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1.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e2428, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze mitral annulus (MA) dynamics using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent mitral valve repair (MVR). METHODS: Mitral valve imaging was performed by CMR in twenty-nine patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent MVR between July 2014 and August 2016, with quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet without ring annuloplasty. They were prospectively followed up from the preoperative period up to 2 years postoperatively. RESULTS: We observed a significant reduction in all measurements of the MA after surgery. The mean systolic circumference of the MA was reduced from 13.28±1.95 cm to 11.50±1.59 cm, and the diastolic circumference was reduced from 12.51±2.01 cm to 10.66±2.09 cm in the immediate postoperative period, measures that remained stable 2 years after MVR (p<0.001). The mean maximum area of the MA was significantly reduced from 14.34±4.03 to 10.45±3.17 cm2 when comparing the immediate postoperative period and the 2 year follow-up (p<0.001). The same occurred with the mean minimum area of the MA, which was reduced from 12.53±3.68 cm2 to 9.23±2.84 cm2 in the same period, and this reduction was greater in the antero-posterior diameter than in the mid-lateral diameter. The mobility of the MA was preserved after surgery, ranging between 19.6% and 25.7% at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: We observed a significant reduction in the MA size after MVR, with preservation of the MA mobility at the 2-year follow-up.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 720-775, out. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131346
4.
Clinics ; 75: e2428, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze mitral annulus (MA) dynamics using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent mitral valve repair (MVR). METHODS: Mitral valve imaging was performed by CMR in twenty-nine patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent MVR between July 2014 and August 2016, with quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet without ring annuloplasty. They were prospectively followed up from the preoperative period up to 2 years postoperatively. RESULTS: We observed a significant reduction in all measurements of the MA after surgery. The mean systolic circumference of the MA was reduced from 13.28±1.95 cm to 11.50±1.59 cm, and the diastolic circumference was reduced from 12.51±2.01 cm to 10.66±2.09 cm in the immediate postoperative period, measures that remained stable 2 years after MVR (p<0.001). The mean maximum area of the MA was significantly reduced from 14.34±4.03 to 10.45±3.17 cm2 when comparing the immediate postoperative period and the 2 year follow-up (p<0.001). The same occurred with the mean minimum area of the MA, which was reduced from 12.53±3.68 cm2 to 9.23±2.84 cm2 in the same period, and this reduction was greater in the antero-posterior diameter than in the mid-lateral diameter. The mobility of the MA was preserved after surgery, ranging between 19.6% and 25.7% at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: We observed a significant reduction in the MA size after MVR, with preservation of the MA mobility at the 2-year follow-up.

5.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(5): e008353, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088148

RESUMO

Background Few data exist on the degree of interstitial myocardial fibrosis in patients with classical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG-AS) and its association with left ventricular flow reserve (FR) on dobutamine stress echocardiography. This study sought to evaluate the diffuse interstitial fibrosis measured by T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance technique in LFLG-AS patients with and without FR. Methods Prospective study including 65 consecutive patients (41 LFLG-AS [mean age, 67.1±8.4 years; 83% men] and 24 high-gradient aortic stenosis used as controls) undergoing dobutamine stress echocardiography to assess FR and cardiac magnetic resonance to determine the extracellular volume (ECV) fraction of the myocardium, indexed ECV (iECV) to body surface area and late gadolinium enhancement. Results Interstitial myocardial fibrosis measured by iECV was higher in patients with LFLG-AS with and without FR as compared with high-gradient aortic stenosis (35.25±9.75 versus 32.93±11.00 versus 21.19±6.47 mL/m2, respectively; P<0.001). However, both ECV and iECV levels were similar between LFLG-AS patients with and without FR ( P=0.950 and P=0.701, respectively). Also, FR did not correlate significantly with ECV (r=-0.16, P=0.31) or iECV (r=0.11, P=0.51). Late gadolinium enhancement mass was also similar in patients with versus without FR but lower in high-gradient aortic stenosis (13.3±10.2 versus 10.5±7.5 versus 4.8±5.9 g, respectively; P=0.018). Conclusions Patients with LFLG-AS have higher ECV, iECV, and late gadolinium enhancement mass compared with high-gradient aortic stenosis. Moreover, among patients with LFLG-AS, the degree of myocardial fibrosis was similar in patients with versus those without FR. These findings suggest that diffuse myocardial fibrosis may not be the main factor responsible for the absence of FR in LFLG-AS patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Miocárdio/patologia , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(4): 362-370, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the behavior of platelets after transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for the treatment of degenerated bioprosthesis and how they correlate with adverse events upon follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 28 patients who received a valve-in-valve implant, 5 in aortic, 18 in mitral and 5 in tricuspid positions. Data were compared with 74 patients submitted to conventional redo valvular replacements during the same period, and both groups' platelet curves were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS Statistics(r) 20 for Windows. RESULTS: All patients in the valve-in-valve group developed thrombocytopenia, 25% presenting mild (<150.000/µL), 54% moderate (<100.000/µL) and 21% severe (<50.000/µL) thrombocytopenia. The platelet nadir was on the 4th postoperative day for aortic ViV, 2nd for mitral and 3rd for tricuspid patients, with the majority of patients recovering regular platelet count. However, the aortic subgroup comparison between valve-in-valve and conventional surgery showed a statistically significant difference from the 7th day onwards, where valve-in-valve patients had more severe and longer lasting thrombocytopenia. This, however, did not translate into a higher postoperative risk. In our study population, postoperative thrombocytopenia did not correlate with greater occurrence of adverse outcomes and only normal preoperative platelet count could significantly predict a postoperative drop >50%. CONCLUSION: Although thrombocytopenia is an extremely common finding after valve-in-valve procedures, the degree of platelet count drop did not correlate with greater incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes in our study population.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 362-370, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-958425

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the behavior of platelets after transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for the treatment of degenerated bioprosthesis and how they correlate with adverse events upon follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 28 patients who received a valve-in-valve implant, 5 in aortic, 18 in mitral and 5 in tricuspid positions. Data were compared with 74 patients submitted to conventional redo valvular replacements during the same period, and both groups' platelet curves were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS Statistics(r) 20 for Windows. Results: All patients in the valve-in-valve group developed thrombocytopenia, 25% presenting mild (<150.000/µL), 54% moderate (<100.000/µL) and 21% severe (<50.000/µL) thrombocytopenia. The platelet nadir was on the 4th postoperative day for aortic ViV, 2nd for mitral and 3rd for tricuspid patients, with the majority of patients recovering regular platelet count. However, the aortic subgroup comparison between valve-in-valve and conventional surgery showed a statistically significant difference from the 7th day onwards, where valve-in-valve patients had more severe and longer lasting thrombocytopenia. This, however, did not translate into a higher postoperative risk. In our study population, postoperative thrombocytopenia did not correlate with greater occurrence of adverse outcomes and only normal preoperative platelet count could significantly predict a postoperative drop >50%. Conclusion: Although thrombocytopenia is an extremely common finding after valve-in-valve procedures, the degree of platelet count drop did not correlate with greater incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes in our study population.

8.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0199277, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29979692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality prediction after cardiac procedures is an essential tool in clinical decision making. Although rheumatic cardiac disease remains a major cause of heart surgery in the world no previous study validated risk scores in a sample exclusively with this condition. OBJECTIVES: Develop a novel predictive model focused on mortality prediction among patients undergoing cardiac surgery secondary to rheumatic valve conditions. METHODS: We conducted prospective consecutive all-comers patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) referred for surgical treatment of valve disease between May 2010 and July of 2015. Risk scores for hospital mortality were calculated using the 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet, EuroSCORE II, InsCor, AmblerSCORE, GuaragnaSCORE, and the New York SCORE. In addition, we developed the rheumatic heart valve surgery score (RheSCORE). RESULTS: A total of 2,919 RHD patients underwent heart valve surgery. After evaluating 13 different models, the top performing areas under the curve were achieved using Random Forest (0.982) and Neural Network (0.952). Most influential predictors across all models included left atrium size, high creatinine values, a tricuspid procedure, reoperation and pulmonary hypertension. Areas under the curve for previously developed scores were all below the performance for the RheSCORE model: 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet (0.876), EuroSCORE II (0.857), InsCor (0.835), Ambler (0.831), Guaragna (0.816) and the New York score (0.834). A web application is presented where researchers and providers can calculate predicted mortality based on the RheSCORE. CONCLUSIONS: The RheSCORE model outperformed pre-existing scores in a sample of patients with rheumatic cardiac disease.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Febre Reumática/mortalidade , Cardiopatia Reumática/mortalidade , Idoso , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Febre Reumática/fisiopatologia , Febre Reumática/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
9.
Echocardiography ; 35(9): 1342-1350, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of predictors of mitral valve (MV) repair results is important for quality improvement in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MV morphological quantification by three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography and mitral repair results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with MV prolapse who were submitted to surgical repair were divided into 2 groups according to their postoperative mitral regurgitation (MR) degree (group 1, grade 0-I MR; group 2, ≥grade II MR). Morphological parameters related to the mitral ring, dimension of leaflets and prolapse, coaptation line, distance from papillary muscles to the leaflet border and valve angles were analyzed by 3D MV quantification. Cardiac remodeling and MR quantitative parameters were also evaluated. RESULTS: There was no correlation between 3D MV quantification and surgical results; a multivariate analysis did not show an association between morphological parameters and surgical outcome. The distance from the posteromedial papillary muscle to the leaflet border was higher (P = .038) in patients with ≥grade II postoperative MR. The left atrial diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were larger in patients with a significant residual MR (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional MV quantification did not predict the postoperative MR grade; however, the distance from the posteromedial papillary muscles to the leaflet border may be related to suboptimal repair results. Furthermore, excessive cardiac remodeling was related to postoperative MR ≥ grade II, what could suggest a potential benefit of early surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 290-298, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-887952

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Renal dysfunction is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery. For a better assessment of renal function, calculation of creatinine clearance (CC) may be necessary. Objective: To objectively evaluate whether CC is a better risk predictor than serum creatinine (SC) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: Analysis of 3,285 patients registered in a prospective, consecutive and mandatory manner in the Sao Paulo Registry of Cardiovascular Surgery (REPLICCAR) between November 2013 and January 2015. Values of SC, CC (Cockcroft-Gault) and EuroSCORE II were obtained. Association analysis of SC and CC with morbidity and mortality was performed by calibration and discrimination tests. Independent multivariate models with SC and CC were generated by multiple logistic regression to predict morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery. Results: Despite the association between SC and mortality, it did not calibrate properly the risk groups. There was an association between CC and mortality with good calibration of risk groups. In mortality risk prediction, SC was uncalibrated with values > 1.35 mg /dL (p < 0.001). The ROC curve showed that CC is better than SC in predicting both morbidity and mortality risk. In the multivariate model without CC, SC was the only predictor of morbidity, whereas in the model without SC, CC was not only a mortality predictor, but also the only morbidity predictor. Conclusion: Compared with SC, CC is a better parameter of renal function in risk stratification of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.


Resumo Fundamentos: Disfunção renal é preditor independente de morbimortalidade após cirurgia cardíaca. Para uma melhor avaliação da função renal, o cálculo do clearance de creatinina (CC) pode ser necessário. Objetivo: Avaliar objetivamente se o CC é melhor que a creatinina sérica (CS) para predizer risco nos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. Métodos: Análise em 3285 pacientes do Registro Paulista de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (REPLICCAR) incluídos de forma prospectiva, consecutiva e mandatória entre novembro de 2013 e janeiro de 2015. Foram obtidos valores de CS, CC (Cockcroft-Gault) e do EuroSCORE II. Análise de associações da CS e do CC com morbimortalidade foi realizada mediante testes de calibração e discriminação. Por regressão logística múltipla, foram criados modelos multivariados independentes com CS e com CC para predição de risco de morbimortalidade após cirurgia cardíaca. Resultados: Apesar da associação entre a CS e morbimortalidade, essa não calibrou adequadamente os grupos de risco. Houve associação entre o CC e morbimortalidade com boa calibração dos grupos de risco. Na predição do risco de mortalidade, a CS ficou descalibrada com valores >1,35 mg/dL (p < 0,001). A curva ROC revelou que o CC é superior à CS na predição de risco de morbimortalidade. No modelo multivariado sem CC, a CS foi a única preditora de morbidade, enquanto que no modelo sem a CS, o CC foi preditor de mortalidade e o único preditor de morbidade. Conclusão: Para avaliação da função renal, o CC é superior que a CS na estratificação de risco dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia cardíaca.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Medição de Risco/métodos , Creatinina/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Padrões de Referência , Valores de Referência , Calibragem , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Morbidade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 109(4): 290-298, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28876374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery. For a better assessment of renal function, calculation of creatinine clearance (CC) may be necessary. OBJECTIVE: To objectively evaluate whether CC is a better risk predictor than serum creatinine (SC) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Analysis of 3,285 patients registered in a prospective, consecutive and mandatory manner in the Sao Paulo Registry of Cardiovascular Surgery (REPLICCAR) between November 2013 and January 2015. Values of SC, CC (Cockcroft-Gault) and EuroSCORE II were obtained. Association analysis of SC and CC with morbidity and mortality was performed by calibration and discrimination tests. Independent multivariate models with SC and CC were generated by multiple logistic regression to predict morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery. RESULTS: Despite the association between SC and mortality, it did not calibrate properly the risk groups. There was an association between CC and mortality with good calibration of risk groups. In mortality risk prediction, SC was uncalibrated with values > 1.35 mg /dL (p < 0.001). The ROC curve showed that CC is better than SC in predicting both morbidity and mortality risk. In the multivariate model without CC, SC was the only predictor of morbidity, whereas in the model without SC, CC was not only a mortality predictor, but also the only morbidity predictor. CONCLUSION: Compared with SC, CC is a better parameter of renal function in risk stratification of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Creatinina/sangue , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/mortalidade , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Calibragem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Padrões de Referência , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Lasers Med Sci ; 31(6): 1075-81, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27184152

RESUMO

Worldwide, rheumatic fever remains a significant cause of mitral valve insufficiency. It is responsible for approximately 90 % of early childhood valvular surgeries in Brazil. Elongated or flail chordae are frequently responsible and require surgical correction. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the histological tissues of the mitral valve chordae and the mechanical resistance generated by the chordae, both with and without the application of a high-power laser. Twenty normal porcine mitral valve chordae were measured and divided randomly into the following two groups: control group (not subjected to a high-power laser) and laser group (subjected to photonic irradiation). Laser surgery was performed under controlled conditions, using following parameters: λ = 980-nm wavelength, power = 3 W, and energy = 60 J. A mechanical test machine was used in combination with a subsequent histological study to measure chordae tensile properties. A histological analysis demonstrated a typical collagen bundle arrangement in the control group; however, under a particular reached temperature range (48), the collagen bundles assumed different arrangements in the laser group. Significant reductions in the chordae tendineae lengths and changes in their resistance in the laser group were observed, as these chordae exhibited less rigid fibers. The chordae tendineae of normal porcine valves subjected to a high-power laser exhibited its length reduction and less stiffness compared to the control group. A histological analysis of the laser treatment specimens demonstrated differences in collagen bundle spatial organization, following slight changes into tissue temperature.


Assuntos
Cordas Tendinosas/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Valva Mitral , Animais , Colágeno , Luz , Suínos , Temperatura
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 100(3): 246-54, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23598578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk scores show difficulties to attain the same performance in different populations. OBJECTIVE: To create a simple and accurate risk assessment model for patients submitted to surgery due to coronary and/or valvular disease at Instituto do Coração da Universidade de São Paulo (InCor-HCFMUSP). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, 3,000 patients were submitted to surgical procedure due to coronary artery and/or valvular disease at InCor-HCFMUSP. From this record, data of 2/3 of the patients were used for model development (bootstrap technique), and 1/3 for internal validation of the model. The performance of the model (InsCor) was compared to the 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet (2000BP) and EuroSCORE (ES) complexes. RESULTS: Only 10 variables were selected: age > 70 years, female sex; coronary revascularization + valve, myocardial infarction < 90 days; reoperation; surgical treatment of aortic valve; surgical treatment of tricuspid valve; creatinine < 2mg/dL; ejection fraction < 30%, and events. The Hosmer Lemeshow test for the InsCor was 0.184, indicating excellent calibration. The area under the ROC curve was 0.79 for the InsCor, 0.81 for the ES and 0.82 for 2000BP, confirming that the models are good and have similar discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: The InsCor and ES performed better than 2000BP at all stages of validation, but the new model, in addition to showing identification with the local risk factors, is simpler and more objective for mortality prediction in patients undergoing surgery due to coronary and/or valvular disease at InCor-HCFMUSP.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Idoso , Calibragem/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/normas
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(3): 246-254, mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-670865

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Escores de risco apresentam dificuldades para obter o mesmo desempenho em diferentes populações. OBJETIVO: Criar um modelo simples e acurado para avaliação do risco nos pacientes operados de doença coronariana e/ou valvar no Instituto do Coração da Universidade de São Paulo (InCor-HCFMUSP). MÉTODOS: Entre 2007 e 2009, 3.000 pacientes foram operados consecutivamente de doença coronariana e/ou valvar no InCor-HCFMUSP. Desse registro, dados de 2/3 dos pacientes foram utilizados para desenvolvimento do modelo (técnica de bootstrap) e de 1/3 para validação interna do modelo. O desempenho do modelo (InsCor) foi comparado aos complexos 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet (2000BP) e EuroSCORE (ES). RESULTADOS: Apenas 10 variáveis foram selecionadas: Idade > 70 anos; sexo feminino; cirurgia de revascularização coronariana + valva; infarto de miocárdio < 90 dias; reoperação; tratamento cirúrgico da valva aórtica; tratamento cirúrgico da valva tricúspide; creatinina < 2mg/dL; fração de ejeção < 30%; e eventos. O teste de Hosmer Lemeshow para o InsCor foi de 0,184, indicando uma excelente calibração. A área abaixo da curva ROC foi de 0,79 para o InsCor, 0,81 para o ES e 0,82 para o 2000BP, confirmando que os modelos são bons e similares na discriminação. CONCLUSÕES: O InsCor e o ES tiveram melhor desempenho que o 2000BP em todas as fases da validação; pórem o novo modelo, além de se identificar com os fatores de risco locais, é mais simples e objetivo para a predição de mortalidade nos pacientes operados de doença coronariana e/ou valvar no InCor-HCFMUSP.


BACKGROUND: Risk scores show difficulties to attain the same performance in different populations. OBJECTIVE: To create a simple and accurate risk assessment model for patients submitted to surgery due to coronary and/or valvular disease at Instituto do Coração da Universidade de São Paulo (InCor-HCFMUSP). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, 3,000 patients were submitted to surgical procedure due to coronary artery and/or valvular disease at InCor-HCFMUSP. From this record, data of 2/3 of the patients were used for model development (bootstrap technique), and 1/3 for internal validation of the model. The performance of the model (InsCor) was compared to the 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet (2000BP) and EuroSCORE (ES) complexes. RESULTS: Only 10 variables were selected: age > 70 years, female sex; coronary revascularization + valve, myocardial infarction < 90 days; reoperation; surgical treatment of aortic valve; surgical treatment of tricuspid valve; creatinine < 2mg/dL; ejection fraction < 30%, and events. The Hosmer Lemeshow test for the InsCor was 0.184, indicating excellent calibration. The area under the ROC curve was 0.79 for the InsCor, 0.81 for the ES and 0.82 for 2000BP, confirming that the models are good and have similar discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: The InsCor and ES performed better than 2000BP at all stages of validation, but the new model, in addition to showing identification with the local risk factors, is simpler and more objective for mortality prediction in patients undergoing surgery due to coronary and/or valvular disease at InCor-HCFMUSP.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Calibragem/normas , Modelos Estatísticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/normas
15.
Inflammation ; 36(4): 800-11, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23417848

RESUMO

Rheumatic fever (RF) is an autoimmune disease triggered by Streptococcus pyogenes infection frequently observed in infants from developing countries. Rheumatic heart disease (RHD), the major sequel of RF, leads to chronic inflammation of the myocardium and valvular tissue. T cells are the main population infiltrating cardiac lesions; however, the chemokines that orchestrate their recruitment are not clearly defined. Here, we investigated the expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors in cardiac tissue biopsies obtained from chronic RHD patients. Our results showed that CCL3/MIP1α gene expression was upregulated in myocardium while CCL1/I-309 and CXCL9/Mig were highly expressed in valvular tissue. Auto-reactive T cells that infiltrate valvular lesions presented a memory phenotype (CD4(+)CD45RO(+)) and migrate mainly toward CXCL9/Mig gradient. Collectively, our results show that a diverse milieu of chemokines is expressed in myocardium and valvular tissue lesions and emphasize the role of CXCL9/Mig in mediating T cell recruitment to the site of inflammation in the heart.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Quimiocina CXCL9/metabolismo , Valvas Cardíacas/imunologia , Miocárdio/imunologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Movimento Celular/imunologia , Quimiocina CCL1/biossíntese , Quimiocina CCL1/imunologia , Quimiocina CCL3/biossíntese , Quimiocina CCL3/imunologia , Quimiocina CXCL9/biossíntese , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fibrose , Valvas Cardíacas/metabolismo , Humanos , Memória Imunológica/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/imunologia , Febre Reumática/imunologia , Febre Reumática/microbiologia , Streptococcus pyogenes , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 25(1): 66-72, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20563470

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The composite mechanical valve conduit replacement is the standardized operation for aneurysms of the aortic root. The objective of this study is to evaluate the long-term surgical results of aortic valve-preserving procedures to the root reconstruction. METHODS: From 1996 to 2008, 54 consecutive patients underwent two different techniques of valve-sparing aortic root operation (40 Yacoub operations and 14 David operations). Mean age was 48 +/- 14 years (range 17 to 74). 36 patients (66.7%) were male and 16 (29.6%) experienced Marfan's syndrome. The mean Euroscore was 4 +/- 1.25. The mean follow up time was 4.1 years (from 49 days to 10.9 years). Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analysed. T-Student paired test, the McNemar Non Parametric test and the Kaplan-Meyer Outcome Curves have been used. RESULTS: The hospital mortality was 5.6% and the average hospitalization time was 9+/-4 days. One non related late death (2%) was reported. The actuarial survival and freedom from reoperation were respectively 94.4% and 96% within 11 years of follow-up. There were benefits in reduction of functional class (P=0.002; 78% CF I), in reduction of aortic regurgitation (P<0.001; 78% with or without discrete reflux), in reduction of systolic and diastolic diameters, end-sytolic and end-diastolic volumes of left ventricle (respectively P=0.004; P<0.0001; P=0.036 and P<0.001). Two (3.9%) patients required aortic valve replacement due to severe aortic regurgitation during this same period. No thromboembolic, endocarditis or bleeding events were reported during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The valve-sparing operation for aortic root aneurysms is an effective alternative to the use of a mechanical valve conduit replacement.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 94(2): 162-8, 174-81, 164-71, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20428610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular surgery has been undergoing transformations due to the advancement of percutaneous techniques, clinical treatment and primary prevention. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of incidence and mortality of heart surgeries performed at the Instituto do Coração (InCor-HCFMUSP). METHODS: Using database from the Instituto do Coração, analysis was carried out on cardiovascular surgeries performed between 1984 and 2007, taking into consideration trends of main procedures and of mortality rates. RESULTS: In 24 years, 71,305 heart surgeries were performed, with an annual average of 2971 procedures. The number of coronary artery bypass graft surgeries, which in the 1980s had an average of 856/year, is currently around 1.106/year. Heart valve procedures increased from 400 to 597 surgeries per year, growing 36.7%, when compared to the 1990s. Repair of congenital heart disease also had a significant increase of 50.8% in relation to the last decade. Global mortality average rate, which at baseline was 7.5%, is currently at 7.0% and 4.9% among elective procedures. In coronary artery bypass graft surgery, current average mortality rate is 4.8% and 8.5% in valve surgery. Repair of congenital heart disease accounts for 5.3%. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular surgery continues increasing. The coronary artery bypass graft is still the most commonly performed surgery. However, profile of procedures has been undergoing changes with the largest increase of approach to cardiac valves and congenital heart disease. Mortality rates are higher when compared to international rates, reflecting the high complexity presented in tertiary service of national reference.


Assuntos
Institutos de Cardiologia/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/tendências , Brasil , Institutos de Cardiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 25(1): 66-72, Jan.-Mar. 2010. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-552842

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The composite mechanical valve conduit replacement is the standardized operation for aneurysms of the aortic root. The objective of this study is to evaluate the long-term surgical results of aortic valve-preserving procedures to the root reconstruction. METHODS: From 1996 to 2008, 54 consecutive patients underwent two different techniques of valve-sparing aortic root operation (40 Yacoub operations and 14 David operations). Mean age was 48 ± 14 years (range 17 to 74). 36 patients (66.7 percent) were male and 16 (29.6 percent) experienced Marfan's syndrome. The mean Euroscore was 4 ± 1.25. The mean follow up time was 4.1 years (from 49 days to 10.9 years). Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analysed. T-Student paired test, the McNemar Non Parametric test and the Kaplan-Meyer Outcome Curves have been used. RESULTS: The hospital mortality was 5.6 percent and the average hospitalization time was 9±4 days. One non related late death (2 percent) was reported. The actuarial survival and freedom from reoperation were respectively 94.4 percent and 96 percent within 11 years of follow-up. There were benefits in reduction of functional class (P=0.002; 78 percent CF I), in reduction of aortic regurgitation (P<0.001; 78 percent with or without discrete reflux), in reduction of systolic and diastolic diameters, end-sytolic and end-diastolic volumes of left ventricle (respectively P=0.004; P<0.0001; P=0.036 and P<0.001). Two (3.9 percent) patients required aortic valve replacement due to severe aortic regurgitation during this same period. No thromboembolic, endocarditis or bleeding events were reported during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The valve-sparing operation for aortic root aneurysms is an effective alternative to the use of a mechanical valve conduit replacement.


INTRODUÇÃO: A utilização do tubo valvulado é a operação clássica para a reconstrução da raiz da aorta. O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a reconstrução da aorta ascendente com a preservação da valva aórtica. MÉTODOS: Entre 1996 e 2008, 54 pacientes consecutivos (66,7 por cento do sexo masculino), com idade média de 48 ± 14 anos, foram submetidos à reconstrução da aorta ascendente e preservação da valva aórtica (40 remodelamentos e 14 reimplantes). O Euroscore médio foi de 4 ± 1,25 e 29,6 por cento eram portadores de síndrome de Marfan. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 4,1 anos (49 dias até 10,9 anos). Foram avaliados por parâmetros clínicos e ecocardiográficos. Para a análise dos dados foram utilizados os testes t de Student pareado, o não-paramétrico de McNemar e a curva de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meyer. RESULTADOS: A mortalidade hospitalar foi de 5,6 por cento. O tempo médio de internação foi de 9 ± 4 dias. Houve um óbito tardio não relacionado (2 por cento). A sobrevida e sobrevida livre de reoperação nos 11 anos de seguimento foram respectivamente de 94,4 por cento e 96 por cento. Houve melhora da classe funcional (P=0,002) (78 por cento CF I), redução da insuficiência aórtica (P<0,001) (78 por cento sem ou com refluxo discreto), redução dos diâmetros sistólico e diastólico, dos volumes sistólico final e diastólico final do ventrículo esquerdo, respectivamente P=0,004; P<0,001; P=0,036 e P<0,001. Dois pacientes foram submetidos à troca de valva aórtica (3,9 por cento) com 4 e 10 anos da operação. Não foram observados fenômenos tromboembólicos, hemorrágicos ou endocardite durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: A reconstrução da raiz da aorta com a preservação da valva aórtica é uma alternativa eficaz ao uso do tubo valvulado.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 94(2): 174-181, fev. 2010. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-544877

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A cirurgia cardiovascular vem passando por transformações em decorrência do avanço das técnicas percutâneas, do tratamento clínico e da prevenção primária. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência e a mortalidade de operações cardiovasculares realizadas no Instituto do Coração (InCor-HCFMUSP). MÉTODOS: A PARtir do banco de dados do Instituto do Coração, foram analisadas as operações cardiovasculares realizadas entre 1984 e 2007, considerando-se a tendência dos principais procedimentos e as taxas de mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Em 24 anos, foram realizadas 71.305 operações cardiovasculares, com uma média anual de 2.971 procedimentos. O número de cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica, que na década de 1980 tinha uma média de 856/ano, atualmente está por volta de 1.106/ano. Os procedimentos das valvas cardíacas passaram de 400 para 597 operações/ano, com um crescimento de 36,7 por cento em relação à década de 1990. As correções das cardiopatias congênitas também tiveram um aumento expressivo de 50,8 por cento em relação à última década. A mortalidade global média, que no início era de 7,5 por cento, atualmente é de 7,0 por cento, sendo de 4,9 por cento entre os procedimentos eletivos. Nas cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica, a mortalidade média atual é de 4,8 por cento e entre as operações valvares é de 8,5 por cento. Nas correções das cardiopatias congênitas corresponde a 5,3 por cento. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia cardiovascular continua em ascensão. A revascularização miocárdica ainda é a operação mais realizada. Entretanto, o perfil dos procedimentos vem se alterando com o maior crescimento da abordagem sobre as valvas cardíacas e das cardiopatias congênitas. As taxas de mortalidade são superiores quando comparadas aos índices internacionais, refletindo a alta complexidade apresentada em um serviço terciário e de referência nacional.


BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular surgery has been undergoing transformations due to the advancement of percutaneous techniques, clinical treatment and primary prevention. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of incidence and mortality of heart surgeries performed at the Instituto do Coração (InCor-HCFMUSP). METHODS: Using database from the Instituto do Coração, analysis was carried out on cardiovascular surgeries performed between 1984 and 2007, taking into consideration trends of main procedures and of mortality rates. RESULTS: In 24 years, 71,305 heart surgeries were performed, with an annual average of 2971 procedures. The number of coronary artery bypass graft surgeries, which in the 1980s had an average of 856/year, is currently around 1.106/year. Heart valve procedures increased from 400 to 597 surgeries per year, growing 36.7 percent, when compared to the 1990s. Repair of congenital heart disease also had a significant increase of 50.8 percent in relation to the last decade. Global mortality average rate, which at baseline was 7.5 percent, is currently at 7.0 percent and 4.9 percent among elective procedures. In coronary artery bypass graft surgery, current average mortality rate is 4.8 percent and 8.5 percent in valve surgery. Repair of congenital heart disease accounts for 5.3 percent. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular surgery continues increasing. The coronary artery bypass graft is still the most commonly performed surgery. However, profile of procedures has been undergoing changes with the largest increase of approach to cardiac valves and congenital heart disease. Mortality rates are higher when compared to international rates, reflecting the high complexity presented in tertiary service of national reference.


FUNDAMENTO: La cirugía cardiovascular ha estado pasando por transformaciones como consecuencia del avance de las técnicas percutáneas, del tratamiento clínico y de la prevención primaria. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la incidencia y la mortalidad de operaciones cardiovasculares realizadas en el Instituto do Coração (InCor-HCFMUSP). MÉTODOS: A partir del banco de datos del Instituto do Coração, se analizaron las operaciones cardiovasculares realizadas entre el 1984 y el 2007, y se consideró como la tendencia de los principales procedimientos las tasas de mortalidad. RESULTADOS: En 24 años, se llevaron a cabo 71.305 operaciones cardiovasculares, con un promedio anual de 2.971 procedimientos. El número de cirugía de revascularización miocárdica, que en la década de 1980 tenía un promedio de 856/año, actualmente está por volta de 1.106/año. Los procedimientos de las válvulas cardiacas pasaron de 400 para 597 operaciones/año, con un crecimiento de un 36,7 por ciento en relación con la década del 1990. Las correcciones de las cardiopatías congénitas también tuvieron un aumento expresivo de un 50,8 por ciento con relación a la última década. La mortalidad global promedio, que en el inicio era de un 7,5 por ciento, actualmente es del 7 por ciento, con un 4,9 por ciento entre los procedimientos electivos. En las cirugías de revascularización miocárdica, la mortalidad promedio actual es de un 4,8 por ciento y entre las operaciones valvulares es de un 8,5 por ciento. En las correcciones de las cardiopatías congénitas corresponde a un 5,3 por ciento. CONCLUSIÓN: La cirugía cardiovascular sigue en ascensión. La revascularización miocárdica todavía es la operación más realizada. Sin embargo, el perfil de los procedimientos se viene alterando con el mayor crecimiento del abordaje sobre las válvulas cardiacas y de las cardiopatías congénitas. Las tasas de mortalidad son superiores cuando comparadas a los índices internacionales, reflejando la alta complejidad presentada ...

20.
Innovations (Phila) ; 5(2): 125-7, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22437361

RESUMO

A 21-year-old woman presented with congestive heart failure caused by congenital mitral and tricuspid insufficiency, associated with great left atrium enlargement. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed heart dextroversion associated with mitral and tricuspid severe insufficiency and left atrium enlargement (14 cm), confirmed by magnetic resonance study. The left atrium was reduced by a tangential triangular resection of the posterior wall, between the pulmonary veins, suturing the edges of the left atrium with bovine pericardium strip reinforcement. Mitral and tricuspid valves were repaired. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged in the 15th postoperative day. A control magnetic resonance study revealed a 50% reduction in left atrium size. Evolution of left atrium resection is excellent, with low recurrence of arrhythmias, embolism, or heart failure.

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