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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Racial disparities in health care have come to the forefront. We hypothesized that Black race was associated with worse preoperative risk, lower repair rates, and worse outcomes among patients who underwent mitral valve surgery. METHODS: All patients who underwent mitral valve repair or replacement with or without coronary artery bypass grafting from 2011 to 2020 in a statewide collaborative database were stratified into 3 racial groups, White, Black, and other. Preoperative characteristics, procedure type, and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 9074 mitral valve operations were performed at 33 centers (Black 1009 [11.1%], White 7862 [86.6%]). Preoperative combined Society of Thoracic Surgeons morbidity and mortality was higher for Black patients (Black 32%, White 22%, other 23%, [P < .001]) because of a greater proportion of diabetes, hypertension, and chronic lung disease. White patients were more likely to undergo mitral repair (White 66%, Black 53.3%, other 57%; P < .001). Operative mortality was similar across racial groups (White 3.7%, Black 4.6%, other 4.5%; P = .36). After adjusting for preoperative factors, mitral etiology, and hospitals, race was not associated with mitral valve repair, complications, or mortality, but Black patients had higher odds of extended care facility utilization and readmission. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to our hypothesis, there was no difference in the odds of repair or operative mortality across races after accounting for risk and etiology. However, Black patients were more likely to be readmitted after discharge. These findings support a greater focus on reducing disparities in mitral valve surgery.

2.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35300953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior work has established that high socioeconomic deprivation is associated with worse short- and long-term outcomes for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The relationship between socioeconomic status and 90-day episode spending is poorly understood. In this observational cohort analysis, we evaluated whether socioeconomically disadvantaged patients were associated with higher expenditures during 90-day episodes of care after isolated CABG. METHODS: We linked clinical registry data from 8728 isolated CABG procedures from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2018, to Medicare fee-for-service claims data. Our primary exposure variable was patients in the top decile of the Area Deprivation Index. Linear regression was used to compare risk-adjusted, price-standardized 90-day episode spending for deprived against nondeprived patients as well as component spending categories: index hospitalization, professional services, post acute care, and readmissions. RESULTS: A total of 872 patients were categorized as being in the top decile. Mean 90-day episode spending for the 8728 patients in the sample was $55 258 (SD, $26 252). Socioeconomically deprived patients had higher overall 90-day spending compared with nondeprived patients ($61 579 vs $54 557; difference, $3003; P = .001). Spending was higher in socioeconomically deprived patients for index hospitalizations (difference, $1284; P = .005), professional services (difference, $379; P = .002), and readmissions (difference, $1188; P = .008). Inpatient rehabilitation was the only significant difference in post-acute care spending (difference, $469; P = .011). CONCLUSIONS: Medicare spending was higher for socioeconomically deprived CABG in Michigan, indicating systemic disparities over and above patient demographic factors.

7.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 163(3): 886-894.e1, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to evaluate whether 5-m gait speed, an established marker of frailty, is associated with postoperative events after elective proximal aortic surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 435 patients aged more than 60 years who underwent elective proximal aortic surgery, defined as surgery on the aortic root, ascending aorta, or aortic arch through median sternotomy. Patients completed a 5-m gait speed test within 30 days before surgery. We evaluated the association between categoric (slow, ≤0.83 m/s and normal, >0.83 m/s) and continuous gait speed and the likelihood of experiencing the composite outcome before and after adjustment for European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II. The composite outcome included in-hospital mortality, renal failure, prolonged ventilation, and discharge location. Secondary outcomes were 1-year mortality and 5-year survival. RESULTS: Of the study population, 30.3% (132/435) were categorized as slow. Slow walkers were significantly more likely to have in-hospital mortality, prolonged ventilation, and renal failure, and were less likely to be discharged home (all P < .05). The composite outcome was 2 times more likely to occur for slow walkers (gait speed categoric adjusted odds ratio, 2.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-3.40; P = .004). Moreover, a unit (1 m/s) increase in gait speed (continuous) was associated with 73% lower risk of experiencing the composite outcome (odds ratio, 0.27; 95% confidence interval, 0.11-0.68; P = .006). CONCLUSIONS: Slow gait speed is a preoperative indicator of risk for postoperative events after elective proximal aortic surgery. Gait speed may be an important tool to complement existing operative risk models, and its application may identify patients who may benefit from presurgical and postsurgical rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Limitação da Mobilidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Velocidade de Caminhada , Idoso , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Estado Funcional , Avaliação Geriátrica , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
8.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34924190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether all patients will require an opioid prescription after cardiac surgery is unknown. We performed a multicenter analysis to identify patient predictors of not receiving an opioid prescription at the time of discharge home after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Opioid-naïve patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valve surgery through a sternotomy at 10 centers from January to December 2019 were identified retrospectively from a prospectively maintained data set. Opioid-naïve was defined as not taking opioids at the time of admission. The primary outcome was discharge without an opioid prescription. Mixed-effects logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of discharge without an opioid prescription, and postdischarge opioid prescribing was monitored to assess patient tolerance of discharge without an opioid prescription. RESULTS: Among 1924 eligible opioid-naïve patients, mean age was 64 ± 11 years, and 25% were women. In total, 28% of all patients were discharged without an opioid prescription. On multivariable analysis, older age, longer length of hospital stay, and undergoing surgery during the last 3 months of the study were independent predictors of discharge without an opioid prescription, whereas depression, non-Black and non-White race, and using more opioid pills on the day before discharge were independent predictors of receiving an opioid prescription. Among patients discharged without an opioid prescription, 1.8% (10 of 547) were subsequently prescribed an opioid. CONCLUSIONS: Discharging select patients without an opioid prescription after cardiac surgery appears well tolerated, with a low incidence of postdischarge opioid prescriptions. Increasing the number of patients discharged without an opioid prescription may be an area for quality improvement.

9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between institutional volume and operative mortality after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) remains unclear. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2018, 234 556 patients underwent isolated SAVR (n = 144 177) or SAVR with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 90 379) within the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database. The association between annualized SAVR volume (group 1 [1-25 SAVRs], group 2 [26-50 SAVRs], group 3 [51-100 SAVRs], and group 4 [>100 SAVRs]) and operative mortality and composite major morbidity or mortality was assessed. Random effects models were used to evaluate whether historical (2013-2015) SAVR volume or risk-adjusted outcomes explained future (2016-2018) risk-adjusted outcomes. RESULTS: The annualized median number of SAVRs per site was 35 (interquartile range, 22-59; isolated aortic valve replacement [AVR], 20; AVR with CABG, 13). Among isolated SAVR cases, the mean operative mortality and composite morbidity or mortality were 1.5% and 9.7%, respectively, at the highest-volume sites (group 4), with significantly higher rates among progressively lower-volume groups (P trend < .001). After adjustment, lower-volume centers had increased odds of operative mortality (group 1 vs group 4 [reference]: adjusted odds ratio [AOR] for SAVR, 2.24 [95% CI, 1.91-2.64]; AOR for SAVR with CABG, 1.96 [95% CI, 1.67-2.30]) and major morbidity or mortality (AOR for SAVR, 1.53 [95% CI, 1.39-1.69]; AOR for SAVR with CABG, 1.46 [95% CI, 1.32-1.61]) compared with the highest-volume institutions. Substantial variation in outcomes was observed across hospitals within each volume category, and prior outcomes explained a greater proportion of hospital operative outcomes than did prior volume. CONCLUSIONS: Operative outcomes after SAVR with or without CABG is inversely associated with institutional procedure volumes; however, prior outcomes are more predictive of future outcomes than is prior volume. Given the excellent outcomes observed at many lower-volume hospitals, procedural outcomes may be preferable to procedural volumes as a quality metric.

10.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular outcomes are worse among individuals from areas with limited socioeconomic resources. This study evaluated the relationship between high socioeconomic deprivation and isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) outcomes. METHODS: We linked statewide Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database data to Medicare Fee-for-Service records for 10 423 Michigan residents undergoing isolated CABG between January 2012 and December 2018. High socioeconomic deprivation was defined as residing in the highest decile of the ZIP Code-level area deprivation index (ADI). Multivariable logistic regression estimated the relationship between top ADI decile and major morbidity, in-hospital mortality, and operative mortality. Survival analyses evaluated long-term survival comparing patients in the top vs not in the top ADI decile. RESULTS: A total of 1036 patients were in the top decile of ADI (ADI >82.4), and they were more likely to be female, Black, and have a higher predicted risk of mortality. Patients in the top ADI decile had significantly higher rates of major morbidity (17.4% vs 11.4%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.04-1.54; P = .021) and in-hospital mortality (3.2% vs 1.3%, adjusted odds ratio, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.18-2.86, P = .007) but not operative mortality. The adjusted hazard of mortality was 16% higher for patients residing in the top ADI decile (95% CI, 1.01-1.33; P = .032). CONCLUSIONS: Isolated CABG patients residing in the highest areas of socioeconomic deprivation differed with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics and experienced worse short- and long-term outcomes compared with those not in the top ADI decile.

11.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 33(6): 848-856, 2021 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259841

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Measures to prevent surgical complications are critical components of optimal patient care, and adequate management when complications occur is equally crucial in efforts to reduce mortality. This study aims to elucidate clinical realities underlying in-hospital variations in failure to rescue (FTR) after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Using a statewide database for a quality improvement program, we identified 62 450 patients who had undergone adult cardiac surgery between 2011 and 2018 in 1 of the 33 Michigan hospitals performing adult cardiac surgery. The hospitals were first divided into tertiles according to their observed to expected (O/E) ratios of 30-day mortality: low-mortality tertile (O/E 0.46-0.78), intermediate-mortality tertile (O/E 0.79-0.90) and high-mortality tertile (O/E 0.98-2.00). We then examined the incidence of 15 significant complications and the rates of death following complications among the 3 groups. RESULTS: A total of 1418 operative deaths occurred in the entire cohort, a crude mortality rate of 2.3% and varied from 1.3% to 5.9% at the hospital level. The death rates also diverged significantly according to mortality score tertiles, from 1.6% in the low-mortality group to 3.2% in the high-mortality group (P < 0.001). Hospitals ranked in a high- or intermediate-mortality tertile had similar rates of overall complications (21.3% and 20.7%, P = 0.17), while low-mortality hospitals had significantly fewer complications (16.3%) than the other 2 tertiles (P < 0.001). FTR increased in a stepwise manner from low- to high-mortality hospitals (8.3% vs 10.0% vs 12.7%, P < 0.001, respectively). Differences in FTR were related to survival after cardiac arrest, multi-system organ failure, prolonged ventilation, reoperation for bleeding and severe acute kidney disease that requires dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that timely recognition and appropriate treatment of complications are as important as preventing complications to further reduce operative mortality in cardiac surgery. FTR tools may provide vital information for quality improvement initiatives.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(2): e007144, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is associated with improved outcomes for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, CR enrollment remains low and there is a dearth of real-world data on hospital-level variation in CR enrollment. We sought to explore determinants of hospital variability in CR enrollment during CAD episodes of care: medical management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI-MM), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A cohort of 71 703 CAD episodes of care were identified from 33 hospitals in the Michigan Value Collaborative statewide multipayer registry (2015 to 2018). CR enrollment was defined using professional and facility claims and compared across treatment strategies: AMI-MM (n=18 678), PCI (n=41 986), and CABG (n=11 039). Hierarchical logistic regression was used to estimate effects of predictors and hospital risk-adjusted rates of CR enrollment. RESULTS: Overall, 20 613 (28.8%) patients enrolled in CR, with significant differences by treatment strategy: AMI-MM=13.4%, PCI=29.0%, CABG=53.8% (P<0.001). There were significant differences in CR enrollment across age groups, comorbidity status, and payer status. At the hospital-level, there was over 5-fold variation in hospital risk-adjusted CR enrollment rates (9.8%-51.6%). Hospital-level CR enrollment rates were highly correlated across treatment strategy, with the strongest correlation between AMI-MM versus PCI (R2=0.72), followed by PCI versus CABG (R2=0.51) and AMI-MM versus CABG (R2=0.46, all P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Substantial variation exists in CR enrollment during CAD episodes of care across hospitals. However, within-hospital CR enrollment rates were significantly correlated across all treatment strategies. These findings suggest that CR enrollment during CAD episodes of care is the product of hospital-specific rather than treatment-specific practice patterns.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Cuidado Periódico , Hospitais , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 59(1): 54-64, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021620

RESUMO

Comprehensive information on the characteristics of surgical heart valves (SHVs) is essential for optimal valve selection. Such information is also important in assessing SHV function after valve replacement. Despite the existing regulatory framework for SHV sizing and labelling, this information is challenging to obtain in a uniform manner for various SHVs. To ensure that clinicians are adequately informed, the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) set up a Task Force comprised of cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, engineers, regulatory bodies, representatives of the International Organization for Standardization and major valve manufacturers. Previously, the EACTS-STS-AATS Valve Labelling Task Force identified the most important problems around SHV sizing and labelling. This Expert Consensus Document formulates recommendations for providing SHV physical dimensions, intended implant position and haemodynamic performance in a transparent, uniform manner. Furthermore, the Task Force advocates for the introduction and use of a standardized chart to assess the probability of prosthesis-patient mismatch and calls valve manufacturers to provide essential information required for SHV choice on standardized Valve Charts, uniformly for all SHV models.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Cirurgiões , Cirurgia Torácica , Consenso , Valvas Cardíacas , Humanos , Próteses e Implantes , Estados Unidos
14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 111(1): 314-326, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036738

RESUMO

Comprehensive information on the characteristics of surgical heart valves (SHVs) is essential for optimal valve selection. Such information is also important in assessing SHV function after valve replacement. Despite the existing regulatory framework for SHV sizing and labelling, this information is challenging to obtain in a uniform manner for various SHVs. To ensure that clinicians are adequately informed, the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) set up a Task Force comprised of cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, engineers, regulatory bodies, representatives of the International Organization for Standardization and major valve manufacturers. Previously, the EACTS-STS-AATS Valve Labelling Task Force identified the most important problems around SHV sizing and labelling. This Expert Consensus Document formulates recommendations for providing SHV physical dimensions, intended implant position and hemodynamic performance in a transparent, uniform manner. Furthermore, the Task Force advocates for the introduction and use of a standardized chart to assess the probability of prosthesis-patient mismatch and calls valve manufacturers to provide essential information required for SHV choice on standardized Valve Charts, uniformly for all SHV models.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/normas , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/normas , Desenho de Prótese/normas , Árvores de Decisões , Humanos
15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(1): 3-9, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075326

RESUMO

The purpose of this invited review is to promote understanding of fundamental health care finances, to gain acknowledgement of financial realities in our institutions, and to expand the "tool box" for cardiothoracic surgeons.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Liderança , Salas Cirúrgicas/economia , Cirurgiões , Humanos
16.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(2): 545-558, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070936

RESUMO

Comprehensive information on the characteristics of surgical heart valves (SHVs) is essential for optimal valve selection. Such information is also important in assessing SHV function after valve replacement. Despite the existing regulatory framework for SHV sizing and labelling, this information is challenging to obtain in a uniform manner for various SHVs. To ensure that clinicians are adequately informed, the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) set up a Task Force comprised of cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, engineers, regulatory bodies, representatives of the International Organization for Standardization and major valve manufacturers. Previously, the EACTS-STS-AATS Valve Labelling Task Force identified the most important problems around SHV sizing and labelling. This Expert Consensus Document formulates recommendations for providing SHV physical dimensions, intended implant position and hemodynamic performance in a transparent, uniform manner. Furthermore, the Task Force advocates for the introduction and use of a standardized chart to assess the probability of prosthesis-patient mismatch and calls valve manufacturers to provide essential information required for SHV choice on standardized Valve Charts, uniformly for all SHV models.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/normas , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/normas , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/normas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos
17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(1): 22-30, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence base favoring utilization of multiple arterial conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting has strengthened in recent years. Nevertheless, utilization of arterial conduits in the US lags behind that of many European peers. We describe a statewide collaborative based approach to improving utilization. METHODS: Four metrics of arterial revascularization were devised. These were displayed and discussed at quarterly statewide quality collaborative meetings from January 2016 onwards, integrated with an educational program regarding attendant benefits. We undertook retrospective review of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting statewide from 2012-2019 to assess impact. RESULTS: A total of 38,523 cases met inclusion/exclusion criteria. Statewide incidence of multiple arterial grafting increased from 7.4% at baseline to 21.7% in 2019 (P < .001), implementation across hospitals varied widely, ranging from 67.6% to 0.0%. Utilization of total arterial revascularization increased 1.9% to 4.4% (P < .001) between time frames. Utilization of both radial artery and bilateral internal thoracic artery conduit increased significantly from 5.3% to 13.2% (P < .001) and 2.1% to 8.5% (P < .001), respectively; radial artery utilization was significantly higher than bilateral internal thoracic artery for each year (P < .001 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: Our statewide quality improvement initiative improved rates of utilization of multiple arterial grafting by all metrics. Barriers to current utilization were identified to guide future quality improvement efforts. This reproducible approach is readily transferable to improve quality of care in other domains and geographical areas.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(4): 1176-1185, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the risk of new persistent opioid use after cardiac surgery, postdischarge opioid use has not been quantified and evidence-based prescribing guidelines have not been established. METHODS: Opioid-naive patients undergoing primary cardiac surgery via median sternotomy between January and December 2019 at 10 hospitals participating in a statewide collaborative were selected. Clinical data were linked to patient-reported outcomes collected at 30-day follow-up. An opioid prescribing recommendation stratified by inpatient opioid use on the day before discharge (0, 1-3, or ≥4 pills) was implemented in July 2019. Interrupted time-series analyses were performed for prescription size and postdischarge opioid use before (January to June) and after (July to December) guideline implementation. RESULTS: Among 1495 patients (729 prerecommendation and 766 postrecommendation), median prescription size decreased from 20 pills to 12 pills after recommendation release (P < .001), while opioid use decreased from 3 pills to 0 pills (P < .001). Change in prescription size over time was +0.6 pill/month before and -0.8 pill/month after the recommendation (difference = -1.4 pills/month; P = .036). Change in patient use was +0.6 pill/month before and -0.4 pill/month after the recommendation (difference = -1.0 pills/month; P = .017). Pain levels during the first week after surgery and refills were unchanged. Patients using 0 pills before discharge (n = 710) were prescribed a median of 0 pills and used 0 pills, while those using 1 to 3 pills (n = 536) were prescribed 20 pills and used 7 pills, and those using greater than or equal to 4 pills (n = 249) were prescribed 32 pills and used 24 pills. CONCLUSIONS: An opioid prescribing recommendation was effective, and prescribing after cardiac surgery should be guided by inpatient use.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Sobremedicalização/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Extra Corpor Technol ; 53(4): 270-278, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992317

RESUMO

Variability persists in intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion rates, despite evidence supporting associated adverse sequelae. We evaluated whether beliefs concerning transfusion risk and safety are independently associated with the inclination to transfuse. We surveyed intraoperative transfusion decision-makers from 33 cardiac surgery programs in Michigan. The primary outcome was a provider's reported inclination to transfuse (via a six-point Likert Scale) averaged across 10 clinical vignettes based on Class IIA or IIB blood management guideline recommendations. Survey questions assessed hematocrit threshold for transfusion ("hematocrit trigger"), demographic and practice characteristics, years and case-volume of practice, knowledge of transfusion guidelines, and provider attitude regarding perceived risk and safety of blood transfusions. Linear regression models were used to estimate the effect of these variables on transfusion inclination. Mixed effect models were used to quantify the variation attributed to provider specialties and hematocrit triggers. The mean inclination to transfuse was 3.2 (might NOT transfuse) on the survey Likert scale (SD: .86) across vignettes among 202/413 (48.9%) returned surveys. Hematocrit triggers ranged from 15% to 30% (average: 20.4%; SE: .18%). The inclination to transfuse in situations with weak-to-moderate evidence for supporting transfusion was associated with a provider's hematocrit trigger (p < .01) and specialty. Providers believing in the safety of transfusions were significantly more likely to transfuse. Provider specialty and belief in transfusion safety were significantly associated with a provider's hematocrit trigger and likelihood for transfusion. Our findings suggest that blood management interventions should target these previously unaccounted for blood transfusion determinants.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Transfusão de Sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Hematócrito
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 13(11): e006374, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176461

RESUMO

Background Over 180 000 coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures are performed annually, accounting for $7 to $10 billion in episode expenditures. Assessing tradeoffs between spending and quality contributing to value during 90-day episodes has not been conducted but is essential for success in bundled reimbursement models. We, therefore, identified determinants of variability in hospital 90-day episode value for CABG. Methods Medicare and private payor admissions for isolated CABG from 2014 to 2016 were retrospectively linked to clinical registry data for 33 nonfederal hospitals in Michigan. Hospital composite risk-adjusted complication rates (≥1 National Quality Forum-endorsed, Society of Thoracic Surgeons measure: deep sternal wound infection, renal failure, prolonged ventilation >24 hours, stroke, re-exploration, and operative mortality) and 90-day risk-adjusted, price-standardized episode payments were used to categorize hospitals by value by defining the intersection between complications and spending. Results Among 2573 total patients, those at low- versus high-value hospitals had a higher percentage of prolonged length of stay >14 days (9.3% versus 2.4%, P=0.006), prolonged ventilation (17.6% versus 4.8%, P<0.001), and operative mortality (4.8% versus 0.6%, P=0.001). Mean total episode payments were $51 509 at low-compared with $45 526 at high-value hospitals (P<0.001), driven by higher readmission ($3675 versus $2177, P=0.005), professional ($7462 versus $6090, P<0.001), postacute care ($7315 versus $5947, P=0.031), and index hospitalization payments ($33 474 versus $30 800, P<0.001). Among patients not experiencing a complication or 30-day readmission (1923/2573, 74.7%), low-value hospitals had higher inpatient evaluation and management payments ($1405 versus $752, P<0.001) and higher utilization of inpatient rehabilitation (7% versus 2%, P<0.001), but lower utilization of home health (66% versus 73%, P=0.016) and emergency department services (13% versus 17%, P=0.034). Conclusions To succeed in emerging bundled reimbursement programs for CABG, hospitals and physicians should identify strategies to minimize complications while optimizing inpatient evaluation and management spending and use of inpatient rehabilitation, home health, and emergency department services.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/economia , Gastos em Saúde , Custos Hospitalares , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/economia , Planos de Seguro Blue Cross Blue Shield/economia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado/economia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Medicare/economia , Readmissão do Paciente/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Melhoria de Qualidade/economia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
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