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J Phys Chem Lett ; : 1239-1246, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977225


Organic lead halide perovskite (OLHP) nanocrystals (NCs) have paved the way to advanced optoelectronic devices through their extraordinary electrical and optical properties. However, understanding of the light-induced complex dynamic phenomena in OLHP NCs remains a subject of debate. Here we used wide field microscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy to correlate the local changes in photophysics and the dynamical behavior of photocarriers. We demonstrate that light-induced brightening of the photoluminescence from the formamidinium lead bromide NC films is related to the film preparation condition and reduction of trap density. The density of trap states is reduced via halide ion migration from interstitial position. Our femtosecond transient absorption study identifies transient Stark effect due to the generation of hot carriers. Because of slow carrier trapping, Auger recombination through many-body carrier-carrier interactions dominates over trion recombination. This work presents unprecedented insights into the light-driven processes enabling better device design in the future.

J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(8): 1805-1812, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929427


All inorganic mixed-halide perovskite, CsPb(Br xI1- x)3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1), nanocrystals possess tunable photoluminescence with high quantum yield in the visible window. However, the photoluminescence degrades rapidly with postsynthetic aging due to the spontaneous ion separation and phase instability. Here we show that the postsynthetic aging of CsPb(Br xI1- x)3 nanocubes spontaneously forms highly uniform single-crystalline nanowires with a diameter of 9 ± 0.5 nm and length of up to several micrometers. The nanowires show bright photoluminescence with an absolute photoluminescence quantum yield of 41%. Rietveld refinement identifies the stable orthorhombic phase of the nanowires, implying a phase transition from the cubic crystallographic phase of the nanocubes during the morphology evolution. Transient absorption spectroscopy reveals a faster excited-state decay dynamic with a large exciton delocalization length in 1D nanowires. Our findings elucidate the insights into the postsynthesis morphology evolution of mixed-halide perovskite nanocrystals leading to luminescent nanowires with excellent crystal phase stability for potential optoelectronic applications.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(12): 11749-11754, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807098


A differentiator is an electronic component used to accomplish mathematical operations of calculus functions of differentiation for shaping different waveforms. Differentiators are used in numerous areas of electronics, including electronic analog computers, wave-shaping circuits, and frequency modulators. Conventional differentiators are fabricated using active operational amplifiers or using passive resistor-capacitor combinations. Here, we report that a single Cu2S-CdS heterostructure acts as a differentiator for performing numerical functions of input waveform conversion into different shapes. When a rectangular wave signal is applied through the tip of a conductive atomic force microscope, a spikelike wave signal is obtained from the Cu2S-CdS heterostructure. The Cu2S-CdS differentiator is able to convert a sine wave signal into a cosine wave signal and a triangular wave signal into a square wave signal similar to the classical differentiators. The finding of a nanoscale differentiator at extremely small length scales may have profound applications in different domains of electronics.

J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(15): 4245-4250, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996055


Organometal halide perovskites in the form of nanocrystals (NCs) have attracted enormous attention due to their unique optoelectronic and photoluminescence (PL) properties. Here, we examine the phase composition and the temperature dependence of emission line width broadening in formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr3) perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) for light-emitting applications and identify different charge-carrier scattering mechanisms. Our results show most of the emission is from the orthorhombic phase. The PL line width broadening at high temperature is dominated by the Fröhlich interaction between the free charge carriers and the optical phonons. At low temperatures, the peak of the PL spectrum exhibits a continuous red shift indicating an increase of excitons contribution at lower temperatures, and concurrently the line width also narrows down due to the inhibition of the optical phonons. From the temperature-dependent measurements, the coupling strength of both the charge phonon interaction and the exciton phonon interaction have been determined. The obtained results indicate that the charge phonon coupling strengths are higher compared to the exciton phonon coupling.

Nanoscale ; 7(19): 9062-74, 2015 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25921601


Artificial enzyme mimetics have attracted immense interest recently because natural enzymes undergo easy denaturation under environmental conditions restricting practical usefulness. We report for the first time chalcopyrite CuZnFeS (CZIS) alloyed nanocrystals (NCs) as novel biomimetic catalysts with efficient intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Novel peroxidase activities of CZIS NCs have been evaluated by catalytic oxidation of the peroxidase substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). CZIS NCs demonstrate the synergistic effect of elemental composition and photoactivity towards peroxidase-like activity. The quaternary CZIS NCs show enhanced intrinsic peroxidase-like activity compared to the binary NCs with the same constituent elements. Intrinsic peroxidase-like activity has been correlated with the energy band position of CZIS NCs extracted using scanning tunneling spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. Kinetic analyses indicate Michaelis-Menten enzyme kinetic model catalytic behavior describing the rate of the enzymatic reaction by correlating the reaction rate with substrate concentration. Typical color reactions arising from the catalytic oxidation of TMB over CZIS NCs with H2O2 have been utilized to establish a simple and sensitive colorimetric assay for detection of H2O2 and glucose. CZIS NCs are recyclable catalysts showing high efficiency in multiple uses. Our study may open up the possibility of designing new photoactive multi-component alloyed NCs as enzyme mimetics in biotechnology applications.

Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cobre/química , Glucose/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Benzidinas/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/metabolismo , Catálise , Colorimetria , Cinética , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Peroxidase/química , Peroxidase/metabolismo