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1.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(2): 99-107, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-3072

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar el grado de conocimientos de la hipertensión en pacientes hipertensos. Método: Estudio multicéntrico descriptivo transversal, realizado en centros de atención primaria y especializada de España. Participaron 980 pacientes hipertensos, mayores de 18 años, con tratamiento farmacológico. Variables principales: años de diagnóstico, factores de riesgo, presión arterial, perímetro abdominal, índice de masa corporal, adherencia a la medicación (test de Morisky-Green), y los ítems de un cuestionario validado sobre conocimientos. Resultados: El 50% mujeres, edad media 65 años. El 46% con más de 10 años del diagnóstico de hipertensión. En relación a la adherencia a la medicación, el 56,6% no lo era, siendo el olvido la primera causa. Al analizar los conocimientos sobre la hipertensión el 41,7% refería que nadie les había informado, el 35,8% no consideraba que la hipertensión fuera para toda la vida y solo el 42,3% conocía los objetivos de presión arterial. El mayor desconocimiento sobre los riesgos que provoca la hipertensión en el organismo fue el relacionado con el riñón, donde solo el 48,6% afirmaba conocer ese dato. En relación a la medicación, solo el 41,4% conocía que era para toda la vida. También se observó que hay diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre nivel de conocimientos y nivel de estudios (p < 0,001). Conclusión: Los conocimientos básicos sobre la hipertensión siguen siendo bajos en estos pacientes. Estos resultados permiten orientar futuras intervenciones. orientando la educación terapéutica al paciente y mejorar su participación en la enfermedad para controlar mejor su hipertensión


Aims: To evaluate the grade of knowledge of hypertension in hypertensive patients. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive multicentre study. Primary and specialized care centres in Spain. Participants: 980 hypertensive patients, older than 18 years, with pharmacological treatment. Main variables: Years of diagnosis, risk factors, blood pressure, abdominal circumference, body mass index, adherence to medication (Morisky-Green test) and the items of a validated questionnaire on knowledge. Results: 50% were women, mean age 65 years. Seventy-eight percent lived with family, 46% over 10 years old diagnosed with hypertension. In relation to adherence to medication, 56.6% were not compliant, forgetting being the first cause. Knowledge about hypertension 41.7% said that no one had explained it, 35.8% did not consider hypertension a lifelong process, and only 42.3% knew the objectives of blood pressure. The area of major lack of knowledge of the risk of hypertension was the problems caused by hypertension in the kidney, only 48.6% answered affirmatively. In relation to medication, only 41.4% knew it is for life. Statistically significant differences were also observed between the level of knowledge and the level of studies (p < .001). Conclusions: Basic knowledge about hypertension remains low in these patients. These results enable future interventions to be oriented by promoting therapeutic education to the patient and improving their involvement in the disease in order to better control their hypertension

2.
Enferm Clin ; 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954394

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the grade of knowledge of hypertension in hypertensive patients. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive multicentre study. Primary and specialized care centres in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 980 hypertensive patients, older than 18 years, with pharmacological treatment. MAIN VARIABLES: Years of diagnosis, risk factors, blood pressure, abdominal circumference, body mass index, adherence to medication (Morisky-Green test) and the items of a validated questionnaire on knowledge. RESULTS: 50% were women, mean age 65 years. Seventy-eight percent lived with family, 46% over 10 years old diagnosed with hypertension. In relation to adherence to medication, 56.6% were not compliant, forgetting being the first cause. Knowledge about hypertension 41.7% said that no one had explained it, 35.8% did not consider hypertension a lifelong process, and only 42.3% knew the objectives of blood pressure. The area of major lack of knowledge of the risk of hypertension was the problems caused by hypertension in the kidney, only 48.6% answered affirmatively. In relation to medication, only 41.4% knew it is for life. Statistically significant differences were also observed between the level of knowledge and the level of studies (p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Basic knowledge about hypertension remains low in these patients. These results enable future interventions to be oriented by promoting therapeutic education to the patient and improving their involvement in the disease in order to better control their hypertension.

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