (20-31 years old) participated in the crossover study design. The volunteers were supplemented with either a dose of 2 g of AA, 150 mg of iron carbonyl or 2 g of AA plus 150 mg of iron carbonyl with a washout period of 15 days between each treatment. AA, iron, ferritin, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, catalase, delta-aminolevulinic dehydratase and SH thiol groups were measured in the blood of the volunteers. Plasma AA levels were increased at 2, 5 and 24 h after AA or AA plus iron ingestion. Plasma Fe levels were increased at 2 and 5 h in the AA plus iron group. Erythrocyte malondialdehyde levels decreased at 5 and 24 h after AA and 5 h after AA plus iron ingestion. Catalase activity from erythrocytes was increased 5 h after supplementation with AA plus iron. There was no significant difference between groups in the other biochemical parameters evaluated. Thus, the present study does not support the hypothesis that the combination of high plasma concentrations of AA and iron, or iron alone, could cause in vivo oxidative damage after a single supplementation dose.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Ferro na Dieta/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Ascórbico/sangue , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacocinética , Catalase/sangue , Estudos Cross-Over , Interações de Medicamentos , Ferritinas/sangue , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Ferro na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Ferro na Dieta/sangue , Ferro na Dieta/farmacocinética , Masculino , Oxirredução , Sintase do Porfobilinogênio/sangue , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/análise , Adulto Jovem
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