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1.
J Cardiol ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016808

RESUMO

A shift to lifetime management has gained more focus with the approval of low-risk transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). This paper is therefore focused on the different approaches for lifetime management. Herein we discuss the procedural safety, durability, performance, and future options for each lifetime management strategy. In younger patients that elect to undergo surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), options for bioprosthetic failure are TAV-in-SAV or redo SAVR. Among patients that undergo TAVR, options for valve failure include TAVR explant with SAVR or TAV-in-TAV. Additionally, there are patients who may require a third valvular intervention. The initial therapy may limit re-intervention options down the road. This review discusses how options for future therapies affect the decision of SAVR vs TAVR in younger patients.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 1978-1991, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, mechanisms of failure, and outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) explantation. BACKGROUND: Surgical explantation following TAVR may be required for structural valve degeneration, paravalvular leak, infection, or other reasons. However, in-depth data on indications and outcomes are lacking. METHODS: Data from a multicenter, international registry (EXPLANT-TAVR) of patients who underwent TAVR explantation were reviewed retrospectively. Explantations performed during the same admission as initial TAVR were excluded. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were evaluated. Median follow-up duration was 6.7 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 1.0-18.8 months) after TAVR explantation and was 97.7% complete at 30 days and 86.1% complete at 1 year. RESULTS: From November 2009 to September 2020, 269 patients across 42 centers with a mean age of 72.7 ± 10.4 years underwent TAVR explantation. About one quarter (25.9%) were deemed low surgical risk at index TAVR, and median Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk at TAVR explantation was 5.6% (IQR: 3.2%-9.6%). The median time to explantation was 11.5 months (IQR: 4.0-32.4 months). Balloon-expandable and self-expanding or mechanically expandable valves accounted for 50.9% and 49.1%, respectively. Indications for explantation included endocarditis (43.1%), structural valve degeneration (20.1%), paravalvular leak (18.2%), and prosthesis-patient mismatch (10.8%). Redo TAVR was not feasible because of unfavorable anatomy in 26.8% of patients. Urgent or emergency cases were performed in 53.1% of patients, aortic root replacement in 13.4%, and 54.6% had concomitant cardiac procedures. Overall survival at last follow-up was 76.1%. In-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality rates were 11.9%, 13.1%, and 28.5%, respectively, and stroke rates were 5.9%, 8.6%, and 18.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The EXPLANT-TAVR registry reveals that surgical risks associated with TAVR explantation are not negligible and should be taken into consideration in the lifetime management of aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 2010-2021, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, mechanisms of failure, and outcomes of mitral valve (MV) surgery after transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER). BACKGROUND: Although >100,000 mitral TEER procedures have been performed worldwide, longitudinal data on MV surgery after TEER are lacking. METHODS: Data from the multicenter, international CUTTING-EDGE registry were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were evaluated. Median follow-up duration was 9.0 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 1.2-25.7 months) after MV surgery, and follow-up was 96.1% complete at 30 days and 81.1% complete at 1 year. RESULTS: From July 2009 to July 2020, 332 patients across 34 centers underwent MV surgery after TEER. The mean age was 73.8 ± 10.1 years, median Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk for MV repair at initial TEER was 4.0 (IQR: 2.3-7.3), and primary/mixed and secondary mitral regurgitation were present in 59.0% and 38.5%, respectively. The median interval from TEER to surgery was 3.5 months (IQR: 0.5-11.9 months), with overall median Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk of 4.8% for MV replacement (IQR: 2.8%-8.4%). The primary indication for surgery was recurrent mitral regurgitation (33.5%), and MV replacement and concomitant tricuspid surgery were performed in 92.5% and 42.2% of patients, respectively. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 16.6% and 31.3%, respectively. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, the actuarial estimates of mortality were 24.1% at 1 year and 31.7% at 3 years after MV surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In this first report of the CUTTING-EDGE registry, the mortality and morbidity risks of MV surgery after TEER were not negligible, and only <10% of patients underwent MV repair. These registry data provide valuable insights for further research to improve these outcomes.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(10): 1303-1309, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471883

RESUMO

We present the case of a symptomatic young woman with mitral stenosis and regurgitation due to a congenital mitral arcade. Multimodality imaging with echocardiography and computed tomography were used for diagnosis and surgical planning. The patient underwent successful bioprosthetic valve replacement. (Level of Difficulty: Intermediate.).

6.
Cardiol Rev ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380944

RESUMO

Over the last decade multiple transcatheter mitral valve repair and replacement strategies have emerged, yet there is only one US Food and Drug Administration approved device, the MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Inc., Santa Clara, California). Current guidelines support the use of the MitraClip in high or prohibitive surgical risk patients, but there are many patients that are not anatomically suited for the device. This review article discusses the approach to degenerative and functional mitral regurgitation in the high-prohibitive risk patient, how to choose transcatheter treatment options (both approved and investigational), and potential management for therapy failure.

8.
Ann Cardiothorac Surg ; 10(1): 96-112, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575180

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is now a mainstay of treatment in patients with aortic stenosis who are considered intermediate, high and prohibitive risk for surgery. Extended use of this innovative platform in treating other conditions has led to its approval in treating degenerated aortic bioprosthesis. Similarly, use of transcatheter devices in treating degenerated mitral bioprosthesis and failed mitral valve repairs with annuloplasty rings has opened a potential alternative to surgery in these patients. Experience in mitral valve-in-valve (MVIV) and valve-in-ring (VIR), while still limited, is on the rise. Although similar in many ways to the aortic VIV, it is different with respect to patient selection, planning and procedural steps. Familiarity with the bioprosthetic properties and dimensions can help an operator choose an appropriate transcatheter device and deploy it in an ideal position. Due to greater variability in construction and properties, mitral rings have led to poorer results compared to mitral valve-in-valve. Understanding the properties of mitral rings is critical and has been simplified by us in a stepwise manner. We also describe steps in patient preparation and procedure, which should help operators in performing this procedure. Certain unique complications, such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and risk of embolization, are discussed with tips to address these issues. Once these steps are followed, the procedure can be performed with minimal risk and good outcome.

9.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 28S: 161-165, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798117

RESUMO

Pre-operative multimodality imaging has become an integral part of the planning and execution of transcatheter heart valve procedures. 3D printing of a patient-specific cardiac model is a novel addition to these procedures. This case report discusses the use of pre-operative multimodality imaging, intra-operative fusion imaging, and 3D printing as valuable adjuncts in the planning and simulation of complex structural heart procedures. We describe the case of a 44-year-old woman with prior tricuspid bioprosthetic valve replacement and mechanical mitral valve replacement who presented with dyspnea and palpitations. The patient was diagnosed with severe tricuspid bioprosthestic valve failure, was deemed high risk for surgical re-intervention, and subsequently underwent successful tricuspid valve-in-valve replacement with a SAPIEN XT valve.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
11.
J Card Surg ; 35(12): 3354-3361, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become a valuable option in patients with bioprosthetic failure. However, potential issues with ViV TAVR may occur in patients with high-risk anatomy for coronary obstruction and patients with baseline smaller bioprosthetic valves at risk for patient prosthesis mismatch. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to use preoperative electrocardiography-gated, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in patients undergoing isolated surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) to (1) identify which would be high risk for coronary occlusion with ViV TAVR, and (2) predict intraoperative SAVR sizing. METHODS: Among 223 patients from our institutions' database that underwent SAVR for aortic insufficiency (AI) or aortic stenosis (AS) between January 2012 and January 2020, 48 patients had MDCT imaging before surgery (AI; n = 31, AS; n = 17). Of all patients, 67% (n = 32) were bicuspid morphology. RESULTS: With the use of virtual valve implantation, all patients with AI and bicuspid AS had feasible anatomy for ViV TAVR, while 38% of patients with tricuspid AS were high risk for coronary obstruction. There was a strong correlation between actual valve size implanted and preoperative MDCT measurements using annulus average diameter, area, and/or perimeter. CONCLUSION: Preoperative MDCT in patients undergoing SAVR is a useful tool for lifetime management, particularly in patients with tricuspid AS. Decisions for surgical management may change based on MDCT's ability to predict intraoperative SAVR size and determine which patients may be high-risk candidates for future ViV TAVR due to coronary artery obstruction.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Debate continues as to the optimal minimally invasive treatment modality for complex disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery, with advocates for both robotic-assisted minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass and percutaneous coronary intervention with a drug-eluting stent. We analyzed the midterm outcomes of patients with isolated left anterior descending disease, revascularized by minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass or drug-eluting stent percutaneous coronary intervention, focusing on those with complex lesion anatomy. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of all patients who underwent coronary revascularization between January 2008 and December 2016. From this population, 158 propensity-matched pairs of patients were generated from 158 individuals who underwent minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass for isolated complex left anterior descending disease and from 373 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using a second-generation drug-eluting stent. Midterm survival and incidence of repeat left anterior descending intervention were analyzed for both patient groups. RESULTS: Overall 9-year survival was not significantly different between patient groups both before and after propensity matching. Midterm mortality in the matched minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass group was low, irrespective of patient risk profile. By contrast, advanced age (hazard ratio, 1.10; P = .012) and obesity (hazard ratio, 1.09; P = .044) predicted increased late death after drug-eluting stent percutaneous coronary intervention among matched patients. Patients who underwent minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass were significantly less likely to require repeat left anterior descending revascularization than those who had percutaneous coronary intervention, both before and after propensity matching. Smaller stent diameter in drug-eluting stent percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with increased left anterior descending reintervention (hazard ratio, 3.53; P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with complex disease of the left anterior descending artery, both minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass and percutaneous coronary intervention are associated with similar excellent intermediate-term survival, although reintervention requirements are lower after surgery.

13.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2710-2718, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) constitutes a left internal mammary artery graft to the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, coupled with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for non-LAD lesions. This management strategy is not commonly offered to patients with complex multivessel disease. Our objective was to evaluate 8-year survival in patients with triple-vessel disease (TVD) treated by HCR, compared with that of concurrent matched patients managed by traditional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or multivessel PCI. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of 4805 patients with TVD who presented between January 2009 and December 2016. A cohort of 100 patients who underwent HCR were propensity-matched with patients treated by CABG or multivessel PCI. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at 8 years. RESULTS: Patients with TVD who underwent HCR had similar 8-year mortality (5.0%) as did those with CABG (4.0%) or multivessel PCI (9.0%). A composite endpoint of death, repeat revascularization, and new myocardial infarction, was not significantly different between patient groups (HCR 21.0% vs CABG 15.0%, P = .36; HCR 21.0% vs PCI 25.0%, P = .60). Despite a higher baseline synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery(SYNTAX) score, HCR was able to achieve a lower residual SYNTAX score than multivessel PCI (P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: In select patients with TVD, long-term survival and FREEDOM from major adverse cardiovascular events after HCR are similar to that seen after traditional CABG or multivessel PCI. HCR should be considered for patients with multivessel disease, presuming a low residual SYNTAX score can be achieved.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Card Surg ; 35(7): 1676-1680, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valve-in-valve implantation (ViV) has become a valid option for the treatment of bioprosthetic valve failure. We describe the first in-man transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or "turducken" in a patient with previous TAVR within surgical aortic valve replacement with preprocedural guidance utilizing three-dimensional (3D) printing and intraprocedural guidance with fusion imaging. CASE SUMMARY: A 65-year-old male with a previous valve-in-valve with a transcatheter Melody valve presented with symptomatic severe valvular and paravalvular aortic incompetence. Using 3D printing for preprocedural guidance and computed tomography angiography-fluoroscopy fusion imaging for intraprocedural guidance we successfully placed a 29 mm self-expanding valve with minimal residual gradients. The patient continued to be asymptomatic at 1- and 5-year follow-up. DISCUSSION: We describe the first in man aortic valve-in-valve-in-valve using preprocedural guidance with 3D printing and intraprocedural guidance with fusion imaging. The valve has continued to demonstrate good function up to 5 years postprocedure suggesting that transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve-in-valve may be feasible with the proper pre- and intraprocedural guidance.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Impressão Tridimensional , Falha de Prótese , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Innovations (Phila) ; 15(2): 177-179, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352899

RESUMO

Galactorrhea, or nonpuerperal lactation, is a rare complication that can occur after trauma to the chest wall. Although galactorrhea has been reported after thoracic surgery, it has not been previously noted as a potential outcome following cardiac surgery. We present a unique case of hyperprolactinemic galactorrhea experienced by a 39-year-old nongravid female patient after having undergone reoperative mitral valve replacement via a right minithoracotomy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous lactation occurring after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Galactorreia/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Bioprótese , Cabergolina/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Agonistas de Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Galactorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Prolactina/sangue , Toracotomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Innovations (Phila) ; 15(2): 131-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) and aortic stenosis (AS), and these conditions can be treated with a variety of invasive and/or percutaneous approaches. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a staged transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) after a hybrid minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery (MIDCAB) to treat combined complex CAD and AS. METHODS: Six patients with concomitant CAD and severe AS underwent staged treatment of their CAD with MIDCAB and TAVR. All patients had significant complex left main or left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenosis deemed to be not amenable to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). RESULTS: The average syntax score was 22±8 and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons score for surgical AVR was 8±3%. All patients underwent a single vessel MIDCAB for revascularization of the LAD (three patients required additional PCI for non-LAD disease). Two patients had pre-TAVR balloon aortic valvuloplasty and one patient also required treatment of severe mitral valve regurgitation with percutaneous edge-to-edge repair (the MitraClip). There was no intraprocedural or hospital mortality. No neurological deficits or vascular complications were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: A hybrid staged approach for combined complex CAD and severe AS with MIDCAB, PCI, and TAVR is a valid option in high-risk patients. The order and timing of these procedures must be tailored to the patient's clinical symptoms, stability, and severity of disease.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Segurança , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(2): 203-214, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633170

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D)-printing technologies in cardiovascular surgery have provided a new way to tailor surgical and percutaneous treatments. Digital information from standard cardiac imaging is integrated into physical 3D models for an accurate spatial visualization of anatomical details. We reviewed the available literature and analysed the different printing technologies, the required procedural steps for 3D prototyping, the used cardiac imaging, the available materials and the clinical implications. We have highlighted different materials used to replicate aortic and mitral valves, vessels and myocardial properties. 3D printing allows a heuristic approach to investigate complex cardiovascular diseases, and it is a unique patient-specific technology providing enhanced understanding and tactile representation of cardiovascular anatomies for the procedural planning and decision-making process. 3D printing may also be used for medical education and surgical/transcatheter training. Communication between doctors and patients can also benefit from 3D models by improving the patient understanding of pathologies. Furthermore, medical device development and testing can be performed with rapid 3D prototyping. Additionally, widespread application of 3D printing in the cardiovascular field combined with tissue engineering will pave the way to 3D-bioprinted tissues for regenerative medicinal applications and 3D-printed organs.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Invenções , Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos , Modelos Anatômicos
19.
J Card Surg ; 34(10): 976-982, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is, as yet, no broad consensus regarding the optimal surgical approach for patients requiring reoperative mitral valve surgery. Consequently, we sought to evaluate the perioperative outcomes for patients undergoing redo mitral surgery via right mini thoracotomy as compared with traditional resternotomy. METHODS: A comprehensive retrospective review of our prospectively collected database was undertaken from January 2011 to December 2017. We propensity matched 90 patients who underwent reoperative mitral valve surgery via right mini thoracotomy with a concurrent cohort of patients who had redo median sternotomy. Intraoperative data and short-term clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 3.3% (six deaths) in the entire cohort, not significantly different between redo sternotomy and mini thoracotomy groups. Patients who had their procedure via right mini thoracotomy had reduced intensive care unit (P = .029) and overall hospital (P < .0001) lengths of stay, a diminished requirement for perioperative transfusion (P = .023), and a trend towards faster postoperative extubation. Right thoracotomy patients experienced shorter cardiopulmonary bypass (P = .012) and cardiac arrest (P < .0001) times than did the sternotomy cases. Peripheral cannulation was utilized more frequently in the mini thoracotomy group, as were fibrillatory arrest techniques. CONCLUSION: Reoperative mitral valve surgery via right mini thoracotomy is safe, and is associated with shorter extracorporeal circulation times, reduced transfusion, and faster postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Esternotomia/métodos , Toracotomia/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 156(5): 1799-1807.e3, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate midterm survival data and resource use for patients who received hybrid coronary revascularization for 2-vessel coronary disease (robotic-assisted left internal thoracic artery graft to left anterior descending coronary artery (minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass), coupled with a stent to the circumflex or right coronary artery), compared with a concurrent cohort who had traditional coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A comprehensive retrospective review was undertaken of our prospectively collected database from January 2009 to December 2016. We propensity matched 207 patients who underwent hybrid coronary revascularization for double-vessel disease with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Eight-year survival data were obtained from the National Death Index. RESULTS: Thirty-day mortality was 1 patient (0.5%) in each of the hybrid coronary revascularization and coronary artery bypass grafting groups. Eight-year survival for the hybrid coronary revascularization group was 187 of 207 patients (90.3%) compared with 182 of 207 patients (87.9%) for the coronary artery bypass grafting cohort. End-stage renal disease independently predicted late mortality in all patients (overall hazard ratio, 5.60, P < .001; hybrid coronary revascularization hazard ratio, 5.58, P = .002; coronary artery bypass grafting hazard ratio, 4.59, P = .006). Female patients who underwent hybrid coronary revascularization had a higher incidence of late death (hazard ratio, 2.47, P = .05). Length of stay and perioperative transfusion requirements were lower in the hybrid coronary revascularization group (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Hybrid coronary revascularization for double-vessel coronary disease is associated with similar short-term outcomes and intermediate-term survival as traditional coronary artery bypass grafting. Hybrid coronary revascularization is associated with lower transfusion requirements and a shorter length of stay than coronary artery bypass grafting.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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