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2.
Blood ; 133(9): 940-951, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538135

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. However, a small subset of cyclin D1- MCL has been recognized, and approximately one-half of them harbor CCND2 translocations while the primary event in cyclin D1-/D2- MCL remains elusive. To identify other potential mechanisms driving MCL pathogenesis, we investigated 56 cyclin D1-/SOX11+ MCL by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), whole-genome/exome sequencing, and gene-expression and copy-number arrays. FISH with break-apart probes identified CCND2 rearrangements in 39 cases (70%) but not CCND3 rearrangements. We analyzed 3 of these negative cases by whole-genome/exome sequencing and identified IGK (n = 2) and IGL (n = 1) enhancer hijackings near CCND3 that were associated with cyclin D3 overexpression. By specific FISH probes, including the IGK enhancer region, we detected 10 additional cryptic IGK juxtapositions to CCND3 (6 cases) and CCND2 (4 cases) in MCL that overexpressed, respectively, these cyclins. A minor subset of 4 cyclin D1- MCL cases lacked cyclin D rearrangements and showed upregulation of CCNE1 and CCNE2. These cases had blastoid morphology, high genomic complexity, and CDKN2A and RB1 deletions. Both genomic and gene-expression profiles of cyclin D1- MCL cases were indistinguishable from cyclin D1+ MCL. In conclusion, virtually all cyclin D1- MCLs carry CCND2/CCND3 rearrangements with immunoglobulin genes, including a novel IGK/L enhancer hijacking mechanism. A subset of cyclin D1-/D2-/D3- MCL with aggressive features has cyclin E dysregulation. Specific FISH probes may allow the molecular identification and diagnosis of cyclin D1- MCL.


Assuntos
Ciclina D2/genética , Ciclina D3/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Rearranjo Gênico , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Idoso , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Translocação Genética
3.
J Infect Dis ; 215(1): 64-69, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27226206

RESUMO

Here we describe clinicopathologic features of Ebola virus disease in pregnancy. One woman infected with Sudan virus in Gulu, Uganda, in 2000 had a stillbirth and survived, and another woman infected with Bundibugyo virus had a live birth with maternal and infant death in Isiro, the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2012. Ebolavirus antigen was seen in the syncytiotrophoblast and placental maternal mononuclear cells by immunohistochemical analysis, and no antigen was seen in fetal placental stromal cells or fetal organs. In the Gulu case, ebolavirus antigen localized to malarial parasite pigment-laden macrophages. These data suggest that trophoblast infection may be a mechanism of transplacental ebolavirus transmission.


Assuntos
Ebolavirus/isolamento & purificação , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/patologia , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/virologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/patologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/isolamento & purificação , República Democrática do Congo , Ebolavirus/química , Ebolavirus/genética , Ebolavirus/imunologia , Feminino , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/imunologia , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/transmissão , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Imuno-Histoquímica , Macrófagos/parasitologia , Macrófagos/ultraestrutura , Macrófagos/virologia , Malária/complicações , Malária/imunologia , Malária/virologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Placenta/ultraestrutura , Placenta/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/imunologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/parasitologia , Natimorto , Células Estromais/ultraestrutura , Células Estromais/virologia , Trofoblastos/parasitologia , Trofoblastos/ultraestrutura , Trofoblastos/virologia
4.
Clin Cancer Res ; 19(12): 3121-9, 2013 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23640973

RESUMO

PURPOSE: microRNAs (miRNA) are posttranscriptional gene regulators that may be useful as diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarkers. We aim to study the expression profiles of a high number of miRNAs and their relationship with clinicopathologic and biologic relevant features in leukemic mantle cell lymphomas (MCL). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Expression profiling of 664 miRNAs was investigated using a high-throughput quantitative real-time PCR platform in 30 leukemic MCLs. Statistical and bioinformatic analyses were conducted to define miRNAs associated with different clinicopathologic parameters. Gene expression profiling was investigated by microarrays in 16 matching cases to study the potential genes and pathways targeted by selected miRNAs. The prognostic value of miR-34a was investigated in 2 independent series of 29 leukemic and 50 nodal MCLs. RESULTS: Robust consensus clustering defined 2 main MCL subgroups with significant differences in the immunoglobulin (IGHV) mutational status, SOX11 expression, genomic complexity, and nodal clinical presentation. Supervised analyses of IGHV and SOX11 categories identified 17 and 22 miRNAs differentially expressed, respectively. Enriched targets of these miRNAs corresponded to relevant pathways in MCL pathogenesis such as DNA stress response, CD40 signaling, and chromatin modification. In addition, we found 7 miRNAs showing prognostic significance independently of IGHV status and SOX11 expression. Among them, miR-34a was also associated with poor prognosis in 2 independent series of leukemic and nodal MCL, and in cooperation with high expression of the MYC oncogene. CONCLUSION: We have identified miRNAs and target pathways related to clinical and biologic variants of leukemic MCL, and validated miR-34a as a prognostic marker in MCL.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas/genética , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
5.
Cancer Res ; 69(17): 7071-8, 2009 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19690137

RESUMO

The contribution of microRNAs (miR) to the pathogenesis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is not well known. We investigated the expression of 86 mature miRs mapped to frequently altered genomic regions in MCL in CD5(+)/CD5(-) normal B cells, reactive lymph nodes, and purified tumor cells of 17 leukemic MCL, 12 nodal MCL, and 8 MCL cell lines. Genomic alterations of the tumors were studied by single nucleotide polymorphism arrays and comparative genomic hybridization. Leukemic and nodal tumors showed a high number of differentially expressed miRs compared with purified normal B cells, but only some of them were commonly deregulated in both tumor types. An unsupervised analysis of miR expression profile in purified leukemic MCL cells revealed two clusters of tumors characterized by different mutational status of the immunoglobulin genes, proliferation signature, and number of genomic alterations. The expression of most miRs was not related to copy number changes in their respective chromosomal loci. Only the levels of miRs included in the miR-17-92 cluster were significantly related to genetic alterations at 13q31. Moreover, overexpression of miR-17-5p/miR-20a from this cluster was associated with high MYC mRNA levels in tumors with a more aggressive behavior. In conclusion, the miR expression pattern of MCL is deregulated in comparison with normal lymphoid cells and distinguishes two subgroups of tumors with different biological features.


Assuntos
Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Humanos , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/imunologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/imunologia , Hipermutação Somática de Imunoglobulina
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