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1.
Mov Disord ; 35(1): 109-115, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449705

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Falling is among the most serious clinical problems in Parkinson's disease (PD). We used body-worn sensors (falls detector worn as a necklace) to quantify the hazard ratio of falls in PD patients in real life. METHODS: We matched all 2063 elderly individuals with self-reported PD to 2063 elderly individuals without PD based on age, gender, comorbidity, and living conditions. We analyzed fall events collected at home via a wearable sensor. Fall events were collected either automatically using the wearable falls detector or were registered by a button push on the same device. We extracted fall events from a 2.5-year window, with an average follow-up of 1.1 years. All falls included were confirmed immediately by a subsequent telephone call. The outcomes evaluated were (1) incidence rate of any fall, (2) incidence rate of a new fall after enrollment (ie, hazard ratio), and (3) 1-year cumulative incidence of falling. RESULTS: The incidence rate of any fall was higher among self-reported PD patients than controls (2.1 vs. 0.7 falls/person, respectively; P < .0001). The incidence rate of a new fall after enrollment (ie, hazard ratio) was 1.8 times higher for self-reported PD patients than controls (95% confidence interval, 1.6-2.0). CONCLUSION: Having PD nearly doubles the incidence of falling in real life. These findings highlight PD as a prime "falling disease." The results also point to the feasibility of using body-worn sensors to monitor falls in daily life. © 2019 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

2.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 29(6): 1181-1189, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study explores the differences in gait parameters in elderly subjects with or without cognitive impairment measured by means of ambulatory actigraphy while performing a single and a dual task. METHODS: Sixty-nine participants of which 23 individuals were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 24 individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 22 healthy controls performed a single and dual walking task while wearing a wrist-worn accelerometer. Objective measures of gait features such as walking speed, cadence (i.e., number of steps per minute), and step variance (i.e., variance in time between two consecutive steps) were derived and analyzed. RESULTS: While differences in several gait parameters, namely walking speed, were found between MCI and AD patients, no differences between healthy elderly and MCI patients were found. CONCLUSION: Walking speed seems to be a gait-related feature that differs significantly between MCI and AD patients and thus could be used as an additional measurement in clinical assessment. However, differences in gait may not be salient enough in the early stages of dementia to be detected by actigraphy. More research comparing different methods to measure gait in early stages of dementia under different dual task conditions is neccessary.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/métodos , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(12)2016 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27886155

RESUMO

Stress is a common problem that affects most people with dementia and their caregivers. Stress symptoms for people with dementia are often measured by answering a checklist of questions by the clinical staff who work closely with the person with the dementia. This process requires a lot of effort with continuous observation of the person with dementia over the long term. This article investigates the effectiveness of using a straightforward method, based on a single wristband sensor to classify events of "Stressed" and "Not stressed" for people with dementia. The presented system calculates the stress level as an integer value from zero to five, providing clinical information of behavioral patterns to the clinical staff. Thirty staff members participated in this experiment, together with six residents suffering from dementia, from two nursing homes. The residents were equipped with the wristband sensor during the day, and the staff were writing observation notes during the experiment to serve as ground truth. Experimental evaluation showed relationships between staff observations and sensor analysis, while stress level thresholds adjusted to each individual can serve different scenarios.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Demência/diagnóstico , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
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