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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(36): 33116-33123, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426628

RESUMO

Infrared applications remain too often a niche market due to their prohibitive cost. Nanocrystals offer an interesting alternative to reach cost disruption especially in the short-wave infrared (SWIR, λ < 1.7 µm) where material maturity is now high. Two families of materials are candidate for SWIR photoconduction: lead and mercury chalcogenides. Lead sulfide typically benefits from all the development made for a wider band gap such as the one made for solar cells, while HgTe takes advantage of the development relative to mid-wave infrared detectors. Here, we make a fair comparison of the two material detection properties in the SWIR and discuss the material stability. At such wavelengths, studies have been mostly focused on PbS rather than on HgTe, therefore we focus in the last part of the discussion on the effect of surface chemistry on the electronic spectrum of HgTe nanocrystals. We unveil that tuning the capping ligands is a viable strategy to adjust the material from the p-type to ambipolar. Finally, HgTe nanocrystals are integrated into multipixel devices to quantize spatial homogeneity and onto read-out circuits to obtain a fast and sensitive infrared laser beam profile.

2.
Nano Lett ; 19(6): 3981-3986, 2019 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059646

RESUMO

The gating of nanocrystal films is currently driven by two approaches: either the use of a dielectric such as SiO2 or the use of electrolyte. SiO2 allows fast bias sweeping over a broad range of temperatures but requires a large operating bias. Electrolytes, thanks to large capacitances, lead to the significant reduction of operating bias but are limited to slow and quasi-room-temperature operation. None of these operating conditions are optimal for narrow-band-gap nanocrystal-based phototransistors, for which the necessary large-capacitance gate has to be combined with low-temperature operation. Here, we explore the use of a LaF3 ionic glass as a high-capacitance gating alternative. We demonstrate for the first time the use of such ionic glasses to gate thin films made of HgTe and PbS nanocrystals. This gating strategy allows operation in the 180 to 300 K range of temperatures with capacitance as high as 1 µF·cm-2. We unveil the unique property of ionic glass gate to enable the unprecedented tunability of both magnitude and dynamics of the photocurrent thanks to high charge-doping capability within an operating temperature window relevant for infrared photodetection. We demonstrate that by carefully choosing the operating gate bias, the signal-to-noise ratio can be improved by a factor of 100 and the time response accelerated by a factor of 6. Moreover, the good transparency of LaF3 substrate allows back-side illumination in the infrared range, which is highly valuable for the design of phototransistors.

3.
Chem Sci ; 9(1): 199-208, 2018 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629088

RESUMO

A new family of chloroquinolinate lanthanoid complexes of the formula A+[Ln(5,7Cl2q)4]-, with Ln = Y3+, Tb3+ and Dy3+ and A+ = Na+, NEt4+ and K0.5(NEt4)0.5+, is studied, both in bulk and as thin films. Several members of the family are found to present single-molecule magnetic behavior in bulk. Interestingly, the sodium salts can be sublimed under high vacuum conditions retaining their molecular structures and magnetic properties. These thermally stable compounds have been deposited on different substrates (Al2O3, Au and NiFe). The magnetic properties of these molecular films show the appearance of cusps in the zero-field cooled curves when they are deposited on permalloy (NiFe). This indicates a magnetic blocking caused by the interaction between the single-ion magnet and the ferromagnet. X-ray absorption spectroscopy confirms the formation of hybrid states at the molecule/metal interface.

4.
Chem Soc Rev ; 45(1): 203-24, 2016 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26553752

RESUMO

With the long term objective to build the next generation of devices from the molecular scale, scientists have explored extensively in the past two decades the Prussian blue derivatives and their remarkable physico-chemical properties. In particular, the exquisite Fe/Co system displays tuneable optical and magnetic behaviours associated with thermally and photo-induced metal-to-metal electron transfer processes. Recently, numerous research groups have been involved in the transfer of these electronic properties to new Fe/Co coordination networks of lower dimensionality as well as soluble molecular analogues in order to facilitate their manipulation and integration into devices. In this review, the most representative examples of tridimensional Fe/Co Prussian blue compounds are described, focusing on the techniques used to understand their photomagnetic properties. Subsequently, the different strategies employed toward the design of new low dimensional Prussian blue analogues based on a rational molecular building block approach are discussed emphasizing the advantages of these functional molecular systems.

5.
Nat Commun ; 6: 10139, 2015 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26634987

RESUMO

Superparamagnetic nanoparticles are promising objects for data storage or medical applications. In the smallest--and more attractive--systems, the properties are governed by the magnetic anisotropy. Here we report a molecule-based synthetic strategy to enhance this anisotropy in sub-10-nm nanoparticles. It consists of the fabrication of composite materials where anisotropic molecular complexes are coordinated to the surface of the nanoparticles. Reacting 5 nm γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with the [Co(II)(TPMA)Cl2] complex (TPMA: tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) leads to the desired composite materials and the characterization of the functionalized nanoparticles evidences the successful coordination--without nanoparticle aggregation and without complex dissociation--of the molecular complexes to the nanoparticles surface. Magnetic measurements indicate the significant enhancement of the anisotropy in the final objects. Indeed, the functionalized nanoparticles show a threefold increase of the blocking temperature and a coercive field increased by one order of magnitude.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(51): 6740-3, 2014 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24829060

RESUMO

Large longitudinal relaxivities were observed in Mn(II)-containing Prussian blue analogue nanoparticles. At low concentrations and high field (7 T), a remarkable positive contrast enhancement was seen which exceeded that of clinical contrast agents and was attributed to the very large proportion of surface atoms of these coordination nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Meios de Contraste/síntese química , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Compostos de Manganês/química , Nanopartículas/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Ferrocianetos/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Compostos de Manganês/farmacologia , Pontos Quânticos
7.
Inorg Chem ; 52(18): 10264-74, 2013 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23987215

RESUMO

Based on nickel hexacyanidochromate and cobalt hexacyanidoferrate Prussian blue analogues, two series of photomagnetic/ferromagnetic sub-50 nm core multishell coordination nanoparticles have been synthesized in a surfactant-free one-pot multistep procedure with good control over the dispersity (10% standard deviation) and good agreement with the targeted size at each step. The composition and the valence state of each shell have been probed by different techniques that have revealed the predominance of Co(II)-NC-Fe(III) pairs in a series synthesized without alkali while Co(III)-NC-Fe(II) photoswitchable pairs have been successfully obtained in the photoactive coordination nanoparticles by control of Cs(+) insertion. When compared, the photoinduced behavior of the latter compound is in good agreement with that of the model one. Exchange coupling favors a uniform reversal of the magnetization of the heterostructured nanoparticles, with a large magnetization brought by a soft ferromagnetic shell and a large coercivity due to a harder photomagnetic shell. Moreover, a persistent increase of the photoinduced magnetization is observed for the first time up to the ordering temperature (60 K) of the ferromagnetic component because of a unique synergy.

8.
Chemistry ; 19(21): 6685-94, 2013 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23520017

RESUMO

The local symmetry and local magnetic properties of 6 nm-sized, bimetallic, cyanide-bridged CsNiCr(CN)6 coordination nanoparticles 1 and 8 nm-sized, trimetallic, CsNiCr(CN)6@CsCoCr(CN)6 core-shell nanoparticles 2 were studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). The measurements were performed at the Ni(II), Co(II), and Cr(III) L2,3 edges. This study revealed the presence of distorted Ni(II) sites located on the particle surface of 1 that account for the uniaxial magnetic anisotropy observed by SQUID measurements. For the core-shell particles, a combination of the exchange anisotropy between the core and the shell and the pronounced anisotropy of the Co(II) ions is the origin of the large increase in coercive field from 120 to 890 Oe on going from 1 to 2. In addition, XMCD allows the relative orientation of the magnetic moments throughout the core-shell particles to be determined. While for the bimetallic particles of 1, alignment of the magnetic moments of Cr(III) ions with those of Ni(II) ions leads to uniform magnetization, in the core-shell particles 2 the magnetic moments of the isotropic Cr(III) follow those of Co(II) ions in the shell and those of Ni(II) ions in the core, and this leads to nonuniform magnetization in the whole nanoobject, mainly due to the large difference in local anisotropy between the Co(II) ions belonging to the surface and the Ni(II) ions in the core.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(93): 11455-7, 2012 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23090060

RESUMO

Core-shell magnetic coordination nanoparticles made of a soft core and a hard magnetic shell, containing anisotropic Co(II) ions, display a dramatic increase in their average blocking temperature with a coercive field value 25 times larger than that of the soft core, due to a large enhancement of the magnetic anisotropy.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(3): 1051-3, 2011 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21076751

RESUMO

Negatively charged nanocrystals of the magnetic coordination network CsNiCr(CN)(6) were prepared in water through a seed-mediated growth with a few atomic layers accuracy and final sizes tailored from 6 to 30 nm. A lower limit of the magnetic single-domain critical size was determined to be around 15 nm possessing a blocking temperature above 20 K.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Césio/química , Cromo/química , Cianetos/química , Magnetismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Níquel/química , Tamanho da Partícula
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