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1.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 152(4): 477-482, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28962731

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to assess the effect of the duration of fixed orthodontic treatment on gingival enlargement (GE) in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: The sample consisted of 260 subjects (ages, 10-30 years) divided into 4 groups: patients with no fixed orthodontic appliances (G0) and patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 1 year (G1), 2 years (G2), or 3 years (G3). Participants completed a structured questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics and oral hygiene habits. Clinical examinations were conducted by a calibrated examiner and included the plaque index, the gingival index, and the Seymour index. Poisson regression models were used to assess the association between group and GE. RESULTS: We observed increasing means of plaque, gingivitis, and GE in G0, G1, and G2. No significant differences were observed between G2 and G3. Adjusted Poisson regression analysis showed that patients undergoing orthodontic treatment had a 20 to 28-fold increased risk for GE than did those without orthodontic appliances (G1, rate ratio [RR] = 20.2, 95% CI = 9.0-45.3; G2, RR = 27.0, 95% CI = 12.1-60.3; G3 = 28.1; 95% CI = 12.6-62.5). CONCLUSIONS: The duration of orthodontic treatment significantly influenced the occurrence of GE. Oral hygiene instructions and motivational activities should target adolescents and young adults undergoing orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças da Gengiva/etiologia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
2.
Am J Dent ; 20(3): 189-92, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17672262

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic changes in primary teeth submitted to indirect pulp treatment (IPT) over a 36-month period. METHODS: Thirty-nine primary molars with deep caries, but without preoperative signs and symptoms of irreversible pulpits, received IPT. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups, according to the material used for protection of the dentin-pulp complex: (1) a calcium hydroxide liner (Hydro C) and (2) a gutta-percha sheet. Both groups were restored with Z250 resin-based composite. RESULTS: After 36 months, Group 1 showed a success rate of 73.3% and Group 2, 85.7%. The overall success rate was 79.3%, with no statistically significant difference between the groups (P = 0.36).


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Guta-Percha/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Dente Decíduo/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Am J Dent ; 19(6): 382-6, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17212082

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate clinically and microbiologically the effect of calcium hydroxide (CH) on carious dentin on primary teeth submitted to indirect pulp capping (IPC). METHODS: Twenty 4-7 year-old subjects with 42 treated teeth participated in the study. The treatment consisted of incomplete excavation of the demineralized dentin, application of a CH or gutta-percha (GP) layer and sealing with a resin-based composite for 4-7 months. After cavity preparation and sealing, the dentin was evaluated clinically (color and consistency) and microbiologically. Dentin samples were cultured on blood agar under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, in Mitis Salivarius agar and Rogosa SL agar. RESULTS: 39 teeth (20 in the CH Group and 19 in the GP Group) were reopened 4-7 months post-treatment for clinical and microbiological evaluation. In all teeth, the initial demineralized dentin was wet and soft or leathery. In the CH Group, 10% of the lesions were yellow, 80% light brown and 10% dark brown and in the GP Group, 94.7% were light brown and 5.3% dark brown. After treatment, the dentin was dry, 90% (Group CH) and 84.2% (Group GP) were dark brown. The final consistency was either leathery or hard. Three samples in the CH Group and five in Group GP changed from soft to leathery; only one sample (GP) remained leathery. 85% in the CH Group and 68.4% in GP Group turned hard after treatment. All bacterial counts decreased significantly by the end of treatment. In the CH Group, the bacterial (Log10 CFU + 1) anaerobic growth decreased from 4.84 +/- 1.31 to 1.35 +/- 1.54, aerobic from 4.09 +/- 1.04 to 0.92 +/- 1.30 and lactobacilli from 3.24 +/- 1.22 to 0.36 +/- 0.89, respectively; the mutans streptococci from 2.05 +/- 1.84 to 0.14 +/- 0.60. In GP Group, anaerobic growth decreased from 5.22 +/- 0.96 to 2.02 +/- 1.65 and aerobic from 4.23 +/- 1.37 to 1.08 +/- 1.29 and lactobacilli from 2.06 +/- 1.81 to 0.00 +/- 0.00, respectively; the mutans streptococci from 3.16 +/- 1.59 to 0.28 +/- 0.84.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/farmacologia , Forramento da Cavidade Dentária , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentina/microbiologia , Dentina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactobacillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente Decíduo
5.
RFO UPF ; 3(1): 35-40, jan.-jun. 1998. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-221019

RESUMO

Conhecendo o papel do açúcar na etiologia da cárie dentária, foi objetivo desta pesquisa constatar a provável influência das propagandas de televisäo nos hábitos de consumo de alimentos açucarados por crianças. O estudo foi realizado por seis academicos do nono semetre do curso de Odontologia da UFSM, que observaram a programaçäo veiculada da 8h às 12h, durante seis dias, de seis emissoras distintas de televisäo: Rede Globo, Cartoon Network, SBT, TV Educativa, TV Cultura e Manchete. Para a compilaçäo dos dados, foi utilizada uma ficha em que constava o horário e duraçäo de cada intervalo, o produto anunciado, bem como a sua influência sobre os hábitos dietéticos. Concluiu-se que os comerciais de produtos açucarados tem uma abordagem infantil com o objetivo de influenciar as crianças para que consumam. Isso reforça os hábitos dietéticos incorretos, socialmente aceitos como normais. Observou-se também que algumas emissoras näo apresentaram comerciais que infleunciassem os hábitos alimentares


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Sacarose na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Modalidades Alimentares , Propaganda , Indústria do Açúcar , Televisão
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