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1.
J Funct Biomater ; 13(4)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412874

RESUMO

This paper reports the results of the large-scale field testing of composite materials with antibacterial properties in a tropical climate. The composite materials, based on a cotton fabric with a coating of metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2 and/or ZnO), were produced using high-power ultrasonic treatment. The antibacterial properties of the materials were studied in laboratory tests on solid and liquid nutrient media using bacteria of different taxonomic groups (Escherichia coli, Chromobacterium violaceum, Pseudomonas chlororaphis). On solid media, the coatings were able to achieve a >50% decrease in the number of bacteria. The field tests were carried out in a tropical climate, at the Climate test station "Hoa Lac" (Hanoi city, Vietnam). The composite materials demonstrated long-term antibacterial activity in the tropical climate: the number of microorganisms remained within the range of 1-3% in comparison with the control sample for the duration of the experiment (3 months). Ten of the microorganisms that most frequently occurred on the surface of the coated textiles were identified. The bacteria were harmless, while the fungi were pathogenic and contributed to fabric deterioration. Tensile strength deterioration was also studied, with the fabrics coated with metal oxides demonstrating a better preservation of their mechanical characteristics over time, (there was a 42% tensile strength decrease for the reference non-coated sample and a 21% decrease for the sample with a ZnO + CTAB coating).

2.
Microorganisms ; 10(8)2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35893570

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by bacteria play an important role in the interaction between microorganisms and other organisms. They can inhibit the growth of phytopathogenic microorganisms, modulate plant growth, and serve as infochemicals. Here, we investigated the effects of ketones, alcohols, and terpenes on the colony biofilms of plant pathogenic Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains and swimming motility, which can play an important role in the formation of biofilms. It was shown that 2-octanone had the greatest inhibitory effect on biofilm formation, acting in a small amount (38.7 g/m3). Ketone 2-butanone and unsaturated ketone ß-ionone reduced the formation of biofilms at higher doses (145.2-580.6 and 387.1-1548.3 g/m3, respectively, up to 2.5-5 times). Isoamyl alcohol and 2-phenylethanol decreased the formation of biofilms at doses of 88.7 and 122.9 g/m3 by 1.7 and 5 times, respectively, with an increased effect at 177.4 and 245.9 g/m3, respectively. The agrobacteria cells in mature biofilms were more resistant to the action of ketones and alcohols. These VOCs also suppressed the swimming motility of agrobacteria; the radius of swimming zones decreased ~from 2 to 5 times. Terpenes (-)-limonene and (+)-α-pinene had no significant influence on the colony biofilms and swimming motility at the doses used. The results obtained represent new information about the effect of VOCs on biofilms and the motility of bacteria.

3.
Biomolecules ; 11(6)2021 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072355

RESUMO

A broad spectrum of volatile organic compounds' (VOCs') biological activities has attracted significant scientific interest, but their mechanisms of action remain little understood. The mechanism of action of two VOCs-the cyclic monoterpenes (-)-limonene and (+)-α-pinene-on bacteria was studied in this work. We used genetically engineered Escherichia coli bioluminescent strains harboring stress-responsive promoters (responsive to oxidative stress, DNA damage, SOS response, protein damage, heatshock, membrane damage) fused to the luxCDABE genes of Photorhabdus luminescens. We showed that (-)-limonene induces the PkatG and PsoxS promoters due to the formation of reactive oxygen species and, as a result, causes damage to DNA (SOSresponse), proteins (heat shock), and membrane (increases its permeability). The experimental data indicate that the action of (-)-limonene at high concentrations and prolonged incubation time makes degrading processes in cells irreversible. The effect of (+)-α-pinene is much weaker: it induces only heat shock in the bacteria. Moreover, we showed for the first time that (-)-limonene completely inhibits the DnaKJE-ClpB bichaperone-dependent refolding of heat-inactivated bacterial luciferase in both E. coli wild type and mutant ΔibpB strains. (+)-α-Pinene partially inhibits refolding only in ΔibpB mutant strain.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Dano ao DNA , DNA Bacteriano , Escherichia coli K12 , Limoneno , Resposta SOS em Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos/química , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos/metabolismo , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos/farmacologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Escherichia coli K12/genética , Escherichia coli K12/metabolismo , Limoneno/química , Limoneno/metabolismo , Limoneno/farmacologia , Photorhabdus/genética
4.
Microorganisms ; 10(1)2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35056518

RESUMO

Bacteria and fungi emit a huge variety of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can provide a valuable arsenal for practical use. However, the biological activities and functions of the VOCs are poorly understood. This work aimed to study the action of individual VOCs on the bacteria Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Arabidopsis thaliana plants, and fruit flies Drosophila melanogaster. VOCs used in the work included ketones, alcohols, and terpenes. The potent inhibitory effect on the growth of A. tumefaciens was shown for 2-octanone and isoamyl alcohol. Terpenes (-)-limonene and (+)-α-pinene practically did not act on bacteria, even at high doses (up to 400 µmol). 2-Butanone and 2-pentanone increased the biomass of A. thaliana at doses of 200-400 µmol by 1.5-2 times; 2-octanone had the same effect at 10 µmol and decreased plant biomass at higher doses. Isoamyl alcohol and 2-phenylethanol suppressed plant biomass several times at doses of 50-100 µmol. Plant seed germination was most strongly suppressed by isoamyl alcohol and 2-phenylethanol. The substantial killing effect (at low doses) on D. melanogaster was exerted by the terpenes and the ketones 2-octanone and 2-pentanone. The obtained data showed new information about the biological activities of VOCs in relation to organisms belonging to different kingdoms.

5.
Microorganisms ; 8(8)2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823644

RESUMO

Microbial volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are cell metabolites that affect many physiological functions of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Earlier we have demonstrated the inhibitory effects of soil bacteria volatiles, including ketones, on cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are very sensitive to ketone action. To investigate the possible molecular mechanisms of the ketone 2-nonanone influence on cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, we applied a genetic approach. After Tn5-692 transposon mutagenesis, several 2-nonanone resistant mutants have been selected. Four different mutant strains were used for identification of the impaired genes (Synpcc7942_1362, Synpcc7942_0351, Synpcc7942_0732, Synpcc7942_0726) that encode correspondingly: 1) a murein-peptide ligase Mpl that is involved in the biogenesis of cyanobacteria cell wall; 2) a putative ABC transport system substrate-binding proteins MlaD, which participates in ABC transport system that maintains lipid asymmetry in the gram-negative outer membrane by aberrantly localized phospholipids transport from outer to inner membranes of bacterial cells; 3) a conserved hypothetical protein that is encoding by gene belonging to phage gene cluster in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 genome; 4) a protein containing the VRR-NUC (virus-type replication-repair nuclease) domain present in restriction-modification enzymes involved in replication and DNA repair. The obtained results demonstrated that 2-nonanone may have different targets in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 cells. Among them are proteins involved in the biogenesis and functioning of the cyanobacteria cell wall (Synpcc7942_1362, Synpcc7942_0351, Synpcc7942_0732) and protein participating in stress response at DNA restriction-modification level (Synpcc7942_0726). This paper is the first report about the genes that encode protein products, which can be affected by 2-nonanone.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3865780, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915691

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the quorum sensing (QS) regulatory system of the psychrotrophic strain Serratia proteamaculans 94 isolated from spoiled refrigerated meat. The strain produced several N-acyl-L-homoserine-lactone (AHL) QS signal molecules, with N-(3-oxo-hexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone and N-(3-hydroxy-hexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone as two main types. The sprI and sprR genes encoding an AHL synthase and a receptor regulatory protein, respectively, were cloned and sequenced. Analysis of their nucleotide sequence showed that these genes were transcribed convergently and that their reading frames partly overlapped by 23 bp in the terminal regions. The genes were highly similar to the luxI/luxR-type QS genes of other Gram-negative bacteria. An spr-box (analog of the lux-box) was identified upstream of the sprR gene and found to be overlapped with the sequence of -10 sequence site in the promoter region of this gene. Inactivation of the sprI gene led to the absence of AHL synthesis, chitinolytic activity, and swimming motility; decrease of extracellular proteolytic activity; affected the cellular fatty acid composition; and reduced suppression of the fungal plant pathogen mycelium growth by volatile compounds emitted by strain S. proteamaculans 94. The data obtained demonstrated the important role of the QS system in the regulation of cellular processes in S. proteamaculans 94.


Assuntos
4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Carne/microbiologia , Percepção de Quorum , Serratia/fisiologia , 4-Butirolactona/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Ligases/genética , Ligases/metabolismo , Serratia/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 101(14): 5765-5771, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28577028

RESUMO

Many bacteria, fungi, and plants produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted to the environment. Bacterial VOCs play an important role in interactions between microorganisms and in bacterial-plant interactions. Here, we show that such VOCs as ketones 2-heptanone, 2-nonanone, and 2-undecanone inhibit the DnaKJE-ClpB bichaperone dependent refolding of heat-inactivated bacterial luciferases. The inhibitory activity of ketones had highest effect in Escherichia coli ibpB::kan cells lacking small chaperone IbpB. Effect of ketones activity increased in the series: 2-pentanone, 2-undecanone, 2-heptanone, and 2-nonanone. These observations can be explained by the interaction of ketones with hydrophobic segments of heat-inactivated substrates and the competition with the chaperones IbpAB. If the small chaperone IbpB is absent in E. coli cells, the ketones block the hydrophobic segments of the polypeptides and inhibit the action of the bichaperone system. These results are consistent with the data on inhibitory effects of VOCs on survival of bacteria. It can be suggested that the inhibitory activity of the ketones indicated is associated with different ability of these substances to interact with hydrophobic segments in proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Cetonas/farmacologia , Luciferases Bacterianas/química , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Luciferases Bacterianas/genética , Luciferases Bacterianas/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Dobramento de Proteína/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/farmacologia
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