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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769816

RESUMO

Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem, recurrent, environmental disorder that flares in response to different exposures (i.e., pesticides, solvents, toxic metals and molds) under the threshold limit value (TLV) calculated for age and gender in the general population. MCS is a syndrome characterized by cutaneous, allergic, gastrointestinal, rheumatological, endocrinological, cardiological and neurological signs and symptoms. We performed a systematic review of the literature to summarize the current clinical and therapeutic evidence and then oriented an eDelphi consensus. Four main research domains were identified (diagnosis, treatment, hospitalization and emergency) and discussed by 10 experts and an MCS patient. Thus, the first Italian MCS consensus had the double aim: (a) to improve MCS knowledge among healthcare workers and patients by standardizing the clinical and therapeutic management to MCS patients; and (b) to improve and shed light on MCS misconceptions not supported by evidence-based medicine (EBM).


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla , Consenso , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/terapia , Solventes
2.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578812

RESUMO

Vegans and vegetarians often consume foods containing photosensitizers capable of triggering phytophotodermatitis. The potential effect of vegan and vegetarian diets on the response of psoriatic patients undergoing phototherapy is not well characterized. We assessed clinical outcomes of vegan, vegetarian and omnivore adult psoriatic patients undergoing band ultraviolet B phototherapy (NB-UVB). In this multicenter prospective observational study, we enrolled 119 adult, psoriatic patients, of whom 40 were omnivores, 41 were vegetarians and 38 were vegans, with phototherapy indication. After determining the minimum erythemal dose (MED), we performed NB-UVB sessions for 8 weeks. The first irradiation dosage was 70.00% of the MED, then increased by 20.00% (no erythema) or by 10.00% (presence of erythema) until a maximum single dose of 3 J/cm2 was reached and constantly maintained. All the enrolled patients completed the 8 weeks of therapy. Severe erythema was present in 16 (42.11%) vegans, 7 (17.07%) vegetarians and 4 (10.00%) omnivores (p < 0.01). MED was lowest among vegans (21.18 ± 4.85 J/m2), followed by vegetarians (28.90 ± 6.66 J/m2) and omnivores (33.63 ± 4.53 J/m2, p < 0.01). Patients with severe erythema were more likely to have a high furocumarin intake (OR 5.67, 95% CI 3.74-8.61, p < 0.01). Vegans consumed the highest amount of furocumarin-rich foods. A model examining erythema, adjusted for gender, age, skin type, MED, phototherapy type, number of phototherapies and furocumarin intake, confirmed that vegans had a lower number of treatments. Vegans had more frequent severe erythema from NB-UVB, even after adjustment of the phototherapy protocol for their lower MED. Assessing diet information and adapting the protocol for vegan patients may be prudent.


Assuntos
Dermatite Fototóxica/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos adversos , Fototerapia/métodos , Psoríase/terapia , Adulto , Dieta/métodos , Dieta Vegana/efeitos adversos , Dieta Vegana/métodos , Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Dieta Vegetariana/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(5): e15088, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355846

RESUMO

During this pandemic, dermatological infusion centers were partially unavailable, suspended or even reconverted to guest COVID-19 patients, consequently infliximab (IFX) infusions became challenging for their both logistic arrangement and also for patients' COVID-19 phobia. This 48 weeks follow-up retrospective observational study included 37 PsO patients that underwent IFX SB2 during pandemic in two primary dermatological referral centers. In 23 (62.1%) we had to switch from IFX to other biologics, not motivated by adverse reactions, contraindication or even loss of response but only to pandemic related conditions. Nine patients underwent interclass switching and 15 underwent intraclass switching; interestingly 2 patients that underwent adalimumab SB-5 switched back to IFX. Interclass switching was privileged in elder patients and smokers. All patients at week 48 achieved PASI 100. Intra- and interclass switchings are both safe and effective strategies in psoriatic patients with COVID-19 phobia and/or difficulties to undergo infliximab infusions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adalimumab , Idoso , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(2): e14823, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527560

RESUMO

During COVID-19 pandemic, wearing masks for prevention became mandatory but evidence suggest that is also detrimental for skin. Although facial dermatoses due to masks increase in both healthcare workers and general population, a pathogenetic hypothesis remains still elusive. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dermatological consultations due to Koebner triggered dermatoses In this prospective, multicenter, real life study carried out in Italy from March 11th to December 11th 2020 during COVID-19 pandemics, dermatological consultations (in-person and telemedicine) to study the prevalence of Koebner (KB) phenomenon due to masks were evaluated. Boyd and Nelder classification was adopted for Koebner phenomenon and Bizzozero's for KB intensity. A total of 229/873 (26.2%) dermatological consultations were KB triggered dermatoses and lesions were located in mask-covered ear area (76 [33.2%]), malar area (73 [31.8%]), perioral area (53 [23.1%]), and nose (27 [11.8%]). The first KB category grouped 142 patients (psoriasis, vitiligo, maskne, and mask rosacea), the second one 24 (warts, molluscum contagiosum, and impetigo), the third one 46 (atopic dermatitis), and the fourth one 17 (eczema). Among previously KB negative psoriatic patients that became KB positive, 9/13 (69.2%) had discontinued or modified the prescribed antipsoriatic treatment. Mask-related Koebner phenomenon is an important clinical sign to orient clinician's therapeutic protocols during COVID-19 pandemic, especially in patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Máscaras , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(2): e14841, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527659

RESUMO

Chronic spontaneous urticaria might affect elderly patients, causing a serious impairment of their quality of life. The therapeutic management of the elderly patient is challenging; in fact, the first-line recommended therapy for symptom control are antihistamines, that may have interactions or increased risk of side effects in patients with comorbidities and poly-pharmacological regimen. Omalizumab is the first biological drug approved for chronic spontaneous urticaria resistant to antihistamines. Real-life data focusing on patients >65-year-old treated with omalizumab are rare. In our retrospective study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of this biologic therapy in patients over 65-year-old. We performed Urticaria Activity Score-7 (UAS-7) in order to evaluate the efficacy of omalizumab and the time of remission. We collected any adverse event related to the treatment. Moreover, we investigated the presence of comorbidities and their impact on the efficacy of omalizumab. Sixty-threepatients, with a mean age of 72.3 ± 5.6 years, range: 65-89) were enrolled. Of 63 subjects, 23 (36.5%) had an "early complete response" profile, which means the achievement of a UAS7 score of "0" within the first 7 days of therapy. The most frequent comorbidity was hypertension, which affected 26 of 63 (41.3%) patients; no adverse events were reported. No significant correlations were found between treatment effectiveness and comorbidities. Omalizumab is a safe and effective therapy also in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos , Urticária Crônica , Omalizumab/uso terapêutico , Urticária , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antialérgicos/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Omalizumab/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Urticária/diagnóstico , Urticária/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(3): e14912, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629451

RESUMO

The impact of intermittent circadian fasting (ICF) on skin disorders is far to be plenty deciphered. However, the circadian rhythm seems to exert a modulation on dermatoses severity, drug-response, and drug-related side effects. We aimed to evaluate ICF effect in the daily management of dermatological diseases. In this multicenter, prospective observational study we enrolled patients willing to undergo the 2018 ICF (from May 16 to June 14). Dermatoses severity were evaluated at the beginning of ICF (T0) and at the end of ICF (T1) by two independent board-certified dermatologists. Seventy-two patients suffering from different dermatoses volunteered to take part into the study. They displayed a mean age of 40.38 ± 12.46 years (median 41.0 years), 25 subjects were males (34.7% of the entire sample). The median weight change was 0 kg. The overall ICF effect size was -0.58 ([95% CI -0.83 to -0.33], P < .0001, medium effect size). Since in the present investigation no weight loss occurred, we could speculate that the impact of fasting in terms of improvements in the clinical symptoms could be rather due to the perturbation of the human biological clock. Despite our data remain preliminary, a chronobiological approach should be incorporated in the dermatological armamentarium.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Jejum , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Pele
7.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(1): e14694, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354849

RESUMO

Tetracyclines (TetraC) are widely used in dermatology for both inflammatory and infectious dermatoses; recently both in vivo and in vitro studies started to suggest also a potential antiviral effect. During COVID-19 outbreak, several dermatological patients contracted SARS-CoV-2 experiencing only mild symptoms, but no protocol were approved. A multicenter prospective observational study that enrolled COVID-19 patients visited with teledermatology and undergoing TetraC was performed. About 38 adult outpatients (M/F: 20/18, age 42.6 years [21-67]) were enrolled. During the TetraC treatment, symptoms resolved in all patients within 10 days. Remarkably, ageusia and anosmia disappeared in the first week of TetraC treatment. TetraC seem a promising drug to treat COVID-19 outpatients with mild symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dermatopatias , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
8.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(6): 1002-1012, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32258071

RESUMO

The intestinal tract (i.e., the gut), is where the body's nutrients are absorbed, and is simultaneously inhabited by numerous microbes. An increasing body of literature suggests a crucial role for the gut microbiome in modulating systemic inflammatory disease. Psoriasis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease and its pathogenesis is related to the interaction between genetic susceptibility, immune response and environmental triggers. The omics era has allowed physicians to assess different aspects of psoriasis pathogenesis such as the microbiome, infectome, and autoinfectome. Furthermore, diet appears to play an important role in modulating disease activity, perhaps by influencing gut microbes. Given these observations, we aimed to summarize the current knowledge regarding skin-microbiome-gut-nutrients and psoriasis.

9.
Bioact Mater ; 4: 380-386, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872162

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing, non-contiguous, exudative eczema/dermatitis, which represents a complex, multi-factorial disorder, due to an impairment of the stratum corneum barrier. Currently available drugs have a low skin bioavailability and may give rise to severe adverse events. Nanotechnologies, including nano-particles, liposomes, nano-gels, nano-mixtures, nano-emulsions and other nano-carriers, offer unprecedented solutions to these issues, enabling: i) the management of different clinical forms of atopic dermatitis, especially the recalcitrant ones, i) a better bio-availability and trans-dermal drug targeted delivery at the inflammation site, ii) dose control, iii) significant improvements both in clinical symptoms and immune responses, iv) with less adverse events being reported and a better safety profile. However, some nano-sized structures could amplify and even worsen symptoms in particularly susceptible individuals. Furthermore, most studies included in the present systematic review have been conducted in-vitro or in-vivo, with few randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs). Future investigations should adopt this design in order to enable scholars achieving robust findings and evidence. Therefore, given the above-mentioned shortcomings, further research in the field is urgently warranted.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717649

RESUMO

(1) Background: In literature it is reported that 20-30% of psoriatic patients evolve to psoriatic arthritis over time. Currently, no specific biochemical markers can either predict progression to psoriatic arthritis or response to therapies. This study aimed to identify osteoimmunological markers applicable to clinical practice, giving a quantitative tool for evaluating pathological status and, eventually, to provide prognostic support in diagnosis. (2) Methods: Soluble (serum) bone and cartilage markers were quantified in 50 patients with only psoriasis, 50 psoriatic patients with psoriatic arthritis, and 20 healthy controls by means of multiplex and enzyme-linked immunoassays. (3) Results: Differences in the concentrations of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B- ligand (RANK-L), procollagen type I N propeptide (PINP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx-I), dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), and sclerostin (SOST) distinguished healthy controls from psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis patients. We found that MMP2, MMP12, MMP13, TIMP2, and TIMP4 distinguished psoriasis from psoriatic arthritis patients undergoing a systemic treatment, with a good diagnostic accuracy (Area under the ROC Curve (AUC) > 0.7). Then, chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) and MMP10 distinguished psoriasis from psoriatic arthritis not undergoing systemic therapy and, in the presence of onychopathy, MMP8 levels were higher in psoriasis than in psoriatic arthritis. However, in these latter cases, the diagnostic accuracy of the identified biomarkers was low (0.5 < AUC < 0.7). (4) Conclusions. By highlighting never exploited differences, the wide osteoimmunological biomarkers panel provides a novel clue to the development of diagnostic paths in psoriasis and psoriasis-associated arthropathic disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/metabolismo , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Psoríase/imunologia , Psoríase/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Curva ROC , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutrients ; 11(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374976

RESUMO

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic-relapsing and debilitating disease, which affects the components of the folliculopilosebaceous unit and severely impacts on the perceived health-related quality of life. Among the possible treatments, dietary interventions, such as fasting, have been described to positively impact on HS. However, nothing is known about the effects of circadian, intermittent fasting, such as the Ramadan fasting. A sample of 55 HS patients (24 males (43.6%) and 31 females (56.4%), mean age 39.65 ± 8.39 years, average disease duration 14.31 ± 7.03 years) was recruited in the present study. The "Severity of International Hidradenitis Suppurativa Severity Score System" (IHS4) decreased significantly from 11.00 ± 5.88 (before Ramadan) to 10.15 ± 6.45 (after Ramadan), with a mean difference of -0.85 ± 0.83 (p < 0.0001). At the univariate analyses, the improvement was associated with HS phenotype (with a prominent improvement among those with ectopic type), treatment (with the improvement being higher in patients receiving topical and systemic antibiotics compared to those treated with biologics), the "Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index" (ADDI), and Hurley scores. At the multivariate regression analysis, only the Hurley score (regression coefficient = 0.70, p = 0.0003) was found to be an independent predictor of change in the IHS4 score after fasting. The improvement in the IHS4 score was not, however, associated with weight loss. In conclusion, the Ramadan fasting proved to be safe and effective in HS patients. Considering the small sample size and the exploratory nature of the present investigation, further studies in the field are warranted, especially longitudinal, prospective and randomized ones.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Jejum , Comportamento Alimentar , Hidradenite Supurativa/dietoterapia , Islamismo , Adulto , Estudos Cross-Over , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Jejum/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia , Feminino , Hidradenite Supurativa/diagnóstico , Hidradenite Supurativa/etnologia , Hidradenite Supurativa/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159169

RESUMO

Erythrodermic psoriasis (EP) is a dermatological emergency and its treatment with secukinumab is still controversial. Furthermore, no data exist regarding the prognostic value of drug abuse in such a condition. We performed a multi-center, international, retrospective study, enrolling a sample of EP patients (body surface area > 90%) who were treated with secukinumab (300 mg) during the study period from December 2015 to December 2018. Demographics and clinical data were collected. Drug abuses were screened and, specifically, smoking status (packages/year), cannabis use (application/week) and alcoholism-tested with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)-were assessed. All patients were followed for up to 52 weeks. We enrolled 13 EP patients, nine males, and four females, with a median age of 40 (28-52) years. Patients naïve to biologic therapy were 3/13. Regarding drug use, seven patients had a medium-high risk of alcohol addiction, three used cannabis weekly, and seven were smokers with a pack/year index of 295 (190-365). The response rate to secukinumab was 10/13 patients with a median time to clearance of three weeks (1.5-3). No recurrences were registered in the 52-week follow-up and a Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) score of 90 was achieved. The entire cohort of non-responders (n = 3) consumed at least two drugs of abuse (alcohol, smoking or cannabis). Non-responders were switched to ustekinumab and obtained a PASI 100 in 24 weeks. However, given our observed number of patients using various drugs in combination with secukinumab in EP, further studies are needed to ascertain drug abuse prevalence in a larger EP cohort. Secukinumab remains a valid, effective and safe therapeutic option for EP.

13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(9): 2541-2546, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, auto-immune, multi-organ disease that can affect both the skin and the lungs. Malar rash is a common skin manifestation of SLE and is linked to SLE disease activity, whereas lung involvement is a generally negative prognostic factor for these patients. However, a sensitive and non-invasive screening tool for potential lung involvement in SLE patients is still not available. METHODS: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between malar rash and airway inflammation in adult SLE patients who were not known to have any lung involvement (clinical or radiologic). The study comprised of the measurement of the concentration of NO in exhaled breath or fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and levels were compared between those with and without malar rash. This tool is considered as a sensitive and non-invasive method that is routinely used in patients with asthma or other respiratory diseases to identify airway inflammation. RESULTS: A total of 125 patients (100 females, 25 males) were enrolled during the study period from January 2011 to December 2014. Patients with malar rash (N = 35) had a significant decrease in serum levels of C4 (p < 0.05) compared to patients without malar rash (N = 90). The mean levels of FeNO in overall patients were 36.44 ± 8.87 ppb. A statistically significant difference in FeNO50 values between patients with malar rash (43.46 ± 6.72 ppb) and without (29.43 ± 3.64 ppb) was found (p < 0.001). FeNO50 values were inversely correlated only with serum C4 (p < 0.01). However, no correlation between FeNO50 values and SLE clinical disease activity scores was found. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a malar rash may predict sub-clinical airway inflammation in SLE patients. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm the usefulness of FeNO measurements in monitoring SLE-associated airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Complemento C4/metabolismo , Exantema/complicações , Inflamação/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Testes Respiratórios , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Nutrients ; 11(3)2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871045

RESUMO

Intermittent circadian fasting, namely Ramadan, is a common worldwide practice. Such fasting has a positive impact on psoriasis, but no data exist on its role in psoriatic arthritis (PsA)-a disease that is clearly linked to body mass index. We enrolled 37 patients (23 females and 14 males) with a mean age 43.32 ± 7.81 and they fasted for 17 h for one month in 2016. The baseline PsA characteristics were collected and 12 (32.4%) patients had peripheral arthritis, 13 (35.1%) had axial involvement, 24 (64.9%) had enthesitis, and 13 (35.1%) had dactylitis. Three patients (8.1%) were treated with methotrexate, 28 (75.7%) with TNF-α blockers, and 6 (16.2%) with IL-17 blockers. After a month of intermittent fasting, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels decreased from 14.08 ± 4.65 to 12.16 ± 4.46 (p < 0.0001), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) decreased from 2.83 ± 1.03 to 2.08 ± 0.67 (p = 0.0078), Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) decreased from 7.46 ± 2.43 to 5.86 ± 2.37 (p < 0.0001), and Disease Activity index for PSoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) decreased from 28.11 ± 4.51 to 25.76 ± 4.48 (p < 0.0001). Similarly, enthesitis improved after fasting, with Leeds Enthesitis Index (LEI) decreasing from 2.25 ± 1.11 to 1.71 ± 0.86 (p < 0.0001) and dactylitis severity score (DSS) decreasing from 9.92 ± 2.93 to 8.54 ± 2.79 (p = 0.0001). Fasting was found to be a predictor of a decrease in PsA disease activity scores (DAPSA, BASDAI, LEI, DSS) even after adjustment for weight loss. IL-17 therapy was found to be an independent predictor of decreases in LEI after fasting. These preliminary data may support the use of chronomedicine in the context of rheumatic diseases, namely PsA. Further studies are needed to support our findings.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Jejum , Islamismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Nutrients ; 11(2)2019 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678053

RESUMO

Skin serves as the first protective line and barrier of the body. Like many other organs, skin can be affected by several disorders in response to external factors such as pathogens, ultraviolet light, and pollution, as well as endogenous alterations related to aging and/or oxidative stress disturbance. Researchers have reported new insights into how skin cells are altered in response to caloric restriction diets in mammals. One of the most well-known caloric restriction diets is the Ramadan intermittent fasting, which is a radical change in the diet plan of practitioners for the period of one lunar month. Ramadan fasting represents the fourth of the five pillars of the Islamic creed. Even though infirm individuals are waived to take part in this religious duty, patients with various health problems, including those with different skin disorders, might choose to share this event with peers and family members. No standardized protocols or guidelines exist, however, to advise their physicians on the proper management of their patients' condition during fasting. With an increasing Muslim population living in Western countries, this topic has started to draw substantial attention, not only of Middle-Eastern physicians, but also of clinicians in the West. For this purpose, we carried out a comprehensive overview on the topic. Our main findings are that: (1) there is a strong need for evidence-based suggestions and guidance. Literature on the impact of the Ramadan fasting, as well as of other kinds of fasting, on skin diseases is scarce and of poor quality, as well as the information available from the Internet; (2) patients willing to fast should be advised about the importance of taking proper treatments or consider alternative options including administration of trans-dermal/topical drugs, as they are permitted during daylight hours. Further, non-compliance has important, clinical and economic implications for an effective patient management.


Assuntos
Jejum/fisiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Pele , Animais , Pesquisa Biomédica , Humanos , Islamismo , Camundongos , Ratos , Pele/química , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo , Dermatopatias
16.
Nutrients ; 11(2)2019 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691245

RESUMO

Fasting during the month of Ramadan consists of alternate abstinence and re-feeding periods (circadian or intermittent fasting). Nothing is currently known on the impact of this kind of fasting on psoriasis. A sample of 108 moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis patients (aged 42.84 ± 13.61 years, 62 males, 46 females) volunteered to take part in the study. A significant decrease in the "Psoriasis Area and Severity Index" (PASI) score after the Ramadan fasting (mean difference = -0.89 ± 1.21, p < 0.0001) was found. At the multivariate regression, the use of cyclosporine (p = 0.0003), interleukin-17 or IL-17 blockers (p < 0.0001), and tumor necrosis factor or TNF blockers (p = 0.0107) was independently associated with a low PASI score, while the use of apremilast (p = 0.0009), and phototherapy (p = 0.0015) was associated with a high PASI score before the Ramadan fasting. Similarly, the consumption of cyclosporine (p < 0.0001), IL-17 blockers (p < 0.0001), mammalian target of rapamycin or mTOR inhibitors (p = 0.0081), and TNF blockers (p = 0.0017) predicted a low PASI score after the Ramadan fasting. By contrast, narrow band ultraviolet light B or NB-UVB (p = 0.0015) was associated with a high PASI score after Ramadan fasting. Disease duration (p = 0.0078), use of apremilast (p = 0.0005), and of mTOR inhibitors (p = 0.0034) were independent predictors of the reduction in the PASI score after the Ramadan fasting. These findings reflect the influence of dieting strategy, the biological clock, and circadian rhythm on the treatment of plaque psoriasis.


Assuntos
Jejum/fisiologia , Psoríase , Adulto , Comportamento Ritualístico , Feminino , Humanos , Islamismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/classificação , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(1): 73-92, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408581

RESUMO

The immunological perturbations associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) put many patients at a higher risk of infections, including pneumococcal pneumonia. However, the uptake and utility of anti-pneumococcal vaccines in SLE patient is both controversial and not completely agreed upon. Indeed, several epidemiological studies of anti-pneumococcal vaccine safety and efficacy in SLE have reported short-term immunogenicity with elevated anti-pneumococcal antibody titres but inconsistent long-term findings, with some studies finding poor responses, mainly for long-term immune protection. Moreover, the safety and efficacy of the pneumococcal vaccine in SLE patients remains controversial due to the different types of anti-pneumococcal vaccines, and the heterogeneity of SLE patients. Several reviews addressing anti-pneumococcal vaccination in SLE patients exist, however, to the best of our knowledge, the present is the first systematic review and meta-analysis. To better understand the efficacy and safety of pneumococcal vaccination in SLE, a comprehensive literature search was performed identifying 18 studies, which have been included in the present systematic review and meta-analysis. All studies were designed as longitudinal investigations, 2, in particular, were of high quality, being randomized, double-blind trials (RCTs). Four studies had control groups. Total sample size included 601 participants. Vaccine immunogenicity in terms of subjects with protective antibody titers ranged from 36% to 97.6%. According to our systematic review and metanalysis, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), older age, earlier SLE onset, high disease activity, and immunosuppressive therapy were predictors of poor immunogenicity, although belimumab was found to have no significant impact. With regard to safety, no serious adverse events were found, with up to one third of cases reporting mild/low-grade complaints. In conclusion, due to the high risk of pneumococcal infection in SLE patients and given the safety and, at least partial, effectiveness, according to our systematic review and meta-analysis, in such patients, preventive strategies mainly by immunization, are required in all age groups and, in those needing immunosuppressive therapy, immunization should be given prior the initiation of the treatment. PROSPERO registration code CRD42018103605.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Humanos
18.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 178(1): 45-49, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396176

RESUMO

Omalizumab is approved for use in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU); however, it is not approved for chronic inducible urticaria (CIndU). The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of omalizumab in treating CSU and CIndU in Italy. This is a multicentre prospective observational real-life study involving patients with severe urticaria capable of undergoing omalizumab therapy. We enrolled 127 patients (59.1% females), ranging in age from 15 to 83 years, 69.3% had CSU alone, 26.8% had CSU and CIndU, and 3.9% had only CIndU (30.8% delayed pressure, 35.9% dermographic, 15.3% cholinergic, 12.8% cold, 5.1% aquagenic). After the first cycle of omalizumab (300 mg every 4 weeks for 24 weeks), 16 CSU patients and 10 patients (20.5%) with CIndU with or without CSU did not require a second cycle of omalizumab (300 mg every 4 weeks for 20 weeks). The patient with aquagenic urticaria achieved remission after the first cycle. None showed a lack of response to the second cycle of omalizumab. Omalizumab is a promising drug for both spontaneous and inducible chronic urticaria. Current evidence indicates that omalizumab may be approved also for CIndU.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Omalizumab/uso terapêutico , Urticária/tratamento farmacológico , Urticária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antialérgicos/farmacologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omalizumab/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 3140682, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345297

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease characterized by a wide range of comorbidities. Respiratory comorbidities are currently poorly characterized and with discordant results. The systemic state of inflammation caused by psoriasis acts de novo on respiratory tissues and amplifies preexisting inflammation from asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Because the lungs act as a gas exchanger between the internal and external environment, the impact of chronic psoriasis inflammation may be easily assessed through the analysis of exhaled breath. The fraction of exhaled nitric oxide test (FeNO) is a potential noninvasive solution that can provide quantitative and qualitative indices of respiratory airway inflammation. FeNO is routinely used to screen and manage asthmatic patients. Recent pilot studies contain encouraging data that underscore its possible use with systemic inflammatory nonpulmonary diseases, such as psoriasis. FeNO may therefore be a useful tool to evaluate underestimated airway inflammation and at the same time globally evaluate the impact of systemically antipsoriatic therapies.


Assuntos
Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Psoríase/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Comorbidade , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 7290913, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29888276

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a skin inflammatory disease characterized by an increased body of comorbidities, including parodontopathy. Despite the visibility of skin lesions, prognostic biomarkers, related to disease monitoring and therapeutic effectiveness, are still missing. Although several markers have been studied, none of them has been identified as an independent prognostic factor. This concise review aims to summarize the current knowledge and results in saliva research applied to psoriasis. Combination of different markers could improve the prognostic prediction in patients with psoriasis. Future studies are needed to implement research on salivary biomarkers and their prognostic/therapeutic effects in the management of patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/genética , Psoríase/genética , Saliva/metabolismo , Dermatopatias/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Comorbidade , Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/metabolismo , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Prognóstico , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/metabolismo , Pesquisa , Saliva/química , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Dermatopatias/metabolismo
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