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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 370, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comprehensive assessment of integrated care deployment constitutes a major challenge to ensure quality, sustainability and transferability of both healthcare policies and services in the transition toward a coordinated service delivery scenario. To this end, the manuscript articulates four different protocols aiming at assessing large-scale implementation of integrated care, which are being developed within the umbrella of the regional project Nextcare (2016-2019), undertaken to foster innovation in technologically-supported services for chronic multimorbid patients in Catalonia (ES) (7.5 M inhabitants). Whereas one of the assessment protocols is designed to evaluate population-based deployment of care coordination at regional level during the period 2011-2017, the other three are service-based protocols addressing: i) Home hospitalization; ii) Prehabilitation for major surgery; and, iii) Community-based interventions for frail elderly chronic patients. All three services have demonstrated efficacy and potential for health value generation. They reflect different implementation maturity levels. While full coverage of the entire urban health district of Barcelona-Esquerra (520 k inhabitants) is the main aim of home hospitalization, demonstration of sustainability at Hospital Clinic of Barcelona constitutes the core goal of the prehabilitation service. Likewise, full coverage of integrated care services addressed to frail chronic patients is aimed at the city of Badalona (216 k inhabitants). METHODS: The population-based analysis, as well as the three service-based protocols, follow observational and experimental study designs using a non-randomized intervention group (integrated care) compared with a control group (usual care) with a propensity score matching method. Evaluation of cost-effectiveness of the interventions using a Quadruple aim approach is a central outcome in all protocols. Moreover, multi-criteria decision analysis is explored as an innovative method for health delivery assessment. The following additional dimensions will also be addressed: i) Determinants of sustainability and scalability of the services; ii) Assessment of the technological support; iii) Enhanced health risk assessment; and, iv) Factors modulating service transferability. DISCUSSION: The current study offers a unique opportunity to undertake a comprehensive assessment of integrated care fostering deployment of services at regional level. The study outcomes will contribute refining service workflows, improving health risk assessment and generating recommendations for service selection. TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT03130283 (date released 04/06/2018), NCT03768050 (date released 12/05/2018), NCT03767387 (date released 12/05/2018).


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício/normas , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Idoso , Protocolos Clínicos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/economia , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Espanha
3.
BMJ Open ; 6(4): e010301, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27084274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Population-based health risk assessment and stratification are considered highly relevant for large-scale implementation of integrated care by facilitating services design and case identification. The principal objective of the study was to analyse five health-risk assessment strategies and health indicators used in the five regions participating in the Advancing Care Coordination and Telehealth Deployment (ACT) programme (http://www.act-programme.eu). The second purpose was to elaborate on strategies toward enhanced health risk predictive modelling in the clinical scenario. SETTINGS: The five ACT regions: Scotland (UK), Basque Country (ES), Catalonia (ES), Lombardy (I) and Groningen (NL). PARTICIPANTS: Responsible teams for regional data management in the five ACT regions. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We characterised and compared risk assessment strategies among ACT regions by analysing operational health risk predictive modelling tools for population-based stratification, as well as available health indicators at regional level. The analysis of the risk assessment tool deployed in Catalonia in 2015 (GMAs, Adjusted Morbidity Groups) was used as a basis to propose how population-based analytics could contribute to clinical risk prediction. RESULTS: There was consensus on the need for a population health approach to generate health risk predictive modelling. However, this strategy was fully in place only in two ACT regions: Basque Country and Catalonia. We found marked differences among regions in health risk predictive modelling tools and health indicators, and identified key factors constraining their comparability. The research proposes means to overcome current limitations and the use of population-based health risk prediction for enhanced clinical risk assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate the need for further efforts to improve both comparability and flexibility of current population-based health risk predictive modelling approaches. Applicability and impact of the proposals for enhanced clinical risk assessment require prospective evaluation.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Vigilância da População/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Europa (Continente) , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 131(1): 5-9, 2008 Jun 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18582416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of hemoglobinophaty S and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency are very increased in certain zones of Western Africa due to the positive pressure exerted by malaria on these congenital defects. In Maresme, a region of East Catalonia, there is a numerous community of African people, coming from areas of Western Africa where sickle cell trait and G6PD deficiency are frequent. The aim of our study was to know the prevalence of both disturbances in this population. POPULATION AND METHOD: We studied 204 individuals of black ethnical background who were migrant Africans. They attended the Immigrant Attention Unit or Outside Surgery Department of Consorcio Sanitario de Mataró for any medical or surgical problems but not for anemia. The G6PD deficiency was determined by a quantitative assay and 2 screening techniques. The identification of abnormal hemoglobins was done by electrophoresis. RESULTS: We studied 141 males (69%) and 63 females (31%). Mean age was 30.8 years (range: 1-70). The studied population came from Gambia, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Somalia, Guinea Conakry, Nigeria, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Mauritania, and were members of the Sarankhole, Mande, Fulani, Peul, Djola, Bambara, Pare and Ibo ethnic groups (according to the frequency order). We found abnormal hemoglobins in 44 subjects (21.5%): 36 hemoglobin S carriers, 7 hemoglobin C carriers and one hemoglobin C homozygous. Moreover, we identified G6PD deficiency in 31 subjects. According to these results, the prevalence of hemoglobinophaty S in these people is 17.6%; the prevalence of hemoglobinophaty C is 3.9%, and the prevalence of G6PD deficiency is 15.2%. The association of abnormal hemoglobins and G6PD deficiency was found only in a 3% of the cases (2.5% hemoglobinophaty S and 0.5% hemoglobinophaty C). CONCLUSIONS: This results demonstrate a high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies and G6PD deficiency in this population. The morbidity and mortality of sickle cell disease and the complications due to G6PD deficiency, besides the easy detection using electrophoresis and G6PD determination, make it necessary to standardize these tests in areas with high density of black people.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinopatias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara/etnologia , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 131(1): 5-9, jun. 2008. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-66181

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO Y OBJETIVO: Es conocido que las prevalencias de hemoglobinopatía S y de déficit de glucosa-6-fosfatodeshidrogenasa (G6PD) son muy elevadas en determinadas zonas del África occidental debido a la presiónpositiva que ejerce la malaria en estos defectos congénitos. La presencia en el Maresme, una comarca de laCataluña oriental, de un gran número de inmigrantes africanos procedentes de estas zonas puede permitir conocer la prevalencia real de estas 2 alteraciones eritrocitarias en dicha población.POBLACIÓN Y MÉTODO: Se ha estudiado a 204 personas de raza negra que acudieron de forma consecutiva a laUnidad de Atención al Inmigrante o a las Consultas Externas del Consorcio Sanitario de Mataró por un motivode consulta distinto de anemia. Se realizaron a todos ellos hemograma, electroforesis de hemoglobina en acetatode celulosa, 2 pruebas de escrutinio para el déficit de G6PD y la determinación específica de esta enzimamediante espectrofotometría.RESULTADOS: Se estudió a 141 varones (69%) y a 63 mujeres (31%), con una media de edad de 30,8 años(rango: 1-70). Procedían de Gambia, Senegal, Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinea-Bissau, Malí, Somalia, Guinea-Conakry,Nigeria, Ghana, Costa de Marfil, Sierra Leona, Liberia y Mauritania, y pertenecían a las etnias sarankholé,mandinga, fula, peul, diola, bambara, pare e ibo (por orden de frecuencia). Se detectaron alteracionesde la hemoglobina en 44 individuos (21,5%): 36 portadores de hemoglobina S heterocigotos (17,6%) y 8 dehemoglobina C –7 heterocigotos (3,9%) y uno homocigoto (0,49%)–. No se encontró ninguna otra hemoglobinopatía.Asimismo, se identificó a 31 personas con déficit de G6PD. Según los resultados obtenidos, la prevalenciade hemoglobinopatía S en la población estudiada es del 17,6%; la de hemoglobinopatía C, del 3,9%, yla de déficit de G6PD, del 15,2%. La asociación de déficit de G6PD y hemoglobinopatías únicamente se hallóen un 3% de los casos (en un 2,5% con hemoglobinopatía S y en un 0,5% con hemoglobinopatía C).CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados demuestran una alta prevalencia de hemoglobinopatías y déficit de G6PD en esta población. La morbilidad y mortalidad de la drepanocitosis, y las complicaciones debidas al déficit de G6PD, junto con la fácil detección mediante electroforesis de hemoglobina y determinación de G6PD, hacen aconsejable realizar estas exploraciones de forma sistemática en las zonas que atiendan a población subsahariana


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of hemoglobinophaty S and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)deficiency are very increased in certain zones of Western Africa due to the positive pressure exerted by malaria on these congenital defects. In Maresme, a region of East Catalonia, there is a numerous community of African people, coming from areas of Western Africa where sickle cell trait and G6PD deficiency are frequent.The aim of our study was to know the prevalence of both disturbances in this population.POPULATION AND METHOD: We studied 204 individuals of black ethnical background who were migrant Africans.They attended the Immigrant Attention Unit or Outside Surgery Department of Consorcio Sanitario de Matarófor any medical or surgical problems but not for anemia. The G6PD deficiency was determined by a quantitativeassay and 2 screening techniques. The identification of abnormal hemoglobins was done by electrophoresis.RESULTS: We studied 141 males (69%) and 63 females (31%). Mean age was 30.8 years (range: 1-70). Thestudied population came from Gambia, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Somalia, Guinea Conakry,Nigeria, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Mauritania, and were members of the Sarankhole,Mande, Fulani, Peul, Djola, Bambara, Pare and Ibo ethnic groups (according to the frequency order). We foundabnormal hemoglobins in 44 subjects (21.5%): 36 hemoglobin S carriers, 7 hemoglobin C carriers and one hemoglobin C homozygous. Moreover, we identified G6PD deficiency in 31 subjects. According to these results,the prevalence of hemoglobinophaty S in these people is 17.6%; the prevalence of hemoglobinophaty C is3.9%, and the prevalence of G6PD deficiency is 15.2%. The association of abnormal hemoglobins and G6PDdeficiency was found only in a 3% of the cases (2.5% hemoglobinophaty S and 0.5% hemoglobinophaty C).CONCLUSIONS: This results demonstrate a high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies and G6PD deficiency in thispopulation. The morbidity and mortality of sickle cell disease and the complications due to G6PD deficiency,besides the easy detection using electrophoresis and G6PD determination, make it necessary to standardizethese tests in areas with high density of black people


Assuntos
Humanos , Hemoglobinopatias/epidemiologia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo I/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinopatias/fisiopatologia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo I/fisiopatologia , Emigração e Imigração , Traço Falciforme/epidemiologia , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade
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