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4.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(11): 1330-1337, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193251

RESUMO

Importance: Up to 51% of patients with psoriasis report the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in their treatment regimen, although it is unclear which CAM therapies are effective for treatment of psoriasis. Objective: This review compiles the evidence on the efficacy of the most studied CAM modalities for treatment of patients with plaque psoriasis and discusses those therapies with the most robust available evidence. Evidence Review: PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov searches (1950-2017) were used to identify all documented CAM psoriasis interventions in the literature. The criteria were further refined to focus on those treatments identified in the first step that had the highest level of evidence for plaque psoriasis with more than 1 randomized clinical trial supporting their use. This excluded therapies lacking randomized clinical trial (RCT) data or showing consistent inefficacy. Findings: Primary CAM therapy searches identified 457 articles, of which 107 articles were retrieved for closer examination. Of those articles, 54 were excluded because the CAM therapy did not have more than 1 RCT on the subject or showed consistent lack of efficacy. An additional 7 articles were found using references of the included studies, resulting in a total of 44 RCTs (17 double-blind, 13 single-blind, and 14 nonblind), 10 uncontrolled trials, 2 open-label nonrandomized controlled trials, 1 prospective controlled trial, and 3 meta-analyses. Compared with placebo, application of topical indigo naturalis, studied in 5 RCTs with 215 participants, showed significant improvements in the treatment of psoriasis. Treatment with curcumin, examined in 3 RCTs (with a total of 118 participants), 1 nonrandomized controlled study, and 1 uncontrolled study, conferred statistically and clinically significant improvements in psoriasis plaques. Fish oil treatment was evaluated in 20 studies (12 RCTs, 1 open-label nonrandomized controlled trial, and 7 uncontrolled studies); most of the RCTs showed no significant improvement in psoriasis, whereas most of the uncontrolled studies showed benefit when fish oil was used daily. Meditation and guided imagery therapies were studied in 3 single-blind RCTs (with a total of 112 patients) and showed modest efficacy in treatment of psoriasis. One meta-analysis of 13 RCTs examined the association of acupuncture with improvement in psoriasis and showed significant improvement with acupuncture compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: The CAM therapies with the most robust evidence of efficacy for treatment of psoriasis are indigo naturalis, curcumin, dietary modification, fish oil, meditation, and acupuncture. This review will aid practitioners in advising patients seeking unconventional approaches for treatment of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Psoríase/terapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 17(6): 611-617, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879248

RESUMO

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are increasing in popularity in the field of dermatology. Natural products and holistic approaches are in high demand among patients and research has begun to support their roles in acne and rosacea pathophysiology. In this article, commonly utilized biologically based complementary and alternative therapies for acne and rosacea are reviewed from an evidence-based perspective. Therapies discussed include vitamin C, nicotinamide, zinc, tea tree oil, green tea, resveratrol, curcumin, feverfew, licorice, chamomile, polypodium leucotomos, and nutrition-based approaches. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(6):611-617.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Terapias Complementares/tendências , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Rosácea/tratamento farmacológico , Acne Vulgar/diagnóstico , Acne Vulgar/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Fatores Biológicos/metabolismo , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Humanos , Fitoterapia/métodos , Fitoterapia/tendências , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Rosácea/diagnóstico , Rosácea/metabolismo
6.
Cutis ; 101(2): 126-129, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29554154

RESUMO

Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the classic triad of fingernail dysplasia, patellar absence/hypoplasia, and presence of iliac horns. We describe the various features of NPS, focusing on dermatologic and musculoskeletal findings. A 69-year-old man presented to the dermatology clinic for a routine skin cancer screening. Physical examination revealed hypoplastic fingernails with longitudinal ridging, splitting, and triangular lunulae; left patellar absence and right patellar hypoplasia; and bilateral iliac horns that had been present since birth. His medical history was remarkable for glaucoma, hypertension, osteoporosis, and chronic kidney disease. A detailed awareness of the classic findings of NPS can facilitate its early recognition and enable appropriate treatment and long-term screening.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Unha-Patela/diagnóstico , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
8.
J Cutan Pathol ; 44(7): 639-642, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28419495

RESUMO

Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, a congenital cutaneous hamartoma, has the potential to develop into various epidermal adnexal-origin neoplasms. While the most common neoplasms are trichoblastoma or syringocystadenoma, proliferating trichilemmal cysts are exceptionally rare. We report a case of a 63-year-old Cuban male with a giant proliferating trichilemmal cyst arising from a nevus sebaceus on the right shoulder which had been growing for 30 years. Proliferating trichilemmal cysts arising from nevus sebaceus cases are difficult to diagnose clinically and histologically as they are very rare and have not been defined by exact diagnostic criteria. Our case creates awareness of this particular tumor in nevus sebaceus and shares clinical and histological diagnostic information that can be used to make a proper diagnosis.

9.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci ; 12(2): 298-310, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27633394

RESUMO

Rumination, and particularly ruminative brooding, perpetuates dysphoric mood states and contributes to the emergence of depression. Studies of adults and older adolescents have characterized the association between rumination and intrinsic functional connectivity within default mode (DMN), salience (SN) and executive control (ECN) networks; we know little, however, about the brain network basis of rumination during early puberty, a sensitive period for network reorganization. 112 early puberty boys and girls completed resting-state scans, the Ruminative Response Scale, and the Youth Self-Report questionnaire. Using independent components analysis and dual regression, we quantified coherence for each individual in networks of interest (SN, ECN, DMN) and in non-relevant networks (motor, visual) in which we predicted no correlations with behavioral measures. Boys and girls did not differ in levels of rumination or internalizing symptoms, or in coherence for any network. The relation between SN network coherence and rumination; however, and specifically ruminative brooding, was moderated by sex: greater SN coherence was associated with higher levels of brooding in girls but not in boys. Further, in girls, brooding mediated the relation between SN coherence and internalizing symptoms. These results point to coherence within the SN as a potential neurodevelopmental marker of risk for depression in early pubertal girls.


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Neuroimagem Funcional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Rede Nervosa/fisiopatologia , Puberdade/fisiologia , Puberdade/psicologia , Comportamento Estereotipado/fisiologia , Pensamento/fisiologia , Adolescente , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Criança , Transtorno Depressivo/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Giro do Cíngulo/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino
10.
J Cutan Pathol ; 42(11): 863-9, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26040921

RESUMO

Pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia can occasionally be observed in biopsies of CD30-positive lymphoproliferative disorders. It is important to be cognizant of this association, because epithelial hyperproliferation can overshadow large atypical lymphoid cells, leading to an erroneous diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or keratoacanthoma. Herein, we present a case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) with pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia simulating a poorly differentiated carcinoma and review the literature on this subject. Immunohistochemical staining with p63 helped delineate the infiltrating tongues of pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia from the malignant infiltrate. We present this case to raise awareness of the potential for pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia to occur in the setting of CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders. Clinicians and dermatopathologists should consider the possibility of ALCL or lymphomatoid papulosis when examining lesions with features of inflamed SCC, especially if the tumor presents on a site or in a patient that is not typical of SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Ceratoacantoma/metabolismo , Ceratoacantoma/patologia , Antígeno Ki-1/metabolismo , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/metabolismo , Papulose Linfomatoide/metabolismo , Papulose Linfomatoide/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo
11.
Dermatitis ; 26(2): 78-88, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25757079

RESUMO

Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) or pollen-food allergy syndrome (PFS) is a hypersensitivity reaction to plant-based foods, manifesting most commonly with pruritus of the lips, tongue, and mouth. Unlike simple food allergy, OAS requires prior sensitization to a cross-reacting inhalant allergen rather than direct sensitization to a specific food protein. In this review, we summarize the clinical features and pathophysiology of OAS and provide an overview of known pollen-food associations.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/etiologia , Frutas/efeitos adversos , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Prurido/etiologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/etiologia , Verduras/efeitos adversos , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Frutas/imunologia , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação , Doenças da Boca/imunologia , Prurido/imunologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/imunologia , Verduras/imunologia
12.
Indian Dermatol Online J ; 6(Suppl 1): S50-2, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26904453

RESUMO

This learning exercise challenges clinicians and dermatopathologists to consider the differential diagnosis of an unevenly colored solitary papule over the upper back of an adolescent female.

13.
Dermatitis ; 25(6): 334-44, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25384221

RESUMO

Pruritus is a major symptom of skin disease. The quest to identify a valid and reliable method to assess this important symptom has led to the development of a myriad of measurement tools. Some clinical trials using subjective measurements of itch intensity have reported itch intensity levels in psoriasis that are close to severity levels found in atopic dermatitis. Although it is possible that we have previously underestimated the severity of pruritus in psoriasis, these unexpected findings prompted us to review and evaluate these subjective methodologies. We provide an overview of the current tools available to measure itch severity, including subjective rating scales and questionnaires and objective measures of scratch activity through videotape observation and wrist actigraphy. We discuss the advantages and limitations of these methods and encourage consideration of a novel objective method of evaluation.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/complicações , Prurido/diagnóstico , Prurido/etiologia , Psoríase/complicações , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Altern Complement Med ; 18(5): 487-93, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22551076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical research news provided through the World Wide Web is easily accessible to the general public. Thus, it is necessary to understand how research findings released from online news sources are portrayed. METHODS: The sample includes articles (n=205) published between January 1, 2010 and June 18, 2010 in top online news sites with competitive traffic rankings in the United States as determined by Alexa.com. Google Reader was used to find health-related news articles corresponding to the relevant news sources. Data analysis was performed using SPSS with two-tailed significance values of the χ(2) statistic. RESULTS: A content analysis (n=205 stories) revealed that the majority of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities for cancer discussed in top online news sources are classified as nutritional therapeutics, and the cancer topic that appeared most frequently was that of prevention. General oncology was the most frequently cited cancer type that was discussed with regard to CAM. Medical journals were the most frequently cited source in CAM/cancer news articles. The majority of news stories on CAM/cancer were neutral in tone, and the relationship between tone and evidence type reported was statistically significant. Observational studies rather than randomized controlled trials were the predominant form of evidence provided for research findings. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the quality of how online news sources report research findings on complementary and alternative medicine therapies for cancer is fairly high. However, certain top online media sources are more reliable and informative than others when it comes to reporting about CAM remedies for cancer.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Terapias Complementares , Disseminação de Informação , Internet , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Neoplasias , Editoração , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Terapia Nutricional , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Estados Unidos
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