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1.
Haematologica ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440924

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset Evans syndrome (pES) is defined by both immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) before the age of 18 years. There have been no comprehensive long-term studies of this rare disease, which can be associated to various immunopathological manifestations (IMs). We report outcomes of the 151 patients with pES and more than 5 years of follow-up from the nationwide French prospective OBS'CEREVANCE cohort. Median age at final follow-up was 18.5 (6.8-50.0) years and the median follow-up period was 11.3 (5.1-38.0) years. At 10 years, ITP and AIHA were in sustained complete remission in 54.5% and 78.4% of patients, respectively. The frequency and number of clinical and biological IMs increased with age: at 20 years old, 74% had at least one clinical cIM. A wide range of cIMs occurred, mainly lymphoproliferation, dermatological, gastrointestinal/hepatic and pneumological IMs. The number of cIMs was associated with a subsequent increase in the number of second-line treatments received (other than steroids and immunoglobulins; hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.60; p = 0.0002, Cox proportional hazards method). Survival at 15 years after diagnosis was 84%. Death occurred at a median age of 18 (1.7-31.5) years, and the most frequent cause was infection. The number of second-line treatments and severe/recurrent infections were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, longterm outcomes of pES showed remission of cytopenias but frequent IMs linked to high secondline treatment burden. Mortality was associated to drugs and/or underlying immunodeficiencies, and adolescents-young adults are a high-risk subgroup.

3.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(9): e28486, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with Li-Fraumeni-associated rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). METHOD: Retrospective analysis of data from 31 French patients with RMS diagnosed before the age of 20 years associated with a TP53 pathogenic germline variant. Cases were identified through the French Li-Fraumeni database. Central histologic review was performed in 16 cases. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 2.3 years, and the median follow-up was 9.1 years (0.3-34.8). The main tumor sites were head and neck (n = 13), extremities (n = 8), and trunk (n = 8). The local pathology report classified the 31 tumors in embryonal (n = 26), alveolar (n = 1), pleomorphic (n = 1), and spindle-cell (n = 1) RMS (missing = 2). After histological review, anaplasia (diffuse or focal) was reported in 12/16 patients. Twenty-five patients had localized disease, three had lymph node involvement, and three distant metastases. First-line therapy combined surgery (n = 27), chemotherapy (n = 30), and radiotherapy (n = 14) and led to RMS control in all, but one patient. Eleven patients relapsed, and 18 patients had second malignancies. The 10-year event-free, progression-free, and overall survival rates were 36% (95% CI: 20-56), 62% (95% CI: 43-77) and 76% (95% CI: 56-88), respectively. The 10-year cumulative risk of second malignancies was 40% (95% CI: 22-60). CONCLUSION: The high incidence of multiple primary tumors strongly influences the long-term prognosis of RMS associated with TP53 pathogenic germline variants. Anaplastic RMS in childhood, independently of the familial history, should lead to TP53 analysis at treatment initiation to reduce, whenever possible, the burden of genotoxic drugs and radiotherapy in carriers and to ensure the early detection of second malignancies.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Rabdomiossarcoma , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Rabdomiossarcoma/mortalidade , Rabdomiossarcoma/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 95, 2020 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Castleman disease (CD) is a rare non-malignant lymphoproliferation of undetermined origin. Two major disease phenotypes can be distinguished: unicentric CD (UCD) and multicentric CD (MCD). Diagnosis confirmation is based on histopathological findings in a lymph node. We attempted to survey all cases of paediatric CD identified to date in France to set up a national registry aiming to improve CD early recognition, treatment and follow-up, within the context of a new national reference center (http://www.castleman.fr). METHODS: In 2016, we e-mailed a questionnaire to members of the French paediatric immunohaematology society, the paediatric rheumatology society and the Reference Centre for Castleman Disease to retrospectively collect cases of paediatric CD (first symptoms before age 18 years). Anatomopathological confirmation was mandatory. RESULTS: We identified 23 patients (12 girls) with a diagnosis of UCD (n = 17) and MCD (n = 6) between 1994 and 2018. The mean age at first symptoms was 11.47 ± 4.23 years for UCD and 8.3 ± 3.4 years for MCD. The mean diagnosis delay was 8.16 ± 10.32 months for UCD and 5.16 ± 5.81 years for MCD. In UCD, the initial symptoms were isolated lymph nodes (n = 10) or lymph node associated with other symptoms (n = 7); fever was present in 3 patients. Five patients with MCD presented fever. No patients had HIV or human herpesvirus 8 infection. Autoinflammatory gene mutations were investigated in five patients. One patient with MCD carried a K695R heterozygous mutation in MEFV, another patient with MCD and Duchenne myopathy carried two variants in TNFRSF1A and one patient with UCD and fever episodes carried two heterozygous mutations, in IL10RA and IL36RN, respectively. Treatment of UCD was mainly surgical resection, steroids, and radiotherapy. Treatment of MCD included tocilizumab, rituximab, anakinra, steroids, chemotherapy, and splenectomy. Overall survival after a mean of 6.1 ± 6.4 years of follow-up, was 100% for both forms. CONCLUSION: Paediatric CD still seems underdiagnosed, with a significant diagnosis delay, especially for MCD, but new international criteria will help in the future. Unlike adult CD, which is strongly associated with HIV and human herpesvirus 8 infection, paediatric CD could be favored by primary activation of innate immunity and may affect life expectancy less.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, is effective at relieving adult cancer pain, although there have been very few reports to date regarding its use in children and in adolescents and young adults (AYA). This study assessed the efficacy, safety and opioid-sparing effects of low doses of ketamine added to opioid analgesics to alleviate persistent cancer pain. METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, observational trial collected data regarding demographics, pain characteristics, pain score assessment within the first 48 hours of ketamine administration, tolerance and satisfaction from 38 patients aged 2-24 years prescribed with ketamine as an adjuvant antalgic for refractory cancer pain in 10 French paediatric oncology centres. RESULTS: The mean visual analogue scale pain score decreased from 6.7 to 4.3 out of 10 (n=39, p<0.001) from day 1 to day 3 and by at least 2 points in 56% of the patients (n=22) 48 hours after initiation of ketamine. Nine patients experienced poor tolerance (≥2 side effects), all with infusion rates lower than 0.05 mg/kg/hour. None had limiting toxicities. An opioid-sparing effect was highlighted in four patients. Fifty-four per cent of the prescribers and 47% of the patients found the addition of ketamine 'very helpful'. CONCLUSIONS: Low doses of ketamine as an adjuvant to opioids significantly reduced the intensity of pain in half of the study population. A tendency towards better pain control is shown, although a lack of statistical power somewhat limits our conclusions, especially in children. Nevertheless, ketamine may be a useful option for improving the treatment of refractory pain in children and AYA with cancer.

6.
Hum Pathol ; 89: 51-61, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054893

RESUMO

Childhood pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare disease. Its pulmonary histopathology, according to comprehensive clinical-radiological findings and BRAFV600E mutation status, has not yet been thoroughly documented. From the 167 childhood PLCH cases entered in the French National Histiocytosis Registry (1983-2016), we retrieved lung biopsies from a consecutive retrospective series of 17 patients, diagnosed when they were 2 weeks to 16 years old (median, 9.4 years), and report the clinical and histopathological findings herein. Histological analyses of biopsies (16 surgical and 1 postmortem) found the following features, alone or associated: Langerhans cell (LC) nodules with cavitation (9/17), cysts (14/17), fibrotic scars (2/17), peribronchiolar topographic distribution of the lesions (10/17), and accessory changes, like stretch emphysema (7/17). Those characteristics closely resemble those describing adult PLCH. However, unusual findings observed were 2 large nodules and a diffuse interstitial LC infiltrate. BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 4 of 12 samples tested, notably in the 3 with unusual features. In conclusion, childhood PLCH mostly shares the common histology features already described in adult PLCH, regardless of age. Because smoking is considered the major trigger in PLCH pathogenesis, the findings based on this series suggest other inducers of bronchiolar LC recruitment, especially in very young patients.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Pneumopatias/genética , Pneumopatias/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 82(2): 361-365, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29922990

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chemotherapy dosing in neonates represents a major clinical challenge because of a lack of clinical pharmacology information in this patient population. In this study, we investigate the use of cisplatin dose adaptation based on therapeutic drug monitoring in a 2-week-old neonate with localized hepatoblastoma. METHODS: Cisplatin concentrations were determined in plasma and ultrafiltrate samples collected on each of six cycles of a monotherapy regimen, beginning with a dose of 1.6 mg/kg at 16 days of age. Pharmacokinetic data were analyzed to generate clearance (CL) and area under the curve (AUC0-∞) for each administration. Toxicity and clinical response were monitored. RESULTS: The first cisplatin dose (1.6 mg/kg) resulted in an AUC0-∞ of 535 µg/mL · min, was well tolerated and associated with a good response. This AUC was, therefore, considered as an appropriate target for this patient. Increases in cisplatin CL were observed across consecutive treatment cycles, and, therefore, dose was gradually increased to finally reach 2.5 mg/kg on the sixth cycle. Treatment was well tolerated over the six courses and resulted in a good response, with the patient remaining in remission at 15 months. Cisplatin CL was significantly correlated to age (p = 0.013) and weight (p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides useful data on the pharmacokinetics of cisplatin monotherapy in neonates treated within the first few weeks of life. These data provide a reference point to support clinicians in determining appropriate dosing regimens for neonates and support the implementation of therapeutic drug monitoring in such challenging patients.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/sangue , Hepatoblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/sangue , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Hepatoblastoma/sangue , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue
8.
Haematologica ; 103(7): 1143-1149, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599204

RESUMO

In this retrospective study, we evaluate long-term complications in nearly all ß-thalassemia-major patients who successfully received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in France. Ninety-nine patients were analyzed with a median age of 5.9 years at transplantation. The median duration of clinical follow up was 12 years. All conditioning regimens were myeloablative, most were based on busulfan combined with cyclophosphamide, and more than 90% of patients underwent a transplant from a matched sibling donor. After transplantation, 11% of patients developed thyroid dysfunction, 5% diabetes, and 2% heart failure. Hypogonadism was present in 56% of females and 14% of males. Female patients who went on to normal puberty after transplant were significantly younger at transplantation than those who experienced delayed puberty (median age 2.5 vs 8.7 years). Fertility was preserved in 9 of 27 females aged 20 years or older and 2 other patients became pregnant following oocyte donation. In addition to patient's age and higher serum ferritin levels at transplantation, time elapsed since transplant was significantly associated with decreased height growth in multivariate analysis. Weight growth increased after transplantation particularly in females, 36% of adults being overweight at last evaluation. A comprehensive long-term monitoring, especially of endocrine late effects, is required after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for thalassemia.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Talassemia beta/complicações , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia beta/terapia
9.
Br J Haematol ; 177(5): 751-758, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444729

RESUMO

Childhood autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) requires second-line immunosuppressive therapy in 30-50% of cases. It appears that rituximab is indicated in such circumstances. This prospective national study reports the practice, efficacy and tolerance of rituximab in children with isolated AIHA and AIHA in the setting of Evans syndrome (ES). Sixty-one children were given rituximab between 2000 and 2014. The median interval from diagnosis to rituximab was 9·9 [interquartile range (IQR) 1·6-28·5] months. Forty-six patients responded (75%) and the 6-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was 48%. Twenty patients relapsed at a median interval of 10·8 (IQR 3·9-18·7) months, rituximab allowed steroid withdrawal in 44/61 (72%) of children. In isolated AIHA, complete response and 6-year RFS were significantly higher than in ES (P < 0·05). Ten out of 61 patients were infants, seven of who responded with a 6-year RFS of 71%. Among patients without immunoglobulin substitution before rituximab, 4 are still receiving substitutions. Five patients died, including one potentially attributable to rituximab. This large observational series of childhood AIHA established the rituximab benefit-risk ratio, allowing steroid withdrawal, with 37% of long-term responders, mainly in isolated AIHA. All subgroups of patients drew benefit. Our long-term results indicate the baseline to be challenged by new treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Hematínicos/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Front Pediatr ; 3: 79, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484337

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare autoimmune disorder whose long-term outcome is not well known. In France, a collaborative pediatric network set up via the National Rare Disease Plan now provides comprehensive clinical data in children with this disease. Patients aged less than 18 years at the initial presentation of autoimmune cytopenia have been prospectively included into a national observational cohort since 2004. The definition of ES was restricted to the simultaneous or sequential association of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Cases were deemed secondary if associated with a primitive immunodeficiency or systemic lupus erythematosus. In December 2014, we analyzed the data pertaining to 156 children from 26 centers with ES whose diagnosis was made between 1981 and 2014. Median age (range) at the onset of cytopenia was 5.4 years (0.2-17.2). In 85 sequential cases, the time lapse between the first episodes of AIHA and ITP was 2.4 years (0.1-16.3). The follow-up period as from ES diagnosis was 6.5 years (0.1-28.8). ES was secondary, revealing another underlying disease, in 10% of cases; various associated immune manifestations (mainly lymphoproliferation, other autoimmune diseases, and hypogammaglobulinemia) were observed in 60% of cases; and ES remained primary in 30% of cases. Five-year ITP and AIHA relapse-free survival were 25 and 61%, respectively. Overall, 69% of children required one or more second-line immune treatments, and 15 patients (10%) died at the age of 14.3 years (1.7-28.1). To our knowledge, this is the first consistent long-term clinical description of this rare syndrome. It underscores the high rate of associated immune manifestations and the burden of long-term complications and treatment toxicity. Future challenges include (1) the identification of the underlying genetic defects inducing immune dysregulation and (2) the need to better characterize patient subgroups and second-line treatment strategies.

11.
Blood ; 126(12): 1415-23, 2015 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26194764

RESUMO

An international phase 2 study combining cladribine and cytarabine (Ara-C) was initiated for patients with refractory, risk-organ-positive Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in 2005. The protocol, comprising at least two 5-day courses of Ara-C (1 g/m(2) per day) plus cladribine (9 mg/m(2) per day) followed by maintenance therapy, was administered to 27 patients (median age at diagnosis, 0.7 years; median follow-up, 5.3 years). At inclusion, all patients were refractory after at least 1 course of vinblastine (VBL) plus corticosteroid, all had liver and spleen involvement, and 25 patients had hematologic cytopenia. After 2 courses, disease status was nonactive (n = 2), better (n = 23), or stable (n = 2), with an overall response rate of 92%. Median disease activity scores decreased from 12 at the start of therapy to 3 after 2 courses (P < .0001). During maintenance therapy, 4 patients experienced reactivation in risk organs. There were 4 deaths; 2 were related to therapy toxicity and 2 were related to reactivation. All patients experienced severe toxicity, with World Health Organization grade 4 hematologic toxicity and 6 documented severe infections. The overall 5-year survival rate was 85% (95% confidence interval, 65.2%-94.2%). Thus, the combination of cladribine/Ara-C is effective therapy for refractory multisystem LCH but is associated with high toxicity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cladribina/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar , Cladribina/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Lactente , Células de Langerhans/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Langerhans/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
12.
Urology ; 82(6): 1419-20, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23958511

RESUMO

We report here 2 unusual cases of tumor of the glans penis in children. Abnormal findings were found on a 12-year-old and a 13-year-old boy soon after their first foreskin retraction. Initial medical examination suggested inclusions of smegma and they were referred to our Department of Pediatric Urology. Complete resection was performed under general anesthesia. Histologic examination revealed an epidermoid cyst in the first patient and a solitary neurofibroma in the second. These patients represent respectively the third and the second cases of such entities described in the pediatric age group. Cautious examination is required for persistent inclusions of smegma.


Assuntos
Cisto Epidérmico/diagnóstico , Prepúcio do Pênis/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Penianas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Haematologica ; 96(6): 801-7, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21330322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfusion is a cornerstone of the management of sickle cell disease but carries a high risk of hemolytic transfusion reaction, probably because of differences in erythrocyte antigens between blood donors of European descent and patients of African descent. Patients may experience hemolytic transfusion reactions that are delayed by from a few days to two weeks and manifest as acute hemolysis (hemoglobinuria, jaundice, and pallor), symptoms suggesting severe vaso-occlusive crisis (pain, fever, and acute chest syndrome), and profound anemia, often with reticulocytopenia. This case-series study aims to describe the main characteristics of this syndrome, to discuss its pathophysiology, and to propose a management strategy. DESIGN AND METHODS: We identified 8 pediatric cases of delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions between 2006 and 2009 in the database of the Necker Hospital, France. All patients had received cross-matched red cell units compatible in the ABO, RH, and KEL systems. We reviewed the medical charts in the computerized blood transfusion databases. All patients were admitted to the intensive care unit. We progressively adopted the following strategy: intravenous immunoglobulins, and darbopoietin alpha when the reticulocyte count was below 150×10(9)/L, without further blood transfusion during the acute episode unless absolutely necessary. RESULTS: The median time between the transfusion and the diagnosis of delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction was six days. All patients had severe bone pain; all but one had a high-grade fever. Five patients had hemoglobin levels less than than 4 g/dL and 3 had reticulocytopenia. In 5 patients, no new antibody was found; one patient had weakly reactive antibodies. Only 2 patients had new allo-antibodies possibly responsible for the delayed hemolytic reaction. CONCLUSIONS: The initial symptoms of delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction were complex and mimicked other complications of sickle cell disease. In most of our cases, no new antibody was identified, which underlines the complexity of the pathophysiology of this syndrome.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Hemólise/imunologia , Reação Transfusional , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Isoanticorpos/sangue , Isoanticorpos/imunologia , Masculino , Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo Rh-Hr/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 56(1): 134-42, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21058288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft contamination has been blamed for causing relapse in children with high-risk neuroblastoma (HRNB) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). PROCEDURE: We report the long-term results of hematopoietic reconstitution, post-transplant complications, and clinical outcome of 44 children with HRNB treated with busulfan/melphalan high-dose chemotherapy followed by transplantation of purged CD34+ immunoselected autologous peripheral HSCT. Minimal residual disease (MRD) of grafts was evaluated by anti-GD2 immunofluorescence or tyrosine hydroxylase reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Contaminating neuroblasts were found in 19/38 grafts (50%) before CD34+ positive selection, and none after (technique sensitivity of one cell in 10(5)). A median of 6.5 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (range 0.8-23.7) were transplanted with only 2% of TRM. Neutrophils and platelet recovery occurred within a median of 12 days (range 9-47) and 44 days (range 12-259), respectively, without any secondary graft failure. Twenty-three percents of patients experienced a sepsis (10/44) and 14% a pyelonephritis (6/44). Recurrence of varicella zoster virus occurred in 21% of patients (9/44). Negative RT-PCR MRD within the leukapheresis product and cis-retinoic acid therapy were significantly and independently associated to a better survival (P < 0.05). Overall and event-free survivals at 5 years post-transplant were at 59.3% and 48.3% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Besides high rates of manageable infections due to late immune recovery, transplantation with CD34+ immunoselected grafts in HRNB children was feasible and did not affect long-term hematopoiesis.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD34 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Criança , Seguimentos , Hematopoese , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Humanos , Separação Imunomagnética , Infecções/induzido quimicamente , Leucaférese , Melfalan/uso terapêutico , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neuroblastoma/complicações , Neuroblastoma/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo
15.
Clin Cancer Res ; 16(19): 4711-21, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20858841

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is associated with the presence of EBV in Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells in ∼40% of cases. Here, we studied the presence of human herpesvirus type 6 (HHV-6) variant B in RS cells of HL patients and correlated results with clinical parameters. We then examined the implication of HHV-6 DR7B protein in cell deregulation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: HHV-6 DR7B protein was produced in a Semliki Forest virus system. Polyclonal antibodies were then generated and used for immunochemical HHV-6 localization in HL biopsies. Binding between DR7B and p53 was studied using a double-hybrid system. Transactivation of NFκB was observed after transient transfection using reporter gene assays. We looked for Id2 factor expression after stable transfection of the BJAB cell line by reverse transcription-PCR and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: HHV-6 was more common in nodular sclerosis subtype HL, and DR7B oncoprotein was detected in RS cells for 73.7% of EBV-negative patients. Colocalization of EBV and HHV-6 was observed in RS cells of doubly infected patients. DR7B protein bound to human p53 protein. p105-p50/p65 mRNA expression and activation of the NFκB complex were increased when DR7B was expressed. Stable expression of DR7B exhibited a strong and uniform expression of Id2. A slightly higher percentage of remission was observed in patients with RS cells testing positive for DR7B than in those testing negative. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these data provide evidence for the implication of a novel agent, HHV-6, in cases of nodular sclerosis HL.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Humano 6/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Oncogenes , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Cancer ; 9: 14, 2009 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19144139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We explored the heterogeneity of philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph1-ALL) in a study of the effect of early features on prognosis in children. Here we report the long-term results of the FRALLE 93 study conducted in the era before the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. METHODS: Between 1993 and 1999, 36 children with Ph1-ALL were enrolled into the FRALLE 93 protocol. After conventional four-drug induction, children were stratified by availability of an HLA-matched sibling. RESULTS: Complete remission (CR) was observed in 26 children (72%), of which 13 underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Thirty-one children were good responders to prednisone, defined on day 8, and 21 were good responders to chemotherapy, defined by day-21 bone marrow (M1). Overall five-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 42 +/- 9.7%. Based on multivariate analysis, two groups showed marked differences in five-year outcome: children with age<10, leukocyte count <100,000/mm3 and day-21 M1 marrow had a more favorable prognosis (14 pts: 100% CR, event free survival [EFS]: 57%, overall survival [OS]: 79%), than the high-risk group (22 patients: 55% CR, EFS: 18%, OS: 27%) (p < 0.005). We also observed a non statistically significant difference (p = 0.14) in outcome between these groups for transplanted patients (5-year DFS: 83 +/- 14% and 33 +/- 15%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Age, leukocyte count and early response to treatment defined by the D21 bone marrow response provide an accurate model for outcome prediction. The combination of available tools such as minimal residual disease assessment with determination of these simple factors could be useful for refining indications for BMT in the current era of tyrosine-kinase inhibitor-based therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Antraciclinas , Asparaginase , Benzamidas , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cortisona , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Clin Oncol ; 26(9): 1496-503, 2008 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18349402

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify prognostic factors and to evaluate the outcome of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) failure after induction therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 1993 and December 1999, 1,395 leukemic children were included in the French Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia 93 study. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (3.8%) had a leukemic induction failure (LIF) after three- or four-drug induction therapy. In univariate analysis, high WBC count (P = .001), mediastinal mass (P = .017), T-cell phenotype (T-ALL; P = .001), t(9;22) translocation (P = .001), and a slow early response (at day 8 and/or on day 21, P = .001) were predictive of LIF. The following three prognostic groups for LIF were identified by multivariate analysis: a low-risk group with B-cell progenitor (BCP) ALL without t(9;22) (odds ratio [OR] = 1), an intermediate-risk group with T-ALL and a mediastinal mass (OR = 7.4, P < .0001), and a high-risk group with BCP-ALL and t(9;22) or T-ALL without a mediastinal mass (OR = 28.4, P < .0001). Complete remission (CR) was subsequently obtained in 43 patients (81%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of the 53 patients was 30% +/- 6%. The 5-year OS rate among allogeneic graft recipients, autologous graft recipients, and after chemotherapy were 30.4% +/- 9.6% (50% +/- 26% after genoidentical transplantation), 50% +/- 17.7%, and 41.7% +/- 14.2%, respectively (P = .18). Fourteen patients (26%) were still in first CR after a median of 83 months (range, 53 to 117 months). CONCLUSION: Three risk categories for LIF in children with ALL were identified. Approximately one third of patients with LIF can be successfully treated with salvage therapy overall. Subsequent CR after LIF is mandatory for cure.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Falha de Tratamento
19.
Transfusion ; 47(12): 2276-89, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17764513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) gives positive results in the management of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), but in children, specific difficulties can outweigh this benefit. These difficulties must be taken into consideration when establishing a standardized reproducible procedure for implementation under a quality management plan. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-seven children underwent ECP for severe acute GVHD (aGVHD) or chronic GVHD (cGVHD) after allogeneic marrow transplantation. Data were collected prospectively, with particular emphasis placed on technical, biologic, immunologic, clinical, and long-term follow-up issues. RESULTS: The 27 children underwent a total of 750 sessions. Mononuclear cells were collected on a commercially available apheresis system (COBE Spectra, Gambro BCT). Overall survival was 73 percent, and ECP led to significant improvement in 21 of the 27 patients (11 with complete response and 10 with partial response, i.e., >50% of organ involvement). Tolerance was good overall, the main limiting factors being vascular access and the psychological impact of repeated apheresis procedures. Children weighing less than 25 kg were not more susceptible to side effects. CONCLUSION: A specifically pediatric-dedicated and -experienced team faces only limited difficulties when treating children with GVHD by ECP. Overall, ECP is efficient and well tolerated. Our experience was therefore pooled together with available pediatric data to establish clinical practice guidelines. These guidelines consider ECP as a first-line therapy in Grade IV aGVHD (in association with conventional pharmacologic approaches) and limited cGVHD and as a second-line therapy in steroid-resistant Grades II to III aGVHD and extensive cGVHD.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Fotoferese/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Fotoferese/instrumentação , Fotoferese/mortalidade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
20.
J Med Virol ; 79(9): 1349-56, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17607791

RESUMO

Human herpesvirus (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), are two ubiquitous human herpesviruses which share many common features although they belong to different sub-families. In particular, both viruses are found in lymph nodes of patients suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma. The aim of this study was to detect and to quantify independently HHV-6 and EBV by a real-time PCR in lymph nodes from 86 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. EBV quantitative method was compared with LMP-1 protein detection among the same samples. EBV genome was detected for 61.6% of the patients (53/86) and the highest prevalence of this virus was observed in Hodgkin's lymphoma with mixed-cellularity histopathological type (80%). In contrast to that, HHV-6 genome was detected for 79.1% of the patients (68/86) and was most observed in the nodular-sclerosis group (83.6%). Among the 68 HHV-6 positive samples, 63 belonged to the B subtype. A large number of biopsies (47.7%) were positive for both viruses whereas a little number (7%) was negative for both. EBV quantitation and LMP-1 immunohistochemistry were correlated statistically but this latter technique was less sensitive. Among the nodular-sclerosis patients, HHV-6-/EBV+ patients were significatively older than HHV-6+/EBV- patients. Patients infected dually had higher values of quantitation for each virus than those positive for one virus. Data of the clinical follow-up obtained by diagnosis and during the treatment of 83 patients, were correlated with the virological findings.


Assuntos
Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Herpesvirus Humano 6/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 6/isolamento & purificação , Doença de Hodgkin/virologia , Linfonodos/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/análise , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/imunologia
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