Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51
Filtrar
1.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(12): e31127, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The short form, 17-item version of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist-Youth Self-Report (PSC-17-Y) is a validated measure that assesses psychosocial problems overall (OVR) and in 3 major psychopathological domains (internalizing, externalizing, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), taking 5-10 min to complete. Prior research has established sound psychometric properties of the PSC-17-Y for English speakers. OBJECTIVE: This study extends psychometric evidence for the acceptability of the PSC-17-Y in a large sample of Spanish adolescents, providing proof of its reliability and structure, convergent and discriminant validity, and longitudinal and gender invariance. METHODS: Data were collected on 5430 adolescents, aged 12-18 years, who filled out the PSC-17-Y twice during 2018-2019 (7-month interval). We calculated the Cronbach alpha and the McDonald omega coefficients to test reliability, the Pearson correlation for convergent (distress) and criterion validity (well-being, quality of life, and socioemotional skills), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for structure validity, and multigroup and longitudinal measurement invariance analysis for longitudinal and gender stability. RESULTS: Within structural analysis for the PSC-17-Y, CFA supported a correlated 3-factor solution, which was also invariant longitudinally and across gender. All 3 subscales showed evidence of reliability, with coefficients near or above .70. Moreover, scores of PSC-17-Y subscales were positively related with convergent measures and negatively related with criterion measures. Normative data for the PSC-17-Y are presented in the form of percentiles (75th and 90th). CONCLUSIONS: This work provides the first evidence of the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the PSC-17-Y administered over the internet to assess mental health problems among adolescents, maintaining the same domains as the long version.

2.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-11, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602801

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused a global health crisis. It also leads to different types of psychosocial problems in society as a result of preventive health measures and the disease itself. Among others, psychopathological symptoms and suicide behaviors have increased. The PsicorecurSOS COVID-19 online protocol was designed. At baseline, 1020 Spanish adults were assessed, during confinement, for sociodemographics, fear of COVID-19, anxious-depressive symptoms, covitality, and suicidal ideation. Reliability, descriptive, and frequency analyses were carried out, and the computer tool SPSS PROCESS was used to carry out a conditional process analysis (model 59). A total of 595 participants were included (58.30% response rate from baseline; mean age = 37.18 [SD = 13.30]; 72.44% female). Regarding suicidal ideation, 12% responded differently to "never," 19.3% exceeded the cutoff point on the anxiety scale, and 24% on the depression scale. Moderate mediation analysis explained 27% of the variance in suicidal ideation. In addition, the indirect effect of moderate mediation was significant (b = -.004, SE = .002 with the presence of covitality; and b = .01, SE = .003 absence of covitality). Sex and age did not influence the overall outcome of the model. The data from this study can serve as a starting point for generating social and health treatment initiatives based on self-examination of anxiety-depressive symptoms and increasing socio-emotional skills in order to prevent and alleviate the psychosocial effects of the pandemic.

3.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709530

RESUMO

The relationship between emotion regulation, social interaction and different types of restricted and repetitive behaviors is poorly understood. In the present study, structural equation modeling based on information about 239 individuals with autism was used to examine whether emotion regulation and social communication were associated with self-injury and stereotyped behaviors. Results showed that poor emotion regulation had a unique association with self-injury while difficulties with social communication was uniquely associated with stereotyped behaviors. Emotion regulation and social communication were strongly associated and self-injury and stereotyped behaviors moderately associated. This implies that these types of behaviors are often expressions of broader negative emotional states in autism. Treatments that help improve coping and social communication strategies may benefit individuals with autism.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257284, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547013

RESUMO

A new line of treatment for premature ejaculation (PE) based on the use of masturbation aid device in combination with behavioral techniques has emerged in recent years. We report a multicenter randomized clinical trial with a parallel group design to determine the effectiveness of an electronic device called Myhixel I© in the treatment of PE. Forty patients who met the criteria for the diagnosis of lifelong PE, were assigned to two treatment groups completed the Sphincter control training (SCT) program in eight weeks. The only difference between groups was the use of the device. The main measure was the "fold increase" (FI) of the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT). The geometric means of IELT show, at the end of the treatment at week 8, a superiority of the device group. The mean FI 4.27 (SD 2.59) at the end of treatment for the device group was clearly higher than obtained in the previous clinical trial, in which a specific medical device was not used. No side effects were observed and it required little therapeutic input and no partner involvement. The SCT program in combination with the Myhixel I© is an effective treatment for PE.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360187

RESUMO

Few studies have analyzed emotional educational experiences through physical education interventions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects on socio-emotional competencies of a physical education intervention (i.e., the MooN program) based on the instructional model known as the sports education model (SEM), compared to a physical education intervention based on the traditional model of direct instruction (TM-DI) in preadolescents. The sample consisted of 170 students between 10 and 13 years old (mean age: M = 10.76; standard deviation: SD = 0.73). Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (SEM; n = 87) and the active control group (TM-DI; n = 83). In the experimental group, the SEM-based intervention was applied, while in the active control group, an intervention based on the TM-DI was developed. A quasi-experimental design with repeated pre-test and post-test measures and an active control group was used. The self-efficacy inventory for multiple intelligences (IAMI-40) was used to assess the children's socio-emotional competencies. The child perfectionism inventory was applied to evaluate the self-demand perfectionist efforts. The results confirmed that the MooN program (SEM intervention) promoted significant improvements in socio-emotional competencies. These findings support the potential of this physical education instructional model as an emotional education pathway for the socio-emotional improvement of preadolescent students.


Assuntos
Lua , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Estudantes
6.
Res Dev Disabil ; 116: 104038, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a global crisis that has affected the emotional health of both the general and the clinical population. METHOD: The present study aimed to analyze the differences between the emotional states of a group of individuals with ASD and a neurotypical group both during and after the COVID-19 confinement. The study also examined the changes in autistic symptoms between a group of individuals with ASD who were confined during the COVID-19 pandemic and another group of individuals with ASD who were studied prior to the COVID-19 pandemic period. RESULTS: Higher levels of aggression, irritability, hyperactivity and impulsivity, lack of attention and anxiety, among other symptoms, were found in individuals with ASD during confinement when compared to healthy controls (p < .05; p < .01). Higher levels of repetitive, restrictive, and stereotyped behaviors were also found in pandemic-era ASD individuals when compared to the group of individuals with ASD who were assessed prior to the pandemic (p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: the confinement is related to an increase in symptomatology and dysfunctional behaviours characteristic of ASD, and therefore it is necessary to implement actions that help to reduce this impact now, as well as in future crisis events.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , COVID-19 , Transtorno Autístico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Humor Irritável , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199057

RESUMO

Bullying can have serious physical and emotional consequences. In recent years, interest in this phenomenon has been growing, becoming a public health problem in the first world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Action for Neutralization of Bullying Program (ANA) in Spanish children. This study used a quasi-experimental design that included a pre-test evaluation, 2 months of intervention, a post-test, and 3 months of follow-up. A sample of 330 children aged 7-12 years (M = 9.27; SD = 1.09) from third to sixth grade participated in the study. One hundred and fifty-nine were girls (48.2%). The program consisted of eight group sessions in which empathy, assertiveness, communication skills, conflict resolution, and group cohesion were worked on. The results showed statistically significant reductions in verbal abuse behaviors (t = 4.76, p < 0.001), direct social exclusion (t = 3.53, p < 0.001), threats (t = 2.04, p = 0.042), aggression with objects (t = 3.21, p < 0.001), and physical abuse (t = 4.41, p < 0.001). The differences were not statistically significant for indirect social exclusion behaviors (t = 1.86, p = 0.065) or cyberbullying (t = 0.31, p = 0.756). The effects in the reduction of the bullying behaviors decreased after the implementation of the program, achieving even greater reduction in victimization behaviors after 3 months than immediately after the end of the program. These results indicate that the ANA program is effective in reducing bullying behaviors in a group of children. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Agressão , Assertividade , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068945

RESUMO

Online alcohol screening may be helpful in preventing alcohol use disorders. We assessed psychometric properties of an online version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) among Spanish university students. We used a longitudinal online survey (the UNIVERSAL project) of first-year students (18-24 years old) in five universities, including the AUDIT, as part of the WHO World Mental Health International College Student (WMH-ICS) initiative. A reappraisal interview was carried out with the Timeline Followback (TLFB) for alcohol consumption categories and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for alcohol use disorder. Reliability, construct validity and diagnostic accuracy were assessed. Results: 287 students (75% women) completed the MINI, of whom 242 also completed the TLFB. AUDIT's Cronbach's alpha was 0.82. The confirmatory factor analysis for the one-factor solution of the AUDIT showed a good fit to the data. Significant AUDIT score differences were observed by TLFB categories and by MINI disorders. Areas under the curve (AUC) were very large for dependence (AUC = 0.96) and adequate for consumption categories (AUC > 0.7). AUDIT cut-off points of 6/8 (women/men) for moderate-risk drinking and 13 for alcohol dependence showed sensitivity/specificity of 76.2%/78.9% and 56%/97.5%, respectively. The online version of the AUDIT is useful for detecting alcohol consumption categories and alcohol dependence in Spanish university students.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Alcoolismo/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808735

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to examine whether theory of mind (ToM) is an endophenotypic marker of borderline personality disorder (BPD), thus constituting an etiopathogenic factor of the disease. This would suggest familial vulnerability to BPD. This was a case-control study involving 146 individuals with 57 BPD patients, 32 first-degree relatives, and 57 controls (median age of BPD and control = 33.4 years; relatives = 52.9 years; BPD females and controls = 91.2%; female relatives = 62.5%). All the participants completed the Spanish version of the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition test to evaluate the ToM subclassification: interpretation of emotions, thoughts and intentions. BPD patients and their healthy first-degree relatives exhibited significant deficits in the correct interpretation of emotions and intentions compared to healthy controls. Both patients with BPD and their healthy first-degree relatives exhibited significant deficits in ToM, which suggests that it may be an etiopathogenic factor of BPD, and ToM (interpretation of emotions, thoughts and intentions) is a possible endophenotypic marker of BPD, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the disorder. Therefore, ToM could be considered as an indicator for the early detection of the disorder of and intervention for BPD.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Teoria da Mente , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos
10.
Front Psychol ; 12: 627604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658965

RESUMO

Emotional disorder symptoms are highly prevalent and a common cause of disability among children and adolescents. Screening and early detection are needed to identify those who need help and to improve treatment outcomes. Nowadays, especially with the arrival of the COVID-19 outbreak, assessment is increasingly conducted online, resulting in the need for brief online screening measures. The aim of the current study was to examine the reliability and different sources of validity evidence of a new web-based screening questionnaire for emotional disorder symptoms, the DetectaWeb-Distress Scale, which assesses mood (major depression and dysthymic disorder), anxiety (separation anxiety, generalized anxiety, social phobia, panic disorder/agoraphobia, and specific phobia), obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicidality (suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts), and global distress. A total of 1,499 participants (aged 8-18) completed the DetectaWeb-Distress Scale and specific questionnaires for emotional disorder symptoms, suicidal behaviors, and well-being through a web-based survey. Results indicated that a structural model of 10 correlated factors fits reasonably better in comparison to the remaining models; measurement invariance for age and gender; good internal consistency (McDonald's ω ranging from 0.65 to 0.94); and significant positive correlation with other measures of anxiety, depression, PTSD, or distress, and negative correlation with well-being measures, displaying support for convergent-discriminant validity. We also found that girls scored higher than boys on most of the subscales, and children had higher scores for social anxiety, specific phobia, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, whereas adolescents scored higher on depressive symptoms, suicidality, and generalized anxiety, but the effect sizes were small to medium for all comparisons. The DetectaWeb-Distress Scale is a valid, innovative, and useful online tool for the screening and evaluation of preventive programs for mental health in children and adolescents.

11.
J Interpers Violence ; : 886260521991307, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546557

RESUMO

New technologies bring new forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) or abuse, such as cyber intimate partner violence (C-IPV). This is a contemporary issue with different consequences from in-person IPV. C-IPV is a complex phenomenon triggered by a number of factors, including personality traits such as the Dark Tetrad, composed of four "malevolent" qualities: subclinical narcissism, Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and everyday sadism. The Dark Tetrad plays an important role in predicting the perpetration or victimization of the resulting pervasive behaviors. Although the correlations between in-person IPV and the Dark Tetrad have been studied before, to our knowledge this investigation is the first to look at the links between these four dark personality traits and C-IPV. With a sample of 1,189 participants, we measured C-IPV victimization and perpetration rates and compared the results with the Dark Tetrad profiles of the respondents. To analyze these correlations, we conducted bivariate analysis and structural equation modeling. The analysis yielded positive relations of psychopathy and narcissism with cyber controlling behaviors. Psychopathy was found to be strongly related with direct cyber aggression behaviors; sadism was mainly related with C-IPV victimization in both controlling and direct aggression, and, finally and interestingly, Machiavellianism presented negative correlations with direct cyber aggression. Remarkable is that joining sadistic personalities increased vulnerability to victimization from C-IPV direct aggression, as well as more psychopathic traits and an increased probability of perpetration. These combinations may create dangerous situations. In conclusion, we found that both C-IPV perpetrators and victims present higher scores in the dark personality traits and gender-based differences than in-person IPV actors.

12.
Clín. salud ; 31(3): 127-136, nov. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197168

RESUMO

El modelo holístico de salud exige incluir las emociones en las estrategias de prevención y promoción. Para comprobar la extensión de su consideración en la educación para la salud, se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases de datos Medline, PsycInfo y ERIC. Se aceptaron 66 de los 648 artículos revisados, hallándose gran diversidad temática, teórica y terminológica respecto a la salud emocional. Por tanto, la representación en la literatura científica de las estrategias de educación para la salud que incluyen las emociones es todavía pequeña. Asimismo, aquellas que sí las incluyen presentan una gran variedad terminológica y teórica que dificulta la difusión del conocimiento y la generalización de resultados. Se pone de manifiesto la necesidad de implementación de un modelo de formación para la salud en el que se incluya la educación emocional como componente fundamental de la misma, en sintonía con los recientes avances científicos


The holistic model of health requires the inclusion of emotions in prevention and promotion policies. A systematic review was carried out in databases Medline, PsychInfo, and ERIC to check the extent to which emotions are covered in health education. Sixty-six of the 648 papers reviewed were accepted, presenting a wide range of topics, theories, and terms regarding emotional health. Therefore, health education strategies that take emotions into consideration are still underrepresented in scie.jpgic literature. Moreover, a great terminological and theorical diversity is found among the ones that incorporate emotional health, hindering knowledge dissemination and generalization of results. The need for an implementation of a health education model where emotional education is included as an essential part of it, according to recent scie.jpgic advances is clearly shown


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Modelos Educacionais , Psicologia Educacional , Pessoal de Saúde/educação
14.
J Affect Disord ; 271: 9-18, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptoms of depression and anxiety are common in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and associated with more severe OCD, greater impairment, and worse treatment outcome. Beyond twin studies showing that genetic factors contribute to the high co-occurrence, few studies have examined how OCD, depression, and anxiety are linked in youth, and current studies often fail to account for OCD and anxiety heterogeneity. METHODS: Network analysis was used to investigate how OCD were linked to depression and anxiety in multinational youth diagnosed with OCD (total n = 419) and in school-recruited, community-based samples of youth (total n = 2 991). RESULTS: Initial results aligned with earlier work showing that severity of obsession-related symptoms are important in linking OCD to depression in youth with OCD. However, when symptom content of OCD (e.g., washing, ordering) was fully taken into account and when measures of anxiety were included, specific OCD symptom dimensions (primarily obsessing and doubting/checking) were linked to specific anxiety dimensions (primarily panic and generalized anxiety) which in turn were linked to depression. These results were replicated in three separate community-based samples from Chile, Italy, and Spain using different measures of anxiety and depression. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed which precludes causal inference. Self-report measures were used. CONCLUSIONS: Youth with OCD with symptoms related to doubting/checking and obsessing should be carefully assessed for symptoms of panic and generalized anxiety. Non-responders to standard OCD treatment may benefit from interventions targeting panic and generalized anxiety, but more research is needed to test this hypothesis.


Assuntos
Depressão , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Criança , Chile , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Itália , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Espanha
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012879

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to unravel the interrelated effects of trait emotional intelligence (Trait EI), mindfulness, and irrational beliefs on adolescent mental health. A random sample of students from three secondary schools in Spain and eight secondary schools in Portugal was recruited. We conducted four-step hierarchical regression analyses. We also conducted regression analyses to examine the role of mindfulness skills and catastrophizing as mediators of the link between emotional intelligence and psychosocial problems. Finally, the SPSS PROCESS computing tool was used to perform conditional process analysis (model 6). A total of 1370 adolescents from Spain (n = 591) and Portugal (n = 779) participated in this study (mean age = 14.97, SD = 1.50; range = 12-18). The mediation analyses confirmed that adolescent mental health was determined by Trait EI directly, and by mindfulness skills and catastrophizing thoughts in an indirect way. Together, the four variables explained 44% of psychopathology, with EI being the most powerful predictor, which ratify the robust buffer role and incremental validity of Trait EI against youth mental health. The identified pathways provide keys for emotional education interventions aimed at promoting adolescent mental health.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicopatologia , Adolescente , Catastrofização , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Atenção Plena , Portugal , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 59(7): 880-889, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous condition with well-established symptom dimensions across the lifespan. The objective of the present study was to use network analysis to investigate the internal structure of these dimensions in unselected schoolchildren and in children with OCD. METHOD: We estimated the network structure of OCD symptom dimensions in 6,991 schoolchildren and 704 children diagnosed with OCD from 18 sites across 6 countries. All participants completed the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Child Version. RESULTS: In both the school-based and clinic-based samples, the OCD dimensions formed an interconnected network with doubting/checking emerging as a highly central node, that is, having strong connections to other symptom dimensions in the network. The centrality of the doubting/checking dimension was consistent across countries, sexes, age groups, clinical status, and tic disorder comorbidity. Network differences were observed for age and sex in the school-based but not the clinic-based samples. CONCLUSION: The centrality of doubting/checking in the network structure of childhood OCD adds to classic and recent conceptualizations of the disorder in which the important role of doubt in disorder severity and maintenance is highlighted. The present results suggest that doubting/checking is a potentially important target for further research into the etiology and treatment of childhood OCD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Transtornos de Tique , Adolescente , Criança , Comorbidade , Emoções , Humanos , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Psicol. conduct ; 28(1): 5-18, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198745

RESUMO

El suicidio en niños y adolescentes es un grave problema de salud. La presencia de sintomatología interiorizada está asociada con conducta suicida. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la relación entre esta sintomatología y las conductas de suicidio en esa población. 1499 participantes (8-18 años) completaron un protocolo online. Se aplicaron análisis de regresión y análisis de procesos de mediación (modelo 4). El 11,90% de niños y el 21,30% de los adolescentes presentaron conductas de suicidio. Los mayores valores de odd ratio se encontraron con las variables de depresión mayor (DM) (OR = 3,56; IC 95% = 2,53-4,10) y trastorno de pánico/agorafobia (TPA) (OR = 3,09; IC 95% = 2,05-4,66). El modelo 4 con DM mediando entre TPA y la conducta suicida, explicó un 17% de la varianza de la conducta suicida en adolescentes. Según los datos, los adolescentes con sintomatología interiorizada (en concreto síntomas de TPA y DM) tienen mayor riesgo de conducta suicida. Por tanto, es necesario impulsar programas para detectar de forma temprana la sintomatología emocional ansiosa y depresiva para prevenir el suicidio


Suicide in children and adolescents is a serious health problem. The presence of internalizing symptomatology is associated with suicidal ideation and behavior. Our aim was to investigate this association. A total of 1499 participants completed an online questionnaire. Regression analysis was used to investigate the association between internalizing symptomatology and suicidal behavior and conditional process analysis (model 4). The prevalence of suicidal behavior in Spanish children and adolescents was 11.9% and 21.3%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the highest odd ratio values were found for major depression (MD) (OR = 3.56, 95% CI = 2.53-4.10) and panic disorder/Agoraphobia (PDA) (OR = 3.09, 95% CI = 2.05-4.66). The regression model with DM showed that PDA symptoms had a significant indirect effect, through depression symptoms, on suicide behaviors, accounting for 17% of the total variance explained in adolescents. Therefore, it is necessary to implement early identification and intervention programs to address anxious and depressive symptomatology and prevent suicide in adolescents


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Ideação Suicida , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Risco , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Análise de Regressão
18.
Psicol. conduct ; 28(3): 393-414, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199329

RESUMO

El modelo de covitalidad considera que la acción conjunta de determinadas competencias socioemocionales amortigua el impacto de eventos estresantes psicosociales previniendo el desarrollo de problemas de salud mental. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el papel protector de las competencias socioemocionales del modelo de covitalidad ante problemas interiorizados y exteriorizados en adolescentes españoles. Se aplicaron el "Cuestionario de fortalezas y dificultades" y la "Encuesta de salud socioemocional" a 438 adolescentes (53,20% hombres) de 12 a 18 años (M= 15,04; DT= 1,54) de edad. El 20,6% superó los puntos de corte en problemas psicológicos, con mayor sintomatología emocional en mujeres. En fortalezas psicológicas, las mujeres destacaron en competencia social y los hombres en habilidades de autorregulación emocional. Se encontró una tendencia a presentar mayor sintomatología y menor competencia socioemocional a mayor edad. La covitalidad explicó hasta el 30,6%, 30,9% y 23,8% (p< 0,001) de la sintomatología general, interiorizada y exteriorizada, respectivamente. Este trabajo aporta pruebas sobre la importancia de implementar programas de desarrollo de competencias socioemocionales de manera transversal en el ámbito educativo


The covitality model considers that the joint action of certain socialemotional competences cushions the impact of psychosocial stressful events by preventing the development of mental health problems. The objective of the present study was to analyze the protective role of social-emotional competences of the covitality model in the face of internalizing and externalizing problems in Spanish adolescents. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Social Emotional Health Survey were applied to 438 adolescents (53.2% men) between 12 and 18 years old (M= 15.04, SD= 1.54). 20.6% Surpassed cut-off points in psychological problems, with higher emotional symptoms in women. For psychological strengths, women stood out in social competence and men in emotional self-regulation skills. There was a tendency to present more symptoms and less social-emotional competence at an older age. Covitality explained up to 30.6%, 30.9% and 23.8% (p< .001) of general, internalizing and externalizing symptomatology, respectively. This work provides evidence on the importance of implementing programs to develop of social-emotional competences in a transversal way in the educational context


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Habilidades Sociais , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Saúde Mental , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Etários , Análise de Variância
19.
Psicol. conduct ; 28(3): 415-434, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199330

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia de la violencia filioparental en adolescentes y su relación con la perpetración de violencia hacia los iguales y hacia la pareja. En estos análisis se tuvo en cuenta el tipo de violencia filioparental ejercida por los hijos (física y psicológica), la frecuencia (ocasional y frecuente), el sexo del hijo y el sexo del progenitor. En este estudio participaron 639 adolescentes (49% chicos), entre 12 y 18 años, que cursaban estudios en cuatro centros educativos de enseñanza secundaria. Los resultados mostraron una mayor presencia de la violencia filioparental psicológica ejercida ocasionalmente. Los chicos y chicas con conductas violentas más frecuentes hacia sus progenitores reconocieron más conductas violentas, manifiestas y relacionales, hacia sus iguales. Las chicas que agreden psicológicamente con mayor frecuencia a sus progenitores reconocieron más agresiones psicológicas a su pareja y los chicos que indicaron más agresiones físicas a la madre reconocieron más agresiones físicas a su pareja


The objective of this study was to analyze the presence of child-to-parent violence in adolescents and its relationship with peer violence and teen dating violence perpetration. In these analyses, the type of child-to-parent violence perpetrated by the children (physical and psychological), the frequency (occasional and frequent), the sex of the child and the sex of the parent were taken into account. This study included 639 adolescents (49% boys), between 12 and 18 years old, who were studying in four secondary schools. The results showed a greater presence of psychological child-to-parent violence occasionally exercised. Adolescent boys and girls with more frequent violent behavior towards their parents recognized more overt and relational violent behaviors towards their peers. The girls who more frequently attack their parents psychologically recognized more psychological aggressions to their partner and the boys who indicated more physical aggressions to the mother recognized more physical aggressions to their partner


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Fatores Sexuais , Análise Multivariada , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817874

RESUMO

The Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S), which is a measure of core psychological assets based on a higher-order model of Covitality, is comprised of 36 items and four latent traits (with three measured subscales): belief in self (self-efficacy, self-awareness, and persistence), belief in others (school support, family coherence, and peer support), emotional competence (emotional regulation, behavioral self-control, and empathy), and engaged living (gratitude, zest, and optimism). Previous international studies have supported the psychometric properties of the SEHS-S. The present study extended this research by examining the psychometric properties of a Spanish-language adaptation with a sample of 1042 Spanish adolescents (Mage = 14.49, SD = 1.65.). Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the original factorial structure, with hierarchical omega between 0.66-0.93, with 0.94 for the total score. Factorial invariance across genders revealed small latent mean differences. A path model evaluated concurrent validity, which revealed a significant association between Covitality and bidimensional mental health (psychological distress and well-being). Specifically, correlational analyses showed a negative association with internalizing/externalizing symptoms, and positive associations with subjective well-being, health-related quality of life, and prosocial behaviors. This study provides an example of a culturally relevant adaptation of an international tool to measure student strengths, which is critical to planning school programming and policy.


Assuntos
Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Idioma , Saúde Mental/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Emoções , Empatia , Análise Fatorial , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Otimismo , Grupo Associado , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoeficácia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...