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1.
Breast ; 60: 177-184, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young (≤40 years) breast cancers (YBC) are uncommon, inadequately represented in trials and have unique concerns and merit studying. METHODS: The YBC treated with a curative intent between 2015 and 2016 at our institute were analysed. RESULTS: There were 1228 patients with a median age of 36 (12-40) years; 38 (3.1%) had Stage I, 455 (37.1%) - II, 692 (56.3%) -III, and remaining 43 (3.5%) Stage IV (oligo-metastatic) disease; 927 (75.5%) were node positive; 422 (34.4%) were Triple negatives (TNBC), 331 (27%) were HER-2 positive. There were 549 (48.2%) breast conservations and 591 (51.8%) mastectomies of which 62 (10.4%) underwent breast reconstruction. 1143 women received chemotherapy, 617 (53.9%) received as neoadjuvant and 142 (23.1%) had pathological complete response; 934 (81.9%) received adjuvant radiotherapy. At the median follow-up of 48 (0-131) months, 5-year overall and disease-free survival was 79.6% (76.8-82.5) and 59.1% (55.8-62.6). For stage I, II, III and IV, the 5-year overall-survival was 100%, 86.7% (82.8-90.6), 77.3% (73.4-81.2), 69.7% (52.5-86.9) and disease-free survival was 94% (85.9-100), 65.9% (60.3-71.5), 55% (50.5-59.5), and 29.6% (14-45.2) respectively. On multivariate analysis, TNBC and HER-2+ subgroups had poorer survival (p = 0.0035). 25 patients had BRCA mutations with a 5-year DFS of 65.1% (95% CI:43.6-86.6). Fertility preservation was administered in 104 (8.5%) patients; seven women conceived and 5 had live births. Significant postmenopausal symptoms were present in 153 (13%) patients. CONCLUSION: More than half of the YBC in India were diagnosed at an advanced stage with aggressive features leading to suboptimal outcomes. Awareness via national registry and early diagnosis is highly warranted. Menopausal symptoms and fertility issues are prevalent and demand special focus.

2.
Radiother Oncol ; 165: 32-36, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CTV delineation guidelines for the para-aortic nodal region for patients with cervical cancer have been proposed (Keenan et al., 2018). The purpose of this study was to validate these guidelines with the use of CT datasets of cervical cancer patients with macroscopic PALN treated with definitive (chemo)radiation (CTRT) at our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Planning CT datasets of 71 cervical cancer patients with gross PA nodal disease treated with EFRT were used. Two hundred and two PALN were identified based on size and morphology on diagnostic CECT, PET CT, or histologically proven PALN. LN regions were divided into upper, middle, and lower and based on their relation to the aorta and IVC. Macroscopic PALN were contoured, and the CTV for PALN irradiation was generated based on the proposed guidelines on ECLIPSE (Version 13.5). The centre of mass (COMN) was calculated for each gross PALN. The evaluation was done to review the presence of COMN in relation to the CTV PALN. RESULTS: The most common location of PALN was Left para-aortic (105 LN-52%), Aortocaval (55 LN-27.2%), and Precaval (14 LN-6.9%). Lower PALN were the commonest (104 LN-51.5%). Ninety-three were middle PALN (46%), and 5 were upper PALN (2.5%). After excluding upper PALN, COMN for 11 PALN (5.5%) were outside the CTV while 20 were junctional. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that more than 95% of PALN in this patient cohort were covered using these guidelines with the addition of an extra 5 mm margin laterally on the left.

3.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3): 826-834, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146636

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A prospective phase 2 study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-application multifractionated (SA-MF), high-dose-rate (HDR), image guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) for cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients (N = 41) with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2009 stage IIB-IVA disease recruited between 2017 and 2019 underwent SA-MF. After completion of external beam radiation therapy of 50 Gy in 25 fractions, patients received magnetic resonance IGABT. The IGABT protocol consisted of a single brachytherapy (BT) application and treatment with 3 fractions of HDR (9 Gy on day 1; 2 fractions of 7 Gy with a minimum 6-hour gap on day 2) after achieving planning aims of the high-risk clinical target volume (HRCTV) receiving >84 Gy EQD2 and 2 cm3 of the bladder and rectum/sigmoid receiving ≤85 Gy and <71 Gy, respectively. Interfraction variation was addressed by performing computed tomography planning and coregistration using a mutual information-based coordinate system on day 2 before the second fraction. Organ at risk contouring was done on computed tomography, and doses were re-evaluated and reoptimized if required. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients were treated as per the protocol. All patients underwent Intracavitary + Interstitial BT with needles (median, 4; range, 3-11). The mean ± standard deviation HRCTV volume was 41 ± 21 cm3 and HRCTV D90 dose was 87.2 ± 3.6Gy. The 0.1 cm3 and 2 cm3 to bladder, rectum, and sigmoid were -103.2 ± 10.6 Gy and -84.6 ± 6.8 Gy, 82.2 ± 9.5 Gy and -68.3 ± 5.7 Gy, and 83.5 ± 9.8 Gy and -69.5 ± 5.9 Gy, respectively. Six patients required reoptimization before the second fraction to meet planning aims. Mean overall treatment time was 47 ± 6 days. With a median follow up of 22 months (range, 2-37), 2-year local control and disease-free and overall survival were 90.1%, 85%, and 94.5%, respectively. So far 1 patient with grade II and 2 patients with grade III rectal toxicities have been reported. CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance IGABT with SA-MF BT was feasible in 95% of patients. The dosimetric parameters and clinical results achieved so far look promising.

4.
Indian J Cancer ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753616

RESUMO

Background: There is limited access to 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab in resource-constrained settings. Most randomized studies have failed to prove non-inferiority of shorter durations of adjuvant trastuzumab compared to 1 year However, shorter durations are often used when 1 year is not financially viable. We report the outcomes with 12 weeks of trastuzumab administered as part of curative-intent treatment. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients treated at Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, a tertiary care cancer center in India. Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2)-positive early or locally advanced breast cancer who received 12 weeks of adjuvant or neoadjuvant trastuzumab with paclitaxel and four cycles of an anthracycline-based regimen in either sequence, through a patient assistance program between January 2011 and December 2012, were analyzed for disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. Results: A total of 102 patients were analyzed with a data cutoff in September 2019. The median follow-up was 72 months (range 6-90 months), the median age was 46 (24-65) years, 51 (50%) were postmenopausal, 37 (36%) were hormone receptor-positive, and 61 (60%) had stage-III disease. There were 37 DFS events and 26 had OS events. The 5-year DFS was 66% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 56-75%) and the OS was 76% (95% CI 67-85%), respectively. Cardiac dysfunction developed in 11 (10.7%) patients. Conclusion: The use of neoadjuvant or adjuvant 12-week trastuzumab-paclitaxel in sequence with four anthracycline-based regimens resulted in acceptable long-term outcomes in a group of patients, most of whom had advanced-stage nonmetastatic breast cancer.

5.
Breast ; 56: 88-95, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy associated breast cancer (PABC) is a rare entity and defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or one-year post-partum. There is sparse data especially from low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and merits exploration. METHODS: The study (2013-2020) evaluated demographics, treatment patterns and outcomes of PABC. RESULTS: There were 104 patients, median age of 31 years; 43 (41%) had triple-negative disease, 31(29.8%) had hormone-receptor (HR) positive and HER2 negative, 14 (13.5%) had HER2-positive and HR negative and 16(15.4%) had triple positive disease. 101(97%) had IDC grade III tumors and 74% had delayed diagnosis. 72% presented with early stage (24, EBC) or locally advanced breast cancer (53, LABC) and received either neoadjuvant (n = 49) or adjuvant (n = 26) chemotherapy and surgery. Trastuzumab, tamoxifen, and radiotherapy were administered post-delivery. At a median follow up of 27 (IQR:19-35) months, the estimated 3-year event-free survival (EFS) for EBC and LABC was 82% (95% CI: 65.2-100) and 56% (95% CI: 42-75.6%) and for metastatic 24% (95% CI: 10.1%-58.5%) respectively. Of the 104 patients, 34 were diagnosed antepartum (AP) and 15 had termination, 2 had preterm and 16 had full-term deliveries(FTDs). Among postpartum cohort (n = 70), 2 had termination, 1 had preterm, 67 had FTDs. 83(including 17 from AP) children from both cohorts were experiencing normal milestones. CONCLUSION: Data from the first Indian PABC registry showed that the majority had delayed diagnosis and aggressive features(TNBC, higher grade). Treatment was feasible in majority and stage matched outcomes were comparable to non-PABCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Mastectomia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/patologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/terapia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2 , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(11): 1234-1242, 2021 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497252

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We report the clinical outcomes of a randomized trial comparing prophylactic whole-pelvic nodal radiotherapy to prostate-only radiotherapy (PORT) in high-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: This phase III, single center, randomized controlled trial enrolled eligible patients undergoing radical radiotherapy for node-negative prostate adenocarcinoma, with estimated nodal risk ≥ 20%. Randomization was 1:1 to PORT (68 Gy/25# to prostate) or whole-pelvic radiotherapy (WPRT, 68 Gy/25# to prostate, 50 Gy/25# to pelvic nodes, including common iliac) using computerized stratified block randomization, stratified by Gleason score, type of androgen deprivation, prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis, and prior transurethral resection of the prostate. All patients received image-guided, intensity-modulated radiotherapy and minimum 2 years of androgen deprivation therapy. The primary end point was 5-year biochemical failure-free survival (BFFS), and secondary end points were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: From November 2011 to August 2017, a total of 224 patients were randomly assigned (PORT = 114, WPRT = 110). At a median follow-up of 68 months, 36 biochemical failures (PORT = 25, WPRT = 7) and 24 deaths (PORT = 13, WPRT = 11) were recorded. Five-year BFFS was 95.0% (95% CI, 88.4 to 97.9) with WPRT versus 81.2% (95% CI, 71.6 to 87.8) with PORT, with an unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.23 (95% CI, 0.10 to 0.52; P < .0001). WPRT also showed higher 5-year DFS (89.5% v 77.2%; HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.22 to 0.73; P = .002), but 5-year OS did not appear to differ (92.5% v 90.8%; HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.41 to 2.05; P = .83). Distant metastasis-free survival was also higher with WPRT (95.9% v 89.2%; HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.82; P = .01). Benefit in BFFS and DFS was maintained across prognostic subgroups. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic pelvic irradiation for high-risk, locally advanced prostate cancer improved BFFS and DFS as compared with PORT, but OS did not appear to differ.


Assuntos
Pelve/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Nucl Med Commun ; 41(12): 1291-1298, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941400

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The standard imaging used for delineation of dominant intraprostatic lesion (DIL) is multiparametric MRI (mpMRI). The use of biologic imaging such as Ga-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET-computed tomography (PET-CT) for this purpose is being explored in view of increased sensitivity of this modality and the associated ease of delineation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary objective of the study was to compare the autogenerated volumes of the DIL in Ga-68 PSMA PET-CT with the standard volume delineated in mpMRI. Twenty patients with biopsy-proven untreated prostatic adenocarcinoma were included. Multiple percentages of the maximum standardized uptake value (%SUVmax) were used to autogenerate DIL volumes in Ga-68 PSMA PET-CT and these volumes were numerically matched with the consensus DIL volume in mpMRI. PSMA tumor volume (PSMA-TV) and total lesion PSMA (TL-PSMA) were also calculated for each lesion. RESULTS: Median volume of DIL in mpMRI was 4 cm (interquartile range, IQR = 2.5-7.6 cm). The IQR for interobserver variability was 0.5-2.5 cm. Median SUVmax of the DIL was 14.1 (IQR = 10.2-22.3). Median %SUVmax corresponding to mpMRI volume was 41% of SUVmax (IQR = 34-55%). There was a strong negative correlation between MRI volume and %SUVmax (r = -0.829, P < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between TL-PSMA and prostate-specific antigen (r = 0.609, P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: The median DIL volume was 4 cm and median %SUVmax corresponding to MR volume of DIL was 41%. A strong inverse relationship is found between mpMRI-defined DIL volume and the %SUVmax which generates similar volume in Ga-68 PSMA PET-CT. TL-PSMA could be a quantitative biomarker for tumor load and prognosis.


Assuntos
Isótopos de Gálio , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
9.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 3(2): e1217, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the primary treatment strategies for advanced epithelial ovarian cancers includes neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) and adjuvant chemotherapy. Compliance to treatment is important to possibly improve outcomes. AIM: To audit treatment compliance and its effect on overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) in women undergoing IDS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women diagnosed with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer undergoing IDS were included. Details of compliance to chemotherapy and surgery as per standard guidelines were assessed, and correlation with survival was studied. Reasons for protocol deviation at various levels were documented and analysed. A total of 182 patients were included. The total number of deviations was 134 with deviation at any level being 89 (48.9%) and at all levels 5%. Both patient- and treatment-related factors contributed towards deviation. Deviation or noncompliance towards treatment resulted in a significantly reduced 5-year OS (34.4% vs 58.2%; P = .001) compared with compliant patients, which retained its significance on multivariate analysis (P = .024) as well. CONCLUSION: Deviation from treatment guidelines resulted in a significantly lower 5-year OS compared with those who remained treatment compliant. Both patient- and treatment-related factors contributed towards noncompliance and hence towards lower survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Cooperação do Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade
10.
Indian J Cancer ; 57(3): 267-281, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675442

RESUMO

Background: Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) is a rare low grade renal tumour exhibiting characteristic morphological features. We share our experience and discuss briefly, a review of the current literature. Methods: Electronic medical records were searched between January 2005 to January 2017. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry slides were retrieved and reviewed. Results: Eleven cases of MTSCC were identified. Mean age at presentation was 53.9 (age range 41 to 71) years with a slight female preponderance (F: M=6:5). Clinical stage at presentation was: Stage I (4 cases), Stage II (3 cases), Stage III (1 case), and Stage IV (3 cases). The average tumour size was 7.5cm (range 3.5 to 17cm). Microscopically, characteristic biphasic tumour with tubular and spindle cell morphology with variable mucinous stroma was noted in all. The prominent immunohistochemical profile revealed positivity for CK7 (7/8, 87.5%), AMACR (6/8, 75%), AE1/3 (4/4, 100%), CD10 (3/10, 27.3%), and Vimentin (3/3, 100%). Seven patients (Stage I and II) had been treated with nephrectomy, whereas only a diagnostic biopsy was available in four patients who presented with locally advanced disease (n=1) or distant metastasis (n=3) at presentation. The mean follow-up was 37.8 months (range 8 to 96 months), available in 10 out of 11 patients, without recurrence in nine while one died 8 months after diagnosis. Conclusion: MTSCC is an indolent renal cancer with characteristic morphology. However, presentation with locally advanced disease or distant metastasis may be seen in a subset of these patients. This warrants close follow-up in even localized tumors.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma/patologia
11.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 108(5): 1248-1256, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In 2018, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) proposed a new staging for cervical cancer. The present study was designed to reclassify patients with locally advanced cervix cancer and perform a comparative evaluation with FIGO 2009. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (stage IB2-IVA) who had baseline cross-sectional imaging and received (chemo-) radiation and brachytherapy were included. Survival outcomes were analyzed according to FIGO 2009. Patients were then reclassified according to FIGO 2018, and TNM classification outcomes were analyzed. FIGO stage and known prognostic factors were included in univariate analysis, and multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the prognostic value of clinical stage. RESULTS: Six hundred thirty-two patients were included. Overall, 185 (29.3%) patients had pelvic adenopathy, and 51 (8.2%) had positive paraortic nodes. At a median follow-up of 33 months, 116 (18.3%) patients had recurrence. Three-year disease-free survival (DFS) according to FIGO 2009 for stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IVA was 86%, 91%, 76%, 57%, 65%, and 61%, respectively. The 3-year DFS after restaging according to FIGO 2018 for stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC1, IIIC2, and IVA was 100%, 93%, 84%, 53%, 77%, 74%, 61%, and 61%, respectively. Patients with clinically significant lymphadenopathy had inferior outcomes compared with node-negative patients (62.9% vs 77.8%; P = .002). Patients with ≥3 paraortic nodes had poorer DFS than patients with <3 paraortic lymphadenopathy (13.6% vs 56.3%; P = .001). Furthermore, patients with primary tumor volume >30 cm3 had worse 3-year DFS than those with primary tumor volume ≤30 cm3 (67.4% vs 78.5%; P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: FIGO 2018 modification is associated with heterogenous outcomes in node-positive patients that are affected by primary tumor and nodal volume. We propose a modification to the existing TNM staging system to allow more robust classification of outcomes.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Braquiterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Ginecologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Obstetrícia , Pelve , Prognóstico , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/classificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
12.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e034623, 2020 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114475

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There has been an interest in studying the efficacy of extreme hypofractionation in low and intermediate risk prostate cancer utilising the low alpha/beta ratio of prostate. Its role in high-risk and node-positive prostate cancer, however, is unknown. We hypothesise that a five-fraction schedule of extreme hypofractionation will be non-inferior to a moderately hypofractionated regimen over 5 weeks in efficacy and will have acceptable toxicity and quality of life while reducing the cost implications during treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an ongoing, non-inferiority, multicentre, randomised trial (NCT03561961) of two schedules for National Cancer Control Network high-risk and/or node-positive non-metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. The standard arm will be a schedule of 68 Gy/25# over 5 weeks while the test arm will be extremely hypofractionated radiotherapy with stereotactic body radiation therapy to 36.25 Gy/5# (7 to 10 days). The block randomisation will be stratified by nodal status (N0/N+), hormonal therapy (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone therapy/orchiectomy) and centre. All patients will receive daily image-guided radiotherapy.The primary end point is 4-year biochemical failure free survival (BFFS). The power calculations assume 4-year BFFS of 80% in the moderate hypofractionation arm. With a 5% one-sided significance and 80% power, a total of 434 patients will be randomised to both arms equally (217 in each arm). The secondary end points include overall survival, prostate cancer specific survival, acute and late toxicities, quality of life and out-of-pocket expenditure. DISCUSSION: The trial aims to establish a therapeutically efficacious and cost-efficient modality for high-risk and node-positive prostate cancer with an acceptable toxicity profile. Presently, this is the only trial evaluating and answering such a question in this cohort. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial has been approved by IEC-III of Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Registered with CTRI/2018/05/014054 (http://ctri.nic.in) on 24 May 2018.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos Clínicos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
South Asian J Cancer ; 9(1): 23-26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956615

RESUMO

Introduction: This is a retrospective analysis to assess the safety and efficacy of abiraterone acetate (AA) in metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated at tertiary care institute. Materials and Methods: The clinical records of mCRPC patients treated with AA at our tertiary care institute between July 2013 and December 2015 were reviewed. The treatment efficacy, toxicities, and its determinants were analyzed. Results: A total of 59 mCRPC patients treated with AA were reviewed, of whom 37 were chemo-naive and 22 had received prior chemotherapy (postchemo). The median follow-up duration was 10.0/15.0 months for chemo-naïve/postchemotherapy patients. 43.2%/36.36% of chemo-naive/postchemo patients had visceral metastases. The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 15/7.8 months and 10/5.3 months for chemo-naive/postchemo patients, respectively. Median time to best prostate-specific antigen response was 3.4 months. Abiraterone was relatively well tolerated with no grade 4 toxicity or treatment-related death. We found the presence of previous taxene use and baseline symptoms to be significantly determinant of OS with abiraterone. Conclusion: The present study reported the efficacy of abiraterone in both chemo-naïve and postchemo patients of mCRPC outside clinical trial setting. We found lower OS and PFS with abiraterone as compared to that reported in the clinical trial setting in both chemo-naïve and postchemo patients, and particularly in those patients with the visceral disease, and further clinical trial for abiraterone in this subgroup of patients is warranted.

14.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(2): 310-319, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This phase II study evaluated the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography for planning radiation and brachytherapy in patients with postsurgical recurrence of cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study (NCT01391065) recruited patients with residual or recurrent disease after hysterectomy. Patients underwent baseline T2 weighted (T2W) MRI, 18F-flouro-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG), 18F-flouro thymidine (18F-FLT) and 18F-flouromisonidazole (18F-F Miso) positron emission tomography (PET) and received external radiation (50 Gy/25 fractions for 5 weeks) and weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m2). MRI was performed at brachytherapy and used for delineation of clinical target volume (CTV). Patients with parametrial disease at baseline received interstitial brachytherapy (16-20 Gy/4-5 fractions) and those with vaginal disease received intracavitary brachytherapy (12-14 Gy/2-4 fractions). Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to evaluate locoregional relapse, disease free survival, and overall survival. Common Toxicity Criteria for adverse event reporting (CTCAE) v4.1 was used for toxicity scoring and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questtionaire Core 30 (QLQC-30) and Cx 24 for quality-of-life reporting. RESULTS: Between January 2011 and February 2016, 60 patients were included, of which 50 received study treatment. The mean gross tumor volume on T2 W MR was 20 (IQR 3.6-90) cc. The metabolic tumor volume was 15 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.1-56.1) cc. The median FLT volume was 10 (IQR 0-48) cc. A total of 8 patients had 18-F F Miso uptake. The median CTV at brachytherapy was 38 (12-85) cc. The median CTVD90 and D 98 was 71 (53-74) and 74 (53-74) Gy. At a median follow-up of 60 (5-93) months, the 5-year local control, disease free survival, and overall survival were 84%, 73%, and 74.5%, respectively. Grade III and IV proctitis and cystitis were observed in 4% and 2% of patients. On multivariate analysis baseline tumor volume, on T2 W MR impacted disease free (91% vs 65%, P = .03) and overall survival (96% vs 77%, P = .06). CONCLUSIONS: Image-guided assisted radiation and brachytherapy are associated with good to excellent local control and survival in patients with vaginal recurrences of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Braquiterapia/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Cistite/etiologia , Cistite/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasia Residual , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Proctite/etiologia , Proctite/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
15.
Indian J Cancer ; 56(1): 54-58, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer (BCa) is the ninth most common cancer accounting for 3.9% of all cancer cases as per the Indian Cancer Registry data. There is a scarcity of data on urinary Bca from India. AIM: The aim of this study was to know demographic background, stage distribution, utilization of various treatment modalities, and oncological outcome in Indian patients presenting with bladder cancer to a tertiary care cancer center in Mumbai. METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective audit of all patients registered as urinary BCa in our hospital from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. Electronic medical records of these patients were checked for most of the information gathered. RESULTS: Median age of patients at presentation was 59 years with a range of 18-88 years. There were 84% male and 16% female patients. Forty seven percent of patients had nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), 36% had muscle invasive bladder cancer and locally advanced disease, and 17% had metastatic disease. Eight patients were treated with trimodality bladder preservation protocol. Recurrence was seen in 38 (22.6%) patients with NMIBC. Out of them. 44.7% and 55.3% were in low- and high-grade tumors, respectively. Overall survival and disease-free survival estimated for 3 years were 63% and 57%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Bladder cancer has a varied spectrum of presentation. Bladder cancer patients presenting to our hospital generally have a higher stage and grade of disease compared with that in the west.


Assuntos
Institutos de Câncer , Demografia , Neoplasias Musculares/patologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Musculares/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia
17.
J Glob Oncol ; 4: 1-15, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30085891

RESUMO

Standard guidelines for the management of early and locally advanced cervical cancer are available from various academic consortiums nationally and internationally. However, implementing standard-of-care treatment poses unique challenges within low- and middle-income countries, such as India, where diverse clinical care practices may exist. The National Cancer Grid, a consortium of 108 institutions in India, aims to homogenize care for patients with cervical cancer by achieving consensus on not only imaging and management, but also in addressing potential solutions to prevalent challenges that affect the homogenous implementation of standard-of-care treatment. These guidelines therefore represent a consensus statement of the National Cancer Grid gynecologic cancer expert group and will assist in homogenization of the therapeutic management of patients with cervical cancer in India.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
18.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 16-22, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147088

RESUMO

Background: Survival studies may serve as benchmarks to develop cancer-related policies and estimate baseline survival rates in a given patient population. Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective audit of cases managed in 2009 and now report the disease-free survival (DFS) in early breast cancer (EBC) and locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) in patients registered at a tertiary cancer center in India. Results: The study included 2192 patients with breast cancer with ages ranging from 18 years to 94 years with a median of 50 years. Of these, 888 (40.5%) were EBCs Stage I and II, 833 (38%) were LABCs (Stage III), and 471 (21.5%) were de novo metastatic or relapsed cancers at presentation. The 5-year DFS in the women with EBC was 85.5% and in LABC, it was 67.7%, P < 0.001. The factors adversely affecting DFS in EBC were node metastasis (P < 0.001), higher metastatic nodes (P < 0.001), hormone receptor negativity (P = 0.001), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2neu) positivity (P = 0.033). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis in EBC, node-positive status (hazard ratio [HR] 2.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.51-3.45, P < 0.001) and hormone receptor negative tumors (HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.30-2.94, P = 0.001) significantly affected DFS in EBC. The factors adversely affecting DFS in LABC in the univariate analysis were node metastasis (P < 0.001), increasing numbers of nodes (P < 0.001), presence of lymphovascular emboli (LVE) (P < 0.01), mastectomy (P < 0.001), and Her2neu positivity (P = 0.03). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, node positivity (HR 2.96, 95% CI 2.04-4.29, P < 0.0001), presence of LVE (HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.04, P = 0.023), and mastectomy (HR 1.49, 95% CI 1.06-2.10, P = 0.023) adversely impacted DFS in LABC. Conclusions: The survival rates in this study are equal to the documented global rates; nodal disease burden emerged as the most important prognostic factor. In addition, in EBCs, a lack of hormone receptor expression and in LABC, Her2neu overexpression appear to worsen the outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Indian J Cancer ; 55(1): 50-54, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147093

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in Indian women. Majority of these are epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs), most of which present in advanced stage. Women with poor performance status and/or those unlikely to achieve optimal debulking at upfront surgery, benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by interval cytoreduction, with lesser surgical morbidity and equal survival rates as compared to primary cytoreduction. Methodology: This was a retrospective analysis of patients with advanced ovarian cancer, treated with NACT followed by interval debulking surgery at Tata Memorial Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014. Results: Epithelial cancers constituted 84.4% (n = 406) of all cases of ovarian malignancies. Of these, overwhelming majority (84.3%, n = 342) were in the advanced stage. Sixty percent of all EOC patients received NACT. The mean baseline serum CA-125 level in women treated with NACT was 4294.7 U/ml (range, 11-151,200 U/ml). The median number of NACT cycles (paclitaxel + carboplatin) was 3. Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 81.5% cases. The rates of Grade 3 or 4 intraoperative and postoperative complications were 4% each. The median postoperative stay was 5 days and the median time between surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy was 20 days. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 15.15 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.95-17.34), and the median overall survival (OS) was 34.73 months. Multivariate analysis revealed that optimal cytoreduction (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.04 [95% CI: 1.15-3.62]; P = 0.015) and number of NACT cycles (3 vs. >3; HR = 1.51 [95% CI: 1.06-2.16]; P = 0.022) were significantly associated with PFS, and optimal cytoreduction (HR = 3.21 [95% CI: 1.53-6.73]; P = 0.002) and ECOG status (0-1 vs. ≥2; HR = 2.64 [95% CI: 1.25-5.55]; P = 0.011) with OS. Conclusions: High rates of optimal cytoreduction were achieved at interval cytoreductive surgery after NACT, with acceptable surgical morbidity, early start of adjuvant chemotherapy, and survival outcomes comparable to international standards.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Br J Radiol ; 90(1077): 20170152, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28707988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Radiotherapy (RT) for synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) is technically very challenging. This study reports the clinical feasibility, dosimetry and safety of helical tomotherapy (HT) with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy for SBBC. METHODS: 21 women with SBBC treated with HT from January 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Radiation lung toxicity was assessed using pulmonary function test (PFT) and high-resolution computerized tomography scan (HRCT) scan at baseline and 1 yearpost-RT in 18 patients. Survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves. Significance of the difference between pre- and post-RT PFT values was assessed using paired t-test. RESULTS: The dose prescription was 50Gy to the breast, chest wall or regional nodes and 61Gy to the tumour bed as SIB, delivered in 25 fractions. Dosimetric outcome was excellent both for target volumes and normal tissues. Acute skin and oesophageal toxicities were minimal. Symptomatic radiation-induced pnuemonitis was not observed. Subclinical radiological Grade I-II changes were apparent in 14 patients. Only one patient developed Grade III radiological change whereas no change was documented for three patients. PFTs did not show any significant change in any of the measured parameters. At a median follow-up of 25 months, 3-year disease-free survival, overall survival and loco-regional control were 65.6%, 83.3% and 85.7% respectively. CONCLUSION: Women with SBBC can be safely treated with HT and this is not associated with adverse short- to intermediate term radiation toxicity. Advances in knowledge: This is the first report that establishes the safety of HT for adjuvant RT using SIB technique in SBBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
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