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1.
Europace ; 23(2): 161-162, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517439
2.
Am Heart J ; 233: 132-140, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the temporal patterns of health resource utilization (HRU) and expenditures around paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) diagnosis. This study assessed the longitudinal trends in HRU and expenditures in the 3 years preceding and subsequent to PSVT diagnosis. METHODS: Adult patients (age 18-65 years) with newly diagnosed PSVT were identified using administrative claims from the IBM MarketScan Research Database between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016 and propensity-score matched (1:1) with non-PSVT controls. RESULTS: Among the 12,305 PSVT patients compared with matched controls, PSVT was associated with statistically significant higher annual rates of emergency department visits, physician office visits, inpatient hospitalizations, and diagnostic testing. HRU increased in the years preceding PSVT diagnosis, reaching its peak in the year following PSVT diagnosis. Over the 6-year follow-up period, PSVT was associated with higher mean annual per patient expenditures ($12,665) compared to matched controls ($6,004; P < .001). Upon diagnosis of PSVT, the mean expenditures per PSVT patient doubled from $11,714 in the year immediately preceding index diagnosis to $23,335 in the first postdiagnosis year. Inpatient services, diagnostic testing, and ablation procedures were the principle drivers of higher mean expenditures in the first year post-PSVT diagnosis versus the year prior to PSVT diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: PSVT presents a substantial economic burden to health care systems. The annual expenditure per PSVT patient is within the range previously reported for atrial fibrillation. The increased HRU and expenditures in the year following diagnosis, which do not return to baseline, suggest a potential gap in non-interventional, long-term PSVT management.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068540

RESUMO

The purpose of this analysis was to assess implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) utilization and its association with mortality among patients ≥65 years of age after coronary revascularization. Patients in the National Cardiovascular Database Registry Chest Pain-Myocardial Infarction (MI) Registry who presented with MI from January 2, 2009 to December 31, 2016, had a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% and underwent in-hospital revascularization (10,014 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and 1,647 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)) were linked with Medicare claims to determine rates of 1-year ICD implantation. The association between ICD implantation and 2-year mortality was assessed. Of 11,661 included patients, an ICD was implanted in 1,234 (10.6%) within 1 year of revascularization (1,063 (10.6%) PCI and 171 (10.4%) CABG). Among PCI-treated patients, in-hospital ventricular arrhythmia (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.60, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34 to 1.92), 2-week cardiology follow-up (aHR 1.48, 95% CI 1.29 to 1.70), readmission for heart failure (aHR 3.21, 95% CI 2.73 to 3.79), and readmission for MI (aHR 2.18, 95% CI 1.66 to 2.85) were positively associated with ICD implantation. Among CABG-treated patients, in-hospital ventricular arrhythmia (aHR 2.33, 95% CI 1.39 to 3.91), and heart failure readmission (aHR 3.14, 95% CI 1.96 to 5.04) were positively associated with ICD implantation. Women were less likely to receive an ICD, regardless of the revascularization strategy. ICD implantation was associated with lower 2-year all-cause mortality (aHR 0.74, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.86). In conclusion, only 1 in 10 Medicare patients with low ejection fraction received an ICD within 1 year after revascularization. Contact with the healthcare system after discharge was associated with higher likelihood of ICD implantation. ICD implantation was associated with lower mortality following revascularization for MI.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leadless pacemakers (LPs) provide ventricular pacing without the risks associated with transvenous leads and device pockets. LPs are appealing for patients who need pacing, but do not need defibrillator or cardiac resynchronization therapy. Most implanted LPs provide right ventricular pacing without atrioventricular synchrony (VVIR mode). The Mode Selection Trial in Sinus Node Dysfunction (MOST) showed similar outcomes in patients randomized to dual-chamber (DDDR) versus ventricular pacing (VVIR). We compared outcomes by pacing mode in LP-eligible patients from MOST. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the MOST study with an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >35%, QRS duration (QRSd) <120 ms and no history of ventricular arrhythmias or prior implantable cardioverter defibrillators were included (LP-eligible population). Cox proportional hazards models were used to test the association between pacing mode and death, stroke or heart failure (HF) hospitalization and atrial fibrillation (AF). RESULTS: Of the 2010 patients enrolled in MOST, 1284 patients (64%) met inclusion criteria. Baseline characteristics were well balanced across included patients randomized to DDDR (N = 630) and VVIR (N = 654). Over 4 years of follow-up, there was no association between pacing mode and death, stroke or HF hospitalization (VVIR HR 1.28 [0.92-1.75]). VVIR pacing was associated with higher risk of AF (HR 1.32 [1.08-1.61], P = .007), particularly in patients with no history of AF (HR 2.38 [1.52-3.85], P < .001). CONCLUSION: In patients without reduced LVEF or prolonged QRSd who would be eligible for LP, DDDR, and VVIR pacing demonstrated similar rates of death, stroke or HF hospitalization; however, VVIR pacing significantly increased the risk of AF development.

6.
Am Heart J ; 229: 110-117, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies showing underuse of oral anticoagulants (OACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) predated the advent of the non-vitamin K antagonist OACs. We retrospectively examined use of OACs in a large commercially insured population. METHODS: Administrative claims data from 4 research partners participating in FDA-Catalyst, a program of the Sentinel Initiative, were queried in September 2017. Patients were included if they were ≥30 years old with ≥365 days of medical/pharmacy coverage, and had ≥2 diagnosis codes for AF, a CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2, absence of contraindications to OAC use, and no evidence of OAC use in the 365 days before the index AF diagnosis. The main outcome measures of the current analysis were rates of OAC use in the prior 12 months of cohort identification and factors associated with non-use. RESULTS: A total of 197,806 AF patients met the eligibility criteria prior to assessment of OAC treatment. Of these, 179,580 (91%) patients were ≥65 years old and 73,286 (37%) patients were ≥80 years old. Half of the patients (98,903) were randomized to the early intervention arm in the IMPACT-AFib trial and constitute the cohort for this analysis. Of these, 32,295 (33%) had no evidence of OAC use in the prior 12 months. Compared with patients with evidence of OAC use in the prior 12 months, patients without OAC use were more likely to be ≥80 years old, women, and have a history of anemia (51% vs 47%) and less likely to have diabetes (41% vs 44%), history of stroke or TIA (15% vs 19%), and history of heart failure (39% vs 48%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a high risk of stroke, one-third of privately insured patients with AF and no obvious contraindications to an OAC were not treated with an OAC. There is an unmet need for evidence-based interventions that could lead to greater use of OACs in patients with AF at risk for stroke.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(19): e015910, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954896

RESUMO

Background Information on differences in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) diagnosis, healthcare resource use, expenditures, and treatment among women versus men is limited. Methods and Results Study participants identified in the IBM MarketScan Commercial Research Databases were aged 18 to 40 years with newly diagnosed PSVT (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9]: 427.0; International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision [ICD-10]: I47.1) from October 1, 2012, through September 30, 2016, observable 1 year preindex and postindex diagnosis. Study outcomes were mean annual per-patient healthcare resource use and expenditures before and after diagnosis. Among 5466 patients newly diagnosed with PSVT, most (66.9%) were women. Compared with men, women with PSVT tended to have higher rates of anxiety (13.9% versus 10.9%; P<0.01) and chronic pulmonary disease (10.9% versus 8.3%; P<0.01). Following diagnosis, mean annual per-patient expenditures increased for all patients, but were significantly lower for women ($26 922 versus $33 112; P<0.05), reflecting lower spending for services billed as a result of a PSVT diagnosis ($8471 versus $11 405; P<0.05). After diagnosis, nearly half of all patients had at least 1 emergency department visit (women versus men, 49.6% versus 44.5%; P<0.01) and more had hospital admissions (women versus men, 24.7% versus 20.0%; P<0.01). Fewer women were treated with cardiac ablation (12.6% versus 15.3%; P<0.01), and more were treated with medical therapy, including ß blockers or calcium channel blockers (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.02-1.31). Conclusions Among patients aged 18 to 40 years, ≈2 of 3 patients diagnosed with PSVT were women. After diagnosis, spending was significantly lower for women, reflecting lower ablation rates and less spending on services with a PSVT diagnosis.

8.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(9): 1131-1139, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the indications, characteristics, and outcomes of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) surgery in patients with LVAD. BACKGROUND: Many patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) will require implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator change or device revision or are candidates for de novo implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation following LVAD implantation. METHODS: We performed an observational retrospective study of all LVAD recipients who subsequently underwent CIED surgery at Duke University Hospital from 2009 to 2019. RESULTS: A total of 159 patients underwent CIED surgery following LVAD implantation, including generator change (n = 93), device revision (n = 38), and de novo implant (n = 28). The median (interquartile range) time from LVAD implantation to CIED surgery was 18.1 months (5.5 to 35.1 months). Pre-operative risk for infection was elevated in the overall cohort with a median (interquartile range) Prevention of Arrhythmia Device Infection Trial (PADIT) score of 7.0 (5.0 to 9.0). Pocket hematoma occurred in 21 patients (13.2%) following CIED surgery. Antimicrobial envelops were used in 43 patients (27%). Device infection due to CIED surgery occurred in 5 (3.1%) patients and occurred only in patients who developed post-operative pocket hematoma (p < 0.001). Mortality at 1 year following CIED surgery was 20% (n = 32). CONCLUSIONS: CIED surgery following LVAD implantation is associated with an increased risk for pocket hematoma and CIED infection. Further studies are needed to determine the risk-benefit ratio of CIED surgery in patients with LVADs.

9.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(9): 1144-1154, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study characterized the relationship between conduction disease and cardiac amyloidosis (CA) through longitudinal analysis of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) data. BACKGROUND: Bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias are commonly reported in CA and may precede a CA diagnosis, although the natural history of conduction disease in CA is not well-described. METHODS: Patients with CA (transthyretin amyloidosis cardiomyopathy [ATTR-CM] and light-chain amyloidosis [AL-CA]) and a CIED were identified within the Duke University Health System. Patient characteristics at the time of implantation, including demographics and data relevant to CA diagnosis, cardiac imaging, and CIED were recorded. CIED interrogations were analyzed for pacing and atrial fibrillation (AF) burden, activity level, lead parameters, and ventricular arrhythmia incidence and/or therapy. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with CA (7 with AL-CA, 27 with ATTR-CM [78% with wild-type]; 82% men) with median age of 75 years and a mean ejection fraction of 42 ± 13% had a CIED implanted for bradycardia (65%) or prevention of sudden cardiac death (35%). CIED implantation preceded CA diagnosis in 14 patients (41%). Over a mean follow-up of 3.1 ± 4.0 years, right ventricular sensing amplitudes decreased but did not result in device malfunction; lead impedances and capture thresholds remained stable. Between post-implantation years 1 and 5, mean ventricular pacing increased from 56 ± 9% to 96 ± 1% (p = 0.003) and AF burden increased from 2 ± 1.3 to 17 ± 3 h/day (p = 0.0002). Ventricular arrhythmias were common (mean episodes per patient per year: 6.7 ± 2.3 [ATTR-CM] and 5.1 ± 3.2 [AL-CA]) but predominately nonsustained; only 1 patient with AL-CA required implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal analysis of CIED data in patients with CA revealed progressive conduction disease, with high AF burden and eventual dependence on ventricular pacing, although lead parameters remained stable. Ventricular arrhythmias were common but predominantly nonsustained, particularly in ATTR-CM.

10.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(9): 2509-2515, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757437

RESUMO

Patients with a reduced ejection fraction of 35% or less and a history of myocardial infarction (MI) are at increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). These patients have a class I indication for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator after allowing time for medical therapy optimization and potential cardiac recovery. The rates of SCD are highest in this "gap" period early after a cardiac event, and the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) is an intervention that can be used to protect against SCD during this time period. There has been a clinical trial that randomized patients with a reduced ejection fraction at the time of MI to a WCD versus control. Results of the trial showed no statistically significant difference in the primary endpoint of SCD. There are many intricacies to the interpretation of the trial, including the importance of patient adherence to WCD therapy, which is affected by the patient experience and psychological factors. Patients with a new cardiomyopathy are affected by a mix of psychological factors, including the feeling of safety and protection from a WCD contrasted by the WCD providing a reminder of awareness and fear of ventricular arrhythmias and SCD. Beyond the capabilities of a WCD to defibrillate a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia, the device can also provide activity and heart failure diagnostics monitoring. Patients need to be engaged in shared decision-making conversations about a WCD, so that patients can make a decision based on their own values construct, ultimately increasing adherence among the patients that want a WCD.

13.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(6): 636-645, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study identified factors associated with risk for cardiac perforation in the setting of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation in contemporary clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Cardiac perforation is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication of AF ablation. An improved understanding of factors associated with cardiac perforation could facilitate improvements in procedural safety. METHODS: Logistic regression models were used to assess predictors of cardiac perforation among Medicare beneficiaries who underwent AF ablation from July 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017. Cardiac perforation was defined as a diagnosis of hemopericardium, cardiac tamponade, or pericardiocentesis, within 30 days of AF ablation. RESULTS: Of 102,398 patients who underwent AF ablation, 0.61% (n = 623) experienced cardiac perforation as a procedural complication. Rates of cardiac perforation decreased over time. In adjusted analyses of the overall population, female sex (odds ratio [OR]: 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14 to 1.58; p = 0.0004), obesity (OR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.68; p = 0.0050), and absence of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) (OR: 4.85; 95% CI: 4.11 to 5.71; p < 0.0001) were associated with increased risk for cardiac perforation, whereas previous cardiac surgery (OR: 0.14; 95% CI: 0.07 to 0.26; p < 0.0001) was associated with a lower risk for perforation. Patient risk factors for cardiac perforation were identical in the subset of patients in whom ICE was used (n = 76,134). A risk score was generated with the following point assignments: female sex (1 point); obesity (1 point); nonuse of ICE (5 points); and previous cardiac surgery (-6 points). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac perforation is a rare complication of AF ablation; incidence has decreased over time. One of the strongest predictors of cardiac perforation in the contemporary era is a modifiable factor, use of intraprocedural ICE.

14.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(6): 672-680, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the utility of transvenous lead extraction for cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection in patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). BACKGROUND: The use of transvenous lead extraction for the management CIED infection in patients with a durable LVAD has not been well described. METHODS: Clinical and outcomes data were collected retrospectively among patients who underwent lead extraction for CIED infection after LVAD implantation at Duke University Hospital. RESULTS: Overall, 27 patients (n = 6 HVAD; n = 15 HeartMate II; n = 6 Heartmate III) underwent lead extraction for infection. Median (interquartile range) time from LVAD implantation to infection was 6.1 (2.5 to 14.9) months. Indications included endocarditis (n = 16), bacteremia (n = 9), and pocket infection (n = 2). Common pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 10), coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 7), and Enterococcus faecalis (n = 3). Sixty-eight leads were removed, with a median lead implant time of 5.7 (3.6 to 9.2) years. Laser sheaths were used in all procedures, with a median laser time of 35.0 s (17.5 to 85.5s). Mechanical cutting tools were required in 11 (40.7%) and femoral snaring in 4 (14.8%). Complete procedural success was achieved in 25 (93.6%) patients and clinical success in 27 (100%). No procedural failures or major adverse events occurred. Twenty-one patients (77.8%) were alive without persistent endovascular infection 1 year after lead extraction. Most were treated with oral suppressive antibiotics after extraction (n = 23 [82.5%]). Persistent infection after extraction occurred in 4 patients and was associated with 50% 1-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Transvenous lead extraction for LVAD-associated CIED infection can be performed safely with low rates of persistent infection and 1-year mortality.

15.
Heart ; 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardioversion is common among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesised that novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC) used in clinical practice resulted in similar rates of stroke compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for cardioversion. METHODS: Using the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation II, patients with AF who had a cardioversion, follow-up data and an AF diagnosis within 6 months of enrolment were identified retrospectively. Clinical outcomes were compared for patients receiving a NOAC or VKA for 1 year following cardioversion. RESULTS: Among 13 004 patients with AF, 2260 (17%) underwent cardioversion. 1613 met the inclusion criteria for this analysis. At the time of cardioversion, 283 (17.5%) were receiving a VKA and 1330 (82.5%) a NOAC. A transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) was performed in 403 (25%) cardioversions. The incidence of stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA) at 30 days was the same for patients having (3.04 per 100 patient-years) or not having (3.04 per 100 patient-years) a TOE (p=0.99). There were no differences in the incidence of death (HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.62 to 2.28, p=0.61), cardiovascular hospitalisation (HR 1.02, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.35, p=0.91), stroke/TIA (HR 1.18, 95% CI 0.30 to 4.74, p=0.81) or bleeding-related hospitalisation (HR 1.29, 95% CI 0.66 to 2.52, p=0.45) at 1 year for patients treated with either a NOAC or VKA. CONCLUSIONS: Cardioversion was a low-risk procedure for patients treated with NOAC, and there were statistically similar rates of stroke/TIA 30 days after cardioversion as for patients treated with VKA. There were no statically significant differences in death, stroke/TIA or major bleeding at 1 year among patients treated with NOAC compared with VKA after cardioversion.

16.
Clin Trials ; 17(4): 360-367, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589056

RESUMO

IMPACT-AFib was an 80,000-patient randomized clinical trial implemented by five US insurance companies (health plans) aimed at increasing the use of oral anticoagulants by individuals with atrial fibrillation who were at high risk of stroke and not on treatment. The underlying thesis was that patients could be change agents to initiate prescribing discussions with their providers. We tested the effect of mailing information to both patients and their providers. We used administrative medical claims and pharmacy dispensing data to identify eligible patients, to randomize them to an early or delayed intervention, and to assess clinical outcomes. The core data were analysis-ready datasets each site had created and curated for the FDA's Sentinel System, supplemented by updated "fresh" pharmacy and enrollment data to ensure eligibility at the time of intervention. Following mutually agreed upon procedures, sites linked to additional internal source data to implement the intervention-educational information mailed to patients and their providers in the early intervention arm, and to providers of patients in the delayed intervention arm approximately 12 months later. The primary analysis compares the early intervention arm to the delayed intervention arm, prior to the delayed intervention being conducted (i.e. compares intervention to non-intervention). The endpoints of interest were evidence of initiation of anticoagulation (primary) as well as clinical endpoints, including stroke and hospitalization for bleeding. Major challenges, some unanticipated, identified during the planning phase include convening multi-stakeholder investigator teams and advisors, addressing ethical concerns about not intervening in a usual care comparison group, and identifying and avoiding interference with sites' routine programs that were similar to the intervention. Needs and challenges during the implementation phase included the fact that even limited site-specific programming greatly increased time and effort, the need to refresh research data extracts immediately before outreach to patients and providers, potential difficulty identifying low-cost medications such as warfarin that may not be reimbursed by health plans and so not discoverable in dispensing data, the need to develop workarounds when "providers" in claims data were facilities, difficulty addressing clustering of patients by provider because providers can have multiple identifiers within and between health plans, and the need to anticipate loss to follow up because of health plan disenrollment or change in benefits. As pragmatic trials begin to shape evidence generation within clinical practice, investigators should anticipate issues inherent to claims data and working with multiple large sites. In IMPACT-AFib, we found that investing in collaboration and communication among all parties throughout all phases of the study helped ensure common understanding, early identification of challenges, and streamlined actual implementation.

17.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 43(9): 913-921, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive infiltrative disease involving deposition of amyloid fibrils in the myocardium and cardiac conduction system that frequently manifests with heart failure (HF) and arrhythmias, most frequently atrial fibrillation (AF), atrial flutter (AFL), and atrial tachycardia (AT). METHODS: We performed an observational retrospective study of patients with a diagnosis of cardiac amyloid who underwent catheter ablation at our institution between January 1, 2011 and December 1, 2018. Patient demographics, procedural characteristics, and outcomes were determined by manual chart review. RESULTS: A total of 13 catheter ablations were performed over the study period in patients with cardiac amyloidosis, including 10 AT/AF/AFL ablations and three atrioventricular nodal ablations. Left ventricular ejection fraction was lower at the time of AV node ablation than catheter ablation of AT/AF/AFL (23% vs 40%, P = .003). Cardiac amyloid was diagnosed based on the results of preablation cardiac MRI results in the majority of patients (n = 7, 70%). The HV interval was prolonged at 60 ± 15 ms and did not differ significantly between AV nodal ablation patients and AT/AF/AFL ablation patients (69 ± 18 ms vs 57 ± 14 ms, P = .36). The majority of patients undergoing AT/AF/AFL ablation had persistent AF (n = 7, 70%) and NYHA class II (n = 5, 50%) or III (n = 5, 50%) HF symptoms, whereas patients undergoing AV node ablation were more likely to have class IV HF (n = 2, 66%, P = .014). Arrhythmia-free survival in CA patients after catheter ablation of AT/AF/AFL was 40% at 1 year and 20% at 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: Catheter ablation of AT/AF/AFL may be a feasible strategy for appropriately selected patients with early to mid-stage CA, whereas AV node ablation may be more appropriate in patients with advanced-stage CA.

19.
Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes ; 6(4): 263-272, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392287

RESUMO

AIMS : To determine the extent of shared decision-making (SDM), during selection of oral anticoagulant (OAC) and rhythm control treatments, in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS : We evaluated survey data from 1006 patients with new-onset AF enrolled at 56 US sites participating in the SATELLITE substudy of the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (ORBIT II). Patients completed surveys at enrolment and at 6-month follow-up. Patients were asked about who made their AF treatment decisions. Shared decision-making was classified as one that the patient felt was an autonomous decision or a shared decision with their healthcare provider (HCP). Approximately half of patients reported that their OAC treatment decisions were made entirely by their HCP. Compared with those reporting no SDM, patients reporting SDM for OAC were more often female (47.2% vs. 38.4%), while patients reporting SDM for rhythm control were more often male (62.2% vs. 57.6%). The most important factors cited by patients during decision-making for OAC were reducing stroke and bleeding risk, and their HCP's recommendations. After adjustment, patients with self-reported understanding of OAC, and rhythm control options, had higher odds of having participated in SDM [odds ratio (OR) 2.54, confidence interval (CI): 1.75-3.68 and OR 2.36, CI: 1.50-3.71, both P ≤ 0.001, respectively]. CONCLUSION : Shared decision-making is not widely implemented in contemporary AF practice. Patient understanding about available therapeutic options is associated with a more than a two-fold higher likelihood of SDM, and may be a potential target for future interventions.

20.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(9): 1536-1544, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the performance of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) in patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical course and outcomes of patients with both an S-ICD and an LVAD at our institution and via a systematic review of published studies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent LVAD implantation from 2009 to 2019 at Duke University Hospital. We also performed a systematic review of studies involving patients with an S-ICD and LVAD using the PubMed/Embase databases. RESULTS: Of 588 patients undergoing LVAD implantation with a preexisting implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, 4 had an S-ICD in situ after LVAD implantation. All 4 patients developed electromagnetic interference (EMI) in the primary/secondary vectors after LVAD implantation, resulting in inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks in 2 patients. Sensing in the alternate vector was adequate immediately postoperatively in 1 patient. Postoperative undersensing was present in the alternate vector in 3 patients but improved at first outpatient follow-up in 2 patients, allowing tachy therapies to be reenabled. Eight studies involving 27 patients were identified in the systematic review. EMI was common and frequently absent in the alternate vector (6 of 7 patients). CONCLUSION: Undersensing and EMI are common after LVAD implantation in patients with an S-ICD in situ, particularly in the primary and secondary sensing vectors. Undersensing in the alternate vector may improve during follow-up, obviating the need for device revision or extraction.

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