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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(8)2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454437

RESUMO

Mesoporous sodalite nanoparticles were directly synthesized from Indonesian kaolin with the addition of CTABr as a mesopore template. The studies highlighted the importance of aging time (3-12 h) and temperature (50-80 °C) on increasing surface area and mesoporosity of sodalite. Indonesian kaolin was used without pre-treatment and transformed to sodalite following the initial molar composition of 10 Na2O: 2 SiO2: Al2O3: 128 H2O. Characterization data revealed the formation of high surface area sodalite with mesoporosity at increasing aging temperatures and times. The presence of CTABr as templates produced sodalites nanoparticles with smaller aggregates than the non-template sodalite. The sodalite sample obtained at 80 °C of crystallization temperature for 9 h (S80H9) displayed the highest mesopore volume (0.07612 cm3/g) and the highest adsorption capacity of Pb2+ (212.24 mg/g). Pb2+ was suggested to adsorb via ion exchange with the Na+ counter cation and physical adsorption.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 204: 593-605, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157900

RESUMO

Conversion of lignocellulosic biowastes from agricultural industry into nanocrystalline cellulose provides pathway to reduce environmental pollution while enhancing the economic value of biowastes. Nanocellulose (NCC) with uniform morphology was isolated from pepper (Piper nigrum L.) stalk waste (PW) using acid hydrolysis method. The role of inorganic acids (sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid), organic acids (oxalic acid, citric acid, acetic acid) and variation of sonication times were investigated on the physicochemical characteristics, self-assembled structure, crystallinity, particle size, zeta potential and thermal stability of the isolated nanocellulose. Hydrolysis using inorganic acids transformed cellulose from PW into a spherical shaped NCC at ~33-67 nm of average diameter. Meanwhile hydrolysis in organic acids produced rod-shaped NCC at 210-321 nm in length. This study highlighted the role of acidity strength for organic acid and inorganic acid in controlling the level of hydrogen bond dissociation and the dissolution of amorphous fragments, which consequently directing the morphology and the physicochemical properties of NCCs.


Assuntos
Resíduos Industriais , Piper nigrum , Celulose/química , Hidrólise , Tamanho da Partícula
3.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(22)2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832181

RESUMO

Hematite (α-Fe2O3) with uniform hexagonal flake morphology has been successfully synthesized using a combination of gelatin as natural template with F127 via hydrothermal method. The resulting hematite was investigated as adsorbent and photocatalyst for removal of ibuprofen as pharmaceutical waste. Hexagonal flake-like hematite was obtained following calcination at 500 °C with the average size was measured at 1-3 µm. Increasing the calcination temperature to 700 °C transformed the uniform hexagonal structure into cubic shape morphology. Hematite also showed high thermal stability with increasing the calcination temperatures; however, the surface area was reduced from 47 m2/g to 9 m2/g. FTIR analysis further confirmed the formation Fe-O-Fe bonds, and the main constituent elements of Fe and O were observed in EDX analysis for all samples. α-Fe2O3 samples have an average adsorption capacity of 55-25.5 mg/g at 12-22% of removal efficiency when used as adsorbent for ibuprofen. The adsorption capacity was reduced as the calcination temperatures increased due to the reduction of available surface area of the hexagonal flakes after transforming into cubes. Photocatalytic degradation of ibuprofen using hematite flakes achieved 50% removal efficiency; meanwhile, combination of adsorption and photocatalytic degradation further removed 80% of ibuprofen in water/hexane mixtures.

4.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(28): 37354-37370, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712959

RESUMO

Red mud as industrial waste from bauxite was utilized as a precursor for the synthesis of mesoporous ZSM-5. A high concentration of iron oxide in red mud was successfully removed using alkali fusion treatment. Mesoporous ZSM-5 was synthesized using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) as a template via dual-hydrothermal method, and the effect of crystallization time was investigated towards the formation of mesopores. Characterization using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated the formation of cubic crystallite ZSM-5 with high surface area and mesopore volume within 6 h of crystallization. Increasing the crystallization time revealed the evolution of highly crystalline ZSM-5; however, the surface area and mesoporosity were significantly reduced. The effect of mesoporosity was investigated on the adsorption of methylene blue (MB). Kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of MB adsorption on mesoporous ZSM-5 was carried out at a variation of adsorption parameters such as the concentration of MB solution, the temperatures of solution, and the amount of adsorbent. Finally, methanol, 1-butanol, acetone, hydrochloric acid (HCl), and acetonitrile were used as desorbing agents to investigate the reusability and stability of mesoporous ZSM-5 as an adsorbent for MB removal.


Assuntos
Azul de Metileno , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cinética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
5.
RSC Adv ; 11(27): 16376-16387, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479131

RESUMO

Catalytic CO2 hydrogenation to CH4 offers a viable route for CO2 conversion into carbon feedstock. The research aimed to enhance CO2 conversion at low temperature and to increase the stability of Ni catalysts using zeolite as a support. NaZSM-5 (MFI), NaA (LTA), NaY (FAU), and NaBEA (BEA) synthesized from kaolin were impregnated with 15% Ni nanoparticles in order to elucidate the effect of surface area, porosity and basicity of the zeolite in increasing Ni activity at mild temperature of ∼200 °C. A highly dispersed Ni catalyst was produced on high surface area NaY meanwhile the mesoporosity of ZSM-5 has no significant effect in improving Ni dispersion. However, the important role of zeolite mesoporosity was observed on the stability of the catalyst. Premature deactivation of Ni/NaA within 10 h was due to the relatively small micropore size that restricted the CO2 diffusion, meanwhile Ni/NaZSM-5 with a large mesopore size exhibited catalytic stability for 40 h of reaction. Zeolite NaY enhanced Ni activity at 200 °C to give 21% conversion with 100% CH4 selectivity. In situ FTIR analysis showed the formation of hydrogen carbonate species and formate intermediates at low temperatures on Ni/NaY, which implied the efficiency of electron transfer from the basic sites of NaY during CO2 reduction. The combination of Ni/NaY interfacial interaction and NaY surface basicity promoted CO2 methanation reaction at low temperature.

6.
RSC Adv ; 11(36): 21885-21896, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480811

RESUMO

The activity of mesoporous Al-MCM-41 for deoxygenation of Reutealis trisperma oil (RTO) was enhanced via modification with NiO nanoparticles. Deoxygenation at atmospheric pressure and under H2 free conditions required acid catalysts to ensure the removal of the oxygenated fragments in triglycerides to form liquid hydrocarbons. NiO at different weight loadings was impregnated onto Al-MCM-41 and the changes of Lewis/Brønsted acidity and mesoporosity of the catalysts were investigated. The activity of Al-MCM-41 was enhanced when impregnated with NiO due to the increase of Lewis acidity originating from NiO nanoparticles and the mesoporosity of Al-MCM-41. Increasing the NiO loading enhanced the Lewis acidity but not Brønsted acidity, leading to a higher conversion towards liquid hydrocarbon yield. Impregnation with 10% of NiO on Al-MCM-41 increased the conversion of RTO to hydrocarbons via the deoxygenation pathway and reduced the products from cracking reaction, consequently enhancing the green diesel (C11-C18) hydrocarbon products.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 711: 135066, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000337

RESUMO

Size tunable mesoporous carbon microspheres, MCMs were obtained using Pluronic F127 and gelatin in co-templating method via hydrothermal and pyrolysis treatments. The presence of gelatin increased the mechanical strength of Pluronic F127 which can sustain the uniform microspherical structure of carbon following pyrolysis at 950 °C. The diameter of MCMs were controlled by variation of weight ratios between Pluronic F127 to gelatin from 1:0.01 to 1:1. MCMs exhibited inter-particulate mesoporous structure with high thermal stability (<500 °C). The MCMs were used as adsorbent for removal of ibuprofen and the kinetic studies using linear regression analysis revealed the adsorption fits pseudo second-order kinetic. The rate of adsorption and the amount of adsorbed ibuprofen were correlated well with the surface area and the crystallite size of MCMs. The efficiencies of ibuprofen adsorption on MCMs were also investigated when ibuprofen was dissolved at different concentration of water and hexane mixtures, the effect temperature variation and the amount MCMs to the volume of ibuprofen solution.


Assuntos
Microesferas , Carbono , Gelatina , Ibuprofeno , Cinética , Poloxâmero
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(44): 24518-24526, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663557

RESUMO

Ionic liquids are considered as emergent pollutants as these compounds possess high persistence in aqueous solution and toxicity toward aquatic organisms. In this work, the adsorption equilibrium of 27 ionic liquids, with different cation head groups, alkyl chain lengths, and anions, onto ZSM-5 was measured experimentally at several compositions and at temperature 298.15 K and 0.1 MPa. The extensive number of ionic liquids studied allows a comprehensive study on the impact of adsorbate chemical structures toward their adsorption process. The gathered experimental results show that the anions have a dominant effect, when compared to the cation head group and the alkyl chain length, in ruling the adsorption of ionic liquids from aqueous solution onto ZSM-5. The adsorption isotherms reveal that the adsorption process is a combination between Langmuir and Freundlich behaviors, with the latter leading the general process. Moreover, computational modelling using COSMO-RS demonstrates the existence of several molecular forces that rule the adsorption process, reinforcing the idea that the ionic liquid anion rules the adsorption. The results collected in the present work provide new understanding on the molecular mechanism for the development of efficient adsorbents for removal and recovery of ionic liquids from aqueous solution.

9.
Waste Manag ; 26(10): 1173-9, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16274981

RESUMO

White rice husk ash (RHA), an agriculture waste containing crystalline tridymite and alpha-cristobalite, was used as a silica source for zeolite Beta synthesis. The crystallization of zeolite Beta from RHA at 150 degrees C in the presence of tetraethylammonium hydroxide was monitored by XRD, FTIR and (29)Si MAS NMR techniques. It was found that zeolite Beta started to form after 12h and the complete crystallization of zeolite Beta phase was achieved after 2d. XRD, (29)Si MAS NMR and solid yield studies indicate that the transformation mechanism of silica present in RHA to zeolite Beta involves dissolution of the ash, formation of an amorphous aluminosilicate after 6h of crystallization, followed by dissolution in the mother liquor and final transformation to pure zeolite Beta crystals.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Oryza/química , Sementes/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Resíduos/análise , Zeolitas/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tetraetilamônio , Difração de Raios X
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