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1.
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes ; 146: 28-34, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570212

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The ambulatory specialized care (ASV) act (Sect. 116b of the Social Code Fifth Book [SGB V]) is intended to enable patients with a rare disease or a special course of disease or patients needing a highly specialized treatment to get access to outpatient care by office-based as well as hospital doctors. Data concerning care, service performance and fees - in comparison to the usual contract with the statutory insurance or the former Sect. 116b SGB V - are lacking. We explored the question whether differences in reimbursement between ASV and the previous system exist and which factors are influencing them. METHODS: We analyzed ICD-10 diagnoses, performance parameters as well as budgets and service fees in the former care system of medical oncologists in the institutions of three ASV participants of two federal countries treating gastrointestinal malignancies. We compared the results (fees, remuneration) to those from the statutory contract system and the former ambulatory care of hospitals and calculated the differences. Data were analyzed descriptively and analytically using SPSS. RESULTS: The analyses showed significant differences in the reimbursement rates between both office-based teams due to different budgets in the statutory contract system of the different federal countries. This led to additional remuneration of 12.5 to 49 % in ASV. The increase in fees of the hospital-guided team was exclusively due to the ASV-only fees of chapter 51 of EBM since there were no limitations of budgets even in the former system. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Exemplified with the ASV subgroup GIT, our study shows for the analyzed medical specialty that the difference in reimbursement in ASV is mostly due to the federal country-specific budgets and that the increase in honoraria can be substantial. Due to differences in budgets and quota systems, there may be different results in other ASV indications and specialist groups as well as in other federal states. Irrespective of these arguments, further aspects need to be taken into account when participation in ASV is considered.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/economia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde , Assistência Ambulatorial/economia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/economia , Alemanha , Humanos , Oncologia , Mecanismo de Reembolso , Especialização
2.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 38(2): 361-71, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25366090

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the feasibility, safety, and efficacy with small and large irinotecan drug-eluting beads (DEBIRI) for treating hepatic colorectal metastases. METHODS: Using our prospectively maintained, multi-center, intra-arterial therapy registry, we identified 196 patients treated with a combination of large beads (100-300 to 500-700 µm) and patients treated with a combination of small beads (70-150 to 100-300 µm). To minimize selection bias, a propensity score analysis was performed to compare both groups. RESULTS: Unadjusted analysis consisted of 196 and 30 patients treated with large and small beads, respectively. The adjusted analysis consisted of 19 patients each. Unadjusted analysis showed decreased all-grade (p = <0.001) and high-grade adverse effects (p = 0.02) in the small bead group, with a persisting trend toward decreased overall side effects in the adjusted analysis favoring small beads (p = 0.09) The adjusted analysis showed the percentage dose delivered (delivered dose/intended dose) was significantly greater in the small bead group compared to the large bead group (96 vs 79 %; p = 0.005). There were also a lower percentage of treatments terminating in complete stasis in the adjusted analysis (0.0035). Adjusted analysis also showed increased objective response rate (ORR) at 12 months (p = 0.04), with a corresponding trend also seen in the unadjusted analysis (0.09). CONCLUSION: Smaller beads result in increased dose delivery probably due to less propensity to reach complete stasis. It may also lead to more durable long-term efficacy. Smaller beads also demonstrate similarly low toxicity compared to large-sized beads with a trend toward less toxicity.


Assuntos
Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Portadores de Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
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