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1.
Can J Urol ; 26(5S2): 57-59, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629436

RESUMO

Demand for cancer genetic counseling has grown rapidly in recent years as germline genomic information has integrated into cancer care. There are currently an insufficient number of genetic counselors (GC) to address genetic testing need through traditional pre- and post-test counseling. Alternative genetic counseling frameworks, discussed here, are under study to increase access to genetic testing while optimizing the skillsets of existent master's-trained GCs.

2.
J Emerg Med ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common hematologic disorder in the United States and worldwide. Yet, clinical guidelines for the identification and management of this disorder in the emergency department are lacking. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This clinical review examines strategies for identifying and treating iron deficiency anemia in the emergency department, with a focus on the role of oral iron therapy, intravenous iron therapy, as well as red blood cell transfusion. The article highlights both the available evidence on this topic and the need for future research. DISCUSSION: The diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia has important clinical implications and, although testing is generally straightforward, it may be under-recognized. The scant literature available describing emergency department practice patterns for iron deficiency anemia suggests there is room for improvement. In particular, intravenous iron may be underutilized and red blood cell transfusions administered too liberally. CONCLUSIONS: Iron deficiency anemia is common and many patients can be treated effectively with oral iron. For selected patients with moderate-to-severe iron deficiency anemia, intravenous iron is safe and more effective than oral iron. Red blood cell transfusions should be used rarely for hemodynamically stable patients with iron deficiency irrespective of hemoglobin levels.

3.
J Pediatr ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of iron deficiency and its association with outcomes in children with heart failure. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center retrospective cohort study of patients with heart failure aged 1-21 years from July 2012 to June 2017 with available serum iron studies was performed. Subjects were analyzed in 2 groups: biventricular systolic heart failure (BiV) and single-ventricle congenital heart disease with systolic heart failure (SV). Iron deficiency was defined as ≥2 of the following: serum iron <50 µg/dL, serum ferritin <20 ng/mL, transferrin >300 ng/mL, or transferrin saturation <15%. The primary outcome was a composite adverse event (CAE) of ventricular assist device implantation, heart transplantation, or death, at 3 and 6 months from time of iron studies. RESULTS: Of the 107 subjects (77 BiV, 30 SV) included in the study, 56% were iron deficient. Demographics, etiology of heart failure, and chronicity of heart failure symptoms were not associated with iron deficiency. On multivariable analysis, in group BiV, iron deficiency was associated with CAE at 3 months (79% iron deficiency in CAE group vs 37% iron deficiency in non-CAE, P = .001, OR 7, 95% CI 2-21) and 6 months (76% iron deficiency in CAE vs 35% iron deficiency in non-CAE, P = .002, OR 7, 95% CI 2-24). In group SV, iron deficiency was associated with CAE at 6 months (79% iron deficiency in CAE vs 29% iron deficiency in non-CAE, P = .014, OR 8, 95% CI 2-32). CONCLUSIONS: Iron deficiency was present in 56% of the pediatric patients with heart failure who were evaluated with iron studies. Iron deficiency was associated with greater risk of ventricular assist device implantation, heart transplantation, or death.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568176

RESUMO

Sulfhemoglobinemia (SulfHb) is a rare dyshemoglobinemia that can present with cyanosis in the absence of respiratory distress. It has been reported secondary to drug ingestion and chronic constipation. We present a case of SulfHb in an adolescent female with spina bifida and neurogenic bladder in the setting of an Escherichia coli urinary tract infection. An arterial blood gas differentiated a dyshemoglobinemia from other causes of hypoxemia. The resolution was achieved with antibiotics and red cell transfusion. Here we review the pathophysiology of SulfHb and contribute a unique case report to the limited body of literature on this topic.

5.
Eur Urol ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in BRCA2 cause a higher risk of early-onset aggressive prostate cancer (PrCa). The IMPACT study is evaluating targeted PrCa screening using prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) in men with germline BRCA1/2 mutations. OBJECTIVE: To report the utility of PSA screening, PrCa incidence, positive predictive value of PSA, biopsy, and tumour characteristics after 3 yr of screening, by BRCA status. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Men aged 40-69 yr with a germline pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutation and male controls testing negative for a familial BRCA1/2 mutation were recruited. Participants underwent PSA screening for 3 yr, and if PSA > 3.0 ng/ml, men were offered prostate biopsy. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: PSA levels, PrCa incidence, and tumour characteristics were evaluated. Statistical analyses included Poisson regression offset by person-year follow-up, chi-square tests for proportion t tests for means, and Kruskal-Wallis for medians. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A total of 3027 patients (2932 unique individuals) were recruited (919 BRCA1 carriers, 709 BRCA1 noncarriers, 902 BRCA2 carriers, and 497 BRCA2 noncarriers). After 3 yr of screening, 527 men had PSA > 3.0 ng/ml, 357 biopsies were performed, and 112 PrCa cases were diagnosed (31 BRCA1 carriers, 19 BRCA1 noncarriers, 47 BRCA2 carriers, and 15 BRCA2 noncarriers). Higher compliance with biopsy was observed in BRCA2 carriers compared with noncarriers (73% vs 60%). Cancer incidence rate per 1000 person years was higher in BRCA2 carriers than in noncarriers (19.4 vs 12.0; p = 0.03); BRCA2 carriers were diagnosed at a younger age (61 vs 64 yr; p = 0.04) and were more likely to have clinically significant disease than BRCA2 noncarriers (77% vs 40%; p = 0.01). No differences in age or tumour characteristics were detected between BRCA1 carriers and BRCA1 noncarriers. The 4 kallikrein marker model discriminated better (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.73) for clinically significant cancer at biopsy than PSA alone (AUC = 0.65). CONCLUSIONS: After 3 yr of screening, compared with noncarriers, BRCA2 mutation carriers were associated with a higher incidence of PrCa, younger age of diagnosis, and clinically significant tumours. Therefore, systematic PSA screening is indicated for men with a BRCA2 mutation. Further follow-up is required to assess the role of screening in BRCA1 mutation carriers. PATIENT SUMMARY: We demonstrate that after 3 yr of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, we detect more serious prostate cancers in men with BRCA2 mutations than in those without these mutations. We recommend that male BRCA2 carriers are offered systematic PSA screening.

6.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(9): e898, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While there is increasing interest in sharing genetic research results with participants, how best to communicate the risks, benefits and limitations of research results remains unclear. METHODS: Participants who received genetic research results answered open and closed-ended questions about their experiences receiving results and interest in and advantages and disadvantages of a web-based alternative to genetic counseling. RESULTS: 107 BRCA1/2 negative women with a personal or family history of breast cancer consented to receive genetic research results and 82% completed survey items about their experience. Most participants reported there was nothing they disliked (74%) or would change (85%) about their predisclosure or disclosure session (78% and 89%). They most frequently reported liking the genetic counselor and learning new information. Only 24% and 26% would not be willing to complete predisclosure counseling or disclosure of results by a web-based alternative, respectively. The most frequently reported advantages included convenience and reduced time. Disadvantages included not being able to ask questions, the risk of misunderstanding and the impersonal nature of the encounter. CONCLUSION: Most participants receiving genetic research results report high satisfaction with telephone genetic counseling, but some may be willing to consider self-directed web alternatives for both predisclosure genetic education and return of results.

7.
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am ; 33(3): 393-408, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030809

RESUMO

Iron deficiency anemia is the leading cause of anemia worldwide and affects many young children and adolescent girls in the United States. Its signs and symptoms are subtle despite significant clinical effects. Iron deficiency anemia is diagnosed clinically by the presence of risk factors and microcytic anemia. Improvement following a trial of oral iron therapy is confirmative. An array of iron laboratory tests is available with variable indications. Clinical trial and iron absorption data support a shift to lower-dose oral iron therapy. Intravenous iron should be considered in children who fail oral iron or who have more complex disorders.

8.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e27544, 2018 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30393941

RESUMO

Iron deficiency anemia remains a common referral to the pediatric hematology-oncology subspecialist. Improved understanding of iron homeostasis, including the effects of the regulatory hormone hepcidin, recent adult and pediatric clinical trial data, as well as the availability of safer formulations of intravenous iron, have resulted in additional considerations when making treatment recommendations in such patients. Young children and adolescent females remain the most commonly affected groups, but children with complex medical or chronic inflammatory conditions including comorbid gastrointestinal disorders also require special consideration.

9.
Clin Genet ; 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417332

RESUMO

Telephone disclosure of cancer genetic test results is noninferior to in-person disclosure. However, how patients who prefer in-person communication of results differ from those who agree to telephone disclosure is unclear but important when considering delivery models for genetic medicine. Patients undergoing cancer genetic testing were recruited to a multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial (NCT01736345) comparing telephone to in-person disclosure of genetic test results. We evaluated preferences for in-person disclosure, factors associated with this preference and outcomes compared to those who agreed to randomization. Among 1178 enrolled patients, 208 (18%) declined randomization, largely given a preference for in-person disclosure. These patients were more likely to be older (P = 0.007) and to have had multigene panel testing (P < 0.001). General anxiety (P = 0.007), state anxiety (P = 0.008), depression (P = 0.011), cancer-specific distress (P = 0.021) and uncertainty (P = 0.03) were higher after pretest counseling. After disclosure of results, they also had higher general anxiety (P = 0.003), depression (P = 0.002) and cancer-specific distress (P = 0.043). While telephone disclosure is a reasonable alternative to in-person disclosure in most patients, some patients have a strong preference for in-person communication. Patient age, distress and complexity of testing are important factors to consider and requests for in-person disclosure should be honored when possible.

10.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; (38): 372-381, 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30231311

RESUMO

Recent advances clearly demonstrate the potential clinical relevance of germline genetic testing and somatic genomic profiling in identifying possible therapeutic and/or clinical trial options, particularly in advanced prostate cancer. In addition, if a germline genetic mutation/pathogenic variant is identified, there may be important family implications and possible life-saving changes to healthcare management. However, there is substantial debate and uncertainty about how best to offer genetic testing services, which tests to use, which patients to test, what sequence of testing, what timing, by whom, and with what kind of follow-up. To help address this new area of potential benefit and confusion, we provide a practical overview of recent advances, discuss options and considerations for both germline and somatic testing, and offer practical advice on what providers should understand before referring and/or ordering testing, key discussion points for patients and families, and available genetics resources.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Reparo do DNA , Gerenciamento Clínico , Aconselhamento Genético , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genômica/métodos , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Seleção de Pacientes , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade
11.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 31(5): 446-450, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940313

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, severity, and inpatient management of girls admitted with heavy menstrual bleeding and iron deficiency anemia at US children's hospitals, with a focus on hematologic considerations. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter cohort study from October 2012 through September 2015. SETTING: Children's hospitals submitting data to the Pediatric Health Information System. PARTICIPANTS: Female patients, age 8-18 years, admitted with heavy menstrual bleeding and anemia as either a primary or secondary diagnosis. Patients with cancer, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, aplastic anemia, and pregnancy were excluded. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hemostatic evaluation; provision of iron therapy. RESULTS: We identified 1183 admissions (1134 unique patients). Patients' median (interquartile range) age was 14 (11-17) years. Forty-one percent were Caucasian (n = 480), 31% African American (n = 371), and 26% Hispanic ethnicity (n = 310). Intensive care use occurred in 5% of admissions (n = 56). Hemostatic assessment was inconsistent; 15% (n = 182) had no such evaluation. Two-thirds (n = 797; 67%) involved transfusions, 37% (n = 433) received no inpatient iron therapy, and 17% (n = 197) received no hormonal or antifibrinolytic therapy. Hemostatic evaluation was associated with intensive care use: odds ratio (OR), 4.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-19.86; P = .03); emergency department visit: OR, 2.60 (95% CI, 1.86-3.65; P < .01); private insurance: OR, 1.62 (95% CI, 1.12-2.35; P = .01); and younger age: OR, 0.84 (95% CI, 0.77-0.92; P < .01). CONCLUSION: Hundreds of girls with heavy menstrual bleeding and anemia are hospitalized at US children's hospitals each year with variable inpatient hematologic evaluation and management. Future guidelines should emphasize early identification of at-risk patients and promote effective implementation strategies to reduce the burden of this preventable complication.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/terapia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Menorragia/terapia , Adolescente , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Ferro/uso terapêutico , Menorragia/complicações , Menorragia/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668545

RESUMO

Children with metastatic hepatoblastoma have a poor prognosis, even with dose intensification of cisplatin and doxorubicin. Vincristine and irinotecan have demonstrated activity in high risk disease. This report describes a 3-year-old girl with metastatic hepatoblastoma with unresectable disease after 5 cycles of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, and doxorubicin who had a complete response of her metastatic disease to vincristine and irinotecan (intravenous and oral forms), allowing surgical resection of her liver disease. She remains in remission 48 months since therapy completion.

14.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 110(9): 985-993, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29490071

RESUMO

Background: Germline genetic testing is standard practice in oncology. Outcomes of telephone disclosure of a wide range of cancer genetic test results, including multigene panel testing (MGPT) are unknown. Methods: Patients undergoing cancer genetic testing were recruited to a multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial (NCT01736345) comparing telephone disclosure (TD) of genetic test results with usual care, in-person disclosure (IPD) after tiered-binned in-person pretest counseling. Primary noninferiority outcomes included change in knowledge, state anxiety, and general anxiety. Secondary outcomes included cancer-specific distress, depression, uncertainty, satisfaction, and screening and risk-reducing surgery intentions. To declare noninferiority, we calculated the 98.3% one-sided confidence interval of the standardized effect; t tests were used for secondary subgroup analyses. Only noninferiority tests were one-sided, others were two-sided. Results: A total of 1178 patients enrolled in the study. Two hundred eight (17.7%) participants declined random assignment due to a preference for in-person disclosure; 473 participants were randomly assigned to TD and 497 to IPD; 291 (30.0%) had MGPT. TD was noninferior to IPD for general and state anxiety and all secondary outcomes immediately postdisclosure. TD did not meet the noninferiority threshold for knowledge in the primary analysis, but it did meet the threshold in the multiple imputation analysis. In secondary analyses, there were no statistically significant differences between arms in screening and risk-reducing surgery intentions, and no statistically significant differences in outcomes by arm among those who had MGPT. In subgroup analyses, patients with a positive result had statistically significantly greater decreases in general anxiety with telephone disclosure (TD -0.37 vs IPD +0.87, P = .02). Conclusions: Even in the era of multigene panel testing, these data suggest that telephone disclosure of cancer genetic test results is as an alternative to in-person disclosure for interested patients after in-person pretest counseling with a genetic counselor.

15.
Br J Cancer ; 118(2): 266-276, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29301143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and PSA-velocity (PSAV) have been used to identify men at risk of prostate cancer (PrCa). The IMPACT study is evaluating PSA screening in men with a known genetic predisposition to PrCa due to BRCA1/2 mutations. This analysis evaluates the utility of PSA and PSAV for identifying PrCa and high-grade disease in this cohort. METHODS: PSAV was calculated using logistic regression to determine if PSA or PSAV predicted the result of prostate biopsy (PB) in men with elevated PSA values. Cox regression was used to determine whether PSA or PSAV predicted PSA elevation in men with low PSAs. Interaction terms were included in the models to determine whether BRCA status influenced the predictiveness of PSA or PSAV. RESULTS: 1634 participants had ⩾3 PSA readings of whom 174 underwent PB and 45 PrCas diagnosed. In men with PSA >3.0 ng ml-l, PSAV was not significantly associated with presence of cancer or high-grade disease. PSAV did not add to PSA for predicting time to an elevated PSA. When comparing BRCA1/2 carriers to non-carriers, we found a significant interaction between BRCA status and last PSA before biopsy (P=0.031) and BRCA2 status and PSAV (P=0.024). However, PSAV was not predictive of biopsy outcome in BRCA2 carriers. CONCLUSIONS: PSA is more strongly predictive of PrCa in BRCA carriers than non-carriers. We did not find evidence that PSAV aids decision-making for BRCA carriers over absolute PSA value alone.

17.
JAMA ; 317(22): 2297-2304, 2017 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28609534

RESUMO

Importance: Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) affects millions of persons worldwide, and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment in infants and children. Ferrous sulfate is the most commonly prescribed oral iron despite iron polysaccharide complex possibly being better tolerated. Objective: To compare the effect of ferrous sulfate with iron polysaccharide complex on hemoglobin concentration in infants and children with nutritional IDA. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blind, superiority randomized clinical trial of infants and children aged 9 to 48 months with nutritional IDA (assessed by history and laboratory criteria) that was conducted in an outpatient hematology clinic at a US tertiary care hospital from September 2013 through November 2015; 12-week follow-up ended in January 2016. Interventions: Three mg/kg of elemental iron once daily as either ferrous sulfate drops or iron polysaccharide complex drops for 12 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was change in hemoglobin over 12 weeks. Secondary outcomes included complete resolution of IDA (defined as hemoglobin concentration >11 g/dL, mean corpuscular volume >70 fL, reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent >25 pg, serum ferritin level >15 ng/mL, and total iron-binding capacity <425 µg/dL at the 12-week visit), changes in serum ferritin level and total iron-binding capacity, adverse effects. Results: Of 80 randomized infants and children (median age, 22 months; 55% male; 61% Hispanic white; 40 per group), 59 completed the trial (28 [70%] in ferrous sulfate group; 31 [78%] in iron polysaccharide complex group). From baseline to 12 weeks, mean hemoglobin increased from 7.9 to 11.9 g/dL (ferrous sulfate group) vs 7.7 to 11.1 g/dL (iron complex group), a greater difference of 1.0 g/dL (95% CI, 0.4 to 1.6 g/dL; P < .001) with ferrous sulfate (based on a linear mixed model). Proportion with a complete resolution of IDA was higher in the ferrous sulfate group (29% vs 6%; P = .04). Median serum ferritin level increased from 3.0 to 15.6 ng/mL (ferrous sulfate) vs 2.0 to 7.5 ng/mL (iron complex) over 12 weeks, a greater difference of 10.2 ng/mL (95% CI, 6.2 to 14.1 ng/mL; P < .001) with ferrous sulfate. Mean total iron-binding capacity decreased from 501 to 389 µg/dL (ferrous sulfate) vs 506 to 417 µg/dL (iron complex) (a greater difference of -50 µg/dL [95% CI, -86 to -14 µg/dL] with ferrous sulfate; P < .001). There were more reports of diarrhea in the iron complex group than in the ferrous sulfate group (58% vs 35%, respectively; P = .04). Conclusions and Relevance: Among infants and children aged 9 to 48 months with nutritional iron-deficiency anemia, ferrous sulfate compared with iron polysaccharide complex resulted in a greater increase in hemoglobin concentration at 12 weeks. Once daily, low-dose ferrous sulfate should be considered for children with nutritional iron-deficiency anemia. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01904864.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/complicações , Compostos Ferrosos/farmacologia , Hemoglobina A/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Ferro/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Compostos Ferrosos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Ferrosos/efeitos adversos , Hemoglobina A/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Ferro/metabolismo , Compostos de Ferro/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Ferro/efeitos adversos , Perda de Seguimento , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Polissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol ; 30(2): 247-250, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27789349

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical severity and initial treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in female adolescents with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in our center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of electronic medical records via search of administrative records using International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision codes for IDA or unspecified anemia and disorders of menstruation. SETTING: Children's Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seven patients with HMB and concomitant IDA (median age, 14.4 years) who presented to the outpatient, emergency department, and/or inpatient settings. RESULTS: The median initial hemoglobin concentration for all patients (n = 107) was 7.4 g/dL, and most (74%, n = 79) presented to the emergency department or via inpatient transfer. Symptomatic IDA was treated with blood transfusion in 46 (43%, n = 46). Ferrous sulfate was the most commonly prescribed oral iron therapy. Seven patients received intravenous iron therapy either initially or after oral iron treatment failure. Combined oral contraceptives were commonly prescribed for abnormal uterine bleeding, yet 10% of patients (n = 11) received no hormonal therapy during their initial management. Evaluation for underlying bleeding disorders was inconsistent. CONCLUSION: Severe anemia because of IDA and HMB resulting in urgent medical care, including hospitalization and blood transfusion, is a common but underemphasized problem in adolescent girls. In addition to prevention and early diagnosis, meaningful efforts to improve initial management of adolescents with severe HMB and IDA are necessary.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/terapia , Menorragia/terapia , Adolescente , Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Anticoncepcionais Orais Combinados/uso terapêutico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Compostos Ferrosos/administração & dosagem , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Masculino , Menorragia/sangue , Menorragia/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Texas
20.
J Pediatr ; 180: 212-216, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits and risks of intravenous (IV) ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study of patients seen at our center, we identified all FCM infusions in children with IDA over a 12-month period through a query of pharmacy records. Clinical data, including hematologic response and adverse effects, were extracted from the electronic medical record. RESULTS: A total of 116 IV FCM infusions were administered to 72 patients with IDA refractory to oral iron treatment (median age, 13.7 years; range, 9 months to 18 years). Median preinfusion and postinfusion hemoglobin values were 9.1 g/dL and 12.3 g/dL, respectively (at 4-12 weeks after the initial infusion; n = 53). Sixty-five patients (84%) experienced no adverse effects. Minor transient complications were encountered during or immediately after 7 infusions. CONCLUSION: FCM administered as a short IV infusion without a test dose proved to be safe and highly effective in a small yet diverse population of infants, children, and adolescents with IDA refractory to oral iron therapy.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Férricos/administração & dosagem , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Infusões Intravenosas , Ferro/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Maltose/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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