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1.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(17): 1799-1802, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135505
2.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(18): 1915-1918, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200629
4.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(2_suppl): 46-51, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238736

RESUMO

The prognostic stratification of heart failure remains an urgent need for correct clinical management of the affected patients. In fact, due to the high mortality and morbidity rates, heart failure constantly requires an updated and careful management of all aspects that characterise the disease. In addition to the well-known clinical, laboratory and instrumental characteristics that affect the prognosis of heart failure, gender, age and body mass index have a different impact and deserve specific insights and clarifications. At this scope, the metabolic exercise cardiac kidney index score research group has produced several works in the past, trying to identify the role of these specific factors on the prognosis of heart failure. In particular, the different performances in the cardiopulmonary exercise test of specific categories of heart failure patients, such as women, elderly and obese or overweight individuals, have requested dedicated evaluations of metabolic exercise cardiac kidney index score power.

5.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(2_suppl): 35-45, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238740

RESUMO

Despite improvements in pharmacotherapy, morbidity and mortality rates in community-based populations with chronic heart failure still remain high. The increase in medical complexity among patients with heart failure may be reflected by an increase in concomitant non-cardiovascular comorbidities, which are recognized as independent prognostic factors in this population. Heart failure and chronic kidney disease share many risk factors, and often coexist. The presence of kidney failure is associated with incremented risk of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic kidney disease is also linked with underutilization of evidence-based heart failure therapy that may reduce morbidity and mortality. More targeted therapies would be important to improve the prognosis of patients with these diseases. In recent years, serum uric acid as a determinant of cardiovascular risk has gained interest. Epidemiological, experimental and clinical data show that patients with hyperuricaemia are at increased risk of cardiac, renal and vascular damage and cardiovascular events. Moreover, elevated serum uric acid predicts worse outcome in both acute and chronic heart failure. While studies have raised the possibility of preventing heart failure through the use of uric acid lowering agents, the literature is still inconclusive on whether the reduction in uric acid will result in a measurable clinical benefit. Available evidences suggest that chronic kidney disease and elevated uric acid could worsen heart failure patients' prognosis. The aim of this review is to analyse a possible utilization of these comorbidities in risk stratification and as a therapeutic target to get a prognostic improvement in heart failure patients.

6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111464

RESUMO

The aims of this paper were to provide an overview of available activity monitors used in research in patients with heart failure and to identify the key criteria in the selection of the most appropriate activity monitor for collecting, reporting, and analysing physical activity in heart failure research. This study was conducted in three parts. First, the literature was systematically reviewed to identify physical activity concepts and activity monitors used in heart failure research. Second, an additional scoping literature search for validation of these activity monitors was conducted. Third, the most appropriate criteria in the selection of activity monitors were identified. Nine activity monitors were evaluated in terms of size, weight, placement, costs, data storage, water resistance, outcomes and validation, and cut-off points for physical activity intensity levels were discussed. The choice of a monitor should depend on the research aims, study population and design regarding physical activity. If the aim is to motivate patients to be active or set goals, a less rigorously tested tool can be considered. On the other hand, if the aim is to measure physical activity and its changes over time or following treatment adjustment, it is important to choose a valid activity monitor with a storage and battery longevity of at least one week. The device should provide raw data and valid cut-off points should be chosen for analysing physical activity intensity levels. Other considerations in choosing an activity monitor should include data storage location and ownership and the upfront costs of the device.

7.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(16): 1683-1687, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045864
8.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006257

RESUMO

Serum biomarkers are an important tool in the baseline risk assessment and diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in cancer patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer treatments. Increases in cardiac biomarkers including cardiac troponin and natriuretic peptides can be used to guide initiation of cardioprotective treatments for cancer patients during treatment and to monitor the response to cardioprotective treatments, and they also offer prognostic value. This position statement examines the role of cardiac biomarkers in the management of cancer patients. The Cardio-Oncology Study Group of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the Cardio-Oncology Council of the ESC have evaluated the current evidence for the role of cardiovascular biomarkers in cancer patients before, during and after cardiotoxic cancer therapies. The characteristics of the main two biomarkers troponin and natriuretic peptides are discussed, the link to the mechanisms of cardiovascular toxicity, and the evidence for their clinical use in surveillance during and after anthracycline chemotherapy, trastuzumab and HER2-targeted therapies, vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors, immune checkpoint inhibitors, cyclophosphamide and radiotherapy. Novel surveillance clinical pathways integrating cardiac biomarkers for cancer patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy or trastuzumab biomarkers are presented and future direction in cardio-oncology biomarker research is discussed.

9.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(15): 1571-1574, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030385
10.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(14): 1459-1462, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867536
12.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945600

RESUMO

Self-care is essential in the long-term management of chronic heart failure. Heart failure guidelines stress the importance of patient education on treatment adherence, lifestyle changes, symptom monitoring and adequate response to possible deterioration. Self-care is related to medical and person-centred outcomes in patients with heart failure such as better quality of life as well as lower mortality and readmission rates. Although guidelines give general direction for self-care advice, health care professionals working with patients with heart failure need more specific recommendations. The aim of the management recommendations in this paper is to provide practical advice for health professionals delivering care to patients with heart failure. Recommendations for nutrition, physical activity, medication adherence, psychological status, sleep, leisure and travel, smoking, immunization and preventing infections, symptom monitoring, and symptom management are consistent with information from guidelines, expert consensus documents, recent evidence and expert opinion.

14.
Clin Auton Res ; 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The exercise pressor reflex (EPR) plays a fundamental role in physiological reactions to exercise in humans and in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders. There is no "gold standard" method for EPR assessment; therefore, we propose a new protocol for testing interactions between the muscle mechanoreflex and metaboreflex (major components of EPR). METHODS: Thirty-four healthy subjects (mean age [± standard deviation] 24 ± 4 years, 22 men) were enrolled in the study. During the study, the hemodynamic and ventilatory parameters of these subjects were continuously monitored using our proposed assessment method. This assessment method consists of an initial 5-min rest period (baseline) followed by 5 min of passive cycling (PC) on an automated cycle ergometer (mechanoreceptor stimulation), after which tourniquet cuffs located bilaterally on the upper thighs are inflated for 3 min to evoke venous and arterial regional circulatory occlusion (CO) during PC (metaboreceptor stimulation). Deflation of the tourniquet cuffs is followed by a second 5 min of PC and finally by a 5-min recovery time. The control test comprises a 5-min rest period, followed by 3 min of CO only and a final 5-min recovery. RESULTS: Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and minute ventilation (MV) increased significantly during PC (MAP: from 90 ± 9.3 to 95 ± 9.7 mmHg; MV: from 11.5 ± 2.5 to 13.5 ± 2.9 L/min; both p < 0.05) and again when CO was applied (MAP: from 95 ± 9.7 to 101 ± 11.0 mmHg; MV: from 13.5 ± 2.9 to 14.8 ± 3.8 L/min; both p < 0.05). In the control test there was a slight increase in MAP during CO (from 92 ± 10.5 to 94 ± 10.0 mmHg; p < 0.05) and no changes in the ventilatory parameters. CONCLUSION: Bilateral leg passive cycling with concomitant circulatory occlusion is a new, simple and effective method for testing interactions between the mechanoreflex and metaboreflex in humans.

18.
20.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487320924912, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475160

RESUMO

Despite the proven efficacy and cost-effectiveness of contemporary cardiovascular rehabilitation programmes, the referral to/uptake of and adherence to cardiovascular rehabilitation remains inadequate. In addition, heterogeneity persists amongst different cardiovascular rehabilitation centres in Europe, despite the available scientific documents describing the evidence-based rehabilitation format/content. This position statement was elaborated by the Secondary Prevention and Rehabilitation (SP/CR) section of EAPC. It defines the minimal and optimal cardiovascular rehabilitation standards. In addition, it describes the relevant quality indicators of cardiovascular rehabilitation programmes to date. Compliance of European cardiovascular rehabilitation centres with these standards will improve cardiovascular rehabilitation process standardization in Europe and hence increase the quality of cadiovascular rehabilitation programmes.

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