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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 209, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420222

RESUMO

In 2016, the WHO included haemoglobin values within normal ranges as a diagnostic criterion for Polycythaemia Vera (PV). Since then, concerns have arisen that a large number of patients are undergoing unnecessary screening for PV. To address this issue, we estimated the prevalence of JAK2 p.V617F in individuals with elevated haemoglobin or haematocrit and developed and validated a screening algorithm for PV. A total of 15,366 blood counts performed in seven non-consecutive days were reviewed, of which 1001 were selected for subsequent JAK2 p.V617F mutation screening. Eight (0.8%) new JAK2 p.V617F-mutated cases were detected. From ROC curves, a two-step algorithm was developed based on the optimal cut-off for the detection of the JAK2 p.V617F mutation. The algorithm was prospectively validated in an independent cohort of 15,298 blood counts. A total of 1595 (10.4%) cases met the criterion for haemoglobin or haematocrit, of whom 581 passed to step 2 (3.8% of the total). The JAK2 p.V617F mutation was detected in 7 of the 501 patients tested, which accounts for 0.04% of the total cohort and 0.4% of patients with erythrocytosis. In conclusion, this data show that our two-step algorithm improves the selection of candidates for JAK2 p.V617F testing.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1886, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479306

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous disease whose prognosis is associated with clinical features, cell-of-origin and genetic aberrations. Recent integrative, multi-omic analyses had led to identifying overlapping genetic DLBCL subtypes. We used targeted massive sequencing to analyze 84 diagnostic samples from a multicenter cohort of patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab-containing therapies and a median follow-up of 6 years. The most frequently mutated genes were IGLL5 (43%), KMT2D (33.3%), CREBBP (28.6%), PIM1 (26.2%), and CARD11 (22.6%). Mutations in CD79B were associated with a higher risk of relapse after treatment, whereas patients with mutations in CD79B, ETS1, and CD58 had a significantly shorter survival. Based on the new genetic DLBCL classifications, we tested and validated a simplified method to classify samples in five genetic subtypes analyzing the mutational status of 26 genes and BCL2 and BCL6 translocations. We propose a two-step genetic DLBCL classifier (2-S), integrating the most significant features from previous algorithms, to classify the samples as N12-S, EZB2-S, MCD2-S, BN22-S, and ST22-S groups. We determined its sensitivity and specificity, compared with the other established algorithms, and evaluated its clinical impact. The results showed that ST22-S is the group with the best clinical outcome and N12-S, the more aggressive one. EZB2-S identified a subgroup with a worse prognosis among GCB-DLBLC cases.

3.
Int J Hematol ; 112(2): 136-138, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506320

RESUMO

Diffuse follicular lymphoma (FL) variant is a rare condition that shows distinctive clinical, morphological, immunophenotypic, and molecular features that distinguish it from classical FL. Diffuse FL variant is characterized by a predominantly diffuse growth pattern, absence of the t (14;18) IGH/BCL2 translocation, CD23 expression, and presence of 1p36 deletion. Gene mutations involving STAT6 have been reported, with nuclear expression of STAT6 and phosphorylated STAT6 detected by immunohistochemistry. Patients frequently present with inguinal node involvement and low clinical stage. We describe the case of an 80-year-old female diagnosed with diffuse FL variant, presented with a classic diagnostic pattern and an unusual aggressive clinical onset.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/imunologia , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Mutação , Fosforilação , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Doenças Raras , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/metabolismo , Translocação Genética
4.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 443, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346366

RESUMO

Systemic mastocytosis is a rare and heterogeneous disease characterized by mast cell proliferation and activation. KIT is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase which plays a key role in mast cell growth, differentiation and survival. After interaction with its ligand, the stem cell factor, KIT dimerizes activating downstream pathways involving multiple tyrosine kinases (PI3K, JAK/STAT, RAS/ERK). Activating mutations in KIT are detected in most cases of systemic mastocytosis, being the most common KIT D816V. Therefore, since the emergence of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, KIT inhibition has been an attractive approach when facing mastocytosis treatment. Initial reports showed that only the rare KIT D816V negative cases were responsive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, the development of new tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as midostaurin or avapritinib with activity against mast cells carrying the D816V KIT mutation, has changed the landscape of this disease.

5.
JIMD Rep ; 51(1): 53-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071839

RESUMO

Lysosomal diseases (LD) are a group of about 70 rare hereditary disorders (combined incidence 1:5000) in which diverse lysosomal functions are impaired, impacting multiple organs and systems. The first clinical signs and symptoms are usually unspecific and shared by hundreds of other disorders. Diagnosis of LD traditionally relies on performing specific enzymatic assays, if available, upon clinical suspicion of the disorder. However, the combination of the insidious onset of LD and the lack of awareness on these rare diseases among medical personnel results in undesirable diagnostic delays, with unchecked disease progression, appearance of complications and a worsened prognosis. We tested the usefulness of a next-generation sequencing-based gene panel for quick, early detection of LD among cases of idiopathic splenomegaly and/or thrombocytopenia, two of the earliest clinical signs observed in most LD. Our 73-gene panel interrogated 28 genes for LD, 1 biomarker and 44 genes underlying non-LD differential diagnoses. Among 38 unrelated patients, we elucidated eight cases (21%), five with LD (GM1 gangliosidosis, Sanfilippo disease A and B, Niemann-Pick disease B, Gaucher disease) and three with non-LD conditions. Interestingly, we identified three LD patients harboring pathogenic mutations in two LD genes each, which may result in unusual disease presentations and impact treatment. Turnaround time for panel screening and genetic validation was 1 month. Our results underline the usefulness of resequencing gene panels for quick and cost-effective screening of LDs and disorders sharing with them early clinical signs.

6.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 98(6): 525-528, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significance of discrepant findings between histology (BMB) and flow cytometry (FC) in bone marrow (BM) examination at diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) diagnosis is uncertain. METHODS: We performed a 5-year retrospective single-center study of patients diagnosed by DLBCL not otherwise specified (n = 82), divided into three groups according to BM infiltration at diagnosis: BMB-/FC- (75.6%), BMB+/FC+ (13.4%), and BMB-/FC+ (11%). RESULTS: Median infiltration by FC analysis of the BMB-/FC+ group was 0.8% and if we considered BM infiltration as positive in all cases, 4/9 would be upstaged. Median follow was 33 months. Event-free survival (EFS) after 18 months was 82, 23, and 27% for BMB-/FC-, BMB-/FC+, and BMB+/FC+, respectively (p < .001). After 18 months of observation, OS was 87, 46, and 55% for BMB-/FC-, BMB-/FC+, and BMB+/FC+, respectively (p = .001). In multivariate analysis (BM infiltration vs. cell-of-origin according to Hans algorithm and standard IPI), BM infiltration was independently associated with EFS (HR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.3-2.9) and overall survival (HR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.1-2.7). CONCLUSION: In summary, minimal BM infiltration, detected by FC but not by BMB, has same prognostic implications than overt BM infiltration and should be considered as extranodal involvement regardless the infiltration quantity.

7.
Ann Hematol ; 98(2): 321-330, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446802

RESUMO

Bosutinib is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (2GTKI) approved at 400 mg once daily (QD) as first-line therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients and at 500 mg QD in patients who are resistant to or intolerant of prior therapy. In clinical practice, bosutinib is often given to patients who have failed imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib (i.e., as fourth-line treatment), despite the limited data on its clinical benefit in this setting. We have retrospectively evaluated the results of bosutinib in a series of 62 CML patients who have failed to prior treatment with all three, imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib. Median time on TKI treatment before bosutinib start was 105 (9-163) months, and median duration on bosutinib was 9 months (1-30). Overall, probabilities to achieve complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and major molecular response (MMR) were 25% and 24% respectively. After a median follow-up period of 14 months, the event-free survival and progression-free survival were 68 and 85%, respectively. Sixty-four percent of patients in CCyR at the time of bosutinib start were able to achieve MMR. In contrast, patients without CCyR, probabilities to obtain CCyR and MMR were 25% and 14%. Bosutinib was well tolerated in this heavily pretreated patients' cohort. Pleural effusions and diarrhea were the most frequent grade II-IV side effects, leading to treatment discontinuation in 16% of patients. Bosutinib is an effective treatment option for patients who have failed previous 2GTKIs due to intolerance. However, efficacy seems to be related to the molecular response that the patient achieved prior to bosutinib.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Nitrilos/administração & dosagem , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/sangue , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Nitrilos/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2017: 3869020, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751992

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an incurable lymphoproliferative disorder with a heterogeneous genetic and clinical course. Two kinase inhibitors, ibrutinib and idelalisib, have demonstrated achievement of complete and durable remissions in relapse/refractory genetically unselected CLL patients. We present a case of relapsed CLL with extensive disease and hourglass deformity of urinary bladder as a result of the compression of two extraperitoneal paravesical soft tissue bulky masses, with excellent response to sequential kinase inhibitor therapy.

10.
Leuk Res ; 47: 78-83, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27285853

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an incurable disease in need of new therapeutic strategies. The immunomodulatory agent, lenalidomide, has shown activity as salvage therapy for CLL. In this phase II trial, we combined lenalidomide with rituximab in 25 patients (range, 41-79) with refractory/relapsed CLL. Lenalidomide was administered orally on escalating doses, with cycle 1 doses of 2.5mg daily on days 1-7, 5mg on days 8-14, and 10mg on days 15-21 followed by 7days off. On cycle 2 and beyond, lenalidomide was administered at 20mg daily on days 1-21. Rituximab was administered at 375mg/m(2) intravenously on a weekly basis for the first cycle starting on day 15 for 4 doses, with each cycle being 28days. Treatment was continued until disease progression or toxicity. Overall response rate was 45.8% on intent-to-treat and 61.1% in evaluable patients (all partial responses). Median time to treatment failure was 14.3 months for evaluable patients, and median overall survival was not reached. The most common grade 3/4 toxicity was neutropenia (72% of patients). The most common nonhematologic toxicity was infection (29% of patients). Lenalidomide combined with rituximab showed activity in heavily treated refractory CLL with an acceptable toxicity profile.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/toxicidade , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções/induzido quimicamente , Lenalidomida , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Indução de Remissão , Terapia de Salvação/mortalidade , Talidomida/administração & dosagem
13.
Blood ; 120(9): 1782-90, 2012 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22760782

RESUMO

There is a demand to understand B-cell lymphoma pathogenesis better, to identify new markers, and to define multiple lymphoproliferative disorders more accurately. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of protein translation, comprising a group of more than 1500 short noncoding single-strand RNA molecules of approximately 22 nucleotides in length. They are easily detectable in fresh or paraffin-embedded diagnostic tissue and serum. Expression of individual miRNAs and miRNA signatures allows specific cell-differentiation stages to be identified, and is a powerful diagnostic and prognostic method. Here we review what is known about the pathogenic relevance of miRNAs, and use of miRNAs for the diagnosis and prognosis of B-cell lymphomas. Most of the published data concern chronic lymphocytic lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and implicate miRNAs in the pathogenesis of these diseases. They identify miRNAs that could be used for diagnosis, prognosis, or prediction of response to specific therapies.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
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