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1.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 84: 101963, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958739

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a recently recognized non-Hodgkin lymphoma of T-cell origin. Despite the low incidence of this new disease, the increasing use of breast implants for cosmetic or post-mastectomy reconstruction purposes places BIA-ALC as an emerging and compelling medical challenge. The real BIA-ALCL pathogenesis has not been fully uncovered so far, while different putative causal factors have been proposed. Breast implants with textured surfaces seem to be associated with nearly all cases of BIA-ALCL, while the real the risk of disease development has not been well estimated so far. Late onset, persistent seroma around breast implant represents the classical clinical presentation. Most of the BIA-ALCL patients presents with localized disease, which confers an excellent prognosis. Unlike other non-Hodgkin lymphomas, surgical excision of the mass has a key role in the treatment. For patients with advanced and disseminated diseases, the treatment did not differ from other types of T-cell lymphoma. For these reasons, BIA-ALCL represents an emerging disease which requires multidisciplinary team approach to well define diagnostic workup and treatment for each patient. This review article aims to summarize available data on BIA-ALCL. First, we will outline available data on BIA-ALCL epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic work-up, and treatment. Second, we will point out the potential psychological implications as well as the risk of perception distortion for women with breast implants, especially for those with previous breast cancer. Lastly, we will summarize the current national recommendations regarding textured breast implants and discuss the diagnostic-therapeutic algorithm for BIA-ALCL management.

2.
Virchows Arch ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975037

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) shows a clinical aggressiveness that varies from patient to patient. Despite major advances in outcomes with current immunochemotherapy, the future development of therapies requires risk stratification to tailor therapy intensity. Within the group of reference pathologists for the ongoing trials of the European MCL Network, we performed a round robin test on a tissue microarray to evaluate the reproducibility in assessing the biomarkers of outcome in MCL. Cytological subtype, Ki67-index and expression of p53 and SOX11 were evaluated on 20 diagnostic tumour samples by eight participating labs independently. We demonstrate that the assessment of the proliferation index by counting the Ki67 positive cells as well as assessment of SOX11 and p53 expression status is reproducible between labs. For the most established prognostic biomarker, Ki67, the intra-class correlation coefficient was very good when assessed as a continuous parameter (0.87). The agreement was lower when the values were analysed in a dichotomized way applying the commonly used cutoff of 30% (kappa = 0.65, complete concordance of all labs in 13/20 (65%)). Cases with discrepant results between labs in the dichotomized analysis showed mean values close to the cutoff of 30%. Centralised scoring and digital image analysis revealed results in line with the scores from individual labs. All cases in our cohort were additionally assessed for gene expression signatures and of TP53 gene alterations. Given the good reproducibility when guidelines of assessment are applied, the biomarker studied in this inter-laboratory test presents potential candidates to be enhanced for risk-stratification in the future clinical trials.

3.
Mod Pathol ; 33(2): 179-187, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028364

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified represents a diagnostic category comprising clinically, histologically, and molecularly heterogeneous neoplasms that are poorly understood. The genetic landscape of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified remains largely undefined, only a few sequencing studies having been conducted so far. In order to improve our understanding of the genetics of this neoplasm, we performed whole exome sequencing along with RNA-sequencing in a discovery set of 21 cases. According to whole exome sequencing results and mutations previously reported in other peripheral T-cell lymphomas, 137 genes were sequenced by a targeted deep approach in 71 tumor samples. In addition to epigenetic modifiers implicated in all subtypes of T-cell neoplasm (TET2, DNMT3A, KMT2D, KMT2C, SETD2), recurrent mutations of the FAT1 tumor suppressor gene were for the first time recorded in 39% of cases. Mutations of the tumor suppressor genes LATS1, STK3, ATM, TP53, and TP63 were also observed, although at a lower frequency. Patients with FAT1 mutations showed inferior overall survival compared to those with wild-type FAT1. Although peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified remains a broad category also on molecular grounds, the present study highlights that FAT1 mutations occur in a significant proportion of cases, being provided with both pathogenetic and prognostic impact.

5.
Blood ; 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877211

RESUMO

In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) may select for drug-resistant BCR-ABL1 kinase domain (KD) mutants. Although Sanger sequencing (SS) is considered the gold standard for BCR-ABL1 KD mutation screening, next generation sequencing (NGS) has recently been assessed in retrospective studies. We conducted a prospective, multicenter study ('NEXT-in-CML') to assess the frequency and clinical relevance of low level mutations and the feasibility, cost and turnaround times of NGS-based BCR-ABL1 mutation screening in a routine setting. A series of 236 consecutive CML patients with Failure (F; n=124) or Warning (W; n=112) response to TKI therapy were analyzed in parallel by SS and by NGS in one of four reference laboratories. Fifty-one patients (22 F, 29 W) who were negative for mutations by SS had low level mutations detectable by NGS. Moreover, 29 (27F, 2W) of 60 patients who were positive for mutations by SS showed additional low level mutations. Thus, mutations undetectable by SS were identified in 80/236 (34%) patients, of whom 42 (18% of the total) had low level mutations somehow relevant for clinical decision-making. Prospective monitoring of mutation kinetics demonstrated that TKI-resistant low level mutations are invariably selected if the patients are not switched to another TKI or if they are switched to a inappropriate TKI or TKI dose. The NEXT-in-CML study provides for the first time robust demonstration of the clinical relevance of low level mutations, supporting the incorporation of NGS-based BCR-ABL1 KD mutation screening results in the clinical decision algorithms.

6.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764221

RESUMO

The diagnosis of nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) can be challenging, with the differential diagnosis including other low-grade B-cell lymphomas, reactive hyperplasia, and even some cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). PTCL may have a perifollicular growth pattern mimicking NMZL. We and others have noted an atypical distribution of T-follicular helper (TFH) cells in some cases of NMZL. This study was prompted by the diagnosis of NMZL in several cases in which a marked increase of TFH cells, as determined by staining for programmed death-1 (PD1), had prompted suspicion for a diagnosis of PTCL. We analyzed PD1 staining in 48 cases of NMZL to characterize the extent and pattern of the PD1-positive infiltrate. Three main patterns of PD1 staining were identified: follicular pattern (peripheral, n=16; central, n=9; mixed, n=3), diffuse pattern (n=4), and a reduced or normal staining pattern in residual follicles (n=16). A comprehensive analysis of other TFH markers was undertaken in 14 cases with a high content of PD1-positive cells that were confirmed as B-cell lymphoma by clonality analysis. We describe in detail 5 of these cases in which PTCL was an initial consideration. This study illuminates the diverse immunohistochemical patterns encountered in NMZL and highlights a diagnostic pitfall important for diagnostic accuracy.

7.
Virchows Arch ; 475(6): 771-779, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686194

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to review the histopathological, phenotypic, and molecular characteristics of pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) and to assess the diagnostic value of novel immunohistochemical markers in distinguishing PTFL from follicular hyperplasia (FH). A total of 13 nodal PTFLs were investigated using immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and PCR and were compared with a further 20 reactive lymph nodes showing FH. Morphologically, PTFL cases exhibited a follicular growth pattern with irregular lymphoid follicles in which the germinal centers were composed of numerous blastoid cells showing a starry-sky appearance. Immunohistochemistry highlighted preserved CD10 (13/13) and BCL6 (13/13) staining, CD20 (13/13) positivity, a K light chain predominance (7/13), and partial BCL2 expression in 6/13 cases (using antibodies 124, E17, and SP66). The germinal center (GC)-associated markers stathmin and LLT-1 were positive in most of the cases (12/13 and 12/13, respectively). Interestingly, FOXP-1 was uniformly positive in PTFL (12/13 cases) in contrast to reactive GCs in FH, where only a few isolated positive cells were observed. FISH revealed no evidence of BCL2, BCL6, or MYC rearrangements in the examined cases. By PCR, clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangements were detected in 100% of the tested PTFL cases. Our study confirmed the unique morphological and immunophenotypic features of PTFL and suggests that FOXP-1 can represent a novel useful diagnostic marker in the differential diagnosis between PTFL and FH.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estatmina/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
8.
Blood ; 134(24): 2159-2170, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562134

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of mature T-cell malignancies; approximately one-third of cases are designated as PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Using gene-expression profiling (GEP), we have previously defined 2 major molecular subtypes of PTCL-NOS, PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21, which have distinct biological differences in oncogenic pathways and prognosis. In the current study, we generated an immunohistochemistry (IHC) algorithm to identify the 2 subtypes in paraffin tissue using antibodies to key transcriptional factors (GATA3 and TBX21) and their target proteins (CCR4 and CXCR3). In a training cohort of 49 cases of PTCL-NOS with corresponding GEP data, the 2 subtypes identified by the IHC algorithm matched the GEP results with high sensitivity (85%) and showed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) (P = .03). The IHC algorithm classification showed high interobserver reproducibility among pathologists and was validated in a second PTCL-NOS cohort (n = 124), where a significant difference in OS between the PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21 subtypes was confirmed (P = .003). In multivariate analysis, a high International Prognostic Index score (3-5) and the PTCL-GATA3 subtype identified by IHC were independent adverse predictors of OS (P = .0015). Additionally, the 2 IHC-defined subtypes were significantly associated with distinct morphological features (P < .001), and there was a significant enrichment of an activated CD8+ cytotoxic phenotype in the PTCL-TBX21 subtype (P = .03). The IHC algorithm will aid in identifying the 2 subtypes in clinical practice, which will aid the future clinical management of patients and facilitate risk stratification in clinical trials.

10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(5)2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035408

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an extremely rare tumour, which usually affects elderly males and presents in the skin with frequent involvement of the bone-marrow, peripheral blood and lymph nodes. It has a dismal prognosis, with most patients dying within one year when treated by conventional chemotherapies. The diagnosis is challenging, since neoplastic cells can resemble lymphoblasts or small immunoblasts, and require the use of a large panel of antibodies, including those against CD4, CD56, CD123, CD303, TCL1, and TCF4. The morphologic and in part phenotypic ambiguity explains the uncertainties as to the histogenesis of the neoplasm that led to the use of various denominations. Recently, a series of molecular studies based on karyotyping, gene expression profiling, and next generation sequencing, have largely unveiled the pathobiology of the tumour and proposed the potentially beneficial use of new drugs. The latter include SL-401, anti-CD123 immunotherapies, venetoclax, BET-inhibitors, and demethylating agents. The epidemiologic, clinical, diagnostic, molecular, and therapeutic features of BPDCN are thoroughly revised in order to contribute to an up-to-date approach to this tumour that has remained an orphan disease for too long.

11.
Hum Pathol ; 90: 60-69, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125630

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) is a variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma arising within seroma effusion associated with breast implants. BI-ALCL is a rare disease, recently recognized as a new provisional entity by the 2017 revised World Health Organization classification. All BI-ALCLs tested so far showed a "triple-negative" genetic profile-negative for ALK, DUSP22, and TP63 rearrangements-and were characterized by mutational and gene expression profiles consistent with aberrant activation of the JAK/STAT pathway. The active form of STAT3 (pSTAT3) is constantly expressed in BI-ALCLs and may favor tumor immune escape by triggering the transcription of PDL1 (CD274), a gene encoding the immune-checkpoint molecule programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1); immunohistochemical positivity for PDL1 has been recently described in 3 BI-ALCL cases, and one of them also harbored PDL1 gene amplification. We evaluated PDL1 and pSTAT expression by immunohistochemistry and PDL1 copy number alterations (CNAs) at chromosome 9p24.1 by fluorescent in situ hybridization in a cohort of 9 BI-ALCL cases; we also investigated the presence of tumor-infiltrating programmed cell death 1 (PD1)+ T cells (tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, or TILs) and PDL1+ tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in BI-ALCL microenvironment. Tumor cells expressed PDL1 in 5 (56%) of 9 cases and harbored PDL1 CNAs in 3 (33%) of 9 cases; immunohistochemistry for pSTAT3 was positive in all 6 cases tested (100%), indicative of active JAK/STAT signaling. We observed PDL1 CNAs only among PDL1-positive cases, whereas PD1+ TILs and PDL1+ TAMs were present at variable levels in both PDL1-positive and PDL1-negative BI-ALCLs. We report frequent PDL1 expression and recurrent PDL1 CNAs in BI-ALCLs: our data suggest that 9p24.1 alterations represent a common mechanism of PDL1 overexpression in this disease, likely acting in synergy with constitutive pSTAT3 signaling. In PDL1-positive cases without chromosomal aberration, PDL1 expression may be induced by JAK/STAT signaling alone and/or others alternative pathways. BI-ALCL microenvironment hosts variable amounts of PD1+ TILs and PDL1+ TAMs, suggesting the presence of an active PD1/PDL1 axis. These findings may be of therapeutic value in advanced-stage patients who may benefit from a PD1/PDL1 blocking treatment.

12.
Blood ; 133(15): 1664-1676, 2019 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782609

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a group of complex clinicopathological entities, often associated with an aggressive clinical course. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) are the 2 most frequent categories, accounting for >50% of PTCLs. Gene expression profiling (GEP) defined molecular signatures for AITL and delineated biological and prognostic subgroups within PTCL-NOS (PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21). Genomic copy number (CN) analysis and targeted sequencing of these molecular subgroups revealed unique CN abnormalities (CNAs) and oncogenic pathways, indicating distinct oncogenic evolution. PTCL-GATA3 exhibited greater genomic complexity that was characterized by frequent loss or mutation of tumor suppressor genes targeting the CDKN2A /B-TP53 axis and PTEN-PI3K pathways. Co-occurring gains/amplifications of STAT3 and MYC occurred in PTCL-GATA3. Several CNAs, in particular loss of CDKN2A, exhibited prognostic significance in PTCL-NOS as a single entity and in the PTCL-GATA3 subgroup. The PTCL-TBX21 subgroup had fewer CNAs, primarily targeting cytotoxic effector genes, and was enriched in mutations of genes regulating DNA methylation. CNAs affecting metabolic processes regulating RNA/protein degradation and T-cell receptor signaling were common in both subgroups. AITL showed lower genomic complexity compared with other PTCL entities, with frequent co-occurring gains of chromosome 5 (chr5) and chr21 that were significantly associated with IDH2 R172 mutation. CN losses were enriched in genes regulating PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling in cases without IDH2 mutation. Overall, we demonstrated that novel GEP-defined PTCL subgroups likely evolve by distinct genetic pathways and provided biological rationale for therapies that may be investigated in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Oncogenes , Feminino , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/genética , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/classificação , Masculino , Mutação , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética
13.
Haematologica ; 104(4): 729-737, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381297

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare and aggressive hematologic malignancy for which there is still no effective therapy. In order to identify genetic alterations useful for a new treatment design, we used whole-exome sequencing to analyze 14 BPDCN patients and the patient-derived CAL-1 cell line. The functional enrichment analysis of mutational data reported the epigenetic regulatory program to be the most significantly undermined (P<0.0001). In particular, twenty-five epigenetic modifiers were found mutated (e.g. ASXL1, TET2, SUZ12, ARID1A, PHF2, CHD8); ASXL1 was the most frequently affected (28.6% of cases). To evaluate the impact of the identified epigenetic mutations at the gene-expression and Histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation/acetylation levels, we performed additional RNA and pathology tissue-chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing experiments. The patients displayed enrichment in gene signatures regulated by methylation and modifiable by decitabine administration, shared common H3K27-acetylated regions, and had a set of cell-cycle genes aberrantly up-regulated and marked by promoter acetylation. Collectively, the integration of sequencing data showed the potential of a therapy based on epigenetic agents. Through the adoption of a preclinical BPDCN mouse model, established by CAL-1 cell line xenografting, we demonstrated the efficacy of the combination of the epigenetic drugs 5'-azacytidine and decitabine in controlling disease progression in vivo.

15.
Mod Pathol ; 32(1): 37-47, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140037

RESUMO

Follicular T cell lymphoma is derived from follicular T-helper cells. In many cases, neoplastic T cells form rosettes around Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells, which can lead to the misdiagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. The aim of the present study was to obtain a better understanding of this rosetting phenomenon and to recognize features that are helpful in the differential diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Sixteen mostly elderly follicular T cell lymphoma patients (mean 66 years) were analyzed. Fifteen of the 16 follicular T cell lymphoma cases presented with Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells, which were CD20-positive in 27% of the cases and Epstein-Barr virus-infected in nearly all cases. Frequently, the immunophenotype of rosetting neoplastic T cells differed from the bulk neoplastic cells with less numerous T-follicular helper cell markers expressed, suggesting a modulation of T-follicular helper cell marker expression in the neoplastic T cells. In 75% of the cases, variable CD30 expression was encountered in the neoplastic T cells, likely reflecting an activation state in these cells. Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells were positive for CCL17, and follicular T cell lymphoma tumor cells expressed its receptor CCR4 at variable intensity, thus potentially explaining the phenomenon of the tumor cells' rosetting around Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells. In summary, this study confirms the presence of Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells in a high number of cases of follicular T cell lymphoma, suggesting that Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells may contribute to the development of this lymphoma. Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells in follicular T cell lymphoma cannot reliably be differentiated from the Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma based on their immunophenotype. In contrast, demonstration of a T-follicular helper cell phenotype with CD10 and frequent CD30 expression in the neoplastic T cell population can help to establish the diagnosis of follicular T cell lymphoma, and may even indicate CD30 as a therapeutic target for these patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Antígeno Ki-1/biossíntese , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-1/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfócitos T/patologia
16.
Virchows Arch ; 473(6): 749-757, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30151671

RESUMO

Granulysin is a cytolytic protein expressed in cytotoxic T and natural killer (NK) cells. Abnormal serum levels of granulysin in lymphomas with NK and cytotoxic phenotype have been shown to correlate with tumour progression. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern of granulysin in routine sections of normal and reactive lymphoid tissues as well as in a large series of lymphomas. In normal tissues, granulysin labelled a small population of cells that double immunostaining revealed to belong to the pool of cytotoxic T/NK cells. Among lymphoid neoplasms, the highest expression of granulysin (71%) was found in extranodal NK/T cell lymphomas of nasal type (ENKTL). To note is that 29% of ENKTLs, which were negative for one or more of classical cytotoxic markers strongly expressed granulysin. Furthermore, expression of granulysin was observed in rare cases of T cell lymphomas with a cytotoxic phenotype (i.e. ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (26%), enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma (12%) and peripheral T cell lymphoma, NOS (4%)). None of the investigated non-Hodgkin B cell lymphomas, Hodgkin lymphoma and plasma cell myeloma were granulysin positive. The results suggest granulysin as a novel marker for a subset of cytotoxic NK cell derived malignancies and its usefulness is highlighted in those ENKTLs that lack expression of other cytotoxic markers but retain granulysin expression.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/análise , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cancer Res ; 78(13): 3544-3559, 2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748373

RESUMO

Terminal tissue differentiation and function of slan+ monocytes in cancer is largely unexplored. Our recent studies demonstrated that slan+ monocytes differentiate into a distinct subset of dendritic cells (DC) in human tonsils and that slan+ cells colonize metastatic carcinoma-draining lymph nodes. Herein, we report by retrospective analysis of multi-institutional cohorts that slan+ cells infiltrate various types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), particularly the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group, including the most aggressive, nodal and extranodal, forms. Nodal slan+ cells displayed features of either immature DC or macrophages, in the latter case ingesting tumor cells and apoptotic bodies. We also found in patients with DLBCL that peripheral blood slan+ monocytes, but not CD14+ monocytes, increased in number and displayed highly efficient rituximab-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, almost equivalent to that exerted by NK cells. Notably, slan+ monocytes cultured in conditioned medium from nodal DLBCL (DCM) acquired a macrophage-like phenotype, retained CD16 expression, and became very efficient in rituximab-mediated antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP). Macrophages derived from DCM-treated CD14+ monocytes performed very efficient rituximab-mediated ADCP, however, using different FcγRs from those used by slan+ macrophages. Our observations shed new light on the complexity of the immune microenvironment of DLBCL and demonstrate plasticity of slan+ monocytes homing to cancer tissues. Altogether, data identify slan+ monocytes and macrophages as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in patients with DLBCL.Significance: slan+ monocytes differentiate into macrophages that function as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in lymphoma.Graphical Abstract: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/78/13/3544/F1.large.jpg Cancer Res; 78(13); 3544-59. ©2018 AACR.


Assuntos
Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/imunologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Citofagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Macrófagos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Citofagocitose/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Linfonodos/citologia , Linfonodos/imunologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/farmacologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(12): 2904-2910, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616865

RESUMO

We investigated panobinostat 40 mg three times weekly in 35 adult patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Overall response rate and complete response were 17.1% and 11.4%, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were 2.4 and 7.6 months, respectively. Calculated 12, 24 and 36 months PFS were 26%, 11% and 11%, respectively. Four patients who achieved a sustained CR, continued receiving panobinostat for an overall period of 44, 48, 50, 62 months. Thrombocytopenia grade 3 (5 patients) and 4 (24 patients) represented the main toxic effect, causing dose reduction or treatment suspension in 19 patients. Genomic analysis was unable to identify any relationship between mutations and response; TP53 mutation appeared not to impact the clinical outcome. Overall, panobinostat has a modest activity in R/R DLBCL patients, however it can induce very long lasting responses in some cases. Thrombocytopenia frequently limits the use of this agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Panobinostat/administração & dosagem , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Panobinostat/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Fatores de Tempo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
19.
Br J Haematol ; 181(6): 760-769, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29672827

RESUMO

Different models to investigate the prognosis of peripheral T cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) have been developed by means of retrospective analyses. Here we report on a new model designed on data from the prospective T Cell Project. Twelve covariates collected by the T Cell Project were analysed and a new model (T cell score), based on four covariates (serum albumin, performance status, stage and absolute neutrophil count) that maintained their prognostic value in multiple Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was proposed. Among patients registered in the T Cell Project, 311 PTCL-NOS were retained for study. At a median follow-up of 46 months, the median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was 20 and 10 months, respectively. Three groups were identified at low risk (LR, 48 patients, 15%, score 0), intermediate risk (IR, 189 patients, 61%, score 1-2), and high risk (HiR, 74 patients, 24%, score 3-4), having a 3-year OS of 76% [95% confidence interval 61-88], 43% [35-51], and 11% [4-21], respectively (P < 0·001). Comparing the performance of the T cell score on OS to that of each of the previously developed models, it emerged that the new score had the best discriminant power. The new T cell score, based on clinical variables, identifies a group with very unfavourable outcomes.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Modelos Biológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(11): 2612-2621, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29448858

RESUMO

Identify a subset of early-stage HL children (GR1) curable with limited chemotherapy+/-radiotherapy; improve outcome of intermediate (GR2) and high-risk (GR3) patients; establish impact of response to chemotherapy evaluated with conventional imaging (CI). One hundred and sixty GR1-patients received 3ABVD + involved-field (IF) low-dose (LD) (20 Gy) irradiation if mediastinal mass or partial response (PR) after chemotherapy. Eighty-five GR2- and 315 GR3-patients received 4 and 6 COPP/ABV + IFRT, respectively. The 63 GR1 patients spared from radiotherapy had 15-year survival and EFS of 100 and 84.5%, respectively. The GR2 and GR3 15-year FFP were 84.7 and 78.6%, respectively. No different prognosis for patients in CR or PR evaluated during and after chemotherapy was observed. In conclusion, low-risk patients in CR may be successfully treated with radiation-free, low-intensity chemotherapy. Good, but less satisfactory, results were registered in GR2 and GR3. Response evaluated with CI is not a prognostic factor, but permits identification of low-risk patients who can avoid radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Adolescente , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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