Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 121
Filtrar
1.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.

2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyse the clinical and histological characteristics from a series of oral leukoplakias, leukoerythroplakias, erythroplakias and actinic cheilitis diagnosed in a 14-year period. METHODS: The files were reviewed and all cases diagnosed as leukoplakia, leukoerythroplakia, erythroplakia and actinic cheilitis were selected. Clinical information was obtained from the biopsy submission forms, and histological review was performed in all cases. RESULTS: Final sample included 953 lesions, mostly affecting females (534, 56%), and 87.5% of the patients were 41 to 80 years old. The most commonly affected regions were the lower lip (20.1%), tongue (18.1%) and buccal mucosa (16.9%). Leukoplakias, actinic cheilitis, leukoerythroplakias and erythroplakias represented, respectively, 74.6%, 15.2%, 9.3% and 0.8% of the sample. Most cases presented no dysplasia (42.1%) or mild dysplasia (33.5%). Lesions in the tongue, floor of mouth and lower lip, as well as lesions that presented hyperparakeratosis, showed higher frequencies of moderate dysplasia and severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ. The most common histological criteria were the increase in number and size of nucleoli, loss of polarity of the basal cells and variations in cellular size and shape. Classification by the binary system showed that 7% were high-risk lesions. CONCLUSION: All histological criteria for classification of oral epithelial dysplasia recommended by the World Health Organization showed increased frequency as grading increased. Additional criteria seem to be useful in grading oral epithelial dysplasia, such as the presence of normal and abnormal superficial mitotic figures and endophytic epithelial proliferation.

5.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(4)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the clinical significance of nestin immunohistochemical expression in head and neck area lesions and to study its role in patient survival and recurrence. METHODS: 39 (44.3%) nasosinus, 37 (42%) major salivary gland (6 submandibular and 31 parotid) and 12 (13.6%) oral cavity lesions of paraffin-embedded samples were retrospectively included. RESULTS: The expression was categorized into grades, negative for 55 (62.5%) cases, grade 1 in 10 cases (11.4%), grade 2 in 12 cases (13.6%), and grade 3 in 11 cases (12.5%); 100% of pleomorphic adenomas were positive for nestin with grade 3 intensity, 100% of polyps and inverted papillomas were negative (p < 0.001). The lowest estimate of disease-free-survival (DFS) was for grade 1 expression, with 50 months, confidence interval (CI): 95% 13.3-23.9 months and the highest for grade 3 expression, 167.9 months (CI: 95% 32.1-105 months; Log-Rank = 14.846, p = 0.002). ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curves revealed that the positivity for nestin (+/-) in relation to malignancy, presented a sensitivity of 50.98%, a specificity of 81.08%, with an area under the curve of 0.667 (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Nestin could be a useful marker to detect the presence of stem cells in head and neck tumors that have a role in tumor initiation and progression.

6.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
7.
J Endod ; 47(5): 755-761, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548327

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the immunoexpression of biomarkers interleukin (IL)-17, IL-6, and IL-1ß in primary chronic apical periodontitis in smokers and nonsmokers. METHODS: Teeth with primary chronic apical periodontitis indicated for extraction in 16 cigarette smokers and 16 nonsmokers were selected. Silanized sections of tissue were used for immunohistochemical analysis after being stained with hematoxylin-eosin for histopathologic categorization. Subsequently, the images were analyzed with an optical microscope, and each slide was subdivided into 5 high-magnification fields, with scores (0-2) being assigned according to the amount of staining for each antibody. RESULTS: The qualitative analysis of IL-17 cytokine expression showed no focal expression in 5.8%, weak to moderate expression in 17.6%, and strong expression in 76.4% of the smokers and no focal expression in 78.5% and weak to moderate expression in 21.4% of the nonsmokers. IL-6 expression was negative to focal in 13.3%, weak to moderate in 53.3%, and strong in 33.3% of the smokers and negative to focal in 33.3%, weak to moderate in 25%, and strong in 41.6% of the nonsmokers. IL-1ß expression was weak to moderate in 87.5% and negative to focal expression in 12.5% of the smokers and negative to focal expression in 100% of the nonsmokers. Quantitative evaluation of the data using the Mann-Whitney U test showed a significant difference in the immunoexpression of IL-17 (P < .0001) and IL-1ß (P < .0001) and no significant difference in the immunoexpression of IL-6 (P = .46) between the 2 groups (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The cytokines IL-17 and IL-1ß were more highly expressed in smokers than nonsmokers, whereas IL-6 expression was similar in the 2 groups.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Periodontite Periapical , Humanos , Interleucina-17 , Interleucina-1beta , Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , não Fumantes , Fumantes , Fumar/efeitos adversos
8.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 26(1): e90-e96, ene. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-200544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: intraoral soft tissue lipomas are relatively uncommon mesenchymal neoplasms. Few papers have been published comparing the clinicopathological features of these tumors in different populations. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathological features from intraoral soft tissue lipomas diagnosed in a Brazilian population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: all cases diagnosed as intraoral soft tissue lipomas in an Oral Pathology laboratory from 2005 to 2019 were retrieved and descriptively analyzed; statistical analysis was performed for comparison of the clinical and demographic parameters. RESULTS: 91 intraoral lipomas were retrieved, including 56 lipomas, 30 fibrolipomas, 2 spindle cell lipomas, 2 angiolipomas, and 1 chondrolipoma. Mean age of the patients was 62.2 years and females represented 57.1% of the sample. Mean time of complaint was 45.4 months and mean size of the lesions was 16.2 millimeters. Buccal mucosa (38.8%), lower lip (18.8%) and tongue (16.5%) were the most commonly affected locations. Fibrolipomas were more common in females (p = 0,037) and presented as smaller lesions (p = 0,011) in comparison to lipomas. CONCLUSIONS: report of clinicopathological data from intraoral lipomas aid in establishing their differential diagnostic criteria and clinical profile in this specific location


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lipoma/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Brasil , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Endod ; 47(2): 221-225, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217470

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic bone cavity (IBC) is an uncommon bone lesion that usually affects youngsters as an unilocular radiolucency with predilection for the posterior mandible. Because the lesion is frequently located in proximity to the adjacent teeth, chronic apical periodontitis is commonly included as a differential diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical and radiologic features of a series of IBCs diagnosed in a single service. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as IBC were retrieved from the files of an oral pathology laboratory, and the clinical and radiologic characteristics were described with a focus on the differential diagnosis with chronic apical periodontitis. RESULTS: Thirty cases composed the final sample. The mean age of the affected patients was 22 years old; there was no sex predilection, and most lesions were located on the posterior (47%) and anterior (43%) mandible. Most lesions presented as unilocular radiolucencies (87%), and 90% were located in close association with the adjacent teeth. The associated teeth presented no endodontic involvement, and all proved to be vital. CONCLUSIONS: IBC usually affects young patients as an unilocular radiolucency in close association with the adjacent teeth. Careful radiologic analysis and vitality tests of the adjacent teeth are essential to rule out chronic apical periodontitis, thus avoiding any unnecessary endodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Periodontite , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Mandíbula , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(10): e1005-e1010, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154804

RESUMO

Peripheral odontogenic keratocyst (POKC) is a rare soft tissue entity showing the same histological characteristics of odontogenic keratocyst. Herein, we report two cases of POKC affecting the gingiva/alveolar mucosa. Case 1. A 43-year-old female was referred for evaluation of a painless well-defined nodular, sessile, non-tender swelling in the right maxillary buccal gingiva. No radiological alterations were observed. The patient was submitted to excisional biopsy and histological diagnosis was POKC. There were no signs of local recurrence after a 4-year follow-up. Case 2. A 63-year-old female was referred for evaluation of a painless well-defined nodular, sessile, yellowish swelling in the anterior mandibular alveolar mucosa. No radiological alterations were observed. The patient was submitted to excisional biopsy and histological diagnosis was POKC. Patient recovery was uneventful but she did not return for follow-up. POKC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gingival cystic swellings and can be managed through conservative surgery. Key words:Odontogenic keratocyst, peripheral, gingiva, alveolar mucosa.

13.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182451

RESUMO

To compare the expression of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in primary chronic apical periodontitis lesions (CAPLs) between people living with HIV (PLWHIV) undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV- individuals, 32 CAPLs (16 lesions from each group) were submitted to histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses and compared between groups. The majority of the PLWHIV group had undetectable plasma viral loads (n = 13; 81.3%). The means of TCD4+ lymphocytes, exposure to HIV-1 and the time of the use of ART were 542.1 cells/mm3 (SD = 256.4), 6.3 years (SD = 2.9) and 5.0 years (SD = 2.5), respectively. Of all variables studied, only histopathological diagnosis showed a significant difference between groups (LWHIV: granuloma n = 11 (68.0%); cyst n = 5 (31.2%); HIV-: granuloma n = 15 (93.8%); cyst n = 1 (6.2%); p = 0.015). When comparing the expressions of the three inflammatory markers between the groups, no significant differences were seen. There was no difference in the expression of RANK, PTHrP and MMP-9 in primary chronic apical periodontitis lesions between PLWHIV under ART and HIV- individuals.

14.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(1): e84-e88, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The frequency and distribution of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) may vary among dif-ferent populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical-pathological characteristics of OPMD diagnosed in a Brazilian oral pathology laboratory over a period of 11 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases diagnosed as leukoplakia, speckled leukoplakia, erythroplakia, and actinic chei-litis from 2005 to 2015 were analyzed. Clinical information was obtained from laboratory forms and histological information was obtained from histological slides stained with hematoxylin and eosin. RESULTS: the final sample was comprised of 684 cases, of which 292 were males and 392 were females. The mean age was 58 years. The anatomical site most often involved was the lateral border of the tongue (23%), followed by the lower lip (20%), and by the buccal mucosa/vestibule (18%). Leukoplakia accounted for 82% of the sample (564 cases). The mean size of the leukoplakia and speckled leukoplakia lesions was 13 mm (ranging from 1 to 100 mm) and 15 mm (ranging from 5 to 30 mm), respectively (p = 0.460). Males reported smoking and drinking alcohol more frequently than females (p = 0.001 and p < 0.0001, respectively). In half of the cases, dysplasia was not histo-logically detected, while slight dysplasia was detected in 28% of the cases. The lesions from patients aged from 41 to 80 years presented moderate and severe dysplasia more often than lesions from patients in other age groups. CONCLUSIONS: OPMD were more common in females in their sixties. Females were more frequently affected in all anatomical sites, except for the lips. Leukoplakia lesions were the most common OPMD, followed by actinic cheili-tis. The lateral border of the tongue was the most affected anatomical site. OPMD located in the floor of the mouth/sublingual mucosa and lesions from older patients presented severe epithelial dysplasia with greater frequency


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Leucoplasia Oral/patologia , Queilite/patologia , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Leucoplasia Oral/epidemiologia , Queilite/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Risco , Brasil/epidemiologia
15.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(1): e131-e136, ene. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathological and the ultrastructural features of periapical actinomycosis (PA) cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the files of an oral pathology laboratory were retrieved and the findings of histopathological analysis were evaluated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE), a modified Brown & Brenn, and Grocott stains as well as ultrastructural analysis using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) were utilized. RESULTS: Six cases were obtained, 4 females and 2 males, with a mean age of 34 year-old. Two cases were symptomatic, lower teeth and the anterior region were more commonly affected, and all cases were characterized by periapical radiolucencies. All cases presented sulfur granules with a ray-fungus or club-shaped pattern of the Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon in HE-stained sections, with filamentous gram-positive bacteria aggregates highlighted by the modified Brown & Brenn stain. SEM analysis revealed abundant packed rod-like and filamentous bacteria associated with an extracellular amorphous material. EDX analysis showed predominant picks of calcium and sulfur in actinomycotic colonies. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that PA manifests either clinically and radiologically as a non-specific and heterogeneous condition and that the actinomycotic colonies consist in a calcium- and sulfur-rich matrix. Furthermore, the results highlight the importance of submitting periapical specimens after surgical removal to histopathological análisis


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Idoso , Actinomicose/patologia , Doenças Periapicais/microbiologia , Doenças Periapicais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Periapicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Dentária , Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 283, 2019 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is an uncommon pathology that affects gingival or alveolar mucosa. Although PGCG can be associated with dental implants, little is known about this lesion and implant osseointegration as well as its etiopathogenesis and the treatments available. This study sought to report a rare case of PGCG associated with dental implant, emphasizing its clinical and histopathological aspects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man had an exophytic, reddish lesion, around a crown attached to a dental implant located in the left mandible. Radiographically, there was bone loss around the implant. After excisional biopsy, histological examination revealed a submucosal proliferation of multinucleated giant cells rendering the diagnosis of peripheral giant cell granuloma. Patient has been under follow-up for 6 months with no recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Peri-implant lesions must be completely removed to prevent recurrence of PGCG and implant failure, even in cases suspected to be reactive. Besides, histological examination must be performed on all peri-implant reactions to achieve the appropriate diagnosis and, consequently, the best treatment and follow up.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Granuloma de Células Gigantes , Células Gigantes , Gengiva , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Case Rep Surg ; 2019: 6840873, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781466

RESUMO

The occurrence of metastatic tumors in the orofacial region is rare and may represent the first clinical manifestation of occult malignant disease. An orofacial lesion diagnosed as a metastatic tumor from a renal cell carcinoma in a 68-year-old man is reported. This metastatic tumor caused significant facial asymmetry involving the parotid gland and mandible regions, and the patient died four months after diagnosis. Here, we discuss the clinical aspects, the diagnostic approach, and the importance of early diagnosis to obtain a better response to treatment and provide longer survival time.

18.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(6): e739-e745, nov. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few cases or periimplant peripheral giant cell lesions (PGCL) have been reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to report 13 new cases of peri-implant PGCL and compare the expression of smooth muscle actin, Bcl-2 protein, GLUT-1, CD68, osteoprotegerin, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B, Ki-67 and CD34 in these cases with PGCL and central giant cell lesions (CGCL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved from the laboratory records and histological analysis was performed using HE-stained slides. Immunohistochemical reactions for the above mentioned antibodies were performed and digitally scored. RESULTS: Peri-implant PGCL mostly affected the posterior mandible of adult females. CD68 and Bcl-2 expressions were higher in conventional PGCL and CGCL than in peri-implant PGCL (p = 0.033 for CD68 and p < 0.0001 for Bcl-2). Microvessel density was higher in conventional peripheral than in central and peri-implant PGCL (p = 0.002). Proliferative index of the mononuclear cells showed no statistically significant differences comparing the three groups but it was higher in peri-implant PGCL. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated that peri-implant PGCL is more common in the posterior mandible of adult females. There were some differences in microvessel density, proliferative activity and expression of CD68 and Bcl-2 among conventional PGCL, peri-implant and CGCL. Further studies are encouraged to better understand these early findings


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/cirurgia , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/patologia , Doenças da Gengiva/cirurgia , Doenças da Gengiva/patologia , Implantação Dentária , Imuno-Histoquímica
19.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(9): e845-e849, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636878

RESUMO

Geographic stomatitis is an uncommon inflammatory condition of unknown etiology. It is characterized by reddish areas surrounded by white borders affecting any location in the oral cavity and presenting a migratory and cyclic pattern. The most common affected sites include buccal mucosa, labial mucosa and mucobuccal fold. Some patients can complain of pain or burning sensation. There are few reports in the literature about this entity and its relationship with other oral and cutaneous conditions such as fissured tongue, Reiter's syndrome, atopy and psoriasis has been suggested but it is still controversial. In the present study we describe three cases of geographic stomatitis associated with fissured tongue. Lesions involved the buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, soft palate and mucobuccal fold and all cases were diagnosed based on their clinical features. All patients were oriented about the innocuous behavior of the condition and were advised to avoid exposure of the lesions to irritation factors. The three presented cases highlighted the importance of a detailed oral mucosal examination by clinicians and provided further information about the natural history and clinical presentation of geographic stomatitis. Key words:Geographic stomatitis, geographic mucositis, geographic tongue.

20.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 27(6): 624-630, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991859

RESUMO

Objective. To present 4 new cases of oral leiomyomatous hamartomas (OLH), describing its clinical, microscopical, and immunohistochemical features, and a literature review. Methods. The OLH cases were retrieved from the files of 2 Brazilian and 1 Peruvian oral pathology services. Clinical data were obtained from the pathology reports. Microscopical features were reviewed, and immunohistochemical reactions were performed. A review of the English-language literature about OLH was done. Results. The sample was composed of 3 females (4-, 10-, and 15-year-old) and 1 male (3-year-old). Three cases affected the dorsum of the tongue and one the incisive papilla, and all presented sessile or pedunculated smooth nodules. Microscopically, the lesions were composed of varying-size fascicles of smooth muscle fibers in a fibrous connective tissue background. Immunohistochemistry revealed positivity of the smooth muscle bundles for myogenic markers. The English-language literature review revealed 38 OLH cases reported, most were congenital or diagnosed up to 5 years old. The main locations were tongue and anterior maxilla. Conclusions. Although OLH is a rare lesion, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of midline tongue or maxillary masses in newborns, infants, and youngsters.


Assuntos
Gengiva/patologia , Doenças da Gengiva/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/diagnóstico , Doenças da Língua/diagnóstico , Língua/patologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Gengiva/cirurgia , Doenças da Gengiva/congênito , Doenças da Gengiva/cirurgia , Hamartoma/congênito , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Maxila , Língua/cirurgia , Doenças da Língua/congênito , Doenças da Língua/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...