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2.
J Clin Apher ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382142

RESUMO

Hematopoietic progenitor cells-apheresis (HPC-A) collection is now a routine procedure for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Here we present our 25 years' experience of HPC-A collection in children weighing 8 kg or less, with a focus on the evolution of our standard operating procedures, and the safety limits for these young patients, in the Pediatric Apheresis Unit of Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital (France). Fifteen children weighing 8 kg or less underwent 26 HPC-A collections over 25 years. Median CD34+ cell yield by leukapheresis was 4.4 106 /kg. No procedure-related complications were encountered during or after the collection. No patient had profound thrombocytopenia or anemia that needed post-collection transfusions. Our experience in pediatric oncology patients who underwent HPC-A collections shows that this procedure can be performed even in the smallest of children with no increase in toxicity provided all precautions are taken to ensure that the procedure is carried out under the ideal conditions.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740936

RESUMO

Medication non-adherence (NA) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) can lead to serious complications. This study assesses NA in French adult and pediatric recipients and identifies factors associated with NA. In accordance with the EMERGE and STROBE guidelines, a cross sectional multicentric survey was conducted. We used a self-reported questionnaire that was adapted to adults and pediatrics, and that could provide a picture of all 3 phases of medication adherence: initiation, implementation, persistence. We enrolled 242 patients, 203 adults (mean age: 51 years old, 50.7% male) and 39 children (mean age: 9 years old, 56.4% female). Reported NA was estimated at about 75% in both populations, adults and pediatrics. In adults, the univariate analysis showed that patients less than 50 years old (p=0.041), (i) treated with cyclosporine (p=0.02), (ii) treated with valacyclovir/acyclovir (p=0.016) and (iii) experiencing side effects (p=0.009), were significantly more non-adherent. In multivariate analysis, only recipient age was significantly associated to NA (p = 0.05). The limited size of the pediatric population did not allow us to draw any statistical conclusion about this population. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in France on NA in allo-HCT recipients. Our results highlight the age factor as the only factor related to NA. Further studies are needed to confirm our observations and refine results in pediatric populations, currently most at risk of medication NA.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 186(5): 741-753, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124581

RESUMO

Outcomes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) are steadily improving due to intensive therapy. Between 1989 and 2008, 599 children with newly diagnosed T-ALL were enrolled in two successive European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Children's Leukaemia Group trials (58881 and 58951), both based on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol and without cranial irradiation. In the latter trial induction chemotherapy was intensified. The most important randomizations were Medac Escherichia coli asparaginase versus Erwinia asparaginase in trial 58881, and dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 /day) versus prednisolone (60 mg/m2 /day) and prolonged versus conventional asparaginase duration in trial 58951. 8-year event-free survival (EFS) increased from 65·1% to 74·0% in trial 58951. Improvement was most profound for patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts <100 × 109 /l and "good responders" to prephase. Medac E. coli asparaginase was associated with longer EFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0·54, P = 0·0015] and overall survival (HR 0·51, P = 0·0018). Induction therapy with dexamethasone did not improve EFS compared to prednisolone. Remarkably, intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy in trial 58951 resulted in fewer bone marrow relapses, while the incidence of CNS relapses remained low. In summary, we showed that adequate asparaginase therapy, intensified induction treatment and intensification of CNS-directed chemotherapy can result in an improvement of outcome in T-ALL patients with good prephase response and initial WBC counts <100 × 109 /l, representing approximately 50% of T-ALL patients.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Blood ; 134(1): 9-21, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940614

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare severe autoimmune disorder characterized by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. In most cases, the underlying cause is unknown. We sought to identify genetic defects in pediatric ES (pES), based on a hypothesis of strong genetic determinism. In a national, prospective cohort of 203 patients with early-onset ES (median [range] age at last follow-up: 16.3 years ([1.2-41.0 years]) initiated in 2004, 80 nonselected consecutive individuals underwent genetic testing. The clinical data were analyzed as a function of the genetic findings. Fifty-two patients (65%) received a genetic diagnosis (the M+ group): 49 carried germline mutations and 3 carried somatic variants. Thirty-two (40%) had pathogenic mutations in 1 of 9 genes known to be involved in primary immunodeficiencies (TNFRSF6, CTLA4, STAT3, PIK3CD, CBL, ADAR1, LRBA, RAG1, and KRAS), whereas 20 patients (25%) carried probable pathogenic variants in 16 genes that had not previously been reported in the context of autoimmune disease. Lastly, no genetic abnormalities were found in the remaining 28 patients (35%, the M- group). The M+ group displayed more severe disease than the M- group, with a greater frequency of additional immunopathologic manifestations and a greater median number of lines of treatment. Six patients (all from the M+ group) died during the study. In conclusion, pES was potentially genetically determined in at least 65% of cases. Systematic, wide-ranging genetic screening should be offered in pES; the genetic findings have prognostic significance and may guide the choice of a targeted treatment.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/genética , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/imunologia , Trombocitopenia/genética , Trombocitopenia/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 41(8): 644-647, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30179993

RESUMO

Beta thalassemia major (ßTM) is the most common inherited hemoglobinopathy. Management essentially focuses on preventing and treating complications. Conventional treatment is based on a regular blood transfusion program, and chelation therapy. Management essentially focuses on preventing and treating complications. Severe complications of ßTM are very rarely seen in children in Europe. In the context of the migrant crisis, pediatricians will be confronted with the challenge of managing severe complicated ßTM. We report the case of 2 Syrian 10-year-old twin girls who arrived to France with numerous and severe complications of ßTM: hemochromatosis, alloimmunization, hypopituitarism, osteopenia… Their clinical management, which led to successful vital and functional improvement, is reported in this article.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Hemocromatose , Hipopituitarismo , Refugiados , Gêmeos , Talassemia beta , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/patologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Hemocromatose/etiologia , Hemocromatose/patologia , Hemocromatose/terapia , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/patologia , Hipopituitarismo/terapia , Talassemia beta/complicações , Talassemia beta/patologia , Talassemia beta/terapia
10.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(4): 734-742, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385256

RESUMO

We previously reported in a French prospective randomized study that transplantation of 2 unrelated cord blood (UCB) units instead of 1 unit does not decrease the risk of transplantation failure but may enhance alloreactivity. Here we evaluated the influence of pretransplantation minimal residual disease (MRD) on leukemia relapse and survival after single- versus double-UCB transplantation (UCBT). Among 137 children and young adults who underwent UCBT in this randomized study, 115 had available data on MRD assessment done immediately before initiation of the pretransplantation conditioning regimen. MRD was considered positive at a level of ≥10-4, which was the case of 43 out of 115 patients. Overall, the mean 3-year survival probability was 69.1 ± 4.4%, and it was not significantly influenced by the MRD level: 70.7 ± 5.4% in MRD-negative (<10-4) patients (n = 72), 71.1 ± 9.4% in MRD-positive patients with 10-4 ≤ MRD <10-3 (n = 26) and 58.8 ± 11.9% in MRD-positive patients with ≥10-3 (n = 17). In the MRD-positive group, the mean risk of relapse was significantly lower in the double-UCBT arm compared with the single-UCBT arm (10.5 ± 7.2% versus 41.7 ± 10.4%; P = .025) leading to a higher mean 3-year survival rate (82.6 ± 9.3% versus 53.6 ± 10.3%; P = .031). This difference was observed only in patients who had not received antithymocyte globulin during their conditioning regimen. In the MRD-negative group, there was no differencebetween the single- and the double-UCBT arms. We conclude that even in cases of positive pretransplantation MRD, UCBT in children and young adults with acute leukemia yields a high cure rate, and that a double-unit strategy may enhance the graft-versus-leukemia effect and survival in these patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cancer Med ; 7(12): 5879-5888, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND, METHODS: To describe the characteristics, treatments (systemic/local), and outcome (oncological/functional) of French patients with head and neck Ewing's sarcomas (HNES) registered in the Euro-Ewing 99 (EE99) database. Specific patient-level data were reviewed retrospective. RESULTS: Forty-seven HNES patients in the EE99 database had a median age of 11 years, 89% had bone tumors (skull 55%, mandible 21%, maxilla 11%), 89% had small tumors (<200 mL), and they were rarely metastatic (9%). Local treatment was surgery radiotherapy (55%), exclusively surgery (28%), or radiotherapy (17%). Metastatic relapses occurred in five patients with high relapse risk factors (metastasis at diagnosis, poor histological response, large tumors). Local progression/relapses (LR) after exclusive radiotherapy occurred in three patients with persistent extra-osseous residue and in four patients considered R0 margins (postchemotherapy surgery, without postoperative radiotherapy [PORT]), reclassified by pathological review as R1a. Pathological review reclassified 72% of R0 margins: 11/18 to R1a and 2/18 to R2. Five patients had confirmed R0 margins after postchemotherapy surgery without PORT and had no LR Eight patients had R2 margins (initial surgery without previous chemotherapy, with PORT) and had no LR With a median follow-up of 9.3 years, the 3-year LR rate, EFS, and OS were 84.8%, 78.6%, and 89.3%, respectively. Among the 5-year survivors, 88% had long-term sequelae. CONCLUSION: To optimize HNES management, patients should be treated from diagnosis in expert centers with multidisciplinary committees to discuss treatment strategy (type of surgery, need for PORT) and validate surgical margins.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Margens de Excisão , Sarcoma de Ewing/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Sarcoma de Ewing/patologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(12): e27404, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216652

RESUMO

In high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB), the clinical significance of long-term minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for neuroblastoma mRNAs has not been investigated. We report long-term MRD follow-ups of four patients with HR-NB throughout the disease (diagnosis, remission, and relapse) and treatment course (chemotherapy, autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and donor lymphocyte and natural killer cell infusions). The results showed the stability of mRNA marker expression after different treatments and demonstrated their validity to predict relapse and assess therapeutic response. This opens up the possibility of investigating the utility of long-term molecular monitoring of MRD in prospective multicenter studies.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico , Assistência ao Convalescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Neuroblastoma/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/análise
13.
Case Rep Pediatr ; 2018: 1709271, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254782

RESUMO

Spinal cord compression in Wilms' tumor (WT) is an extremely rare event that can have a very poor prognosis if not taken care of rapidly. Most cases reported in the literature involve widely metastatic patient with bone or paraspinal metastases or occasionally intradural metastasis. Here, we present the case of a 3-year-old girl of WT confirmed by biopsy, with spinal cord compression due to the direct contiguous spread of a tumor through 2 vertebral foramina. Abdominal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging performed for an abdominal mass revealed a large heterogeneous tumor near the upper pole of the left kidney. A nodular infiltration extended through the T11-L1 and L1-L2 neural foramina, forming an intraspinal mass that compressed the spinal cord. Major paresthesia subsequently occurred, requiring urgent treatment with corticosteroids and chemotherapy. The evolution was rapidly satisfying. After six courses of chemotherapy, a left nephrectomy was performed. Macroscopic examination identified a large tumor attached to the kidney without renal infiltration. Microscopical examination concluded to a nephroblastoma with regressive changes, of intermediate risk. Evolution at 6 months is satisfactory, with no neurological deficit. The histological aspect of the tumor and the clinical outcome suggest that she had an extrarenal WT that spread through the vertebral foramina and was secondarily attached to the kidney.

14.
Haematologica ; 103(4): 645-654, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29351982

RESUMO

The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among adults from the French LEA childhood acute leukemia survivors' cohort was prospectively evaluated considering the type of anti-leukemic treatment received, and compared with that of controls. The metabolic profile of these patients was compared with that of controls. A total of 3203 patients from a French volunteer cohort were age- and sex-matched 3:1 to 1025 leukemia survivors (in both cohorts, mean age: 24.4 years; females: 51%). Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Metabolic syndrome was found in 10.3% of patients (mean follow-up duration: 16.3±0.2 years) and 4.5% of controls, (OR=2.49; P<0.001). Patients transplanted with total body irradiation presented the highest risk (OR=6.26; P<0.001); the other treatment groups also showed a higher risk than controls, including patients treated with chemotherapy only. Odd Ratios were 1.68 (P=0.005) after chemotherapy only, 2.32 (P=0.002) after chemotherapy and cranial irradiation, and 2.18 (P=0.057) in patients transplanted without irradiation. Total body irradiation recipients with metabolic syndrome displayed a unique profile compared with controls: smaller waist circumference (91 vs 99.6 cm; P=0.01), and increased triglyceride levels (3.99 vs 1.5 mmol/L; P<0.001), fasting glucose levels (6.2 vs 5.6 mmol/L; P=0.049), and systolic blood pressure (137.9 vs 132.8 mmHg; P=0.005). By contrast, cranial irradiation recipients with metabolic syndrome had a larger waist circumference (109 vs 99.6 cm; P=0.007) than controls. Regardless of the anti-leukemic treatment, metabolic syndrome risk was higher among childhood leukemia survivors. Its presentation differed depending on the treatment type, thus suggesting a divergent pathophysiology. This study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov identifier: 01756599.


Assuntos
Leucemia/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Irradiação Craniana , Feminino , França , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura , Irradiação Corporal Total , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 40(2): 93-98, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135842

RESUMO

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS), often called "dancing eyed syndrome," is a rare neurological condition associated with neuroblastoma in the majority of all childhood cases. Genomic copy number profiles have shown to be of prognostic significance for neuroblastoma patients. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to analyze the genomic copy number profiles of tumors from children with neuroblastoma presenting with OMS at diagnosis. In 44 cases of neuroblastoma associated with OMS, overall genomic profiling by either array-comparative genomic hybridization or single nucleotide polymorphism array proved successful in 91% of the cases, distinguishing tumors harboring segmental chromosome alterations from those with numerical chromosome alterations only. A total of 23/44 (52%) tumors showed an segmental chromosome alterations genomic profile, 16/44 (36%) an numerical chromosome alterations genomic profile, and 1 case displayed an atypical profile (12q amplicon). No recurrently small interstitial copy number alterations were identified. With no tumor relapse nor disease-related deaths, the overall genomic profile was not of prognostic impact with regard to the oncological outcome in this series of patients. Thus, the observation of an excellent oncological outcome, even for those with an unfavorable genomic profile of neuroblastoma, supports the hypothesis that an immune response might be involved in tumor control in these patients with OMS.


Assuntos
Neuroblastoma/complicações , Neuroblastoma/genética , Síndrome de Opsoclonia-Mioclonia/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Dosagem de Genes , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Haematologica ; 102(10): 1727-1738, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751566

RESUMO

Asparaginase is an essential component of combination chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The value of asparaginase was further addressed in a group of non-very high-risk patients by comparing prolonged (long-asparaginase) versus standard (short-asparaginase) native E. coli asparaginase treatment in a randomized part of the phase III 58951 trial of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Children's Leukemia Group. The main endpoint was disease-free survival. Overall, 1,552 patients were randomly assigned to long-asparaginase (775 patients) or short-asparaginase (777 patients). Patients with grade ≥2 allergy to native E. coli asparaginase were switched to equivalent doses of Erwinia or pegylated E. coli asparaginase. The 8-year disease-free survival rate (±standard error) was 87.0±1.3% in the long-asparaginase group and 84.4±1.4% in the short-asparaginase group (hazard ratio: 0.87; P=0.33) and the 8-year overall survival rate was 92.6±1.0% and 91.3±1.2% respectively (hazard ratio: 0.89; P=0.53). An exploratory analysis suggested that the impact of long-asparaginase was beneficial in the National Cancer Institute standard-risk group with regards to disease-free survival (hazard ratio: 0.70; P=0.057), but far less so with regards to overall survival (hazard ratio: 0.89). The incidences of grade 3-4 infection during consolidation (25.2% versus 14.4%) and late intensification (22.6% versus 15.9%) and the incidence of grade 2-4 allergy were higher in the long-asparaginase arm (30% versus 21%). Prolonged native E. coli asparaginase therapy in consolidation and late intensification for our non-very high-risk patients did not improve overall outcome but led to an increase in infections and allergy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein of the testis (NUT) carcinoma (formerly NUT midline carcinoma) is an aggressive tumor defined by the presence of NUT rearrangement with a poor prognosis. This rare cancer is underdiagnosed and poorly treated. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the clinical, radiologic, and biological features of NUT carcinoma. The secondary objective was to describe the various treatments and assess their efficacy. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was based on review of the medical records of children and adults with NUT carcinoma with specific rearrangement or positive anti-NUT nuclear staining (>50%). RESULTS: This series of 12 patients had a median age of 18.1 years (ranges: 12.3-49.7 years). The primary tumor was located in the chest in eight patients, the head and neck in three patients, and one patient had a multifocal tumor. Nine patients presented regional lymph node involvement and eight distant metastases. One-half of patients were initially misdiagnosed. Specific NUT antibody was positive in all cases tested. A transient response to chemotherapy was observed in four of 11 patients. Only two patients were treated by surgery and five received radiotherapy with curative intent. At the end of follow-up, only one patient was still in remission more than 12 years after the diagnosis. Median overall survival was 4.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.1-17.7). CONCLUSION: NUT carcinoma is an aggressive disease refractory to conventional therapy. Early diagnosis by NUT-specific antibody immunostaining in cases of undifferentiated or poorly differentiated carcinoma to identify the specific rearrangement of NUT gene is useful to propose the optimal therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/terapia , Proteínas Nucleares/análise , Proteínas Oncogênicas/análise , Adolescente , Adulto , Carcinoma/química , Carcinoma/mortalidade , Criança , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/química , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Torácicas/química , Neoplasias Torácicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Torácicas/terapia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 12(1): 25, 2017 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28179030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infants presenting with lysosomal acid lipase deficiency have marked failure to thrive, diarrhea, massive hepatosplenomegaly, anemia, rapidly progressive liver disease, and death typically in the first 6 months of life; the only available potential treatment has been hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality in this population. The study objective was to evaluate safety and efficacy (including survival) of enzyme replacement with sebelipase alfa in infants with lysosomal acid lipase deficiency. This is an ongoing multicenter, open-label, phase 2/3 study conducted in nine countries. The study enrolled infants with growth failure prior to 6 months of age with rapidly progressive lysosomal acid lipase deficiency; they received once-weekly doses of sebelipase alfa initiated at 0.35 mg/kg with intrapatient dose escalation up to 5 mg/kg. The main outcome of interest is survival to 12 months and survival beyond 24 months of age. RESULTS: Nine patients were enrolled; median age at baseline was 3.0 months (range 1.1-5.8 months). Sixty-seven percent (exact 95% CI 30%-93%) of sebelipase alfa-treated infants survived to 12 months of age compared with 0% (exact 95% CI 0%-16%) for a historical control group (n = 21). Patients who survived to age 12 months exhibited improvements in weight-for-age, reductions in markers of liver dysfunction and hepatosplenomegaly, and improvements in anemia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Three deaths occurred early (first few months of life), two patients died because of advanced disease, and a third patient died following complications of non-protocol-specified abdominal paracentesis. A fourth death occurred at 15 months of age and was related to other clinical conditions. The five surviving patients have survived to age ≥24 months with continued sebelipase alfa treatment; all have displayed marked improvement in growth parameters and liver function. Serious adverse events considered related to sebelipase alfa were reported in one of the nine infants (infusion reaction: tachycardia, pallor, chills, and pyrexia). Most infusion-associated reactions were mild and non-serious. CONCLUSION: Sebelipase alfa markedly improved survival with substantial clinically meaningful improvements in growth and other key disease manifestations in infants with rapidly progressive lysosomal acid lipase deficiency TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01371825 . Registered 9 June 2011.


Assuntos
Esterol Esterase/uso terapêutico , Doença de Wolman/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Análise de Sobrevida , Doença de Wolman/mortalidade
20.
Haematologica ; 101(12): 1603-1610, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27515247

RESUMO

Cardiovascular conditions are serious long-term complications of childhood acute leukemia. However, few studies have investigated the risk of metabolic syndrome, a known predictor of cardiovascular disease, in patients treated without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We describe the overall and age-specific prevalence, and the risk factors for metabolic syndrome and its components in the L.E.A. (Leucémie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent) French cohort of childhood acute leukemia survivors treated without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study included 650 adult patients (mean age at evaluation: 24.2 years; mean follow-up after leukemia diagnosis: 16.0 years). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 6.9% (95% CI 5.1-9.2). The age-specific cumulative prevalence at 20, 25, 30 and 35 years of age was 1.3%, 6.1%, 10.8% and 22.4%, respectively. The prevalence of decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased triglycerides, increased fasting glucose, increased blood pressure and increased abdominal circumference was 26.8%, 11.7%, 5.8%, 36.7% and 16.7%, respectively. Risk factors significantly associated with metabolic syndrome in the multivariate analysis were male sex (OR 2.64; 95% CI 1.32-5.29), age at last evaluation (OR 1.10; 95% CI 1.04-1.17) and body mass index at diagnosis (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.01-1.32). The cumulative steroid dose was not a significant risk factor. Irradiated and non-irradiated patients exhibited different patterns of metabolic abnormalities, with more frequent abdominal obesity in irradiated patients and more frequent hypertension in non-irradiated patients. Survivors of childhood acute leukemia are at risk of metabolic syndrome, even when treated without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or central nervous system irradiation. A preventive approach with regular screening for cardiovascular risk factors is recommended. clinicaltrials.gov identifier:01756599.


Assuntos
Leucemia/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Sobreviventes , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Prevalência , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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