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1.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 36(11): 2299-2305, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478159

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the developmental competence of fast-cleaving D3 embryos. METHODS: Retrospective study including 4028 embryos from 513 PGT-A cycles performed between July 2014 and June 2017. Embryos were cultured in time-lapse incubators and biopsied at blastocyst stage. Embryos were classified in groups according to the number of cells on D3 (from 2-cell to ≥13 -cell and compacted). A generalized linear mixed model adjusted for confounding factors was performed to assess the chance to give rise to an euploid blastocyst in each group compared with the chance of 8-cell embryos. Implantation and live birth rates were also analyzed. RESULTS: The statistical analysis showed that embryos with 9 to 11 cells had a slightly lower euploid blastocyst rate than 8-cell embryos (OR (95% CI) 0.77 (0.61-0.96)) while embryos with more than 11 cells were found to be just as likely to give rise to an euploid blastocyst as the 8-cell embryos (OR (95% CI) 1.20 (0.92-1.56)). Conversely, slow-cleaving embryos had a significantly lower euploid blastocyst rate than 8-cell embryos (OR (95% CI) 0.31 (0.24-0.39)). Moreover, euploid blastocysts derived from fast-cleaving embryos and from 8-cell embryos exhibit similar live birth rates. No significant differences were found in the chance to give rise a live birth between 8-cell and 9- to 11-cell embryos (OR (95% CI) 1.23 (0.70-2.15)) and > 11-cell embryos (OR (95% CI) 1.09 (0.57-2.09)). CONCLUSIONS: Embryos with more than 11 cells exhibit similar developmental competence to 8-cell embryos. Their poor prognosis should be reconsidered.

2.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 33(6): 709-719, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27692602

RESUMO

The influence of aberrant sperm DNA methylation on the reproductive capacity of couples has been postulated as a cause of infertility. This study compared the DNA methylation of spermatozoa of 19 fertile donors and 42 infertile patients using the Illumina 450K array. Clustering analysis of methylation data arranged fertile and infertile patients into two groups. Bivariate clustering analysis identified a differential distribution of samples according to the characteristics of seminogram and age, suggesting a possible link between these parameters and specific methylation profiles. The study identified 696 differentially methylated cytosine-guanine dinucleotides (CpG) associated with 501 genes between fertile donors and infertile patients. Ontological enrichment analysis revealed 13 processes related to spermatogenesis. Data filtering identified a set of 17 differentially methylated genes, some of which had functions relating to spermatogenesis. A significant association was identified between RPS6KA2 hypermethylation and advanced age (P = 0.016); APCS hypermethylation and oligozoospermia (P = 0.041); JAM3/NCAPD3 hypermethylation and numerical chromosome sperm anomalies (P = 0.048); and ANK2 hypermethylation and lower pregnancy rate (P = 0.040). This description of a set of differentially methylated genes provides a framework for further investigation into the influence of such variation in male fertility in larger patient cohorts.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Espermatogênese/genética , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Adulto , Análise por Conglomerados , Ilhas de CpG , Feminino , Fertilidade/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Oligospermia/genética , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Reprodução , Adulto Jovem
3.
Fertil Steril ; 104(3): 591-601, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26143365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in spermatozoa from three infertile populations vs. a group of fertile men. DESIGN: Evaluation of the expression level of 736 miRNAs in human spermatozoa using TaqMan quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. SETTING: University research facility. PATIENT(S): Semen samples with a single seminal alteration were collected from infertile individuals: asthenozoospermic (n = 10), teratozoospermic (n = 10), and oligozoospermic (n = 10). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Correlation of the expression level of each miRNA with seminal parameters, age, and chromosome instability; clustering of the individuals according to their miRNA expression profiles and influence of the seminogram, age, chromosome instability, and assisted reproductive technology outcome in the clustering; analysis of the differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) in each infertile population; genome annotation of these DE-miRNAs; and ontological analysis of their predicted targets. RESULT(S): The hsa-miR-34b-3p correlated with age, the hsa-miR-629-3p with sperm motility, and the hsa-miR-335-5p, hsa-miR-885-5p, and hsa-miR-152-3p with sperm concentration. The individuals clustered into two groups, and only the seminogram was differentially distributed. We identified 32 DE-miRNAs in the asthenozoospermic group, 19 in the teratozoospermic group, and 18 in the oligozoospermic group. The up-regulated miRNAs presented an enriched localization in introns, affecting relevant genes for spermatogenesis. The predicted targets of the DE-miRNAs contained critical genes associated to infertility, and their ontological analysis revealed significantly associated functions related to the seminal alterations of each group. CONCLUSION(S): Spermatozoa from patients with seminal alterations exhibit a differential miRNA profile. This provides new evidence that miRNAs have an essential role in spermatogenesis, contributing to the mechanisms involved in human fertility.


Assuntos
Fertilidade/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Espermatozoides/química , Astenozoospermia/diagnóstico , Astenozoospermia/genética , Astenozoospermia/fisiopatologia , Azoospermia/diagnóstico , Azoospermia/genética , Azoospermia/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Instabilidade Cromossômica , Análise por Conglomerados , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Oligospermia/diagnóstico , Oligospermia/genética , Oligospermia/fisiopatologia , Idade Paterna , Fatores de Risco , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides/patologia
4.
Epigenetics ; 7(10): 1115-24, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22885410

RESUMO

The topic of imprinting defects present in the sperm of infertile patients has been addressed by several reports in the last few years. However, whether methylation abnormalities at one or few CpGs within an imprinted locus are pathological is a matter of debate. Moreover, whether imprinting anomalies in sperm could interfere with fertility treatment outcomes is still unknown. In this report we analyze the sperm DNA methylation profile of H19-ICR, KvDMR, SNRPN-ICR, IG-DMR and MEG3-DMR by pyrosequencing in 107 infertile men series and a control population of 30 proven fertile males. DNA methylation was statistically evaluated from two points of view: first, the methylation of each CpG was analyzed in the control population and the mean, standard deviation and range were determined and compared with infertile population data; second, in order to define altered methylation patterns for each region, a hierarchical cluster analysis was performed by which individuals were grouped in different clusters according to the degree of similarity of their methylation pattern. Two pieces of data supported the results obtained in the multi-variate analysis: the classification of the vast majority of control individuals in clusters with normal methylation patterns and the significant differences in methylation levels found between individuals within the normal and abnormal clusters. Individuals included in normal and abnormal methylation clusters were compared according to seminal parameters as well as to the outcome of assisted reproduction.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Impressão Genômica , Infertilidade Masculina , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/patologia , Masculino , Canais de Potássio de Abertura Dependente da Tensão da Membrana/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Sêmen/citologia , Sêmen/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/citologia , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Proteínas Centrais de snRNP/genética
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