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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 47-50, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381800

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different intracanal medicaments on the apical seal of BioRoot root canal sealer (RCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred permanent single-rooted teeth were used in this study. All the samples were decoronated at the cementoenamel junction and instrumented in a sequential order from 15 to 50 number k-file. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups containing 20 teeth each. Intracanal medicaments used in this study were Metapex, triple antibiotic paste, Metrogyl DG gel forte (metronidazole gel 1.5% w/w), and curenext gel. For control group following instrumentation, the roots were obturated with laterally compacted gutta-percha with BioRoot RCS. In medicament groups after the period of 14 days, the medicaments were removed. All the four groups were obturated with BioRoot RCS and gutta-percha cones using lateral compaction technique. All the specimens were coated with nail varnish and immersed in 2% methylene blue. Then the specimens were demineralized and diphanized. The cleared teeth were analyzed by means of a stereomicroscope under 10× magnification. All the data were analyzed in SPSS version 18 software (IBM, Chicago, IL, USA). RESULT: Among all the intracanal medicaments, triple antibiotic paste showed the highest microleakage. When Metpaex and Metrogyl DG gel forte were compared with Curcuma longa, differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Among all the intracanal medicaments, triple antibiotic paste showed the highest microleakage and least was Metapex. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Incomplete removal of medicaments prevents the penetration of sealer into the dentinal tubules and interferes with the normal setting reaction, thus affecting the seal of obturating material leading to microleakage and subsequent treatment failure. Hence, while placing an intracanal medicament, it is important to consider its effect on leakage of the root canal system.


Assuntos
Infiltração Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Guta-Percha , Humanos , Azul de Metileno
2.
J Conserv Dent ; 23(3): 295-298, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551603

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated the effect of preheated irrigants (EDTA, QMix), then use of various activation techniques such as ultrasonic system and laser on push-out bond strength (POBS) of fiber posts to root dentin. Methodology: One hundred and twenty extracted human teeth were decoronated below the cementoenamel junction. All the root canals were instrumented, irrigated using sodium hypochlorite and normal saline, dried with paper points, and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer. Post spaces were prepared. The irrigating solutions QMix and EDTA were heated to 60°C. Normal QMix and EDTA served as control. The irrigants were activated with Laser and Ultrasonic system. Then, the fiber posts were cemented, roots were sliced to thickness of 2 mm and mounted for measurement of POBS. Results: Preheated irrigants group showed maximum POBS as compared to Normal irrigants. QMix group showed better results as compared to EDTA. Irrigants when activated with laser and ultrasonics showed comparable results. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that preheated irrigants(QMix, EDTA) increase the POBS of fiber post to root dentin. Both laser and ultrasonic are equally effective for increasing the POBS.

3.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(2): 153-156, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674816

RESUMO

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of dentinal crack formation after root canal preparation using ProTaper Next, OneShape, and Hyflex electrodischarge machining (HEDM). Materials and Methods: A total of 75 extracted mandibular premolars were selected. The root canals were instrumented using ProTaper Next, OneShape, and HEDM rotary files. All roots were horizontally sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from apex with slow-speed saw under water cooling. The sections were observed under a stereomicroscope at ×25 to determine the absence or presence of crack. Data were analyzed using post hoc test and one-way ANOVA. Results: ProTaper Next and HEDM produced significantly less cracks than OneShape. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that nickel-titanium instruments may cause cracks on the root surface. ProTaper Next and HEDM tend to produce less number of cracks as compared to OneShape.

4.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 10(10): ZC138-ZC142, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27891476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sodium hypochlorite, is the irrigant of choice for many clinicians, but its strong toxic and damaging effects on vital periapical tissues is always a matter of concern. So, the search for a root canal irrigant with a broad antimicrobial spectrum yet with a limited toxicity on vital tissues is always desirable. AIM: The study evaluated antimicrobial efficacy of Electro-Chemically Activated (ECA) water as a root canal irrigant against E. faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eight single rooted human teeth were decoronated to a length of 15mm. All teeth were divided into four test groups (group A - ECA anolyte, group B - 1% sodium hypochlorite, group C - 3% sodium hypochlorite, group D - distilled water) of 12 each. Only 1ml of Ringer's solution and calibrated suspensio of E. faecalis was injected into each canal, aspirated and placed on agar plates and incubated aerobically at 37°C for two days. The suspension was aspirated and spread onto the blood agar plate and incubated. All samples were irrigated with four test solutions and Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) solution was injected into each canal then aspirated and spread onto blood agar and incubated. After inoculations Colony Forming Unit (CFU) and optical density was measured under a microscope and spectrophotometer. The data obtained were statistically analysed by one way ANOVA and Dunkan's multiple range test. RESULTS: CFU reduction was not statistically significant between the test groups. The optical density showed statistically significant difference between the test groups (p≤0.001). CONCLUSION: The antimicrobial efficacy of ECA was found to be comparable to sodium hypochlorite solutions.

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