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1.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 31(2): 76-83, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29658428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is a growing area of interest in dementia research. This study aims to investigate the caregivers' perspective about the QoL of people with young-onset Alzheimer disease (YOAD) and late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD). We also aim to investigate factors that might be associated to caregivers' perspective in YOAD and LOAD. METHODS: We included 110 people with Alzheimer disease (PwAD; 53 YOAD) and their primary caregivers. The PwAD completed assessments about their QoL and cognition. The caregivers provided information about the PwAD (demographics, QoL, ability to perform activities of daily living, mood, and dementia severity) and had burden of care assessed. RESULTS: We did not find a difference in caregivers' perspectives of PwAD QoL according to the age at onset. However, the linear regression analysis indicated that caregivers' burden ( P < .01) and PwAD depressive symptoms ( P < .05) were significantly related to the caregivers' perspective of YOAD QoL. Caregivers' burden ( P < .01), years of education ( P < .05), and self-reported QoL ( P < .01) were significantly related to the caregivers' perspective of LOAD QoL. CONCLUSIONS: The factors that drive the perceptions of caregivers of PwAD QoL may vary according to the age at onset. The study provides basic information on caregivers' perspectives of PwAD QoL to create more effective interventions according to the age at onset.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 144(1-2): 34-41, 2013 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22858259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different cutoff points for a depressive disorder on depression scales exist in different countries. The reasons could be that the presence or the intensity of the various symptoms on the scales differ. We wanted to explore differences in scores on depression scales among patients in Brazil and Norway. METHODS: The Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) and the Montgomery-Aasberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) were completed independently among 211 elderly outpatients in Brazil and Norway. A psychiatrist, blind to the results, diagnosed depression using the ICD-10 and DSM-IV criteria. RESULTS: According to the ICD-10 criteria, 29 (33.7%) Brazilian and 51 (40.8%) Norwegian patients had depression (p=0.3). Mean CSDD score was 14.4 (SD 8.9) in Brazil and 6.8 (SD 4.9) in Norway (p<0.001). Mean MADRS score was 13.2 (SD 12.1) in Brazil and 8.4 (SD 6.8) in Norway (p=0.02). We analyzed the scores for the depressed and the non-depressed patients separately. In both groups the Brazilian patients had significantly higher scores on both scales compared to the Norwegian patients. In an adjusted linear regression analysis the variable "country" was associated with the CSDD score (beta=-0.29, p=0.01). LIMITATIONS: The protocols in the two countries were not exactly the same. Only one psychiatrist evaluated the patients. CONCLUSIONS: The scores on the MADRS and the CSDD were higher in patients in Brazil than in Norway. In an adjusted linear regression analysis, "country" was the only variable associated with the higher CSDD score.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Depressão/diagnóstico , Fenótipo , Idoso , Brasil , Demência/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 24(8): 1291-8, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22185723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few studies on validation of depression scales in the elderly in Latin America. This study aimed to assess the validity of Montgomery-Åsberg. Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) in Brazilian elderly outpatients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 95 outpatients was diagnosed for dementia and depression according to DSM-IV-TR, ICD-10, and PDC-dAD criteria. Receiver Operating Curves (ROC) were used to calculate the area under the curve (AUC) and to assess MADRS and CSDD cut-offs for each diagnostic criterion. RESULTS: Dementia was diagnosed in 71 of 95 patients. Depression was diagnosed in 35, 30, and 51 patients by ICD-10, DSM-IV, and PDC-dAD, respectively. MADRS cut-off score of 10 correctly diagnosed 67.4% and 66.3% patients as depressed according to DSM-IV and ICD-10. A cut-off of 9 correctly identified 74.7% by PDC-dAD criteria; a CSDD cut-off score of 13 best recognized depression according to DSM-IV and ICD-10. A score of 11 diagnosed depression according to PDC-dAD, while MADRS = 9 recognized depression in dementia. CSDD was more efficient in showing depression in mild than in moderate/severe dementia according to DSM-IV/ICD-10. PDC-dAD behaved nicely for any severity stage. CONCLUSION: MADRS and CSDD cut-offs of 10 and 13 were the optimal ones to diagnose depression in elderly, respectively. CSDD cut-offs are higher than those found in other countries. Other Latin American studies are needed to compare results with our study.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/etnologia , Demência/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/etnologia , Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial , Brasil , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Braz J Psychiatr ; 33(1): 81-90, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21537725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the therapeutic options available for treatment of cognitive and behavioral symptoms in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. METHOD: Systematic review using the descriptors "frontotemporal lobar degeneration" OR "frontotemporal dementia" OR "fronto-temporal dementia" OR "fronto-temporal degeneration" OR "Pick's disease" OR "Pick's atrophy" OR "semantic dementia" OR "progressive aphasia" AND "pharmacotherapy" OR "treatment" OR "efficacy" OR "effects" OR "management" was performed in the Medline and Lilacs databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Quality A - randomized clinical trials. Quality B - open studies or reports of six or more cases. Quality C - reports of five or fewer cases. Two reviewers independently assessed the clinical studies. Information collected included diagnostic criteria used, sample size, duration, efficacy and tolerability measures used and results obtained. RESULTS: From the 532 studies found, 29 complied with the inclusion criteria. All studies worked with a small sample, had short duration of treatment and used non-uniform measures in evaluating efficacy and tolerability. Studies showed disparate results with respect to behavior and cognition. CONCLUSION: There is still little, and poor, evidence available for treatment of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and studies with better methodological background are needed.


Assuntos
Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Frontotemporal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Doença de Pick/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 33(1): 81-90, Mar. 2011. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-584109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the therapeutic options available for treatment of cognitive and behavioral symptoms in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. METHOD: Systematic review using the descriptors "frontotemporal lobar degeneration" OR "frontotemporal dementia" OR "fronto-temporal dementia" OR "fronto-temporal degeneration" OR "Pick's disease" OR "Pick's atrophy" OR "semantic dementia" OR "progressive aphasia" AND "pharmacotherapy" OR "treatment" OR "efficacy" OR "effects" OR "management" was performed in the Medline and Lilacs databases. Selection criteria: Quality A - randomized clinical trials. Quality B - open studies or reports of six or more cases. Quality C - reports of five or fewer cases. Two reviewers independently assessed the clinical studies. Information collected included diagnostic criteria used, sample size, duration, efficacy and tolerability measures used and results obtained. RESULTS: From the 532 studies found, 29 complied with the inclusion criteria. All studies worked with a small sample, had short duration of treatment and used non-uniform measures in evaluating efficacy and tolerability. Studies showed disparate results with respect to behavior and cognition. CONCLUSION: There is still little, and poor, evidence available for treatment of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and studies with better methodological background are needed.


OBJETIVO: Identificar as opções terapêuticas disponíveis para tratamento dos sintomas cognitivos e comportamentais da degeneração lobar frontotemporal. MÉTODO: Revisão sistemática utilizando os descritores "frontotemporal lobar degeneration OR frontotemporal dementia OR fronto-temporal dementia OR fronto-temporal degeneration OR Pick's disease OR Pick's atrophy OR semantic dementia OR progressive aphasia AND pharmacotherapy OR treatment OR efficacy OR effects OR management" nas bases Medline e Lilacs. Critérios de seleção: Qualidade A - Estudos clínicos randomizados. Qualidade B - Estudos abertos ou relatos de seis ou mais casos. Qualidade C - Relatos de cinco ou menos casos. Dois revisores avaliaram independentemente os estudos clínicos. As informações coletadas incluíram critérios de diagnóstico utilizados, número da amostra, duração, medidas de eficácia e tolerabilidade utilizadas e os resultados obtidos. RESULTADOS: Encontraram-se 532 estudos e 29 preenchiam os critérios. Todos os estudos incluíam uma amostra pequena, com curta duração de tratamento, com utilização de medidas não uniformes na avaliação da eficácia e da tolerabilidade. O comportamento e a cognição apresentaram resultados díspares entre os estudos. CONCLUSÃO: São poucas as evidências disponíveis para tratamento da degeneração lobar frontotemporal e de qualidade insatisfatória, sendo necessários estudos com maior rigor metodológico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Frontotemporal/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Pick/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 18(2): 93-96, jun. 1999. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-299409

RESUMO

O hematoma extradural tem sido cada vez mais frequente no idoso. Nessa faixa etária, a queda da própria altura é a principal causa. A tomografia computadorizada é o principal meio de diagnóstico. O prognóstico encontra-se diretamento relacionado ao escore na escala de coma de Glasgow à admissão e à presença de lesöes intracranianas associadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Hematoma Epidural Craniano
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