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1.
EClinicalMedicine ; 40: 101099, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490415

RESUMO

Background: Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there has been increasing urgency to identify pathophysiological characteristics leading to severe clinical course in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Human leukocyte antigen alleles (HLA) have been suggested as potential genetic host factors that affect individual immune response to SARS-CoV-2. We sought to evaluate this hypothesis by conducting a multicenter study using HLA sequencing. Methods: We analyzed the association between COVID-19 severity and HLAs in 435 individuals from Germany (n = 135), Spain (n = 133), Switzerland (n = 20) and the United States (n = 147), who had been enrolled from March 2020 to August 2020. This study included patients older than 18 years, diagnosed with COVID-19 and representing the full spectrum of the disease. Finally, we tested our results by meta-analysing data from prior genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Findings: We describe a potential association of HLA-C*04:01 with severe clinical course of COVID-19. Carriers of HLA-C*04:01 had twice the risk of intubation when infected with SARS-CoV-2 (risk ratio 1.5 [95% CI 1.1-2.1], odds ratio 3.5 [95% CI 1.9-6.6], adjusted p-value = 0.0074). These findings are based on data from four countries and corroborated by independent results from GWAS. Our findings are biologically plausible, as HLA-C*04:01 has fewer predicted bindings sites for relevant SARS-CoV-2 peptides compared to other HLA alleles. Interpretation: HLA-C*04:01 carrier state is associated with severe clinical course in SARS-CoV-2. Our findings suggest that HLA class I alleles have a relevant role in immune defense against SARS-CoV-2. Funding: Funded by Roche Sequencing Solutions, Inc.

2.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441435

RESUMO

Liver stiffness (LS) at sustained virological response (SVR) after direct-acting antivirals (DAA)-based therapy is a predictor of liver events in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. The study aim was to identify genetic factors associated with LS changes from the moment of starting anti-HCV therapy to SVR. This prospective study included HCV-infected patients from the GEHEP-011 cohort who achieved SVR with DAA-based therapy, with LS pre-treatment ≥ 9.5 kPa and LS measurement available at SVR. Plink and Magma software were used to carry out genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based and gene-based association analyses, respectively. The ShinyGO application was used for exploring enrichment in Gene Ontology (GO) categories for biological processes. Overall, 242 patients were included. Median (quartile 1, quartile 3) LS values at pre-treatment and at SVR were 16.8 (12, 28) kPa and 12.0 (8.5, 19.3) kPa, respectively. Thirty-five SNPs and three genes reached suggestive association with LS changes from the moment of starting anti-HCV therapy to SVR. GO categories related to DNA packaging complex, DNA conformation change, chromosome organization and chromatin organization were significantly enriched. Our study reports possible genetic factors associated with LS changes during HCV-infection cure. In addition, our results suggest that processes related to DNA conformation are also involved in these changes.

3.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405560

RESUMO

Whether people living with HIV (PLWH) are at greater risk of acquiring SARS-CoV-2 infection is currently unknown. Prospective serologic studies may allow seroincidence analyses, where all infections are accurately identified. Because of this, we evaluated the incidence of associated factors with and the clinical outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in PLWH in Southern Spain. This prospective cohort study included PLWH from a Tertiary University Hospital in Southern Spain. Patients were enrolled in the study if (1) they had attended as outpatients our Unit from 1 August 2019 to 8 February 2020 and (2) had two subsequent evaluations from 9 February 2020 to 4 March 2021. SARS-CoV-2 infections were diagnosed by PCR, antigen detection or serology. Seven hundred and nine PLWH were included in the study. Of them, 55 [7.8%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 5.9%-9.9%] patients developed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Between 18 May and 29 November 2020, the rate of seroconversion was 5.3% (95% CI: 3.1%-9.0%) for the general population in the area of Seville and 2.3% (95% CI: 1.3%-2.6%) for PLWH in this study (p = .001). After multivariable analysis, adjusted by age, sex, and risk factors for HIV infection, active tobacco use and CDC stage, active tobacco smoking was the only factor independently associated with lower risk of SARS-Cov-2 infection [Incidence rate ratio: 0.29 (95% CI 0.16-0.55) p < .001]. In conclusion, the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among PLWH in Southern Spain during the ongoing pandemic was lower than that reported for the general population in the same area.

4.
AIDS ; 35(13): 2119-2127, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is scarce available evidence on the distribution over time of liver complications emergence in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients who achieve sustained virological response (SVR) with direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based therapy. Therefore, we aimed at describing the kinetics of liver-related events appearance in this setting. DESIGN: A multicentric prospective cohort study. METHODS: HCV-monoinfected and HIV/HCV-coinfected patients from GEHEP-011 cohort, whose inclusion criteria were had achieved SVR with DAA-based therapy; liver stiffness prior to starting treatment at least 9.5 kPa; and available liver stiffness measurement at SVR. SVR was considered as the baseline time-point. RESULTS: One thousand and thirty-five patients were included, 664 (64%) coinfected with HIV. Before DAA-based therapy, 63 (6.1%) individuals showed decompensated cirrhosis. After SVR, 51 (4.9%) patients developed liver complications. Median (Q1-Q3) time to the emergence of hepatic events was hepatic encephalopathy 11 (7-24) months, ascites 14 (6-29) months, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) 17 (11-42) months and portal hypertension gastrointestinal bleeding (PHGB) 28 (22-38) months (P = 0.152). We define two profiles of liver complications: those emerging earlier (encephalopathy and ascites) and, those occurring continuously during the follow-up (HCC, PHGB) [median (Q1-Q3) time to emergence 12.7 (6.6-28.2) months vs. 25.4 (12.5-41.53) months, respectively (P = 0.026)]. CONCLUSION: The vast majority of HCV-infected patients who develop liver complications after reaching SVR with DAA do it within 3 years after SVR time-point. Specifically, hepatic encephalopathy and ascites do not usually emerge after this period. Conversely, HCC and PHGB may occur in longer term. It is critical to identify patients at risk of developing hepatic events to continue performing surveillance for them.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cinética , Cirrose Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249036, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine is not efficacious as post-exposure prophylaxis against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is not known whether as pre-exposure prophylaxis it may prevent COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of COVID-19 in Spanish patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases treated with and without hydroxychloroquine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective electronic record review, from February 27th to June 21st, 2020, of patients with autoimmune inflammatory diseases followed at two academic tertiary care hospitals in Seville, Spain. The cumulative incidence of confirmed COVID-19, by PCR or serology, was compared between patients with and without hydroxychloroquine as part of their treatment of autoimmune inflammatory diseases. RESULTS: Among 722 included patients, 290 (40%) were receiving hydroxychloroquine. During the seventeen-week study period, 10 (3.4% [95% CI: 1.7%-6.7%] cases of COVID-19 were registered among patients with hydroxychloroquine and 13 (3.0% [1.6%-5.1%]) (p = 0.565) in those without hydroxychloroquine. COVID-19 was diagnosed by PCR in four (1.4%, 95% CI 0.38%-3.5%) subject with hydroxychloroquine and six (1.4%, 95% CI 0.5%-3.0%) without hydroxychloroquine (p = 0.697). Three patients on hydroxychloroquine and four patients without hydroxychloroquine were admitted to the hospital, none of them required to be transferred to the intensive care unit and no patient died during the episode. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and severity of COVID-19 among patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases with and without hydroxychloroquine was not significantly different.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hidroxicloroquina/administração & dosagem , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
J Viral Hepat ; 28(6): 878-886, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721377

RESUMO

Elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) use in drug users on opiate agonist therapy (OAT) is supported by the C-EDGE Co-STAR trial. SVR rates in this study were within those found in the rest of patients included by the EBR/GZR development programme. In clinical practice, however, efficacy could theoretically be lower. Thus, we aimed at evaluating the SVR rates of EBR/GZR among people who injected drugs (PWID) with and without OAT in clinical practice. Patients starting EBR/GZR included in the HEPAVIR-DAA (NCT02057003), recruiting HIV/HCV-coinfected patients or the GEHEP-MONO (NCT02333292), including HCV-monoinfected individuals, prospective cohorts were analysed. Overall SVR12 (ITT), discontinuations due to adverse effects and drop-outs were evaluated. The same analysis was carried out for PWID with and without OAT. 336 patients had started EBR/GZR and reached the SVR12 evaluation date. 318 [95%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 92%-98%] patients achieved SVR12. SVR12 was 97% (95% CI: 93%-99%, n/N = 141/145) among people who never used injecting drugs, 94% (95% CI: 88%-97%, n/N = 117/125) among PWIDs without OAT and 91% (95% CI: 81%-97%, n/N = 60/66) among PWIDs with OAT (p = 0.134). Five (1.5%) patients showed relapses, and two (0.6%) individuals showed viral breakthrough. The SVR12 rate for recent drug users was 69% (n/N = 18/26) compared with 97% (n/N = 276/284) for individuals without recent drug use (in the prior year) (p < 0.001). Among recent drug users, three (12%) showed relapses, and five (19%) were lost-to-follow-up. The SVR rates achieved with EBR/GZR were high in real-world conditions of use. However, PWID with recent drug use reach suboptimal response rates with EBR/GZR.


Assuntos
Hepatite C , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Amidas , Analgésicos Opioides , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Benzofuranos , Carbamatos , Ciclopropanos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imidazóis , Estudos Prospectivos , Quinoxalinas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas
7.
Clin Infect Dis ; 72(5): e96-e102, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the setting of hepatitis C virus (HCV) active infection, liver stiffness (LS)-based strategies identify patients with low risk of developing esophageal variceal bleeding (VB) episodes, in whom unnecessary upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy (UGE) screening can be safely avoided. However, after sustained virological response (SVR), data on the accuracy of the criteria predicting this outcome in HCV-infected patients with cirrhosis, with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection, are very limited. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study, where HCV-monoinfected patients and HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals were included if they had (1) SVR with direct-acting antiviral-based therapy; (2) LS ≥9.5 kPa previous to treatment; and (3) LS measurement at the SVR time-point ≥14 kPa. Diagnostic accuracy of HEPAVIR, expanded Baveno VI, and HIV cirrhosis criteria, at the time of SVR, was evaluated. Missed VB episodes, negative predictive values (NPVs), and number of spared UGEs were specifically assessed. RESULTS: Four hundred thirty-five patients were included, 284 (65%) coinfected with HIV. Seven (1.6%) patients developed a first episode of VB after SVR. In patients without a previous VB episode, HEPAVIR, expanded Baveno VI and HIV cirrhosis criteria achieved NPV for first VB episode after SVR of 99.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 97.1%-100%), 100% (95% CI 97.8%-100%), and 100% (95% CI 98%-100%) while sparing 45%, 39%, and 44% of UGEs, respectively. When considering HIV coinfection, the performance of the 3 criteria was similar, both in HCV-monoinfected and HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals. CONCLUSIONS: After SVR, predictive LS-based strategies accurately identify HCV-infected patients, HIV coinfected or not, with low risk of developing VB during follow-up. In these specific patients, using HIV cirrhosis criteria maximize the number of spared UGEs while missing no VB episode.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20958, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262433

RESUMO

The impact of drug-drug interactions (DDI) between ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV-r) to treat patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and commonly used drugs in clinical practice is not well-known. Thus, we evaluated the rate and severity of DDI between LPV-r for COVID-19 treatment and concomitant medications. This was a cross-sectional study including all individuals diagnosed of SARS-CoV-2 infection treated with LPV-r and attended at a single center in Southern Spain (March 1st to April 30th, 2020). The frequency [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] of potential and major DDI were calculated. Overall, 469 patients were diagnosed of COVID-19, 125 (27%) of them were prescribed LPV-r. LPV-r had potential DDI with concomitant medications in 97 (78%, 95% CI 69-85%) patients, and in 33 (26%, 95% CI 19-35%) individuals showed major DDI. Twelve (36%) patients with major DDI and 14 (15%) individuals without major DDI died (p = 0.010). After adjustment, only the Charlson index was independently associated with death [adjusted OR (95% CI) for Charlson index ≥ 5: 85 (10-731), p < 0.001]. LPV-r was discontinued due to side effects in 31 (25%) patients. Management by the Infectious Diseases Unit was associated with a lower likelihood of major DDI [adjusted odds ratio (95% CI): 0.14 (0.04-0.53), p = 0.003). In conclusion, a high frequency of DDI between LPV-r for treating COVID-19 and concomitant medications was found, including major DDI. Patients with major DDI showed worse outcomes, but this association was explained by the older age and comorbidities. Patients managed by the Infectious Diseases Unit had lower risk of major DDI.


Assuntos
Antivirais/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Lopinavir/efeitos adversos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteases/efeitos adversos , Ritonavir/efeitos adversos , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Interações Medicamentosas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Espanha
9.
AIDS ; 34(10): 1497-1507, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has an aggressive presentation and a shorter survival in people with HIV (PWH). This could be due to later diagnosis or lower rates of HCC treatment, and not to HIV infection itself. AIM: :: To assess the impact of HIV on HCC survival in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study (1999-2018) of 342 and 135 HCC cases diagnosed in HIV/HCV-infected and HCV-monoinfected patients. Survival after HCC diagnosis and its predictors were assessed. RESULTS: HCC was at Barcelona-Clinic Liver-Cancer (BCLC) stage 0/A in 114 (33%) HIV/HCV-coinfected and in 76 (56%) HCV-monoinfected individuals (P < 0.001). Of them, 97 (85%) and 50 (68%) underwent curative therapies (P = 0.001). After a median (Q1-Q3) follow-up of 11 (3-31) months, 334 (70%) patients died. Overall 1 and 3-year survival was 50 and 31% in PWH and 69 and 34% in those without HIV (P = 0.16). Among those diagnosed at BCLC stage 0/A, 1 and 3-year survival was 94 and 66% in PWH whereas it was 90 and 54% in HIV-negative patients (P = 0.006). Independent predictors of mortality were age, BCLC stage and α-fetoprotein levels. HIV infection was not independently associated with mortality [adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) 1.57; 95% confidence interval: 0.88-2.78; P = 0.12]. CONCLUSION: HIV coinfection has no impact on the survival after the diagnosis of HCC in HCV-infected patients. Although overall mortality is higher in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, this seem to be related with lower rates of early diagnosis HCC in HIV-infected patients and not with HIV infection itself or a lower access to HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 38(3): 127-131, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-200607

RESUMO

The micro-elimination of HCV infection in drug users (DU) in our area is a priority in order to achieve the overall elimination of this disease. Coordinated action between specialists in addiction treatment, microbiologists and physicians who treat HCV infection is required to implement infection screening, to achieve universal access to treatment and to prevent new infections and reinfections. The objective of this document was to come to a consensus on the screening, hospital referral, treatment, follow-up and prevention of HCV infection in DU by an expert panel from GEHEP/SEIMC and three scientific societies of addiction treating physicians: SEPD, SOCIDROGALCOHOL and SOMAPA


La microeliminación de la infección por VHC en pacientes usuarios de drogas (UD) es una prioridad para lograr la eliminación global de esta enfermedad. Se requiere una acción coordinada de especialistas en el tratamiento de adicciones, microbiólogos y médicos que tratan la infección por VHC para realizar el cribado de los pacientes, garantizar el acceso al tratamiento y prevenir nuevas infecciones y reinfecciones. El objetivo de este documento fue consensuar las medidas de cribado, envío a unidades hospitalarias, tratamiento, seguimiento y prevención de la infección por VHC en UD, por parte de un panel de expertos de GEHEP/SEIMC y 3 sociedades científicas implicadas en el tratamiento de las adicciones: SEPD, SOCIDROGALCOHOL y SOMAPA


Assuntos
Humanos , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Usuários de Drogas , Redução do Dano , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Espanha
12.
Clin Infect Dis ; 71(11): 2810-2817, 2020 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH) are at increased risk of cirrhosis and esophageal varices. Baveno VI criteria, based on liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and platelet count, have been proposed to avoid unnecessary esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) screening for esophageal varices needing treatment (EVNT). This approach has not been validated in PLWH. METHODS: PLWH from 8 prospective cohorts were included if they fulfilled the following criteria: (1) compensated advanced chronic liver disease (LSM >10 kPa); (2) availability of EGD within 6 months of reliable LSM. Baveno VI (LSM <20 kPa and platelets >150 000/µL), expanded Baveno VI (LSM <25 kPa and platelets >110 000/µL), and Estudio de las Hepatitis Víricas (HEPAVIR) criteria (LSM <21 kPa) were applied to identify patients not requiring EGD screening. Criteria optimization was based on the percentage of EGDs spared, while keeping the risk of missing EVNT <5%. RESULTS: Five hundred seven PLWH were divided into a training (n = 318) and a validation set (n = 189). EVNT were found in 7.5%. In the training set, Baveno VI, expanded Baveno VI, and HEPAVIR criteria spared 10.1%, 25.5%, and 28% of EGDs, while missing 0%, 1.2%, and 2.2% of EVNT, respectively. The best thresholds to rule out EVNT were platelets >110 000/µL and LSM <30 kPa (HIV cirrhosis criteria), with 34.6% of EGDs spared and 0% EVNT missed. In the validation set, HEPAVIR and HIV cirrhosis criteria spared 54% and 48.7% of EGDs, while missing 4.9% and 2.2% EVNT, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Baveno VI criteria can be extended to HEPAVIR and HIV cirrhosis criteria while sparing a significant number of EGDs, thus improving resource utilization for PLWH with compensated advanced chronic liver disease.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Infecções por HIV , Hepatopatias , Plaquetas , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed) ; 38(3): 127-131, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30415884

RESUMO

The micro-elimination of HCV infection in drug users (DU) in our area is a priority in order to achieve the overall elimination of this disease. Coordinated action between specialists in addiction treatment, microbiologists and physicians who treat HCV infection is required to implement infection screening, to achieve universal access to treatment and to prevent new infections and reinfections. The objective of this document was to come to a consensus on the screening, hospital referral, treatment, follow-up and prevention of HCV infection in DU by an expert panel from GEHEP/SEIMC and three scientific societies of addiction treating physicians: SEPD, SOCIDROGALCOHOL and SOMAPA.


Assuntos
Usuários de Drogas , Hepatite C , Consenso , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
16.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 42(9): 579-592, nov. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187928

RESUMO

La Asociación Española para el Estudio del Hígado (AEEH) está convencida de que la eliminación de la hepatitisC en España es posible siempre y cuando seamos capaces de emplear los recursos y las herramientas necesarias para la misma. Este documento refleja la posición de la AEEH respecto a la eliminación del virus de la hepatitisC (VHC), estableciendo una amplia serie de recomendaciones que se pueden agrupar en cinco categorías: 1)cribado del VHC en función de la edad, de la existencia de factores de riesgo clásicos de adquisición de la infección, búsqueda activa de pacientes diagnosticados con anterioridad y desarrollo de estrategias de microeliminación en poblaciones vulnerables; 2)simplificación del diagnóstico del VHC (diagnóstico en un solo paso y diagnóstico en el punto de atención del paciente); 3)simplificación del tratamiento de los pacientes y mejora de los circuitos asistenciales; 4)medidas de política sanitaria, y, finalmente, 5)establecimiento de indicadores de eliminación del VHC


The Spanish Association for the Study of the Liver (AEEH) is convinced that the elimination of hepatitisC virus (HCV) in Spain is possible as long as we are able to use the resources and tools necessary for it. This document reflects the position of the AEEH regarding the elimination of HCV, establishing a wide range of recommendations that can be grouped into five categories: 1)Screening of HCV according to age, of the existence of classic acquisition risk factors of infection, active search of previously diagnosed patients and development of micro-elimination strategies in vulnerable populations; 2)Simplification of HCV diagnosis (one-step diagnosis and diagnosis at the point of patient care); 3)Simplification of patient treatment and improvement of care circuits; 4)Health policy measures, and, finally, 5)Establishment of HCV elimination indicators


Assuntos
Humanos , Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Fatores Etários , Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/etiologia , Hepatite C/terapia , Seleção de Pacientes , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade
17.
Rev. esp. enferm. dig ; 111(11): 862-873, nov. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190511

RESUMO

La Asociación Española para el Estudio del Hígado (AEEH) está convencida de que la eliminación de la hepatitis C en España es posible siempre y cuando seamos capaces de emplear los recursos y las herramientas necesarias para la misma. Este documento refleja la posición de la AEEH respecto a la eliminación del virus de la hepatitis C (VHC), estableciendo una amplia serie de recomendaciones que se pueden agrupar en cinco categorías: 1) cribado del VHC en función de la edad, de la existencia de factores de riesgo clásicos de adquisición de la infección, búsqueda activa de pacientes diagnosticados con anterioridad y desarrollo de estrategias de microeliminación en poblaciones vulnerables; 2) simplificación del diagnóstico del VHC (diagnóstico en un solo paso y diagnóstico en el punto de atención del paciente); 3) simplificación del tratamiento de los pacientes y mejora de los circuitos asistenciales; 4) medidas de política sanitaria, y, finalmente, 5) establecimiento de indicadores de eliminación del VHC


The Spanish Association for the Study of the Liver (AEEH) is convinced that the elimination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Spain is possible as long as we are able to use the resources and tools necessary for it. This document reflects the position of the AEEH regarding the elimination of HCV, establishing a wide range of recommendations that can be grouped into five categories: 1) Screening of HCV according to age, of the existence of classic acquisition risk factors of infection, active search of previously diagnosed patients and development of microelimination strategies in vulnerable populations; 2) Simplification of HCV diagnosis (one-step diagnosis and diagnosis at the point of patient care); 3) Simplification of patient treatment and improvement of care circuits; 4) Health policy measures, and, finally, 5) Establishment of HCV elimination indicators


Assuntos
Humanos , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/isolamento & purificação , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
18.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 111(11): 862-873, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657609

RESUMO

The Spanish Association for the Study of the Liver (AEEH) is convinced that the elimination of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Spain is possible as long as we are able to use the resources and tools necessary for it. This document reflects the position of the AEEH regarding the elimination of HCV, establishing a wide range of recommendations that can be grouped into five categories: 1) Screening of HCV according to age, of the existence of classic acquisition risk factors of infection, active search of previously diagnosed patients and development of microelimination strategies in vulnerable populations; 2) Simplification of HCV diagnosis (one-step diagnosis and diagnosis at the point of patient care); 3) Simplification of patient treatment and improvement of care circuits; 4) Health policy measures, and, finally, 5) Establishment of HCV elimination indicators.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Política de Saúde , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/terapia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
19.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 42(9): 579-592, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594683

RESUMO

The Spanish Association for the Study of the Liver (AEEH) is convinced that the elimination of hepatitisC virus (HCV) in Spain is possible as long as we are able to use the resources and tools necessary for it. This document reflects the position of the AEEH regarding the elimination of HCV, establishing a wide range of recommendations that can be grouped into five categories: 1)Screening of HCV according to age, of the existence of classic acquisition risk factors of infection, active search of previously diagnosed patients and development of micro-elimination strategies in vulnerable populations; 2)Simplification of HCV diagnosis (one-step diagnosis and diagnosis at the point of patient care); 3)Simplification of patient treatment and improvement of care circuits; 4)Health policy measures, and, finally, 5)Establishment of HCV elimination indicators.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Fatores Etários , Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/etiologia , Hepatite C/terapia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12507, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467339

RESUMO

Several studies have reported the persistence of HCV RNA in liver and/or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in spite of undetectable viremia in patients who have achieved sustained virological response (SVR). This event, defined as occult HCV infection, remains controversial and low titers of persistent virus may be underestimated because it has not yet been analyzed by a highly sensitive test such as droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). This method provides an alternate ultra-sensitive detection technique for very low numbers of copies of viral RNA or DNA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistence of HCV in HIV-coinfected patients with long-term SVR using ddPCR. For each patient, the presence of HCV RNA in serum and PBMCs at baseline was determined by nested RT-ddPCR. Patients with HCV RNA in PBMCs at baseline were followed until the end of the study. One hundred and twenty-three patients were analyzed for persistence of HCV RNA in serum and PBMCs. Persistence of HCV was not found in serum in any patient. HCV RNA was detected in PBMCs in one patient (0.81%; 95% CI: 0.04-3.94) and resolved spontaneously during follow-up. Persistence of HCV RNA in PBMCs is not a common event in HIV/HCV co-infected patients with long-term SVR evaluated by RT-ddPCR.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , RNA Viral/genética , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
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