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1.
Pathology ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902622

RESUMO

Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM) is an indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma which usually presents with symptoms related to infiltration of bone marrow or other tissues like lymph nodes, liver or spleen and has certain unusual clinical manifestations, e.g., renal and central nervous system (CNS) involvement. It also has an array of laboratory features including hypersecretion of IgM, cryoglobulinaemia, increased plasma viscosity and identification of mutated MYD88L265P in more than 90% of cases. In this review, we aim to provide a guide to the laboratory investigations recommended for WM at initial diagnosis and at follow-up. A discussion on the nuances of diagnosis and differential diagnoses is followed by bone marrow (BM) assessment, measurement of paraprotein and other ancillary investigations. Recommendations are provided on laboratory work-up at diagnosis, in the asymptomatic follow-up phase, and during and post-treatment. Finally, we briefly discuss the implications of laboratory diagnosis in regard to recruitment and monitoring on clinical trials.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717353

RESUMO

Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS) are multi-relapsing, morbid, cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. Optimal treatment sequencing remains undefined. Total skin electron therapy (TSE) is a highly technical, skin-directed treatment, uniquely producing symptom-free and treatment-free intervals. Recent publications favour low-dose TSE for reduced toxicity, but early data support conventional-dose TSE (cdTSE) for longer disease control. Patient selection requires weighing-up tolerability against response durability. We investigated duration of benefit from cdTSE in patients with poorer prognosis diseases: SS and heavily pre-treated MF. Endpoints were overall survival, and "time to next treatment" (TTNT) as surrogate for clinical benefit duration. Seventy patients (53 MF, 17 SS) were eligible: median prior treatments, 4; median cdTSE dose, 30 Gy; median follow-up, 5.8 years. SS patients had worse prognosis (HR = 5.0, p < 0.001) and shorter TTNT (HR = 4.5, p < 0.001) than MF patients; median TTNT was only 3.7 months. Heavily pre-treated MF patients had inferior prognosis (HR = 1.19 per additional line, p = 0.005), and shorter TTNT (HR = 1.13 per additional line, p = 0.031). Median TTNT for MF patients with ≥3 prior treatments was 7.1 months, versus 23.2 months for 0-2 prior treatments. In conclusion, cdTSE has a limited role in SS. TTNT is reduced in heavily pre-treated MF patients, suggesting greater benefit when utilized earlier in treatment sequencing.

4.
Lancet ; 394(10214): 2096-2107, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isatuximab is a monoclonal antibody that binds a specific epitope on the human CD38 receptor and has antitumour activity via multiple mechanisms of action. In a previous phase 1b study, around 65% of patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma achieved an overall response with a combination of isatuximab with pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone. The aim of this study was to determine the progression-free survival benefit of isatuximab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone compared with pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. METHODS: We did a randomised, multicentre, open-label, phase 3 study at 102 hospitals in 24 countries in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific regions. Eligible participants were adult patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who had received at least two previous lines of treatment, including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Patients were excluded if they were refractory to previous treatment with an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody. We randomly assigned patients (1:1) to either isatuximab 10 mg/kg plus pomalidomide 4 mg plus dexamethasone 40 mg (20 mg for patients aged ≥75 years), or pomalidomide 4 mg plus dexamethasone 40 mg. Randomisation was done using interactive response technology and stratified according to the number of previous lines of treatment (2-3 vs >3) and age (<75 years vs ≥75 years). Treatments were assigned based on a permuted blocked randomisation scheme with a block size of four. The isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone group received isatuximab intravenously on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 in the first 28-day cycle, then on days 1 and 15 in subsequent cycles. Both groups received oral pomalidomide on days 1 to 21 in each cycle, and oral or intravenous dexamethasone on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each cycle. Treatment continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. Dose reductions for adverse reactions were permitted for pomalidomide and dexamethasone, but not for isatuximab. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, determined by an independent response committee and assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was assessed in all participants who received at least one dose of study drug. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02990338. FINDINGS: Between Jan 10, 2017, and Feb 2, 2018, we randomly assigned 307 patients to treatment: 154 to isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone, and 153 to pomalidomide-dexamethasone. At a median follow-up of 11·6 months (IQR 10·1-13·9), median progression-free survival was 11·5 months (95% CI 8·9-13·9) in the isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone group versus 6·5 months (4·5-8·3) in the pomalidomide-dexamethasone group; hazard ratio 0·596, 95% CI 0·44-0·81; p=0·001 by stratified log-rank test. The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse events (any grade; isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone vs pomalidomide-dexamethasone) were infusion reactions (56 [38%] vs 0), upper respiratory tract infections (43 [28%] vs 26 [17%]), and diarrhoea (39 [26%] vs 29 [20%]). Adverse events with a fatal outcome were reported in 12 patients (8%) in the isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone group and 14 (9%) in the pomalidomide-dexamethasone group. Deaths due to treatment-related adverse events were reported for one patient (<1%) in the isatuximab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone group (sepsis) and two (1%) in the pomalidomide-dexamethasone group (pneumonia and urinary tract infection). INTERPRETATION: The addition of isatuximab to pomalidomide-dexamethasone significantly improves progression-free survival in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Isatuximab is an important new treatment option for the management of relapsed and refractory myeloma, particularly for patients who become refractory to lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. FUNDING: Sanofi. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

5.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is an emerging cancer that has been linked to the use of textured devices. Recent increase in number and frequency of cases has led to worldwide regulatory action. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to longitudinally study the disease in Australia since the index case was first reported in 2007. METHODS: Confirmed historical cases were collected and then prospectively analyzed from October 2015 to May 2019. Clinical and implant exposure data was determined and compared with company sales data for four devices to generate implant-specific risk. RESULTS: A total of 104 cases of BIA-ALCL were diagnosed in Australia with exposure to 149 unique breast implants. The mean age of patients was 48.2 years (range, 22.4-78.5 years). They had an average time from implantation to diagnosis of 6.8 years. 51.7% of implants utilized in this cohort were Allergan Biocell devices. The indication for implant usage was for primary cosmetic augmentation in 70%, post breast cancer reconstruction in 23% and following weight loss/pregnancy in 7%. The majority of women presented with early (stage 1) disease (87.5%). The risk for developing BIA-ALCL ranged from 1 in 1947 sales (95% CI 1199-3406) for Silimed Polyurethane devices to 1 in 36730 (95% CI 12568-178107) for Siltex imprinted textured devices. CONCLUSIONS: Implants with higher surface area/texture seem to be more associated with BIA-ALCL in Australia. Recent regulatory action to suspend, cancel, or recall some of these higher risk devices is supported by these findings.

6.
Palliat Support Care ; : 1-11, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial interventions that mitigate psychosocial distress in cancer patients are important. The primary aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of an adaptation of the Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) program among adult cancer patients. A secondary aim was to examine pre-post-program changes in psychosocial wellbeing. METHOD: The research design was a feasibility and acceptability study, with an examination of pre- to post-intervention changes in psychosocial measures. A study information pack was posted to 173 adult cancer patients 6 months-5 years post-diagnosis, with an invitation to attend an eight-week group-based adaptation of the MSC program. RESULTS: Thirty-two (19%) consented to the program, with 30 commencing. Twenty-seven completed the program (mean age: 62.93 years, SD 14.04; 17 [63%] female), attending a mean 6.93 (SD 1.11) group sessions. There were no significant differences in medico-demographic factors between program-completers and those who did not consent. However, there was a trend toward shorter time since diagnosis in the program-completers group. Program-completers rated the program highly regarding content, relevance to the concerns of cancer patients, and the likelihood of recommending the program to other cancer patients. Sixty-three percent perceived that their mental wellbeing had improved from pre- to post-program; none perceived a deterioration in mental wellbeing. Small-to-medium effects were observed for depressive symptoms, fear of cancer recurrence, stress, loneliness, body image satisfaction, mindfulness, and self-compassion. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: The MSC program appears feasible and acceptable to adults diagnosed with non-advanced cancer. The preliminary estimates of effect sizes in this sample suggest that participation in the program was associated with improvements in psychosocial wellbeing. Collectively, these findings suggest that there may be value in conducting an adequately powered randomized controlled trial to determine the efficacy of the MSC program in enhancing the psychosocial wellbeing of cancer patients.

7.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(11): e624-e626, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584492

RESUMO

F-Fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography with CT fusion ([F]FLT-PET/CT) offers a unique and non-invasive method for three-dimensional localization and quantification of functional bone marrow. [F]FLT-PET/CT has potential application in radiotherapy planning when risk of marrow toxicity is a significant clinical concern. In this patient with chemo-refractory, transformed lymphoma and treatment-induced cytopenias, [F]FLT-PET/CT was a novel and useful adjunct to (1) image the distribution of functional bone marrow reserve, (2) guide "marrow-sparing" radiotherapy planning, and (3) quantify the effects of radiotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression both in-field and out-of-field.


Assuntos
Células Sanguíneas/efeitos da radiação , Medula Óssea/fisiopatologia , Medula Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Didesoxinucleosídeos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Idoso , Células Sanguíneas/patologia , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Contagem de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma/radioterapia
8.
Blood ; 134(16): 1346-1350, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467061

RESUMO

Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has demonstrated therapeutic benefit in patients with Sézary syndrome (SS) and erythrodermic mycosis fungoides (e-MF). To examine the efficacy of ECP in the modern era of novel therapies, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 65 patients with a diagnosis of SS or e-MF with blood involvement who were treated with ECP at our institute. Overall survival (OS), time to next treatment (TTNT), and skin response rate (RR) were used as the study end points to determine patient outcome. The median follow-up from diagnosis was 48 months (range 1-225 months), with a median predicted OS of 120 months. The majority (88%) of patients commenced ECP at treatment lines 1 to 3, either as a monotherapy or in conjunction with other systemic agents. The use of ECP monotherapy resulted in a significantly longer median TTNT when compared with interferon-α (P = .0067), histone deacetylase inhibitors (P = .0003), novel immunotherapy agents (P = .028), low-dose methotrexate (P < .0001), and chemotherapy (P < .0001). In particular, early commencement of ECP at treatment lines 1 to 3 yielded a TTNT of 47 months. The results of our study support the utilization of ECP for SS/e-MF, and we recommend that ECP should be considered as early as possible in the treatment paradigm for these patients.

9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(7)2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269764

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma for which a cure is usually the therapeutic goal of optimal treatment. Using a large population-based cohort we sought to examine the factors associated with optimal DLBCL treatment and survival. METHODS: DLBCL cases were identified through the population-based Victorian Cancer Registry, capturing new diagnoses for two time periods: 2008-2009 and 2012-2013. Treatment was pre-emptively classified as 'optimal' or 'suboptimal', according to compliance with current treatment guidelines. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to determine factors associated with treatment and survival. RESULTS: Altogether, 1442 DLBCL cases were included. Based on multivariable analysis, delivery of optimal treatment was less likely for those aged ≥80 years (p < 0.001), women (p = 0.012), those with medical comorbidity (p < 0.001), those treated in a non-metropolitan hospital (p = 0.02) and those who were ex-smokers (p = 0.02). Delivery of optimal treatment increased between 2008-2009 and the 2012-2013 (from 60% to 79%, p < 0.001). Delivery of optimal treatment was independently associated with a lower risk of death (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.60 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-0.81), p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Delivery of optimal treatment for DLBCL is associated with hospital location and category, highlighting possible demographic variation in treatment patterns. Together with an increase in the proportion of patients receiving optimal treatment in the more recent time period, this suggests that treatment decisions in DLBCL may be subject to non-clinical influences, which may have implications when evaluating equity of treatment access. The positive association with survival emphasizes the importance of delivering optimal treatment in DLBCL.

10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(3S A Review of Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma): 59S-64S, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817557

RESUMO

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder occurring in patients with breast implants. Genomic characterization performed in BIA-ALCL to date has demonstrated qualitatively similar molecular abnormalities to those seen in its more common counterpart [ALK-negative systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (sALCL)] including JAK/STAT activation and MYC/TP53 dysregulation. Despite these observed similarities at the molecular level, the outcomes of sALCL and BIA-ALCL are markedly different with sALCL typically associated with an aggressive course and inferior outcomes compared with BIA-ALCL. This review describes the findings of high-throughput sequencing and other genomic characterization to date in BIA-ALCL and the insights these studies have given into the molecular drivers of this rare lymphoma subtype.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implante Mamário/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Genômica , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
11.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(5): 1285-1292, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and implant-specific risk for breast implant-associated (BIA) anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) has been previously reported for Australia and New Zealand. The authors now present updated data and risk assessment since their last report. METHODS: New cases in Australia and New Zealand were identified and analyzed. Updated sales data from three leading breast implant manufacturers (i.e., Mentor, Allergan, and Silimed) were secured to estimate implant-specific risk. RESULTS: A total of 26 new cases of BIA-ALCL were diagnosed between January of 2017 and April of 2018, increasing the total number of confirmed cases in Australia and New Zealand to 81. This represents a 47 percent increase in the number of reported cases over this period. The mean age and time to development remain unchanged. The implant-specific risk has increased for Silimed polyurethane (23.4 times higher) compared with Biocell, which has remained relatively static (16.5 times higher) compared with Siltex implants. CONCLUSIONS: The number of confirmed cases of BIA-ALCL in Australia and New Zealand continues to rise. The implant-specific risk has now changed to reflect a strong link to implant surface area/roughness as a major association with this cancer.


Assuntos
Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Implante Mamário/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Poliuretanos/toxicidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Medição de Risco , Propriedades de Superfície , Adulto Jovem
12.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(9): 2122-2133, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777794

RESUMO

Efficacy and safety of bortezomib-based consolidation following ASCT were investigated in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients from Australia, Korea, and China. Patients received three cycles of bortezomib-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone induction followed by high-dose therapy/ASCT, then were randomized (1:1) to consolidation with TP (thalidomide 100 mg/d for ≤12 months/until disease progression; prednisolone 50 mg on alternate days indefinitely/until disease progression; n = 100) or VTP (subcutaneous bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 every 2 weeks for 32 weeks, plus TP; n = 103). The hypothesized difference in CR + VGPR rate (after ≤12 months consolidation therapy) was not met. The rate of CR + VGPR was numerically higher with VTP versus TP; however, this was not statistically significant (85.7% versus 77.1%; rate difference 8.6%; 95% confidence interval -2.3%-19.5%; p = .122). Secondary efficacy outcomes were similar between treatment arms. Addition of bortezomib to TP consolidation was associated with limited additional toxicity but did not significantly improve efficacy versus TP.

13.
Australas J Dermatol ; 60(1): 12-18, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992535

RESUMO

Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk of cancer, which may be due to impaired immune surveillance, immune modulatory treatments, chronic inflammation and/or co-risk factors such as obesity. The increase in treatment-independent solid cancers, including urinary/bladder cancers, oropharynx/larynx, liver/gallbladder and colon/rectal cancers, seem to be linked to alcohol and smoking. Lung cancer and nonmelanoma skin cancer are also increased in patients with psoriasis. The risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer increases with age and severity of psoriasis. It is also higher in men, particularly for squamous cell carcinoma, which may reflect previous exposure to PUVA and/or ciclosporin. The risk of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is substantially higher in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Biologic therapies are independently associated with a slight increase risk of cancer, but this is less than ciclosporin, with the risk confounded by disease severity and other co-risk factors. The risk of cancer from low-dose methotrexate is likely minimal. In contrast, acitretin is likely protective against a variety of solid and haematological malignancies. The data on small molecule therapies such as apremilast are too immature for comment, although no signal has yet been identified. The decision whether to stop psoriasis immune modulatory treatments following a diagnosis of cancer, and when to resume, needs to be considered in the context of the patients' specific cancer. However, there is no absolute need to stop any treatment other than possibly ciclosporin, unless there is a concern over an increased risk of serious infection or drug-drug interaction with cancer-directed therapies, including radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Terapia PUVA , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Austrália/epidemiologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
15.
Nat Genet ; 51(1): 196, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429576

RESUMO

In the version of this article originally published, the main-text sentence "In three patients of European ancestry, we identified the germline variant encoding p.Ile97Met in TIM-3, which was homozygous in two (P12 and P13) and heterozygous in one (P15) in the germline but with no TIM-3 plasma membrane expression in the tumor" misstated the identifiers of the two homozygous individuals, which should have been P13 and P14. The error has been corrected in the HTML, PDF and print versions of the paper.

16.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 12(1): 5-19, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30526166

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brentuximab vedotin is an antibody-drug conjugate, which combines a CD30 monoclonal antibody with the microtubule-disrupting agent monomethylauristatin E. The utility of brentuximab vedotin has been explored in a number of diseases, with a recent focus on T-cell lymphoma, particularly systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (sALCL) and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), as well as other peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) histologies. Areas covered: This review surveys current data on the efficacy of brentuximab vedotin in T-cell lymphoma, as well as embedding it in a therapeutic context by reviewing potential competitor agents in the clinic. Data are drawn from published literature, with a focus on clinical trial data rather than preclinical studies or case reports. Expert opinion: Brentuximab vedotin has a clear clinical benefit in CTCL and sALCL, and can achieve durable responses in a number of patients. Toxicities, particularly peripheral neuropathy, may limit treatment in some patients; however, the agent is generally well tolerated. In this context, brentuximab vedotin has been globally approved for use in sALCL and certain CTCL subtypes, however, further information is required to enhance our understanding of when and in whom to best employ this agent, as well as exploring rational combinations to augment responses.

17.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 103(5): 1158-1166, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553941

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The role of involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT) with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for lymphomas remains uncertain. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this prospective, multicenter study, patients undergoing ASCT for relapsed/refractory lymphoma received peritransplant IFRT to disease sites identified at study registration (SR) (before salvage chemotherapy [SC]). Radiation dose was adapted to SC response. Survival, relapse rates/pattern, toxicity, and prognostic factors were evaluated. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were enrolled (23 with Hodgkin lymphoma, 22 with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma). Three-year overall survival and cumulative incidence of posttransplant progression rates were 72% (95% confidence interval [CI], 59%-87%) and 42% (95% CI, 27%-57%), respectively. Stage (P = .03) and elevated lactate dehydrogenase (P = .05) were significant risk factors for disease progression on multivariable analysis. Three-year actuarial in-field, marginal, and distant progression rates were 7% (95% CI, 0%-15%), 9% (95% CI, 0%-18%), and 36% (95% CI, 21%-51%), respectively. Progression occurred in 8 of 30 patients with all sites irradiated and in 13 of 15 patients without all sites irradiated. There were 117 disease sites at SR and 64 post-ASCT progression sites, of which 15 were involved at SR and 12 only at initial diagnosis. Posttransplant relapse occurred in 3 of 83 irradiated and 12 of 34 unirradiated involved sites. Of 28 sites in complete response to SC on computed tomography, there was no relapse in any of the 21 irradiated sites and in 1 of 7 unirradiated sites. Of 72 sites in complete response on positron emission tomography, relapse occurred in 1 of 50 irradiated and 10 of 22 unirradiated sites. No grade 4 nonhematologic radiation therapy toxicities were observed. CONCLUSIONS: IFRT was well tolerated and associated with a low rate of in-field progression. Progression rates were lower for patients with all disease sites irradiated. Response to SC on both computed tomography and positron emission tomography warrants further study to select sites for IFRT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Intervalos de Confiança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Recidiva , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Falha de Tratamento
18.
Nat Genet ; 50(12): 1650-1657, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374066

RESUMO

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma (SPTCL), a non-Hodgkin lymphoma, can be associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a life-threatening immune activation that adversely affects survival1,2. T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3 (TIM-3) is a modulator of immune responses expressed on subgroups of T and innate immune cells. We identify in ~60% of SPTCL cases germline, loss-of-function, missense variants altering highly conserved residues of TIM-3, c.245A>G (p.Tyr82Cys) and c.291A>G (p.Ile97Met), each with specific geographic distribution. The variant encoding p.Tyr82Cys TIM-3 occurs on a potential founder chromosome in patients with East Asian and Polynesian ancestry, while p.Ile97Met TIM-3 occurs in patients with European ancestry. Both variants induce protein misfolding and abrogate TIM-3's plasma membrane expression, leading to persistent immune activation and increased production of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß, promoting HLH and SPTCL. Our findings highlight HLH-SPTCL as a new genetic entity and identify mutations causing TIM-3 alterations as a causative genetic defect in SPTCL. While HLH-SPTCL patients with mutant TIM-3 benefit from immunomodulation, therapeutic repression of the TIM-3 checkpoint may have adverse consequences.


Assuntos
Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/genética , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Paniculite/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lactente , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/classificação , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/classificação , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paniculite/classificação , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Linhagem , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
19.
Curr Hematol Malig Rep ; 13(6): 516-524, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345474

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a recently recognised malignancy of T lymphocytes exclusively associated with textured breast implants. This review aims to evaluate existing theories regarding the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical evaluation and management of the disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The true incidence of BIA-ALCL is difficult to define. Prevailing pathogenic theories recognise the interplay between textured implants, Gram-negative bacteria, host genetics (e.g. JAK/STAT, p53) and time. Patients typically present with a delayed seroma and less commonly with a capsular mass or systemic disease at an average of 8-10 years after implantation. BIA-ALCL staging has evolved from a "liquid tumour" model to a "solid tumour" classification. For localised disease, surgery involving complete capsulectomy and implant removal is the cornerstone of treatment. For more advanced disease, treatment includes surgery followed by chemotherapy (combination anthracycline-based), radiotherapy and the antibody drug conjugate (brentuximab vedotin). The interplay between the Gram-negative biofilm, implant texturing, genetic mutations and time has been implicated in pathogenesis of BIA-ALCL. The identification of a putative infectious cause is not unique to lymphomagenesis. Future research, investigating BIA-ALCL genetic mutations and immunological modulation with Gram-negative biofilm in BIA-ALCL models is warranted.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/patologia
20.
Best Pract Res Clin Haematol ; 31(3): 322-335, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213403

RESUMO

Novel systemic therapies are generally prescribed to patients with advanced-stage disease or those with early-stage disease refractory to skin-directed therapies. In general, systemic chemotherapy should be reserved for patients who fail to respond to biological agents. Such biological agents include interferon alfa, bexarotene, histone deacetylase inhibitors (vorinostat, romidepsin), brentuximab vedotin and mogamulizumab. Extracorporeal photopheresis is particularly effective for patients with Sézary Syndrome. Allogeneic transplantation is becoming increasing used for younger patients. Novel agents in advanced development include the monoclonal antibody IPH4102,duvelisib,and the new modified formulation of denileukin diftitox. The choice of agents for patients is typically a balance of patient factors (age, co-morbidities, geographic location), relative efficacy and toxicity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Micose Fungoide/terapia , Fotoferese/métodos , Síndrome de Sézary/terapia , Aloenxertos , Humanos , Micose Fungoide/patologia , Síndrome de Sézary/patologia
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