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1.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589033

RESUMO

We report in this article the synthesis of an asymmetrical cryptophane derivative (possessing only C3-symmetry) bearing three phenol groups and three other carboxylic acid functions, each of these groups on the aromatic rings. Thanks to isothermal titration calorimetry experiments, we show that this compound binds large monovalent cations, such as Cs+ and Tl+, with a binding constant significantly lower than its congeners bearing a larger number of phenol groups grafted on the benzene rings. However, higher selectivity for Cs+ and Tl+ was observed with this compound since it does not show any affinity for other alkali cations. More importantly, due to the greater solubility of this derivative in pure water, we show for the first time that effective thallium(I) complexation takes place at neutral pH. This result demonstrates that cryptophane derivatives decorated with a higher number of phenol groups are promising host molecules for removing traces of thallium(I) from aqueous phases at neutral pH or above.

2.
Org Lett ; 22(3): 891-895, 2020 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985232

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis of C3-symmetric enantiopure cage molecules 1, which exhibit remarkable to exclusive enantioselective recognition properties toward chiral ammonium neurotransmitters. Strong changes in the substrate selectivity are also observed when different stereoisomers of 1 are used. Furthermore, protonation/deprotonation induces a reversible modification of the conformation of 1, which switches from an imploded to an inflated form, leading to ejection and reuptake of the guest initially encaged inside the cavity.

3.
J Org Chem ; 84(17): 10870-10876, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397566

RESUMO

We describe a large-scale synthesis of a series of helicene-like compounds based on a dibenzo[c]acridine fragment by the Friedlander reaction. The series includes targeted constrained (closed) derivatives comprising 11 rings that exhibit very intense circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) (glum = 8 × 10-3) contrary to their nonconstrained (open) 10-ring precursors that are not CPL active. The relationship between structure and chiroptical properties in the series is discussed with the aid of quantum-chemical calculations.

4.
J Org Chem ; 83(23): 14465-14471, 2018 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426750

RESUMO

Whereas the synthesis of the anti-cryptophane-A (1) derivative has been known for nearly 40 years, the preparation of its diastereomer (cryptophane-B according to Collet's nomenclature) has never been reported. Thus, the synthesis of the cryptophane-B derivative represents a real challenge for chemists interested in the preparation of these hollow molecules. Herein, we describe a synthetic route that allows us to prepare cryptophane-B (2), albeit in a low yield. The X-ray crystallographic structure of this compound is described, and it reveals the presence of an ethanol molecule inside the cavity of the host. Finally, the ability of cryptophane-B to bind xenon in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane- d2 is also studied via hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR.

5.
Chemistry ; 24(25): 6534-6537, 2018 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29488664

RESUMO

In the search for powerful non-invasive methods for pH measurement, NMR usually suffers from biases, especially for heterogeneous samples or tissues. In this Communication, using the signals of hyperpolarized 129 Xe encapsulated in a pair of water-soluble cryptophanes, we show that a differential pH measurement can be achieved, free from most of these biases, by monitoring the difference between their chemical shifts.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(28): 18303-18310, 2017 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28676874

RESUMO

The two enantiomers of cryptophane-111 (1), which possesses the most simplified chemical structure of cryptophane derivatives and exhibits the highest binding constant for xenon encapsulation in organic solution, were separated by HPLC using chiral stationary phases. The chiroptical properties of [CD(+)254]-1 and [CD(-)254]-1 were determined in CH2Cl2 and CHCl3 solutions by polarimetry, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and Raman optical activity (ROA) experiments and were compared to those of cryptophane-222 (2) derivative. Synchroton Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) spectra were also recorded for the two enantiomers of 1 to investigate low-lying excited states in the 1Bb region. Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations of the ECD and SRCD as well as DFT calculations of the VCD and ROA allowed the [CD(-)254]-PP-1 and [CD(+)254]-MM-1 absolute configurations for 1 in CH2Cl2 and CHCl3 solutions. Similar configurations were found in the solid state from X-ray crystals of the two enantiomers but the chemical structures are significantly different from the one calculated in solution. In addition, the chiroptical properties of the two enantiomers of 1 were independent of the nature of the solvent, which is significantly different to that observed for cryptophane-222 compound. The lack of solvent molecule (CH2Cl2 or CHCl3) within the cavity of 1 can explain this different behaviour between 1 and 2. Finally, we show in this article that the encapsulation of xenon by 1 can be evidenced by ROA following the symmetric breathing mode of the cryptophane-111 skeleton at 150 cm-1.

7.
J Org Chem ; 82(12): 6082-6088, 2017 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28481535

RESUMO

The synthesis, characterization, and chiroptical properties of a new class of hemicryptophane cages combining a cyclotriveratrylene unit and a tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine (TPA) moiety are reported. Changing the linkers between these two units allows for the modification of the size and shape of the cavity. The synthesis is straightforward and efficient, providing gram-scale of cage compounds. The racemic mixture of each hemicryptophane host can be readily resolved by chiral HPLC, giving an easy access to the enantiopure molecular cages of which absolute configurations have been assigned by ECD spectroscopy. These new hemicryptophanes are available chemical platforms ready to use for various purposes due to the versatile metal complexation properties of the TPA unit. A Zn(II)@hemicryptophane complex has been obtained and used as a heteroditopic host for the selective recognition of zwitterionic guests.

8.
Sci Adv ; 3(3): e1601778, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28435861

RESUMO

The origin of ancient ligand/receptor couples is often analyzed via reconstruction of ancient receptors and, when ligands are products of metabolic pathways, they are not supposed to evolve. However, because metabolic pathways are inherited by descent with modification, their structure can be compared using cladistic analysis. Using this approach, we studied the evolution of steroid hormones. We show that side-chain cleavage is common to most vertebrate steroids, whereas aromatization was co-opted for estrogen synthesis from a more ancient pathway. The ancestral products of aromatic activity were aromatized steroids with a side chain, which we named "paraestrols." We synthesized paraestrol A and show that it effectively binds and activates the ancestral steroid receptor. Our study opens the way to comparative studies of biologically active small molecules.


Assuntos
Estrogênios/genética , Evolução Molecular , Modelos Genéticos , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Animais
9.
Chem Sci ; 8(9): 5909-5917, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29619195

RESUMO

Macromolecular crystallography suffers from two major issues: getting well-diffracting crystals and solving the phase problem inherent to large macromolecules. Here, we describe the first example of a lanthanide complex family named "crystallophore" (Xo4), which contributes to tackling both bottlenecks. This terbium complex, Tb-Xo4, is an appealing agent for biocrystallography, combining the exceptional phasing power of the Tb(iii) heavy atom with powerful nucleating properties, providing ready-to-use crystals for structure determination. Furthermore, protein/Tb-Xo4 co-crystals can be easily detected and discriminated from other crystalline by-products using luminescence. We demonstrate the potential of this additive for the crystallisation and structure determination of eight proteins, two of whose structures were unknown.

10.
J Phys Chem B ; 120(49): 12650-12659, 2016 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27973824

RESUMO

Enantiopure cryptophane-222 derivative (1) devoid of substituents was obtained via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using chiral stationary phases. The chiroptical properties of 1 were determined from polarimetry, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD), vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and Raman optical activity (ROA) experiments and were compared to those of the cryptophane-A (2) derivative. Unusual polarimetric results were obtained for 1 in CHCl3 solvent as the sign of the optical rotation (OR) values changes in the nonresonance region above 365 nm, whereas no change was observed in the CH2Cl2 solvent. ECD spectra in the 1La and 1Lb regions were very similar for the two solutions and could not explain these unusual polarimetric properties. In contrast, SRCD spectra in the 1Bb region revealed spectral differences for the two solutions, which have been associated with conformational changes of the three linkers by time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations. DFT calculations of the OR support that conformational changes may explain the polarimetric results obtained for the two solvents. Finally, TDDFT calculations of the ECD as well as DFT calculations of the VCD and ROA allowed the attribution of the (-)589-PP absolute configuration for 1 in solution, as determined from the X-ray structures of 1.

11.
Biomacromolecules ; 17(11): 3609-3618, 2016 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27696875

RESUMO

We report the synthesis, spectroscopy, and the DNA binding properties of a biocompatible, water-soluble, polycationic two-photon absorbing anthracenyl derivative (Ant-PIm) specifically designed for biorelated applications. Detailed insights into the Ant-PIm-DNA binding interaction are provided by using several spectroscopic approaches, including UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism (CD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), steady-state, and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. Absorption and fluorescence quantitative data analysis show a strong Ant-PIm-duplex interaction with binding constants of Kf = 4.7 ± 0.2 × 105 M-1, 7.1 ± 0.3 × 105 M-1, and 1.0 ± 0.1 × 106 M-1 at 298, 304, and 310 K, respectively. Spectral changes observed upon DNA binding provide evidence for a complex formation with off-on fluorescence pattern, which can be related to two consecutive binding equilibria. Results of DNA binders displacement and iodide quenching experimental assays unambiguously point to the groove binding mode of Ant-PIm to the DNA-helicate. Thermodynamic and chemical denaturation studies suggest that long-range interactions of hydrophobic nature regulate the association of Ant-PIm with the biopolymer. The ionic strength dependence of the binding constant shows that electrostatic component has an important contribution to the overall Gibbs free energy. FTIR and CD data provide evidence of partial modification of the B-DNA secondary structure, while the increase in the melting temperature clearly indicates the enhancement of the thermal stability of the duplex. Furthermore, the two-photon absorption cross section spectrum determined using the two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) technique shows a strong 2PA maximum at 820 nm with a σ2 > 800 GM, which emphasizes the advantageous combination of biological and optical properties possessed by this positively charged bioprobe.


Assuntos
Antracenos/química , DNA/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Cátions/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Concentração Osmolar , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
12.
J Org Chem ; 81(8): 3199-205, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27010215

RESUMO

New host compounds combining a cyclotriveratrylene (CTV) unit and three binaphthol moieties have been synthesized enantiomerically and diastereomerically pure. The use of a chemical correlation allows for the assignment of their absolute configuration. The energy barrier of epimerization was measured, suggesting that no intramolecular hydrogen bonding occurs between the hydroxyl groups of the binaphthols. These open-shell host compounds were then tested in the recognition of carbohydrates; a preferential binding of mannose toward glucose was observed, and good diastereoselectivities were reached (up to 1:10). This recognition of sugar derivatives by open-shell CTV-based host compounds is unprecedented and opens up the way for a wider use of this easily accessible class of molecules as chiral sensors.

13.
Chemistry ; 22(10): 3333-3346, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26797752

RESUMO

Helicenes are fascinating molecules owing to their unusual properties and applications in many fields from catalysis to organic electronics. Herein, we report a straightforward pathway for the synthesis of helicene-like molecules on a gram scale in an enantiopure form. Thin-film materials with good propagating optical properties and very high chiroptical responses have been grown by using pulsed laser ablation without altering the structure or the enantiopurity of the molecules. Moreover, electronic and vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopies coupled with theoretical calculations enabled some dependences of the chiroptical properties with the structure to be highlighted, for example, effects of rigidification, aromatization, or the state of matter (liquid versus solid).

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(45): 30318-27, 2015 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26506886

RESUMO

We have studied the interaction of a polymeric water soluble anthracenyl derivative () with salmon testes DNA. The results from UV-Vis, fluorescence, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and circular dichroism spectroscopies indicate that the groove binding process regulates the interaction between and DNA. The binding constants, calculated by absorption spectroscopy at 298, 304 and 310 K, were equal to 3.2 × 10(5) M(-1), 4.7 × 10(5) M(-1), and 6.6 × 10(5) M(-1) respectively, proving a relatively high affinity of for salmon testes DNA. Results of Hoechst 33258 displacement assays strongly support the groove binding mode of to DNA. The association stoichiometry of the :DNA adduct was found to be 1 for every 5 base pairs. FT-IR spectra, recorded at different /DNA molar ratios, indicate the involvement of the phosphate groups and adenine and thymine DNA bases in the association process. Thermodynamic results suggest that hydrophobic forces regulate the binding of with DNA without excluding some extent of involvement of van der Waals forces and hydrogen bonding arising due to surface binding between the hydrophilic polymeric arms of the ligand and the functional groups positioned on the edge of the groove. The resulting composite biomaterial could constitute a valuable candidate for future biological and/or photonic applications.


Assuntos
Antracenos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , DNA/química , Polímeros/química , Testículo/química , Animais , Dicroísmo Circular , Masculino , Salmão , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Água/química
15.
Dalton Trans ; 44(11): 4918-24, 2015 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25421299

RESUMO

During the course of our research studies aiming to combine the unique photophysical properties of lanthanide complexes and the intrinsic advantage of a nonlinear two-photon excitation, we described the proof-of-concept of a biphotonic multiplexing bio-imaging experiment. To that end, a new Tb-luminescent bioprobe [TbL(2)] was designed using the TACN-trispicolinate platform. The biphotonic imaging of T24 fixed cells stained either with [TbL(2)] or with the already described [EuL(1)] complexes is reported. Finally the biphotonic multiplexing experiment was performed using a combination of both probes using the spectral mode of the two-photon microscope.


Assuntos
Európio/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Fótons , Térbio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Substâncias Luminescentes/química
16.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 17(10): 3671-9, 2009 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19394228

RESUMO

To create novel HIV-1 protease (HIV PR) inhibitors, we have extended our investigations of the N-->C=O interaction as a moiety that reproduces electrostatic properties of the transition state of peptidolysis. Consequently, we prepared a series of compounds with an unusual hydrazino-urea core. In polar protic media, these adopt solely a cyclic constitution displaying the interaction on one side of the molecule while offering a urea moiety on the opposite side meant to hydrogen-bond with the enzyme flaps. Each inhibitor candidate was obtained via a key series of three synthetic steps employing carbonyl-di-imidazole (CDI). It was thus possible to efficiently fuse two independent building blocks, a hydrazine and a protected aminoaldehyde in a convergent manner. NMR and UV analysis proved that all compounds, when dissolved in polar protic media, existed exclusively in the cyclic constitution exhibiting the N-->C=O interaction. In total, five inhibitor candidates were tested with HIV PR for their potency. The one carrying the least bulk in peripheral substituents showed the highest activity. Its very low molecular weight (365 g/mol) holds great promise for future improvements in affinity without violating Lipinski's rule of remaining within the limit of 500 g/mol.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Protease de HIV/química , Hidrazinas/química , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Protease de HIV/química , Protease de HIV/metabolismo , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/síntese química , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/farmacologia , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Ureia/síntese química , Ureia/farmacologia
17.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 14(11): 3835-47, 2006 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16464600

RESUMO

The donor-acceptor interaction between a tertiary amine and an aldehyde, first observed among a select class of alkaloids, was deliberately established in a peptidomimetic (1a-c) to mimic features of the two principal transition states of peptide hydrolysis. Compounds 1a-c show preferential adoption in methanol and water of a 'folded' conformation displaying the interaction. Proportions of the folded form in MeOH range from 45% to 70% and can reach 84% in buffer. Significantly, three tendencies for the folded/unfolded equilibrium are observed: increasing solubility and polarity of the medium and decreasing temperature results in a higher extent of folding. In the absence of any parameter set available for this weak bond, no modeling studies were conducted to aid in the design of 1a-c. The successful straightforward synthesis of 1 and its folding and inhibition results with HIV-1 peptidase using FRET technology encourage studies to further pre-organize candidate molecules and to screen the structure space by modeling and parallel combinatorial chemistry.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/química , Aminas/química , Peptídeos/síntese química , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/enzimologia , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Cinética , Conformação Molecular , Peptídeo Hidrolases/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Dobramento de Proteína , Solubilidade , Eletricidade Estática , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura
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