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1.
Adv Mater ; 31(28): e1900189, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081262

RESUMO

The rapid rise in energy demand in the past years has prompted a search for low-cost alternatives for energy storage, supercapacitors being one of the most important devices. It is shown that a dramatic enhancement (≈1100%, from 155 to 1850 F g-1 ) of the specific capacitance of a hybrid stimuli-responsive FeNi3 -graphene electrode material can be achieved when the charge/discharge cycling is performed in the presence of an applied magnetic field of 4000 G. This result is related to an unprecedented magnetic-field-induced metal segregation of the FeNi3 nanoparticles during the cycling, which results in the appearance of small Ni clusters (<5 nm) and, consequently, in an increase in pseudocapacitive sites. The results open the door to a systematic improvement of the capacitance values of hybrid supercapacitors, while moving the research in this area towards the development of magnetically addressable energy-storage devices.

2.
Adv Mater ; 31(10): e1806817, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645012

RESUMO

The quest for a spin-polarized organic light-emitting diode (spin-OLED) is a common goal in the emerging fields of molecular electronics and spintronics. In this device, two ferromagnetic (FM) electrodes are used to enhance the electroluminescence intensity of the OLED through a magnetic control of the spin polarization of the injected carriers. The major difficulty is that the driving voltage of an OLED device exceeds a few volts, while spin injection in organic materials is only efficient at low voltages. The fabrication of a spin-OLED that uses a conjugated polymer as bipolar spin collector layer and ferromagnetic electrodes is reported here. Through a careful engineering of the organic/inorganic interfaces, it is succeeded in obtaining a light-emitting device showing spin-valve effects at high voltages (up to 14 V). This allows the detection of a magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) enhancement on the order of a 2.4% at 9 V for the antiparallel (AP) configuration of the magnetic electrodes. This observation provides evidence for the long-standing fundamental issue of injecting spins from magnetic electrodes into the frontier levels of a molecular semiconductor. The finding opens the way for the design of multifunctional devices coupling the light and the spin degrees of freedom.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(16): 4522-4526, 2018 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044106

RESUMO

The pursuit of novel functional building blocks for the emerging field of quantum computing is one of the most appealing topics in the context of quantum technologies. Herein we showcase the urgency of introducing peptides as versatile platforms for quantum computing. In particular, we focus on lanthanide-binding tags, originally developed for the study of protein structure. We use pulsed electronic paramagnetic resonance to demonstrate quantum coherent oscillations in both neodymium and gadolinium peptidic qubits. Calculations based on density functional theory followed by a ligand field analysis indicate the possibility of influencing the nature of the spin qubit states by means of controlled changes in the peptidic sequence. We conclude with an overview of the challenges and opportunities opened by this interdisciplinary field.


Assuntos
Metaloproteínas/química , Peptídeos/química , Teoria Quântica , Cátions/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Modelos Químicos
4.
Chem Sci ; 9(1): 199-208, 2018 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629088

RESUMO

A new family of chloroquinolinate lanthanoid complexes of the formula A+[Ln(5,7Cl2q)4]-, with Ln = Y3+, Tb3+ and Dy3+ and A+ = Na+, NEt4+ and K0.5(NEt4)0.5+, is studied, both in bulk and as thin films. Several members of the family are found to present single-molecule magnetic behavior in bulk. Interestingly, the sodium salts can be sublimed under high vacuum conditions retaining their molecular structures and magnetic properties. These thermally stable compounds have been deposited on different substrates (Al2O3, Au and NiFe). The magnetic properties of these molecular films show the appearance of cusps in the zero-field cooled curves when they are deposited on permalloy (NiFe). This indicates a magnetic blocking caused by the interaction between the single-ion magnet and the ferromagnet. X-ray absorption spectroscopy confirms the formation of hybrid states at the molecule/metal interface.

5.
Langmuir ; 31(19): 5311-8, 2015 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25919007

RESUMO

Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) are nowadays broadly used as surface protectors or modifiers and play a key role in many technological applications. This has motivated the study of their formation in all kind of materials; however, and despite the current interest in molecular spintronics, the study of SAMs on ferromagnetic surfaces remains almost unexplored. In this paper, we report for the first time a methodology for the formation of SAMs of n-alkylphosphonic acids on permalloy in ambient conditions. The formed monolayers have been fully characterized by means of contact angle measurements, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, and X-ray reflectometry. Additionally, the magnetic stability of the modified permalloy after the solution process required for the SAM formation has been confirmed by magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometry. Moreover, by means of microcontact printing lithography, very accurate SAM patterns have been transferred onto permalloy surfaces and used as resist mask in a chemical etching process giving rise to submicrometric permalloy surface patterns with potential interest in nanomagnetism, spintronics, and storage technologies.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 4(2): 242-255, 2014 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28344221

RESUMO

The use of magnetic nanomaterials for analytical applications has increased in the recent years. In particular, magnetic nanomaterials have shown great potential as adsorbent phase in several extraction procedures due to the significant advantages over the conventional methods. In the present work, the influence of magnetic forces over the extraction efficiency of triazines using superparamagnetic silica nanoparticles (NPs) in magnetic in tube solid phase microextraction (Magnetic-IT-SPME) coupled to CapLC has been evaluated. Atrazine, terbutylazine and simazine has been selected as target analytes. The superparamagnetic silica nanomaterial (SiO2-Fe3O4) deposited onto the surface of a capillary column gave rise to a magnetic extraction phase for IT-SPME that provided a enhancemment of the extraction efficiency for triazines. This improvement is based on two phenomena, the superparamegnetic behavior of Fe3O4 NPs and the diamagnetic repulsions that take place in a microfluidic device such a capillary column. A systematic study of analytes adsorption and desorption was conducted as function of the magnetic field and the relationship with triazines magnetic susceptibility. The positive influence of magnetism on the extraction procedure was demonstrated. The analytical characteristics of the optimized procedure were established and the method was applied to the determination of the target analytes in water samples with satisfactory results. When coupling Magnetic-IT-SPME with CapLC, improved adsorption efficiencies (60%-63%) were achieved compared with conventional adsorption materials (0.8%-3%).

7.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 406(8): 2211-5, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24105458

RESUMO

This work demonstrates the application of silica supported Fe3O4 nanoparticles as sorbent phase for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) and magnetic on-line in-tube solid-phase microextraction (Magnetic-IT-SPME) combined with capillary liquid chromatography-diode array detection (CapLC-DAD) to determine organophosphorous compounds (OPs) at trace level. In MSPE, magnetism is used as separation tool while in Magnetic-IT-SPME, the application of an external magnetic field gave rise to a significant improvement of the adsorption of OPs on the sorbent phase. Extraction efficiency, analysis time, reproducibility and sensitivity have been compared. This work showed that Magnetic-IT-SPME can be extended to OPs with successful results in terms of simplicity, speed, extraction efficiency and limit of detection. Finally, wastewater samples were analysed to determine OPs at nanograms per litre.


Assuntos
Compostos Organofosforados/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Compostos Organofosforados/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Microextração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(86): 10145-7, 2013 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24048078

RESUMO

The magnetoresistance (MR) effect of thin films of the Prussian Blue Analogue (PBA) Cr5.5(CN)12·11.5H2O, prepared by electrochemical deposition, has been measured using the standard two-point probe method. This molecule-based ferrimagnetic material, with a Tc = 240 K, exhibits MR up to 2% at 6 T and 200 K.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(79): 8922-4, 2013 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23955315

RESUMO

Polyoxometalate single ion magnet [GdW30P5O110](14-) (1) has been studied by generalized Rabi oscillation experiments. It was possible to increase the number of coherent rotations tenfold through matching the Rabi frequency with the frequency of the proton. Achieving high coherence with polyoxometalate chemistry, we show its excellent potential not only for the storage of quantum information but even for the realization of quantum algorithms.

10.
Anal Chem ; 84(16): 7233-40, 2012 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22861152

RESUMO

We report a new in-tube solid phase microextraction approach named magnetic in-tube solid phase microextraction, magnetic-IT-SPME. Magnetic-IT-SPME has been developed, taking advantage of magnetic microfluidic principles with the aim to improve extraction efficiency of IT-SPME systems. First, a magnetic hybrid material formed by Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles supported on SiO(2) was synthesized and immobilized in the surface of a bared fused silica capillary column to obtain a magnetic adsorbent extraction phase. The capillary column was placed inside a magnetic coil that allowed the application of a variable magnetic field. Acetylsalicylic acid, acetaminophen, atenolol, diclofenac, and ibuprofen were tested as target analytes. The application of a controlled magnetic field resulted in quantitative extraction efficiencies of the target analytes between 70 and 100%. These results demonstrated that magnetic forces solve the low extraction efficiency (10-30%) of IT-SPME systems, which is one of their main drawbacks.

11.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 232, 2012 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22531148

RESUMO

This paper reports on molecular-based magnetic thin films of Prussian blue analogues (PBA) with high critical temperatures composed of mixed-valence chromium cyanides. The thin films of PBA were synthesized by means of electrodeposition technique. Morphology and magnetic study are presented in a function of electrochemical deposition conditions. We present the electrochemical methods as a promising and effective tool for preparing molecular-based magnetic thin films of Prussian blue analogue.

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