Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 96
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(3): eAE4510, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. METHODOLOGY: A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. The cases in which there was agreement below 80% were discussed again, reaching a consensual agreement of conduct for the document writing. CONCLUSION: The standardization of an institutional consensus of suggestions of clinical approach contributes to a better management of the group to be evaluated and minimizes risks of intercurrent events. This was the first national consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women.


Assuntos
Trombofilia , Brasil , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Gravidez , Trombofilia/diagnóstico , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Trombofilia/etiologia
2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(9)2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443551

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterine cavity is a key feature of endometriosis. Although endometriotic lesions appear to be histologically quite similar to the eutopic endometrium, detailed studies comparing both tissues are required because their inner and surrounding cellular arrangement is distinct. Thus, comparison between tissues might require methods, such as laser capture microdissection (LCM), that allow for precise selection of an area and its specific cell populations. However, it is known that the efficient use of LCM depends on the type of studied tissue and on the choice of an adequate protocol. Recent studies have reported the use of LCM in endometriosis studies. The main objective of the present study is to establish a standardized protocol to obtain good-quality microdissected material from eutopic or ectopic endometrium. Materials and Methods: The main methodological steps involved in the processing of the lesion samples for LCM were standardized to yield material of good quality to be further used in molecular techniques. Results: We obtained satisfactory results regarding the yields and integrity of RNA and protein obtained from LCM-processed endometriosis tissues. Conclusion: LCM can provide more precise analysis of endometriosis biopsies, provided that key steps of the methodology are followed.

3.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 41(8): 493-499, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the Latin American and European assisted reproductive technology (ART) registries regarding data accessibility and quality, treatment utilization, effectiveness, safety, and quality of services. METHODS: We performed an ecological study using data from scientific publications of Latin American and European registries that report cycles initiated during 2013 (the most recent registries available until December of 2017). The summarized data are presented as frequencies, percentages, minimum-maximum values, and absolute numbers. RESULTS: Reporting clinics and cycle treatments were unevenly distributed between the participating countries for both registries, although access to ART is 15 times greater in Europe. In Latin America, individual services participate voluntarily reporting started cycles until cancellation, birth or miscarriage, while in Europe it varied among countries. It makes the data available from Latin America more uniform, although lesser representative when compared with European ones, given that reporting is compulsory for most countries. The cumulative live birth rate was better in Latin America. Female age, use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), cycles with transfer of ≥ 3 embryos, as well as multiple pregnancy rates were greater in the Latin American Register of Assisted Reproduction (RLA, in the Portuguese acronym). Assisted reproductive technology complications, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, hemorrhage, and infections were also higher in Latin America, although they are extremely uncommon in both regions. CONCLUSION: Both regions have points to improve in the quality of their reports. Latin America has produced a more uniform reporting, their clinical results are generally comparable and sometimes higher than the European ones. In contrast, the safety of the treatment was higher in Europe, with lower rates of complications, especially multiple pregnancies.

4.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221054, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a consensus for prevention of vaginal stenosis in patients submitted to pelvic radiotherapy. METHOD: In this methodological study, Delphi technique was applied for content validation on vaginal stenosis prevention. Data regarding content validation were collected from 32 specialists practicing in the oncology profession. The content validity index of items in the consensus was calculated based on the evaluations by the specialists. RESULTS: In the first round, of the 38 items evaluated, 29 items reached a Content Validity Index (CVI-I) greater than 80%, and 9 items had a CVI lower than 80%. Of the items that did not obtain agreement, 2 items were excluded, and 7 were reformulated and included in the second round. In the second round, all 7 items obtained a CVI-I greater than 80%. The final instrument consisted of 29 items validated in the first round, plus 7 items reformulated and consolidated in the second round. The judges agreed that it is the responsibility of the health professionals to consult the patients undergoing radiation therapy in the area of sexuality to patients. The radiation oncologist should be the first professional to address this issue and the nurse oncologist in the follow-up consultation should pass the guidelines to the patients as comprehensively as possible. Patients should be informed about vaginal dilation, regardless of whether they are sexually active or have a partner. They should also be informed of when they can resume sexual activity. The procedure of vaginal dilation should be individualized. The prescribed vaginal dilators should be used with a lubricant for a duration of at least 5-10 minutes, 2-3 times a week, as per the need of each patient (sexual activity and/or clinical follow-up) for an indefinite time. Patients should seek medical help in case they experience pain, discomfort, or bleeding during dilation. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the consensus for vaginal stenosis prevention in patients submitted to pelvic radiotherapy was validated with 36 items in 7 categories related to Responsibility; Target population; Rationale; Vaginal dilator; Content instructions; Information provision; and Patient support. In Brazil, the educational practices on vaginal dilation for patients submitted to radiotherapy partly revealed similar difficulties as identified in other studies as well as countries with reference to specific guidelines for the start and duration of vaginal dilation. The final consensus developed in this study could strengthen the guidelines for education of patients in Brazil and provide a future scope to establish a single and safe guideline.

5.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e989, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rapidly dividing cells in multiple types of cancer and inflammatory diseases undergo high low density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake for membrane synthesis, and coupling an LDL-like nanoemulsion, containing lipid nanoparticles (LDE) to a chemotherapeutic agent efficiently targets these cells without significant systemic effects. This was a prospective exploratory study that evaluated the uptake of a radioactively labeled LDE emulsion by receptors of endometriotic foci and the capacity of the LDE for cellular internalization. METHODS: The lipid profile of each patient was determined before surgery, and labeled LDE were injected into fourteen patients with intestinal or nonintestinal endometriosis. The radioactivity of each tissue sample (intestinal endometriosis, nonintestinal endometriosis, healthy peritoneum, or topical endometrium) was measured. RESULTS: The group with intestinal endometriosis presented higher levels of plasma LDL but lower LDE uptake by foci than the nonintestinal group, suggesting less cell division and more fibrosis. The uptake of LDE was highest in the topical endometrium, followed by the healthy peritoneum, and lowest in the endometriotic lesion. Since the endometriotic foci showed significant LDE uptake, there was likely increased consumption of LDL by these cells, similar to cells in cancers and inflammatory diseases. Plasma cholesterol levels had no influence on LDE uptake, which showed that the direct delivery of the nanoemulsion to target tissues was independent of serum lipoproteins. There were no significant differences in the parameters (p>0.01) because of the small sample size, but the findings were similar to those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: Nanotechnology is a promising therapeutic option for surgery and hormonal blockage for deep endometriosis, with a lower complication rate and no systemic side effects.

6.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4583, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical features and complications in patients with bowel endometriosis submitted to hormonal therapy. METHODS: Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of 238 women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis treated between May 2010 and May 2016. RESULTS: Over the course of follow-up, 143 (60.1%) women remained in medical treatment while 95 (39.9%) presented with worsening of pain symptoms or intestinal lesion growth (failure of medical treatment group), with surgical resection performed in 54 cases. Women in the Medical Treatment Group were older (40.5±5.1 years versus 37.3±5.8 years; p<0.0001) and had smaller recto sigmoid lesions (2.1±1.9 versus 3.1±2.2; p=0.008) compared to those who had failed to respond to medical treatment. Similar significant reduction in pain scores for dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, cyclic dyschezia and dysuria was observed in both groups; however greater reduction in pain scores for dyspareunia was noted in the Surgical Group. Subjective improvement in pain symptoms was also similar between groups (100% versus 98.2%; p=0.18). Major complications rates were higher in the Surgical Group (9.2% versus 0.6%; p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with recto-sigmoid endometriosis who failed to respond to medical treatment were younger and had larger intestinal lesions. Hormonal therapy was equally efficient in improving pain symptoms other than dyspareunia compared to surgery, and was associated with lower complication rates in women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis. Medical treatment should be offered as a first-line therapy for patients with bowel endometriosis. Surgical treatment should be reserved for patients with pain symptoms unresponsive to hormonal therapy, lesion growth or suspected intestinal subocclusion.


Assuntos
Anticoncepcionais Orais Combinados/uso terapêutico , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pélvica/tratamento farmacológico , Progestinas/uso terapêutico , Doenças Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Dor Crônica , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Dispareunia/tratamento farmacológico , Endometriose/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Registros Médicos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pélvica/cirurgia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Reproduction ; 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933927

RESUMO

The objective is to study the significance of altered interleukin levels in endometriosis-related infertility or pelvic pain. The present systematic review and meta-analysis includes a discussion on interleukin roles in the physiopathology of endometriosis-associated infertility and/or pelvic pain. We included all studies in which interleukins in peritoneal fluid, follicular fluid or serum from patients were measured and that correlated the findings with either peritoneal or deep endometriosis-associated infertility or pelvic pain. For the meta-analysis, we selected studies on the following cytokines: interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8). Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Inflammatory processes clearly participate in the etiology of endometriosis. Cytokines are mediators of inflammation and increase in their concentration in plasma or other body fluids signal the presence and extent of tissue lesions. A number of studies have reported on the association between higher cytokine levels and progression or maintenance of endometriosis and coexisting infertility or pelvic pain. The results of the analyses support that an association exists between elevated serum IL-6 and/or IL-8 concentrations, and the occurrence of endometriosis-associated infertility. Such association was not found for endometriosis-associated pain. In spite of accumulated evidence on the association of pro-inflammatory cytokines and endometriosis it still is not clear, if and how these mediators participate in the physiopathology of endometriosis-associated infertility or pelvic pain, in part due to poor quality of the evidence established in the vast majority of interleukins and challenges in endometriosis research reproducibility.

8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 69-75, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1002052

RESUMO

Abstract Graft-versus-host disease is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This study reviewed the prevalence of lower female genital tract graft-versus-host disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A systematic search of the literature for articles published between 1982 and 2015 was performed. A growing number of young women suffering from malignant and benign hematological diseases are receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with very satisfactory results in relation to the disease itself. However, these patients face gynecological problems due to graft-versus-host disease. Correct diagnosis and early management are needed to avoid irreversible complications.

9.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 84(5): 435-444, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate cytokines related to natural killer and T-regulatory cells in endometriotic lesions, peritoneal fluid (PF) and the peripheral blood (PB) of patients with deep infiltrative endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. Sixty-four consecutive patients after laparoscopy were divided into 2 groups: with endometriosis (Group A - n = 32) and without endometriosis (Group B - n = 32). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-10, IL-12, IL-15, transforming growth factor ß1, and IFNγ concentration was measured using a LuminexTM multiplex suspension bead array. Tissues from endometriotic lesions of patients with endometriosis and from eutopic endometrium were evaluated, as well as PF and PB of all patients. RESULTS: Compared to the other analyzed groups, IL-15 concentration was significantly higher in the ectopic endometrium and IL-7 in the eutopic endometrium of the endometriosis group (p < 0.05). Compared to endometriosis group, IFNγ, IL-7, and IL-15 were observed to be significantly higher in the PF of the control group, and IL-10 was lower in the control group (p < 0.05). In PB, compared to endometriosis group, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, IL-15, and IFNγ concentrations were significantly higher in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our hypothesis is that deep endometriosis is a disease out of control. This disease's nature is of progression and invasion of adjacent structures, and proof of this disease state is the disorganized secretion of cytokine regulation and inflammation, which seem to be among the factors responsible for the maintenance of the disease.

10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4583, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001910

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate clinical features and complications in patients with bowel endometriosis submitted to hormonal therapy. Methods: Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of 238 women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis treated between May 2010 and May 2016. Results: Over the course of follow-up, 143 (60.1%) women remained in medical treatment while 95 (39.9%) presented with worsening of pain symptoms or intestinal lesion growth (failure of medical treatment group), with surgical resection performed in 54 cases. Women in the Medical Treatment Group were older (40.5±5.1 years versus 37.3±5.8 years; p<0.0001) and had smaller recto sigmoid lesions (2.1±1.9 versus 3.1±2.2; p=0.008) compared to those who had failed to respond to medical treatment. Similar significant reduction in pain scores for dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, cyclic dyschezia and dysuria was observed in both groups; however greater reduction in pain scores for dyspareunia was noted in the Surgical Group. Subjective improvement in pain symptoms was also similar between groups (100% versus 98.2%; p=0.18). Major complications rates were higher in the Surgical Group (9.2% versus 0.6%; p=0.001). Conclusion: Patients with recto-sigmoid endometriosis who failed to respond to medical treatment were younger and had larger intestinal lesions. Hormonal therapy was equally efficient in improving pain symptoms other than dyspareunia compared to surgery, and was associated with lower complication rates in women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis. Medical treatment should be offered as a first-line therapy for patients with bowel endometriosis. Surgical treatment should be reserved for patients with pain symptoms unresponsive to hormonal therapy, lesion growth or suspected intestinal subocclusion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar características clínicas e complicações em pacientes com endometriose intestinal submetidos ao tratamento hormonal. Métodos: Dados de prontuários de 238 pacientes com endometriose de retossigmoide tratadas entre maio de 2010 e maio de 2016 foram coletados para este estudo retrospectivo. Resultados: Durante o período de acompanhamento, 143 (60,1%) mulheres mantiveram tratamento clínico, enquanto 95 (39,9%) tiveram piora dos sintomas de dor ou aumento da lesão intestinal (grupo falha de tratamento clínico), sendo 54 submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico. As mulheres no Grupo Tratamento Clínico eram mais velhas (40,5±5,1 anos versus 37,3±5,8 anos; p<0,0001) e tinham lesões intestinais menores (2,1±1,9 versus 3,1±2,2; p=0,008) em comparação ao grupo falha de tratamento clínico. Redução significativa e semelhante do escore de dor na dismenorreia, dor pélvica crônica, disquezia cíclica e disúria cíclica foi observada nos Grupos Tratamento Clínico e Cirúrgico. Dispareunia, no entato, teve uma redução maior no Grupo Cirurgia. A redução subjetiva dos sintomas dolorosos também foi semelhante entre os Grupos Clínico e Cirúrgico (100% versus 98,2%; p=0,18). O Grupo Tratamento Cirúrgico foi relacionado a uma maior taxa de complicações graves (9,2% versus 0,6%; p=0,001) em comparação ao Grupo Tratamento Clínico. Conclusão: Falha no tratamento clínico em pacientes com endometriose de retossigmoide foi observada em mulheres mais jovens que tinham lesões intestinais maiores. O tratamento clínico hormonal foi igualmente eficaz na melhora dos sintomas de dor, exceto dispareunia, em comparação ao tratamento cirúrgico em mulheres com endometriose intestinal, mas com menor taxa de complicações. O tratamento clínico deve ser oferecido como primeira opção em pacientes com endometriose intestinal, enquanto o tratamento cirúrgico deve ser reservado para pacientes sem melhora nos sintomas de dor com tratamento hormonal, progressão das lesões ou suspeita de suboclusão intestinal.

11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAE4510, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019800

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. Methodology A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. The cases in which there was agreement below 80% were discussed again, reaching a consensual agreement of conduct for the document writing. Conclusion The standardization of an institutional consensus of suggestions of clinical approach contributes to a better management of the group to be evaluated and minimizes risks of intercurrent events. This was the first national consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women.


RESUMO Objetivo Padronizar a investigação e o manejo clínico de mulheres com anormalidades clínicas e exames laboratoriais sugestivos de trombofilia, para melhorar a abordagem antitrombótica e otimizar a indicação de exames laboratoriais. Metodologia Foi conduzida discussão incluindo 107 médicos (ginecologistas/obstetras, hematologistas e cirurgiões vasculares) participantes de um fórum realizado no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, em São Paulo (SP). Como critério mínimo, estabeleceu-se concordância de 80% em votação para cada recomendação de conduta registrada em documento como diretrizes finais. Os casos em que a concordância esteve abaixo de 80% foram rediscutidos, para definir consenso na conduta. Conclusão A padronização e o estabelecimento de consenso institucional, com sugestões para abordagem clínica, contribui para melhorar o manejo do grupo a ser avaliado e minimizar os riscos de intercorrências. Este foi o primeiro consenso nacional sobre investigação de trombofilia em mulheres.

12.
Clinics ; 74: e989, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rapidly dividing cells in multiple types of cancer and inflammatory diseases undergo high low density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake for membrane synthesis, and coupling an LDL-like nanoemulsion, containing lipid nanoparticles (LDE) to a chemotherapeutic agent efficiently targets these cells without significant systemic effects. This was a prospective exploratory study that evaluated the uptake of a radioactively labeled LDE emulsion by receptors of endometriotic foci and the capacity of the LDE for cellular internalization. METHODS: The lipid profile of each patient was determined before surgery, and labeled LDE were injected into fourteen patients with intestinal or nonintestinal endometriosis. The radioactivity of each tissue sample (intestinal endometriosis, nonintestinal endometriosis, healthy peritoneum, or topical endometrium) was measured. RESULTS: The group with intestinal endometriosis presented higher levels of plasma LDL but lower LDE uptake by foci than the nonintestinal group, suggesting less cell division and more fibrosis. The uptake of LDE was highest in the topical endometrium, followed by the healthy peritoneum, and lowest in the endometriotic lesion. Since the endometriotic foci showed significant LDE uptake, there was likely increased consumption of LDL by these cells, similar to cells in cancers and inflammatory diseases. Plasma cholesterol levels had no influence on LDE uptake, which showed that the direct delivery of the nanoemulsion to target tissues was independent of serum lipoproteins. There were no significant differences in the parameters (p>0.01) because of the small sample size, but the findings were similar to those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: Nanotechnology is a promising therapeutic option for surgery and hormonal blockage for deep endometriosis, with a lower complication rate and no systemic side effects.

13.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 298(5): 927-931, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143859

RESUMO

AIM: Lipschütz ulcers (LU) were first described as rare vulvar ulcerations that affect adolescents without previous history of sexual contact. However, more LU patients have been identified in acute genital ulcers (AGU) services in Europe. PURPOSE: To review cases of AGU and analyze the occurrence of LU in the Ob/Gyn Emergency Department of a Brazilian private hospital, using the currently used diagnostic criteria. METHODS: All female patients who sought our service with AGU complaints from January 2009 to July 2015 were selected and had their medical records reviewed, considering the clinical data and some diagnostic criteria, that included: < 20 years old, first AGU episode, sudden onset, absence of sexual contact 3 months before onset and the absence of immunodeficiency. RESULTS: 273 patients eligible for analysis were identified according to the criteria and 12 (4.39%) of them were identified with the possible diagnosis of LU. By applying less restrictive criteria that allowed the inclusion of patients of any age and sexual status, 98 were identified (35.89%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite being described as a rare pathology, ours and previous results indicate a considerable number of AGU cases, suggesting that LU should be better known and considered for differential diagnosis.

14.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 297(4): 977-984, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29417283

RESUMO

PROPOSE: Endometriosis is a benign disease characterized by implantation and the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and it shares similarities with cancer. Lamin B1, p16 and p21 play a role on cell cycle regulation, development, cell repair and its activities are related to cancers. Considering the similarities between endometriosis and cancer, the aim of the present cross-sectional study is to detect p16, p21 and Lamin B1 in the ectopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis (n = 8) with eutopic (n = 8) and control endometrium (n = 8) and relate them to the maintenance and development of endometriosis. METHODS: Biopsies were obtained from both eutopic and ectopic, from deep infiltrating lesions, endometrium frozen and used for immunofluorescent (p16) or immunohistochemistry procedures (p16, p21, lamin B1). RESULTS: Detected higher lamin B1 in the eutopic endometrium when compared with ectopic endometrium, with no differences between endometriosis tissue with control endometrium. Similar presence of p16 in all groups of patients and no p21 detection was observed. CONCLUSION: We observed reduced detection of lamin B1 in the ectopic endometrium raising the possibility that the presence of senescent cells might be contributing to the maintenance and progression of endometriosis by apoptosis resistance and peritoneal stress inherent of the disease.

15.
J Reprod Immunol ; 126: 32-38, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29477012

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate Treg and NK cells related cytokines in deep infiltrating endometriosis lesions and its relationship with clinical symptoms of the disease. mRNA expression of Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGFB), Interleukin (IL)10, Interferon Gamma (IFNG), IL7, and IL15 was analyzed by Real-Time PCR in eutopic endometrium and rectosigmoid lesions from 11 women with deep infiltrating endometriosis and in eutopic endometrium from 11 healthy women. IL10, IFNG, and IL7 expression was significantly higher in endometriotic bowel lesions than in eutopic endometrium from women with endometriosis. IL10 and TGFB expression was significantly higher in endometriotic bowel lesions than in eutopic endometrium from healthy women. In addition, TGFB and IL15 levels correlated positively with deep dyspareunia and cyclic dyschezia, respectively, while IL7 levels correlated negatively with dysmenorrhea. Deep infiltrating rectosigmoid endometriosis displays alterations in Treg and NK cells related cytokine, and TGFB, IL7 and IL15 expression is related with dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea and cyclic dyschezia, respectively, in patients with the disease.

16.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 35(3): 533-538, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29124462

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Polymorphisms in the control region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can affect generation of reactive oxygen species and impact in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. This study investigated the association of mtDNA polymorphisms with endometriosis. METHODS: Patients were divided in two groups: endometriosis (n = 90) and control (n = 92). Inclusion criteria were as follows: women between 18 and 50 years, with histological diagnosis and surgical staging of endometriosis (endometriosis group) or undergoing gynecological surgery for tubal ligation, leiomyoma, or ovarian cysts, with no evidence of endometriosis (control group). DNA extraction was performed from peripheral blood. Sanger sequencing of mtDNA control region was performed, and polymorphisms were determined comparing the sequences obtained with the Cambridge Reference Sequence. RESULTS: The frequency of polymorphisms T16217C (14.4 and 5.4% of endometriosis and control group, respectively; p = 0.049) and G499A (13.3 vs. 4.3%; p = 0.038) was higher in the endometriosis group, while T146C (32.6 vs. 18.9%; p = 0.042) and 573.2C (5.6 vs. 29.3%; p < 0.001) were lower. No difference was observed in haplogroups between groups. CONCLUSION: mtDNA polymorphisms T16217C and G499A were associated with endometriosis, while T416C and 573.2C were shown to be associated with an absence of disease.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Endometriose/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Haplótipos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(10): 876-882, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267489

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent, affecting 40% of the female population. The incidence of such dysfunction is known to be higher among women with malignant breast disease and in patients with depression or anxiety. However, there are few data regarding the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among women with benign breast disease (BBD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of sexual dysfunction, depression and anxiety among women with BBD, in comparison with that observed for healthy women. METHOD: We evaluated the incidence of sexual dysfunction in 60 patients with benign breast disease (fibroadenomas, breast cysts, breast pain and phyllodes tumor) and 69 healthy women (control group). Participants completed the Sexual Quotient Questionnaire for Females (SQQ-F), the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Statistical analysis revealed that depression and anxiety were comparable between BBD and control groups (10.3 vs. 20.3% and 38.7 vs. 34.3%, respectively, p>0.05). The mean SQQ-F score (65.6±22.7 vs. 70.1±16.8; p>0.05) and sexual dysfunction (33.3 vs. 25.4%; p=0.324) were similar between BBD and control groups. CONCLUSION: We found no differences between women with BBD and healthy women in terms of the incidence of sexual dysfunction, anxiety and depression. Nevertheless, given the high prevalence of this condition, it is important to assess sexual quality of life, as well as overall quality of life, in women with BBD.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Doenças Mamárias/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Mamárias/fisiopatologia , Doenças Mamárias/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transtorno Depressivo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/fisiopatologia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 476-480, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891434

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: This article presents the first series of robotic single-port hysterectomy cases performed at a hospital in Brazil. Methods: From November 2014 to October 2016, 11 patients were indicated to undergo, and nine of them were submitted to single-port hysterectomy using da Vinci Single-Site® platform. However, in two patients, due to multiple previous abdominal surgeries, large uterine volume, and/or a uterus with no mobility, a pneumoperitoneum was performed with a Verres needle, and the pelvic cavity was assessed using a 5mm optics endoscope. In these cases, single-port surgery was not recommended; therefore, multiportal robotic access was chosen, and no intercurrent events were reported. Nine single-port cases were operated on by the same surgeon at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Patient data analyzed included age, body mass index, previous surgeries, and clinical diagnosis. Surgical data included operative time, skin incision, report of intraoperative complications, need for conversion to laparotomy, need for transfer to intensive care unit, need for blood transfusion, inadvertent injury to other organs, length of hospital stay, and death. Results: All cases were completed with da Vinci Single-Site® system, with no intercurrent events. Four patients presented with adenomyosis as the surgical indication, two had uterine myoma, one endometrial cancer, one endometrial polyp, and one desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. The mean age of patients was 44 years (range, 40 to 54 years), and body mass index varied between 23.4 and 33.2kg/m2 (mean 26.4). No complications occurred in any of the cases, such as intestinal or bladder injury, bleeding, or the need for a second surgery. All nine procedures were completed with the robotic single-port access, and no patient required a blood transfusion. Conclusion: Although this study merely presented an initial series of patients submitted to robotic single-port surgery, it demonstrated that the method is feasible and safe, suggesting the possible use of this technique in elective hysterectomy and other gynecological procedures in the future, as described in large reference centers of advanced surgery worldwide. Specifically, in gynecological practice, existing evidence on the use of robot-assisted, single-port surgery seems promising, and although it is not indicated in all cases, it should be considered as a surgical option. Nonetheless, further randomized and controlled clinical studies are necessary to establish the preeminence of robot-assisted, single-port surgery versus single-incision and conventional laparoscopy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar a primeira série de casos de histerectomia usando sistema robótico de portal único (single-port) em hospital no Brasil. Métodos: No período de novembro de 2014 a outubro 2016, de modo inédito no Brasil, 11 pacientes tiveram indicação inicial e 9 delas foram submetidas à histerectomia por portal único, com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Em duas pacientes, devido a múltiplas cirurgias abdominais prévias, grande volume uterino e/ou útero sem mobilidade, optou-se pela instalação de pneumoperitônio com agulha de Verres e inspeção da cavidade pélvica com ótica de 5mm, constatando-se, nestes casos, não ser viável a cirurgia por single-port, levando-se, assim, à opção pela técnica robótica multiportal, sem intercorrências. Os nove casos single-port foram operados por um mesmo cirurgião, no Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Os dados analisados das pacientes foram idade, índice de massa corporal, cirurgias anteriores e diagnóstico clínico. Os dados relacionados à cirurgia foram tempo operatório, incisão da pele, registro de complicações intraoperatórias, necessidade de conversão para laparotomia, necessidade de transferência para unidade de terapia intensiva, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea, lesão inadivertida de outros órgãos, tempo de internação e óbito. Resultados: Todos os casos foram concluídos sem intercorrências com a plataforma da Vinci Single-Site®. Quatro pacientes apresentavam adenomiose como indicação cirúrgica, duas apresentavam mioma uterino, uma câncer de endométrio, um pólipo endometrial e uma hidrorreia. A média de idade das pacientes foi 44 anos (variando de 40 a 54 anos) e o índice de massa corporal variou entre 23,4 a 33,2kg/m2 (média de 26,4). Nenhum caso teve qualquer tipo de complicação, como lesão intestinal ou vesical, sangramento ou necessidade de reabordagem cirúrgica. Todos os nove procedimentos foram concluídos com o portal único robótico, e nenhuma paciente necessitou de transfusão sanguínea. Conclusão: Apesar deste trabalho apresentar apenas uma série inicial de pacientes operadas por portal único robótico, ele demonstra a factibilidade do método e indica a possibilidade futura de adotar esta técnica em histerectomias eletivas e em outros procedimentos ginecológicos, assim como descrito em grandes centros de referência em cirurgia avançada no mundo. Especificamente na prática ginecológica, a evidência existente sobre o uso de portal único robô-assistido parece ser promissora e, ainda que nem todos os casos tenham indicação, é necessário que exista esta opção no arsenal cirúrgico. No entanto, estudos clínicos aleatorizados e controlados são necessários, a fim de se estabelecer a superioridade da cirurgia robótica por portal único diante da cirurgia laparoscópica com incisão única e da cirurgia laparoscópica convencional.

19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(10): 876-882, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896294

RESUMO

Summary Introduction: Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent, affecting 40% of the female population. The incidence of such dysfunction is known to be higher among women with malignant breast disease and in patients with depression or anxiety. However, there are few data regarding the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among women with benign breast disease (BBD). Objective: To evaluate the incidence of sexual dysfunction, depression and anxiety among women with BBD, in comparison with that observed for healthy women. Method: We evaluated the incidence of sexual dysfunction in 60 patients with benign breast disease (fibroadenomas, breast cysts, breast pain and phyllodes tumor) and 69 healthy women (control group). Participants completed the Sexual Quotient Questionnaire for Females (SQQ-F), the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Statistical analysis revealed that depression and anxiety were comparable between BBD and control groups (10.3 vs. 20.3% and 38.7 vs. 34.3%, respectively, p>0.05). The mean SQQ-F score (65.6±22.7 vs. 70.1±16.8; p>0.05) and sexual dysfunction (33.3 vs. 25.4%; p=0.324) were similar between BBD and control groups. Conclusion: We found no differences between women with BBD and healthy women in terms of the incidence of sexual dysfunction, anxiety and depression. Nevertheless, given the high prevalence of this condition, it is important to assess sexual quality of life, as well as overall quality of life, in women with BBD.


Resumo Introdução: A disfunção sexual é altamente prevalente, afetando 40% da população feminina. A incidência de tal disfunção é conhecida por ser maior entre as mulheres com câncer de mama e pacientes com ansiedade e depressão. No entanto, existem poucos dados sobre a prevalência de disfunção sexual entre mulheres com doença benigna da mama (BBD). Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de disfunção sexual, depressão e ansiedade em mulheres com BBD, em comparação a mulheres saudáveis. Método: Avaliamos a incidência de disfunção sexual em 60 pacientes com doença benigna da mama (fibroadenomas, cistos mamários, dor mamária e tumor phyllodes) e 69 mulheres saudáveis (grupo controle). As participantes completaram o Questionário de Quociente Sexual para Mulheres (SQQ-F), o Inventário de Depressão de Beck e o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck. A análise estatística revelou que a depressão e a ansiedade eram comparáveis entre os grupos BBD e controle (10,3 vs. 20,3% e 38,7 vs. 34,3%, respectivamente, p>0,05). O escore médio de SQQ-F (65,6±22,7 vs. 70,1±16,8; p>0,05) e a disfunção sexual (33,3 vs. 25,4%; p=0,324) foram semelhantes entre os grupos BBD e controle. Conclusão: Não encontramos diferenças entre mulheres com BBD e mulheres saudáveis em termos de incidência de disfunção sexual, ansiedade e depressão. No entanto, dada a alta prevalência dessa condição, é importante avaliar a qualidade de vida sexual, bem como a qualidade de vida global, em mulheres com BBD.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA