Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 25
Filtrar
2.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 14(6): e012281, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Classical methods for detecting left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) using 12-lead ECGs are insensitive. Deep learning models using ECG to infer cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived LV mass may improve LVH detection. METHODS: Within 32 239 individuals of the UK Biobank prospective cohort who underwent CMR and 12-lead ECG, we trained a convolutional neural network to predict CMR-derived LV mass using 12-lead ECGs (left ventricular mass-artificial intelligence [LVM-AI]). In independent test sets (UK Biobank [n=4903] and Mass General Brigham [MGB, n=1371]), we assessed correlation between LVM-AI predicted and CMR-derived LV mass and compared LVH discrimination using LVM-AI versus traditional ECG-based rules (ie, Sokolow-Lyon, Cornell, lead aVL rule, or any ECG rule). In the UK Biobank and an ambulatory MGB cohort (MGB outcomes, n=28 612), we assessed associations between LVM-AI predicted LVH and incident cardiovascular outcomes using age- and sex-adjusted Cox regression. RESULTS: LVM-AI predicted LV mass correlated with CMR-derived LV mass in both test sets, although correlation was greater in the UK Biobank (r=0.79) versus MGB (r=0.60, P<0.001 for both). When compared with any ECG rule, LVM-AI demonstrated similar LVH discrimination in the UK Biobank (LVM-AI c-statistic 0.653 [95% CI, 0.608 -0.698] versus any ECG rule c-statistic 0.618 [95% CI, 0.574 -0.663], P=0.11) and superior discrimination in MGB (0.621; 95% CI, 0.592 -0.649 versus 0.588; 95% CI, 0.564 -0.611, P=0.02). LVM-AI-predicted LVH was associated with incident atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and ventricular arrhythmias. CONCLUSIONS: Deep learning-inferred LV mass estimates from 12-lead ECGs correlate with CMR-derived LV mass, associate with incident cardiovascular disease, and may improve LVH discrimination compared to traditional ECG rules.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Aprendizado Profundo , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Nat Med ; 27(6): 1012-1024, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099924

RESUMO

Age is the dominant risk factor for infectious diseases, but the mechanisms linking age to infectious disease risk are incompletely understood. Age-related mosaic chromosomal alterations (mCAs) detected from genotyping of blood-derived DNA, are structural somatic variants indicative of clonal hematopoiesis, and are associated with aberrant leukocyte cell counts, hematological malignancy, and mortality. Here, we show that mCAs predispose to diverse types of infections. We analyzed mCAs from 768,762 individuals without hematological cancer at the time of DNA acquisition across five biobanks. Expanded autosomal mCAs were associated with diverse incident infections (hazard ratio (HR) 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.15-1.36; P = 1.8 × 10-7), including sepsis (HR 2.68; 95% CI = 2.25-3.19; P = 3.1 × 10-28), pneumonia (HR 1.76; 95% CI = 1.53-2.03; P = 2.3 × 10-15), digestive system infections (HR 1.51; 95% CI = 1.32-1.73; P = 2.2 × 10-9) and genitourinary infections (HR 1.25; 95% CI = 1.11-1.41; P = 3.7 × 10-4). A genome-wide association study of expanded mCAs identified 63 loci, which were enriched at transcriptional regulatory sites for immune cells. These results suggest that mCAs are a marker of impaired immunity and confer increased predisposition to infections.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Doenças Transmissíveis/genética , Pneumonia/genética , Sepse/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/patologia , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Doenças Transmissíveis/complicações , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/genética , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/microbiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mosaicismo , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/microbiologia , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/microbiologia , Anormalidades Urogenitais/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Urogenitais/genética , Anormalidades Urogenitais/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(5): 453-464, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for prediabetes primarily focus on glycemic control and lifestyle management. Few evidence-based cardiovascular and kidney risk-reduction strategies are available in this population. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize cardiovascular and kidney outcomes across the glycemic spectrum. METHODS: Among participants in the UK Biobank without prevalent type 1 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or kidney disease, Cox models tested the association of glycemic exposures (type 2 diabetes [T2D], prediabetes, normoglycemia) with outcomes (atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease [ASCVD], chronic kidney disease [CKD], and heart failure), adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, and cardiometabolic risk factors. RESULTS: Among 336,709 individuals (mean age: 56.3 years, 55.4% female), 46,911 (13.9%) had prediabetes and 12,717 (3.8%) had T2D. Over median follow-up of 11.1 years, 6,476 (13.8%) individuals with prediabetes developed ≥1 incident outcome, of whom only 802 (12.4%) developed T2D prior to an incident diagnosis. Prediabetes and T2D were independently associated with ASCVD (prediabetes: adjusted HR [aHR]: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.08-1.15; P < 0.001; T2D: aHR: 1.44; 95% CI: 1.37-1.51; P < 0.001), CKD (prediabetes: aHR: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.02-1.14; P < 0.001; T2D: aHR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.46-1.69; P < 0.001), and heart failure (prediabetes: aHR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.01-1.14; P = 0.03; T2D: aHR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.14-1.37; P < 0.001). Compared with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) <5.0%, covariate-adjusted risks increased significantly for ASCVD above HbA1c of 5.4%, CKD above HbA1c of 6.2%, and heart failure above HbA1c of 7.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Prediabetes and T2D were associated with ASCVD, CKD, and heart failure, but a substantial gradient of risk was observed across HbA1c levels below the threshold for diabetes. These findings highlight the need to design risk-reduction strategies across the glycemic spectrum.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2182, 2021 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846329

RESUMO

Autosomal genetic analyses of blood lipids have yielded key insights for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, X chromosome genetic variation is understudied for blood lipids in large sample sizes. We now analyze genetic and blood lipid data in a high-coverage whole X chromosome sequencing study of 65,322 multi-ancestry participants and perform replication among 456,893 European participants. Common alleles on chromosome Xq23 are strongly associated with reduced total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides (min P = 8.5 × 10-72), with similar effects for males and females. Chromosome Xq23 lipid-lowering alleles are associated with reduced odds for CHD among 42,545 cases and 591,247 controls (P = 1.7 × 10-4), and reduced odds for diabetes mellitus type 2 among 54,095 cases and 573,885 controls (P = 1.4 × 10-5). Although we observe an association with increased BMI, waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI is reduced, bioimpedance analyses indicate increased gluteofemoral fat, and abdominal MRI analyses indicate reduced visceral adiposity. Co-localization analyses strongly correlate increased CHRDL1 gene expression, particularly in adipose tissue, with reduced concentrations of blood lipids.


Assuntos
Fatores de Risco Cardiometabólico , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Lipídeos/sangue , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Estudos de Associação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fenômica , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Tela Subcutânea/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
6.
Nat Genet ; 53(2): 185-194, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462484

RESUMO

Clinical laboratory tests are a critical component of the continuum of care. We evaluate the genetic basis of 35 blood and urine laboratory measurements in the UK Biobank (n = 363,228 individuals). We identify 1,857 loci associated with at least one trait, containing 3,374 fine-mapped associations and additional sets of large-effect (>0.1 s.d.) protein-altering, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and copy number variant (CNV) associations. Through Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis, we discover 51 causal relationships, including previously known agonistic effects of urate on gout and cystatin C on stroke. Finally, we develop polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for each biomarker and build 'multi-PRS' models for diseases using 35 PRSs simultaneously, which improved chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, gout and alcoholic cirrhosis genetic risk stratification in an independent dataset (FinnGen; n = 135,500) relative to single-disease PRSs. Together, our results delineate the genetic basis of biomarkers and their causal influences on diseases and improve genetic risk stratification for common diseases.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Antígenos HLA/genética , Proteínas/genética , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Pleiotropia Genética , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Transportador 1 de Ânion Orgânico Específico do Fígado/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Reino Unido
7.
Circulation ; 143(5): 410-423, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Premature menopause is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women, but mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP), the age-related expansion of hematopoietic cells with leukemogenic mutations without detectable malignancy, is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Whether premature menopause is associated with CHIP is unknown. METHODS: We included postmenopausal women from the UK Biobank (n=11 495) aged 40 to 70 years with whole exome sequences and from the Women's Health Initiative (n=8111) aged 50 to 79 years with whole genome sequences. Premature menopause was defined as natural or surgical menopause occurring before age 40 years. Co-primary outcomes were the presence of any CHIP and CHIP with variant allele frequency >0.1. Logistic regression tested the association of premature menopause with CHIP, adjusted for age, race, the first 10 principal components of ancestry, smoking, diabetes, and hormone therapy use. Secondary analyses considered natural versus surgical premature menopause and gene-specific CHIP subtypes. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models tested the association between CHIP and incident coronary artery disease. RESULTS: The sample included 19 606 women, including 418 (2.1%) with natural premature menopause and 887 (4.5%) with surgical premature menopause. Across cohorts, CHIP prevalence in postmenopausal women with versus without a history of premature menopause was 8.8% versus 5.5% (P<0.001), respectively. After multivariable adjustment, premature menopause was independently associated with CHIP (all CHIP: odds ratio, 1.36 [95% 1.10-1.68]; P=0.004; CHIP with variant allele frequency >0.1: odds ratio, 1.40 [95% CI, 1.10-1.79]; P=0.007). Associations were larger for natural premature menopause (all CHIP: odds ratio, 1.73 [95% CI, 1.23-2.44]; P=0.001; CHIP with variant allele frequency >0.1: odds ratio, 1.91 [95% CI, 1.30-2.80]; P<0.001) but smaller and nonsignificant for surgical premature menopause. In gene-specific analyses, only DNMT3A CHIP was significantly associated with premature menopause. Among postmenopausal middle-aged women, CHIP was independently associated with incident coronary artery disease (hazard ratio associated with all CHIP: 1.36 [95% CI, 1.07-1.73]; P=0.012; hazard ratio associated with CHIP with variant allele frequency >0.1: 1.48 [95% CI, 1.13-1.94]; P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Premature menopause, especially natural premature menopause, is independently associated with CHIP among postmenopausal women. Natural premature menopause may serve as a risk signal for predilection to develop CHIP and CHIP-associated cardiovascular disease.

8.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 41(1): 465-474, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lp(a) (lipoprotein[a]) concentrations are associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), and new therapies that enable potent and specific reduction are in development. In the largest study conducted to date, we address 3 areas of uncertainty: (1) the magnitude and shape of ASCVD risk conferred across the distribution of lipoprotein(a) concentrations; (2) variation of risk across racial and clinical subgroups; (3) clinical importance of a high lipoprotein(a) threshold to guide therapy. Approach and Results: Relationship of lipoprotein(a) to incident ASCVD was studied in 460 506 middle-aged UK Biobank participants. Over a median follow-up of 11.2 years, incident ASCVD occurred in 22 401 (4.9%) participants. Median lipoprotein(a) concentration was 19.6 nmol/L (25th-75th percentile 7.6-74.8). The relationship between lipoprotein(a) and ASCVD appeared linear across the distribution, with a hazard ratio of 1.11 (95% CI, 1.10-1.12) per 50 nmol/L increment. Substantial differences in concentrations were noted according to race-median values for white, South Asian, black, and Chinese individuals were 19, 31, 75, and 16 nmol/L, respectively. However, risk per 50 nmol/L appeared similar-hazard ratios of 1.11, 1.10, and 1.07 for white, South Asian, and black individuals, respectively. A high lipoprotein(a) concentration defined as ≥150 nmol/L was present in 12.2% of those without and 20.3% of those with preexisting ASCVD and associated with hazard ratios of 1.50 (95% CI, 1.44-1.56) and 1.16 (95% CI, 1.05-1.27), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Lipoprotein(a) concentrations predict incident ASCVD among middle-aged adults within primary and secondary prevention contexts, with a linear risk gradient across the distribution. Concentrations are variable across racial subgroups, but the associated risk appears similar.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevenção Primária , Prognóstico , Fatores Raciais , Medição de Risco , Prevenção Secundária , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
9.
Med (N Y) ; 2(2): 137-148.e4, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283203

RESUMO

Background: Small studies have correlated hypertension with pneumonia risk; whether this is recapitulated in larger prospective studies, and represents a causal association, is unclear. Methods: We estimated the risk for prevalent hypertension with incident respiratory diseases over mean follow-up of 8 years among 377,143 British participants in the UK Biobank. Mendelian randomization of blood pressure on pneumonia was implemented using 75 independent, genome-wide significant variants associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressures among 299,024 individuals not in the UK Biobank. Secondary analyses with pulmonary function tests were performed. Findings: In total, 107,310 participants (30%) had hypertension at UK Biobank enrollment, and 9,969 (3%) developed pneumonia during follow-up. Prevalent hypertension was independently associated with increased risk for incident pneumonia (HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.29-1.43; p < 0.001), as well as other incident respiratory diseases. Genetic predisposition to a 5 mm Hg increase in blood pressure was associated with increased risk for incident pneumonia for systolic blood pressure (HR: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.04-1.13; p < 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03-1.20; p = 0.005). Additionally, consistent with epidemiologic associations, increased blood pressure genetic risk was significantly associated with reduced performance on pulmonary function tests (p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results suggest that elevated blood pressure increases risk for pneumonia. Maintaining adequate blood pressure control, in addition to other measures, may reduce risk for pneumonia. Funding: S.M.Z. (1F30HL149180-01), M.H. (T32HL094301-07), and P.N. (R01HL1427, R01HL148565, and R01HL148050) are supported by the National Institutes of Health. J.P. is supported by the John S. LaDue Memorial Fellowship.

10.
medRxiv ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236019

RESUMO

Age is the dominant risk factor for infectious diseases, but the mechanisms linking the two are incompletely understood 1,2 . Age-related mosaic chromosomal alterations (mCAs) detected from blood-derived DNA genotyping, are structural somatic variants associated with aberrant leukocyte cell counts, hematological malignancy, and mortality 3-11 . Whether mCAs represent independent risk factors for infection is unknown. Here we use genome-wide genotyping of blood DNA to show that mCAs predispose to diverse infectious diseases. We analyzed mCAs from 767,891 individuals without hematological cancer at DNA acquisition across four countries. Expanded mCA (cell fraction >10%) prevalence approached 4% by 60 years of age and was associated with diverse incident infections, including sepsis, pneumonia, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) hospitalization. A genome-wide association study of expanded mCAs identified 63 significant loci. Germline genetic alleles associated with expanded mCAs were enriched at transcriptional regulatory sites for immune cells. Our results link mCAs with impaired immunity and predisposition to infections. Furthermore, these findings may also have important implications for the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in prioritizing individual preventive strategies and evaluating immunization responses.

11.
Circ Res ; 127(1): 155-169, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833571

RESUMO

Machine learning applications in cardiology have rapidly evolved in the past decade. With the availability of machine learning tools coupled with vast data sources, the management of atrial fibrillation (AF), a common chronic disease with significant associated morbidity and socioeconomic impact, is undergoing a knowledge and practice transformation in the increasingly complex healthcare environment. Among other advances, deep-learning machine learning methods, including convolutional neural networks, have enabled the development of AF screening pathways using the ubiquitous 12-lead ECG to detect asymptomatic paroxysmal AF in at-risk populations (such as those with cryptogenic stroke), the refinement of AF and stroke prediction schemes through comprehensive digital phenotyping using structured and unstructured data abstraction from the electronic health record or wearable monitoring technologies, and the optimization of treatment strategies, ranging from stroke prophylaxis to monitoring of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy. Although the clinical and population-wide impact of these tools continues to be elucidated, such transformative progress does not come without challenges, such as the concerns about adopting black box technologies, assessing input data quality for training such models, and the risk of perpetuating rather than alleviating health disparities. This review critically appraises the advances of machine learning related to the care of AF thus far, their potential future directions, and its potential limitations and challenges.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos
12.
Am Heart J ; 229: 138-143, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827459

RESUMO

The present study included 14,550 postmenopausal female participants in the UK Biobank who completed cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Earlier age at menopause was significantly and independently associated with smaller left ventricular end-diastolic volume and smaller stroke volume, a pattern suggesting acceleration of previously described age-related left ventricular remodeling. These findings may have implications for understanding mechanisms of heart failure, specifically heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, among women with early menopause.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração , Menopausa Precoce/fisiologia , Menopausa/fisiologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2254, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382064

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an important cause of heart failure and the leading indication for heart transplantation. Many rare genetic variants have been associated with DCM, but common variant studies of the disease have yielded few associated loci. As structural changes in the heart are a defining feature of DCM, we report a genome-wide association study of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived left ventricular measurements in 36,041 UK Biobank participants, with replication in 2184 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. We identify 45 previously unreported loci associated with cardiac structure and function, many near well-established genes for Mendelian cardiomyopathies. A polygenic score of MRI-derived left ventricular end systolic volume strongly associates with incident DCM in the general population. Even among carriers of TTN truncating mutations, this polygenic score influences the size and function of the human heart. These results further implicate common genetic polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of DCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
15.
Circ Res ; 126(2): 200-209, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691645

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Genome-wide association studies have identified over 100 genetic loci for atrial fibrillation (AF); recent work described an association between loss-of-function (LOF) variants in TTN and early-onset AF. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the contribution of rare and common genetic variation to AF risk in the general population. METHODS: The UK Biobank is a population-based study of 500 000 individuals including a subset with genome-wide genotyping and exome sequencing. In this case-control study, we included AF cases and controls of genetically determined white-European ancestry; analyses were performed using a logistic mixed-effects model adjusting for age, sex, the first 4 principal components of ancestry, empirical relationships, and case-control imbalance. An exome-wide, gene-based burden analysis was performed to examine the relationship between AF and rare, high-confidence LOF variants in genes with ≥10 LOF carriers. A polygenic risk score for AF was estimated using the LDpred algorithm. We then compared the contribution of AF polygenic risk score and LOF variants to AF risk. RESULTS: The study included 1546 AF cases and 41 593 controls. In an analysis of 9099 genes with sufficient LOF variant carriers, a significant association between AF and rare LOF variants was observed in a single gene, TTN (odds ratio, 2.71, P=2.50×10-8). The association with AF was more significant (odds ratio, 6.15, P=3.26×10-14) when restricting to LOF variants located in exons highly expressed in cardiac tissue (TTNLOF). Overall, 0.44% of individuals carried TTNLOF variants, of whom 14% had AF. Among individuals in the highest 0.44% of the AF polygenic risk score only 9.3% had AF. In contrast, the AF polygenic risk score explained 4.7% of the variance in AF susceptibility, while TTNLOF variants only accounted for 0.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Both monogenic and polygenic factors contribute to AF risk in the general population. While rare TTNLOF variants confer a substantial AF penetrance, the additive effect of many common variants explains a larger proportion of genetic susceptibility to AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Herança Multifatorial , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Conectina/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Exoma , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação com Perda de Função , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Penetrância
16.
Circulation ; 141(2): 124-131, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) refers to clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem cells attributable to acquired leukemic mutations in genes such as DNMT3A or TET2. In humans, CHIP associates with prevalent myocardial infarction. In mice, CHIP accelerates atherosclerosis and increases IL-6/IL-1ß expression, raising the hypothesis that IL-6 pathway antagonism in CHIP carriers would decrease cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. METHODS: We analyzed exome sequences from 35 416 individuals in the UK Biobank without prevalent CVD, to identify participants with DNMT3A or TET2 CHIP. We used the IL6R p.Asp358Ala coding mutation as a genetic proxy for IL-6 inhibition. We tested the association of CHIP status with incident CVD events (myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, stroke, or death), and whether it was modified by IL6R p.Asp358Ala. RESULTS: We identified 1079 (3.0%) individuals with CHIP, including 432 (1.2%) with large clones (allele fraction >10%). During 6.9-year median follow-up, CHIP associated with increased incident CVD event risk (hazard ratio, 1.27 [95% CI, 1.04-1.56], P=0.019), with greater risk from large CHIP clones (hazard ratio, 1.59 [95% CI, 1.21-2.09], P<0.001). IL6R p.Asp358Ala attenuated CVD event risk among participants with large CHIP clones (hazard ratio, 0.46 [95% CI, 0.29-0.73], P<0.001) but not in individuals without CHIP (hazard ratio, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.89-1.01], P=0.08; Pinteraction=0.003). In 9951 independent participants, the association of CHIP status with myocardial infarction similarly varied by IL6R p.Asp358Ala (Pinteraction=0.036). CONCLUSIONS: CHIP is associated with increased risk of incident CVD. Among carriers of large CHIP clones, genetically reduced IL-6 signaling abrogated this risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Receptores de Interleucina-6/genética , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Evolução Clonal , Feminino , Hematopoese , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Coron Artery Dis ; 28(4): 342-345, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28346284

RESUMO

AIM: Although cardiac rehabilitation attendance is associated with improved clinical outcomes for patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), it remains underutilized nationally. We sought to determine whether replacing traditional, paper-based referrals for cardiac rehabilitation for patients with AMI with an electronic referral system would increase utilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We implemented the change from traditional, paper-based referrals to electronic referrals at the Massachusetts General Hospital on 10 December 2013. Using a segmented regression approach to control for other secular effects, we assessed an association between the intervention and inpatient referrals, total referrals, cardiac rehabilitation attendance at Massachusetts General Hospital, and the rate of inpatient referral to cardiac rehabilitation after AMI. We analyzed 1895 referral records over a 30-month period. After the intervention, the total referrals to our cardiac rehabilitation program increased by a factor of 1.8, largely attributable to a 17-fold increase in inpatient referrals (P<0.0001 for both). CONCLUSION: Even relative to pre-existing secular trends, switching to an electronic referral system was associated with an increase in referral volume for cardiac rehabilitation for patients with AMI. Electronic care innovations may improve the ability of provider organizations to provide guideline-oriented care for patients with coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Registros Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/reabilitação , Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Massachusetts/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Atherosclerosis ; 250: 63-8, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27182959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for plasma lipid levels have mapped numerous genomic loci, with each region often containing many protein-coding genes. Targeted re-sequencing of exons is a strategy to pinpoint causal variants and genes. METHODS: We performed solution-based hybrid selection of 9008 exons at 939 genes within 95 GWAS loci for plasma lipid levels and sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology individuals with extremely high as well as low to normal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, n = 311; mean low = 71 mg/dl versus high = 241 mg/dl), triglycerides (TG, n = 308; mean low = 75 mg/dl versus high = 1938 mg/dl), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, n = 684; mean low = 32 mg/dl versus high = 102 mg/dl). We identified 15,002 missense, nonsense, or splice site variants with a frequency <5%. We tested whether coding sequence variants, individually or aggregated within a gene, were associated with plasma lipid levels. To replicate findings, we performed sequencing in independent participants (n = 6424). RESULTS: Across discovery and replication sequencing, we found 6 variants with significant associations with plasma lipids. Of these, one was a novel association: p.Ser147Asn variant in APOA4 (14.3% frequency, TG OR = 0.49, P = 7.1 × 10(-4)) with TG. In gene-level association analyses where rare variants within each gene are collapsed, APOC3 (P = 2.1 × 10(-5)) and LDLR (P = 5.0 × 10(-12)) were associated with plasma lipids. CONCLUSIONS: After sequencing genes from 95 GWAS loci in participants with extremely high plasma lipid levels, we identified one new coding variant associated with TG. These results provide insight regarding design of similar sequencing studies with respect to sample size, follow-up, and analysis methodology.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Lipoproteínas HDL/genética , Lipoproteínas LDL/genética , Triglicerídeos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Estudos de Coortes , Éxons , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Controle de Qualidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Triglicerídeos/sangue
20.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 33(8): 2021-5, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23723369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In familial hypobetalipoproteinemia, fatty liver is a characteristic feature, and there are several reports of associated cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma. We investigated a large kindred in which low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fatty liver, and hepatocarcinoma displayed an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. APPROACH AND RESULTS: The proband was a 25-year-old female with low plasma cholesterol and hepatic steatosis. Low plasma levels of total cholesterol and fatty liver were observed in 10 more family members; 1 member was affected by liver cirrhosis, and 4 more subjects died of either hepatocarcinoma or carcinoma on cirrhosis. To identify the causal mutation in this family, we performed exome sequencing in 2 participants with hypocholesterolemia and fatty liver. Approximately 22 400 single nucleotide variants were identified in each sample. After variant filtering, 300 novel shared variants remained. A nonsense variant, p.K2240X, attributable to an A>T mutation in exon 26 of APOB (c.6718A>T) was identified, and this variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The gentotypic analysis of 16 family members in total showed that this mutation segregated with the low cholesterol trait. In addition, genotyping of the PNPLA3 p.I148M did not show significant frequency differences between carriers and noncarriers of the c.6718A>T APOB gene mutation. CONCLUSIONS: We used exome sequencing to discover a novel nonsense mutation in exon 26 of APOB (p.K2240X) responsible for low cholesterol and fatty liver in a large kindred. This mutation may also be responsible for cirrhosis and liver cancer in this family.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas B/genética , Códon sem Sentido , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Hipobetalipoproteinemias/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Adulto , Apolipoproteínas B/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/genética , Exoma/genética , Saúde da Família , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hipobetalipoproteinemias/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...