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J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468316

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Anterior tooth selection is an important step in complete denture treatment as it plays a pivotal role not only in esthetics but also in mastication and pronunciation. However, conventional methods for tooth selection are not well established and rely on facial measurements and proportions, which vary among different ethnicities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to investigate the relationship between interalar width and intercanine distance and to compare different clinical methods for determining the position of the canine tooth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred Thai participants (100 men and 100 women) aged 18 to 25 years with 6 full maxillary anterior teeth were enrolled in this study. The interalar width and intercanine distance were measured with digital vernier calipers and compared by using the paired-samples t test. To determine the canine position, 2 reference lines-the alar line (A line) and the inner canthus of the eye to alar line (IA line)-were drawn through the canine on both sides. The horizontal distances from each reference line to the canine cusp tip and distal contact point were evaluated and then analyzed using the 1-sample t test. RESULTS: All measurements were significantly different between men and women (P<.01). Interalar width was greater than intercanine distance in both sexes. In men, the A line coincided with the canine distal contact point (P>.05). In contrast, the IA line was distal to the canine distal contact point by 3.5 ±3.6 mm on the left side and by 3.9 ±3.4 mm on the right side. In women, the A line was situated between the canine cusp tip and distal contact point. It was mesial to the distal contact point by 2.0 ±2.0 mm on the left side and by 1.8 ±2.0 mm on the right side. The IA line was distal to the canine distal contact point by 1.2 ±2.6 mm on the left side and by 1.6 ±2.7 mm on the right side. CONCLUSIONS: The interalar width is greater than the intercanine distance in both sexes. The A line is more clinically relevant than the IA line for predicting canine position. The A line can directly determine the distal contact point of the canine in edentulous male patients. However, in women, a distance of approximately 2 mm should be added distal to the A line to locate the distal contact point of the canine on both sides.

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